Documenting the American South

Doc South header logo Home
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes banner

Source: Winston Monument

  • Monument Name

    Winston Monument, Guilford Courthouse

  • Type

    Statue

  • Subjects

    Historic Military Figures

    Revolutionary War, 1775-1783

  • Creator

    Orlo Epps, Architect

    W. H. Mullins Company, Salem, OH, Foundry

  • City

    Greensboro

  • County

    Guilford

  • Description

    A statue of Joseph Winston stands defiantly on top of a granite base. Winston, clad in Revolutionary garb, grips his sword in his right hand while pointing forward with his left. The base of the monument holds bronze tablets on its four sides which bear the inscriptions below. The monument measures 15' in height and 5'6' in width at the base. The statue is made of composition metal, "so nearly resembling pure bronze that no one but an expert can distinguish it." Contemporary newspapers praised the statue and claimed that it was the "handsomest piece of statuary in North Carolina' and "as a work of art it has no equal in beauty in the South."

  • Inscription

    West face: IN MEMORY / OF THE / NORTH CAROLINA TROOPS / UNDER / MAJOR JOSEPH WINSTON / WHO WERE FIGHTING THE / HESSIANS / AND TARLETON’S CAVALRY / NEAR THIS SPOT/ AFTER THE CONTINENTAL LINE / HAD RETREATED / FROM THE FIELD OF BATTLE / MARCH 15TH, 1781

    North face: ERECTED BY / GOVERNOR THOMAS M. HOLT / 1893

    East face: MAJOR JOSEPH WINSTON / CAPTAIN JESSE FRANKLIN / RICHARD TALIAFERRO / PALAM QUI MERUIT FERAT

  • Custodian

    Guilford Battleground Company

  • Dedication Date

    Base dedication: July 4, 1893. Statue dedication: July 4, 1895

  • Decade

    1890s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.130290 , -79.839640 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "At the Guilford Battle Ground," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), July 6, 1893, 1-3 Link

      "Inventory Form - Guilford Courthouse National Military Park," National Register of Historic Places, (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      "Invitations and Programs for Fourth of July Celebrations at the Site of the Battle of Guilford Court House," (1888), (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      "Major Joseph Winston," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), December 12, 1894, 2 Link

      "The Holt Monument," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), April 20, 1893 Link

      "Winston Monument," The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed February 7, 2018) Link

      A Memorial volume of the Guilford Battle Ground Company, (Greensboro, NC: Guilford Battleground Company, 1893), 15-93, (accessed February 8, 2012) Link

      Banks, Howard O. "Report of Howard O. Banks to the 'Charlotte Observer' of the Celebration at Guilford Battle Ground, July 4th, 1893," (accessed May 16, 2012) Link

      Folder 21 in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 82-84 Link

      Hendricks, J. Edwin. 1996. "Joseph Winston," NCPedia.org, (accessed December 14, 2017) Link

      “Guilford Battle Ground,” The North Carolinian (Raleigh, NC), July 7, 1893

      “To a Revolution Hero,” The North Carolinian (Raleigh, NC), July 11, 1895

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Mt. Airy granite, bronze plaques and the statue of composition metal (either sheet copper or sheet bronze)

  • Monument Cost

    Governor Holt gave a contribution of $400 for this monument

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    Base unveiling 1893: An audience of 10-15,000, including many prominent individuals, was present at the unveiling. The ceremony began at 11am with a parade starting at David Schenck's park headquarters and ending at a podium on the southeastern side of the park. Colonel Joseph Morehead was the Master of Ceremonies and Governor Holt gave an address at the unveiling.

    Statue unveiling 1895: 5,000 in attendance. The Salem Coronet Band provided music for the dedication ceremony held at the newly constructed pavilion. Joseph Morehead (link to #135) was again master of ceremonies and University of North Carolina President George T. Winston presented an oration on the “Life and Times of Colonel Joseph Winston.”

  • Nickname

    Holt Monument, North Carolina Militia Monument

  • Subject Notes

    Winston (1746 - 1815) was a Colonel in the North Carolina Militia and fought at the battle of Guilford Courthouse while serving as a Major for the Continental Army. He later served three terms in the United States House of Representatives. The town of Winston-Salem is named in part after this Revolutionary War hero.

    In 1893, only the base of the sculpture was dedicated. At that time, it was called the Holt Monument after North Carolina Governor Thomas Holt who was responsible for raising the monument to the memory of North Carolina troops under the command of Joseph Winston at Guilford Courthouse. The statue of Winston was added in 1895 after additional funds were raised and the monument is now most commonly called by that name.

    The body of Winston was re-intered nearby in 1906.

  • Location

    The monument faces east, in the direction Winston's enemy stood. It was placed where the North Carolina militia under Winston's command was believed to have fought.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located near tour stop #4 on of the tour road. To get to the monument, one must walk a small foot trail.

  • Approval Process

    After the Battle Ground Company was unable to acquire money from the state, the company president personally asked Governor Holt for the funds to erect a monument. Holt agreed with the conditions that he would be in charge of its design and he would deliver the address at the dedication.

Know anything else about this monument that isn't mentioned here? If you have additional information on this or any other monument in our collection fill out the form at the Contact Us link in the footer. Thank you.