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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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Source: Winston Monument

  • Monument Name

    Winston Monument, Guilford Courthouse

  • Type

    Statue

  • Subjects

    Revolutionary War

    Historic Military Figures

  • Creator

    Orlo Epps, Architect

    W. H. Mullins Company, Foundry

  • City

    Greensboro

  • County

    Guilford

  • Description

    A statue of Joseph Winston stands defiantly on top of a granite base. Winston, clad in Revolutionary garb, grips his sword in his right hand while pointing forward with his left. The base of the monument holds bronze tablets on its four sides which bear the inscriptions below. The monument measures 15' in height and 5'6' in width at the base. The statue is made of composition metal, "so nearly resembling pure bronze that no one but an expert can distinguish it." Contemporary newspapers praised the statue and claimed that it was the "handsomest piece of statuary in North Carolina' and "as a work of art it has no equal in beauty in the South" (see more in "Major Joseph Winston," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), December 12, 1894, 2)

  • Inscription

    West face: IN MEMORY / OF THE / NORTH CAROLINA TROOPS / UNDER / MAJOR JOSEPH WINSTON / WHO WERE FIGHTING THE / HESSIANS / AND TARLETON’S CAVALRY / NEAR THIS SPOT/ AFTER THE CONTINENTAL LINE / HAD RETREATED / FROM THE FIELD OF BATTLE / MARCH 15TH, 1781

    North face: ERECTED BY / GOVENOR THOMAS M. HOLT / 1893

    East face: MAJOR JOSEPH WINSTON / CAPTAIN JESSE FRANKLIN / RICHARD TALIAFERRO / PALAM QUI MERUIT FERAT

  • Custodian

    Guilford Battleground Company

  • Dedication Date

    July 4, 1893

  • Decade

    1890s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.130290 , -79.839640 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Arrangement for the Big Celebration at the Battle Ground," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), June 17, 1903, 1 Link

      "At the Guilford Battle Ground," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), July 6, 1893, 1-3 Link

      "Guilford Battle Ground Affairs," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), June 1, 1903, 1-2 Link

      "Guilford Courthouse: Historic Monument Pictures," National Park Service, (accessed November 30, 2011) Link

      "Guilford: The Only Revolutionary Battlefield Now a National Park," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), July 7, 1909, 1-3 Link

      "Inventory Form - Guilford Courthouse National Military Park," National Register of Historic Places, (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      "Invitations and Programs for Fourth of July Celebrations at the Site of the Battle of Guilford Court House," (1888), (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      "Joseph Winston," Wikipedia, (accessed May 18, 2012) Link

      "Major Joseph Winston," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), December 12, 1894, 2 Link

      "Patriots Today Will Gather on Historic Grounds of Battle," Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, NC), July 4, 1912 Link

      "Regulars For Guilford," Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, NC), June 28, 1912, 1 Link

      "The Battle Ground Celebration," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), July 5, 1905, 6 Link

      "The Battle Ground Company," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), September 1, 1902, 1-2 Link

      "The Fourth at Guilford Battle Ground," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), July 9, 1902, 1 Link

      "The Glorious Fourth," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), July 1, 1901, 1 Link

      "The Holt Monument," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), April 20, 1893 Link

      "Two Big Celebrations," Greensboro Patriot Weekly (Greensboro, NC), June 30, 1903, 1 Link

      A Memorial volume of the Guilford Battle Ground Company, (Greensboro, NC: Guilford Battleground Company, 1893), 15-93, (accessed February 8, 2012) Link

      Banks, Howard O. "Report of Howard O. Banks to the 'Charlotte Observer' of the Celebration at Guilford Battle Ground, July 4th, 1893," (accessed May 16, 2012) Link

      Folder 19 in David Schenck Papers, #652, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 16-19, 125-126 Link

      Folder 21 in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 82-84 Link

      Folder 38a in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scan 49 Link

      Folder 56b in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scan 1 Link

      Grimes, J. Bryan. "Why North Carolina Should Erect and Preserve Memorials and Mark Historic Places: Address Before the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, Raleigh, N.C., November 4, 1909," ([Raleigh, NC: The News and Observer, 1909]), (accessed May 18, 2012) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite and composition metal

  • Monument Cost

    Governor Holt gave a contribution of $400 for this monument

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    An audience of 15,000, including many prominent individuals, was present at the unveiling. The ceremony started at 11am with a parade starting at David Schenck's park headquarters and ending at a podium on the southeastern side of the park. Colonel Joseph Morehead was the Master of Ceremonies and Governor Holt gave an address at the unveiling.

  • Nickname

    Holt Monument, North Carolina Militia Monument

  • Subject Notes

    Winston (1746 - 1815) was a Colonel in the North Carolina Militia and fought at the battle of Guilford Courthouse while serving as a Major for the Continental Army. He later served three terms in the United States House of Representatives. The town of Winston-Salem is named in part after this Revolutionary War hero.

    In 1893, only the base of the sculpture was dedicated. The statue of Winston was added in 1895 after additional funds were raised. The statue arrived at Guilford Battle Ground on the C.F. & Y.V. Railroad on Friday, December 7, 1894.

  • Location

    The monument faces east, in the direction Winston's enemy stood. It was placed where the North Carolina militia under Winston's command was believed to have fought.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located near tour stop #4 on of the tour road. To get to the monument, one must walk a small foot trail. The body of Winston was reintered nearby in 1906.

  • Death Space

    Yes

  • Approval Process

    After the Battle Ground Company was unable to acquire money from the state, the company president personally asked Governor Holt for the funds to erect a monument. Holt agreed with the conditions that he would be in charge of its design and he would deliver the address at the dedication.

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