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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Elisha Mitchell Memorial, Mt. Mitchell, Burnsville

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    Historic Educational Figures

    Historic Cultural Figures

    Geography

  • City

    Burnsville

  • County

    Yancey

  • Description

    A bronze plaque set into a stone cairn marks the grave of the Reverend Elisha Mitchell who is credited with identifying Mt. Mitchell as the tallest mountain east of the Rocky Mountains. The cairn is surrounded by loose rocks and an outer retaining wall. The grave is located on the summit of Mt. Mitchell near the observation tower built in 2009. The cairn as it appears today was rebuilt at the same time using smooth stones. The cairn put in place at the time of Mitchell’s burial was made of loose stone and prone to vandalism. In 1926 during construction of a stone observation tower the cairn was redone using rough stone and concrete and surrounded by an iron fence. A temporary marker was used until the same bronze marker in place today was dedicated in 1928.

    Images: The cairn and observation tower (photo courtesy of "Ted" twbuckner, taken on June 18, 2009)

  • Inscription

    HERE LIES / IN THE HOPE OF A BLESSED RESURRECTION / THE BODY OF THE / REV. ELISHA MITCHELL, D.D. / WHO AFTER BEING FOR / THIRTY-NINE YEARS A PROFESSOR IN THE / UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA / LOST HIS LIFE IN THE SCIENTIFIC / EXPLORATION OF THIS MOUNTAIN IN, / THE 64TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / JUNE27, 1857.

  • Custodian

    National Park Service

  • Dedication Date

    September 28, 1928

  • Decade

    1920s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.766350 , -82.265430 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D.D.," The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed October 28, 2015) Link

      Blythe, John. “The Short Lived Monument to Elisha Mitchell,” North Carolina Miscellany, (accessed September 16, 2015) Link

      Folder 1568: Yancey County: Mount Mitchell, circa 1920s: Scan 1, in the North Carolina County Photographic Collection #P0001, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed October 28, 2015) Link

      Folder 1568: Yancey County: Mount Mitchell, circa 1920s: Scan 2, in the North Carolina County Photographic Collection #P0001, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed October 28, 2015) Link

      Lewis, Jamie. “Mt. Mitchell, Where Mystery, Intrigue, and Forest History Meet!” From Peeling Back the Bark, Forest History Society, (accessed September 30, 2015) Link

      Mewborn, Suzanne. "Elisha Mitchell," NCPedia.org, (accessed September 30, 2015) Link

      Watson, Elgiva D. "Elisha Mitchell, 19 Aug. 1793-27 June 1857," Documenting the American South (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography edited by William S. Powell), (accessed October 27, 2015) Link

      “Towers of Mt. Mitchell.” From Vanished Places of the Southern Appalachians, April 12, 2008, (accessed September 30, 2015) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Bronze, stone

  • Subject Notes

    The original 1888 12 ft. tall Elisha Mitchell obelisk had been destroyed by strong winds in 1915 leaving his grave marked only by a stone cairn. A wooden temporary marker stood at the head of the cairn until the new memorial was dedicated in 1928.

    The first lookout tower on Mt. Mitchell was built in 1916 and replaced by a stone tower dedicated in 1927 with funding from C.J. Harris of Dillsboro. That tower was replaced in 1959. In 2009 a handicap-accessible observation deck replaced the 1959 tower. It was dedicated on May 9, 2009. Today the grave and overlook are in Mt. Mitchell State Park.

    Mitchell, a professor at UNC had fallen to his death near a waterfall that now also bears his name. The UNC professor was in Yancey County to measure the altitude of the mountain then known as Black Dome. Prior to his death Mitchell had come under attack from a former student at UNC and then Congressman Thomas Lanier Clingman for his claim that Black Dome was the tallest peak in the eastern United States. Clingman had claimed that another mountain in the Black Mountain range was taller. The dispute involved who had first identified what is now known as Mt. Mitchell. Clingman claimed that Mitchell had identified another mountain that was later named Clingman’s Dome. Mitchell’s claim to have identified the tallest mountain was later bore out.

    Originally buried in Asheville, Mitchell’s body was re-interred at the top of Mount Mitchell in June 1858. The burial site was marked by a simple cairn until 1888.

  • Location

    Summit of Mt. Mitchell near Burnsville

  • Death Space

    Yes

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