Charles Brantley Aycock Statue, Raleigh
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor
The Aycock statue is lodged inside a granite bay that is bordered by granite panels on either side, each of which contains a bronze relief plaque depicting different scenes. The wings of the wall are decorated with bronze plaques with related quotations by Aycock underneath. The plaque on the left, cast by the American Art Foundry, is a portrayal of what the Smithsonian American Art Museum refers to as “great thinkers and leaders in world history.” It depicts images of the state of North Carolina and the Parthenon of Athens. The statue of Governor Aycock is opposite of the Vance monument on Union Square. Both monuments stand at approximately the same height of 8.5-feet.
Images: Front View | Back View | Left Panel | Right Panel
Right: THE EQUAL RIGHT OF EVERY CHILD BORN / ON EARTH TO HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY / TO BURGEON OUT ALL THERE IS WITHIN HIM.
Left: I WOULD HAVE ALL OUR PEOPLE BELIEVE / IN THEIR POWER TO ACCOMPLISH AS MUCH AS / CAN BE DONE ANYWHERE ON EARTH BY ANY PEOPLE.
Rear: CHARLES BRANTLEY AYCOCK / 1859 1912
The State of North Carolina
March 13, 1924
35.779850 , -78.639480
"Charles B. Aycock" The Carolina Story: A Virtual Museum of University History, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Carolina Digital Library and Archives, (accessed December 29, 2011) Link
"Charles Brantley Aycock,” Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museum, (accessed December 29, 2011) Link
"The Procession that met Gov. C. B. Aycock, North Wilkesboro, N.C." in Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (P077), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed December 29, 2011) Link
Alderman, Edwin Anderson. Charles Brantley Aycock: An Appreciation, (1924)
Aycock Memorial Committee. "Unveiling of Monument Erected in Capitol Square, Raleigh to Charles Brantley Aycock," (Raleigh, NC: Aycock Memorial Committee, 1924), (accessed May 31, 2012) Link
Berent, Irwin M. The Monuments and Statues on the Capitol Square of North Carolina, (Greenville, NC: East Carolina University Press, 1985)
Christensen, Rob. “Aycock Legacy Gets Reappraisal,” The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), October 6, 2007, B1
Connor, Robert Digges Wimberly. The Life and Speeches of Charles Brantley Aycock, (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, & Company, 1912), (accessed February 8, 2012) Link
Daniels, Josephus. Charles Brantley Aycock: Historical Address, (1924)
Folder 38b in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 31-35 Link
Sims, Anastatia. The Power of Femininity in the New South: Women's Organizations and Politics in North Carolina, 1880-1930, (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1997)
Smith, Samantha Thompson. "Capitol Statues Renewed to Honor Sculptor," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), November 9, 2008, (accessed December 29, 2011) Link
“Aycock Memorial Presented to State in Simple Ceremony,” The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), March 14, 1924
“Present Aycock Memorial to North Carolina Today,” The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC). March 13, 1924
Bronze sculpture and plaques, granite base
Funding was provided by the North Carolina General Assembly, donations from North Carolina school children, and private donations to the Aycock Memorial Committee, initially led by George W. Royall of Goldsboro. Interestingly, African American educator Charles N. Hunter also participated in raising funds for the monument.
Charles Brantley Aycock was governor of North Carolina from 1901 to 1905. He is remembered as the “Education Governor” due to his dedication to public school reform. However, he also played a prominent role in the Democrat party’s 1898 and 1900 election campaigns, which were marked by violence and virulent racism. He also was an outspoken proponent of the disfranchisement of blacks and of racial segregation. He died in 1912 while giving a speech about education, shortly after having been announced as a candidate for the US Senate.
Aycock’s role in the White Supremacy movement and his involvement in the Wilmington Race Riots of 1898 have led many to question the recognition given to him. However, while efforts have been made to remove his name from the title of an annual fundraiser for the Democratic Party and to educate the public on his faults as well as his merits, there has been no serious consideration of altering or removing the monument in Union Square.
The monument is on Raleigh’s Union Square as part of a 75 foot long memorial mall. The monument is located across from a similarly styled monument honoring Zebulon Baird Vance.
The monument is on Raleigh’s Union Square as part of a 75-foot long memorial mall. The monument is located adjacent to a similarly-styled monument to Zebulon Baird Vance. Union Square has 14 monuments in total, including “Presidents North Carolina Gave the Nation”, George Washington, Women of the Confederacy, a Confederate Monument, North Carolina Veterans’ Monument, and Vietnam Veterans’ Memorial.
The monument was previously located on the south side of the Capitol Square. It was relocated in 1928 to the western end of a memorial mall as part of a landscaping plan undertaken by the Olmsted Brothers of Boston. The original placement of the monument was to ensure that students walking to the soon-to-be-completed Morson High School, a school for African Americans, would pass it every day.
One of Borglum’s original plaques was removed and sent to Goldsboro, Aycock’s hometown, in the 1930s. It was replaced by the current plaque of world history figures.
The monument was commissioned in 1922 by the Aycock Memorial Committee.