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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Colored Union Soldiers Monument, Hertford

  • Type

    War Memorial

  • Subjects

    Civil War

  • City

    Hertford

  • County

    Perquimans

  • Description

    A rectangular stone marker sits atop a concrete base. It has a pointed top and is engraved with text on two sides. The marker is accompanied by a North Carolina Civil War Trails marker and informational placard (see Subject Notes below.)

    Images: Informational marker "A Rare Monument: In Memory of the Colored Union Soldiers”

  • Inscription

    Front: IN MEMORY / OF THE / COLORED UNION / SOLDIERS WHO / FAUGHT IN THE / WAR OF / 1861 – 1865

    Rear: ERECTED BY THE UNITED DAUGHTERS OF VETERANS

  • Dedication Date

    1910

  • Decade

    1910s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.186910 , -76.470720 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Union Monument, Hertford, North Carolina," Civil War Monuments of North and South Carolina, July 19, 2010, (accessed June 21 2011) Link

      “In Memory of the Colored Union Soldiers,” The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed August 16, 2015) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Sponsors

    United Daughters of Veterans

  • Subject Notes

    Informational placard provided by North Carolina Civil War Trails:

    "News of the bombardment of Fort Sumter inspired many African American men to rnlist in the U.S. armed forces, but federal law prohibited their service. Frederick Douglass and other black leaders urged changes to allow black enlistments. By mid-1862, as the numbers of white volunteers diminished, the needs of the U.S. Army grew, and the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation, became imminent, more voices called for black recruitment. The Proclamation, issued on January 1, 1863, formally authorized African American military service. By the end of the war, about 180,000 blacks – including some from Perquimans County – had borne arms in the U.S. Army (almost 10 percent of total enlistments) and about 19,000 had served in the U.S. Navy.

    To remember the county’s African American Union soldiers, women of the black community, many of them the wives and widows of those men, erected one of the few such monuments in the nation on Academy Green in 1910. Coordinated by First Baptist Church and the United Daughters of Union Veterans, the monument is inscribed “In Memory of the Colored Union Soldiers Who Fought in the War of 1861-1865.” Academy Green was the location of the county’s first black school, library, and church (present-day First Baptist Church), which freed-men formed in a bush shelter in 1866. The congregation later built a church across the street.

    They Answered the Call
    Three of the men whom this mounument commemorates are buried in Perquimans County. Sgt. John Gordon served in Co. A, 1st U.S.C.T., organized in Washington, D.C., in May-June 1863. The regiment fought in Virginia (Wilson’s Wharf, The Crater, New Market Heights) and North Carolina (Fort Fisher). It also participated in Gen. Edward A. Wild’s eastern N.C. expedition in Dec. 1863 and burned a Confederate camp near Hertford. It mustered out on Sept. 29, 1865. Pvt. John Sharp enlisted in Co. B. 37th U.S.C.T. at age 19 on Jan. 21, 1864, in Plymouth, N.C. His regiment fought at New Market Heights and Fort Fisher and mustered out on Feb. 11, 1867. Pvt. Arthur Mixon served oinCo. G, 40th U.S.C.T., organized in Aug. 1864 in Tennessee, where it guarded railroads and bridges. It mustered out in Oct. 1865.

  • Location

    Corner of Dobbs/King St. and Hyde Park St., known as Academy Green. This was the location of Perquimans County’s first black school, library and church (present-day First Baptist Church).

  • Landscape

    The memorial stands on a concrete base, by a sidewalk.

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