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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Cumberland County Confederate Monument, Fayetteville

  • Type


  • Subjects

    Civil War

  • Creator

    Mr. George Lauder, Builder

  • City


  • County


  • Description

    The monument consists of a white marble column with a cross at the top. The base of the column contains inscriptions on all four sides. It holds the distinction of being the oldest Confederate monument in North Carolina. Stanzas from the poem “The Bivouac of the Dead" by Theodore O’Hara appear on the front.

  • Inscription

    ERECTED / DEC. 30, 1868.

    "Nor shall your glory be forgot, / While Fame her record keeps, / Or honor points the hallowed spot / Where valor proudly sleeps." /

    "On Fames eternal camping ground / Their silent Tents are spread. / Rest on embalmed & sainted dead / Dear as the blood ye gave." /

    WOMAN'S / record / to the / HEROES / in the dust /


  • Custodian

    Cross Creek Cemetery

  • Dedication Date

    December 30, 1868.

  • Decade


  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.054230 , -78.873730 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "North Carolina Civil War Monuments," North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, (accessed January 23, 2012) Link

      War Days in Fayetteville, North Carolina: Reminiscences of 1861 to 1865, (Fayetteville NC: Judge Printing Company, 1910), (accessed May 16, 2012) Link "Cross Creek Cemetery, Fayetteville, North Carolina," (accessed February 4, 2011) Link

      “Theodore O’Hara’s ‘Bivouac Of The Dead,” U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Cemetery Administration,, (accessed July 31, 2016) Link

  • Public Site


  • Materials & Techniques


  • Monument Cost

    The $300 to fund the monument was raised by a raffle for a quilt

  • Nickname

    The monument is also known as the Cross Creek Monument.

  • Subject Notes

    “The Bivouac of the Dead" by Theodore O’Hara is an elegiac poem that expresses feelings of melancholy, sorrow or lamentation—especially for a person or persons who are dead. Although O’Hara wrote “Bivouac” as a remembrance of the many casualties suffered in the Mexican War by the Second Kentucky Regiment of Foot Volunteers it seemed to capture the attention of a patriotic nation after the Civil War. It began to appear in various forms at Civil War battlefields and cemeteries across the county, including a monument in Lumberton, in Lenoir, and Goldsboro.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located in the Cross Creek cemetery

  • Death Space


  • Post Dedication Use

    The date of dedication may have been added to the inscription later.

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