Documenting the American South

Doc South header logo Home
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes banner

Source: Cavalry Monument

  • Monument Name

    Cavalry Monument, Guilford Courthouse

  • Type

    Obelisk

  • Subjects

    Revolutionary War

  • City

    Greensboro

  • County

    Guilford

  • Description

    A large granite obelisk resting on a granite base, measuring 22’4’’ in height and 4'10" in width at the base of the monument.

  • Inscription

    North Side: 1781 1909 / TO THE MARQUIS OF BRITIGNY / AND COL. WM. WASHINGTON / WHO WITH THEIR NORTH CAROLINA AND / VIRGINIA CAVALRY CHARGED AND RAN / THROUGH AND OVER THE 2ND. QUEENS / GUARDS IN THE VALLEY BELOW.

    West Side: TO PETER FRANCISCO / A GIANT IN STATURE, / MIGHT AND COURAGE - WHO SLEW / IN THIS ENGAGEMENT ELEVEN OF THE / ENEMY WITH HIS OWN BROAD SWORD / RENDERING HIMSELF THEREBY PERHAPS THE MOST / FAMOUS PRIVATE SOLDIER OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.

  • Custodian

    Guilford Battleground Company

  • Dedication Date

    The monument was completed in 1909 but it was not dedicated until July 4, 1910.

  • Decade

    1910s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.133190 , -79.839480 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Inventory Form - Guilford Courthouse National Military Park," National Register of Historic Places, (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      "Patriots Today Will Gather on Historic Grounds of Battle," Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, NC), July 4, 1912 Link

      "Regulars For Guilford," Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, NC), June 28, 1912, 1 Link

      Baker, Thomas E. The Monuments at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, North Carolina, (Greensboro, NC: Guilford Courthouse NMP, 1991)

      Dixon, Benjamin Franklin. Peter Francisco: An Address by Hon. B. F. Dixon Delivered at the Unveiling of a Tablet to His Memory at Guilford Battle Ground, July 4th, 19010 , (Greensboro, NC: Guilford Battle Ground Company, 1910), (accessed May 29, 2012) Link

      Folder 52 in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 77 Link

      Folder 63c in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 32-54 Link

      Folder 83b in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scan 11 Link

      Van Noppen, Addie. The Battle Field of Guilford Court House, (Greensboro, NC: Jos. J. Stone & Company, 1927), (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite with bronze tablets.

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    At the unveiling the Honorable B.F. Dixon gave an address.

  • Nickname

    Peter Francisco Monument

  • Subject Notes

    Peter Francisco was born in 1760; he was an American patriot and soldier in the American Revolutionary War. At the age of 16, he joined the 10th Virginia Regiment and was known for his size and strength. Though the inscription claims he killed eleven of the enemy, according to Francisco's account of the battle he only killed four.

  • Controversies

    The monument was supposed to mark where the third line of American troops were. However park historians now believe the third line was actually farther to the east.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located beside a foot trail in the park, near a tour stop.

Know anything else about this monument that isn't mentioned here? If you have additional information on this or any other monument in our collection fill out the form at the Contact Us link in the footer. Thank you.