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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Caswell County Confederate Monument, Yanceyville

  • Type

    Common Soldier Statue

  • Subjects

    Civil War, 1861-1865

  • Creator

    J.F. Manning and Co., Washington, D.C., Designer

    American Bronze Foundry, Chicago, IL, Foundry

  • City

    Yanceyville

  • County

    Caswell

  • Description

    This monument, located in front of the Caswell County Court House as a memorial to the county's Confederate veterans, displays a Confederate soldier standing atop a pedestal. The bronze soldier looks northward and defiantly grasps his gun in both hands while he steps forward with his left foot. He wears the Confederate uniform complete with hat and is depicted as a man with high cheekbones, a full mustache, and a goatee.

    Confederate monuments in North Carolina erected in the years prior to World War One frequently reflected bitterness and praised the rectitude of the “lost cause.” The inscription on this later monument was written by Reverend James Preston Burke of Reidsville and described as “deeply thoughtful.” That it focuses on the sincerity and steadfastness of the soldiers more than the division caused by the Civil War, reflects a more moderate view, perhaps brought on by the unifying effects of the United States participation in World War One.

    Images (courtesy of Rusty Long): Contemporary view of the monument | Side view of the monument

  • Inscription

    TO / THE SONS OF CASWELL COUNTY / WHO SERVED IN THE WAR OF 1861-1865 / IN ANSWER TO THE CALL OF THEIR COUNTRY

    IN WHATEVER EVENT THAT MAY FACE / OUR NATIONAL EXISTENCE MAY GOD / GIVE US THE WILL TO DO WHAT IS / RIGHT, THAT, LIKE OUR FOREFATHERS, / WE MAY IMPRESS OUR TIME WITH THE / SINCERITY AND STEADFASTNESS / OF OUR LIVES

    ERECTED BY THE CASWELL COUNTY / CHAPTER / UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY / 1921

  • Dedication Date

    September 10, 1921

  • Decade

    1920s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.403000 , -79.336550 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Caswell County Court House and Confederate Monument, Yanceyville, N.C.," in Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (P077), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, Wilson Library, UNC-Chapel Hill, (accessed March 13, 2012) Link

      "Caswell Courthouse," The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed August 29, 2016) Link

      "Confederate Monument," Caswell County Historical Association, Inc., hosted by RootsWeb, rootsweb.ancestry.com, (accessed March 13, 2012) Link

      "Program of the Unveiling of the Confederate Monument" in Caswell County in the World War, 1917-1918; Service Records of Caswell County Men, (Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Co., 1921), (accessed May 16, 2012) Link

      Broaphy, Alfred. "The Confederate Monument on the Courthouse Square," The Faculty Lounge, thefacultylounge.org, July 01, 2014. Link

      Butler, Douglas J. North Carolina Civil War Monuments, An Illustrated History, (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2013), 138, 161, 196, 222

      North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. "North Carolina Civil War Monuments, Confederate Soldiers Monument, Yanceyville, NC," (accessed March 13, 2012) Link

      Powell, W.S. When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977 (Durham, NC: Moore Publishing Company, 1977)

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy North Carolina Division, Held at New Bern, N.C., October 13, 14, 15, 1920 (Charlotte, N.C.: Queen City Printing Company, 1920), 143, (accessed September 10, 2012) Link

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Twenty-Third Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy North Carolina Division, Held at High Point, North Carolina, October 8, 9, 10, 1919 (Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards & Broughton Printing Co.), 100, (accessed September 10, 2012) Link

      “Caswell County Is Coming to Front,” The Reidsville Review (Reidsville, NC), September 12, 1921

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Bronze statue, with base made of Surry County granite.

  • Sponsors

    The Caswell Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy

  • Monument Cost

    $3,500. The cost of the Confederate monument was met with funds raised by the U.D.C. Monument Committee composed of Mrs. B. S. Graves, Mrs. T. J. Florance, and Mrs. G. A. Anderson, by gifts from various individuals, and by an appropriation of one thousand dollars by the county.

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    The first portion of the unveiling ceremony was held in front of the monument and was continued within the Caswell County courthouse. The audience proudly sang "America," "The Old North State," and "Dixie" throughout the unveiling program. Mary Kerr Spencer, then Chief Executive of the North Carolina Daughters of the Confederacy, spoke at the event, praising the Confederate veterans in attendance and challenging the youth of Caswell County to fight with equal dignity to better the county in which they live.

  • Subject Notes

    Described as "the finest work of art that exists in the entire Confederacy," due to its historical accuracy by W. L. Shadix, former director of the Stone Mountain Memorial Association.

  • Location

    The monument is located in front of the Caswell County courthouse, at 144 Courthouse Square, Yanceyville NC 27379. Caswell County World War I Memorial and Caswell County Veterans Monument stand a few feet away.

  • Landscape

    The memorial stands in the middle of a large city square, on a well-maintained lawn, surrounded by seasonal plants, bushes, and trees.

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