Documenting the American South

Doc South header logo Home
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes banner
  • Monument Name

    James Hunter Monument, Burlington

  • Type

    War Memorial

  • Subjects

    Revolutionary War

    Historic Political Figures

    Historic Military Figures

  • City

    Burlington

  • County

    Alamance

  • Description

    The James Hunter Monument, also known as the Battle of Alamance Monument, stands at the Alamance Battleground State Historic site. A tall granite and marble column is topped with a bronze statue of James Hunter, nicknamed the “General of the Regulators.” Hunter is clad in traditional, colonial-style clothing and holds the muzzle of a musket with the butt of the gun resting on the ground. There are four plaques on the sides of the granite column. The plaque on the left side shows a bas-relief image of a man being hanged with an inscription.

    Images of left plaque: Photograph Image | Postcard Image

  • Inscription

    Front: THE BATTLE / OF THE / ALAMANCE, / THE FIRST BATTLE OF THE / REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WAS / FOUGHT IN ORANGE COUNTY, / NORTH CAROLINA / MAY 16TH, 1771.

    Right: 1771-1781 1901 / JAMES HUNTER / “GENERAL” OF THE REGULATORS / “THE COUNTRY IS AS MUCH MASTER NOW / AS EVER.” NOVEMBER 6TH, 1772 / ALAMANCE MAY 16TH, 1771 / CHEROKEE WAR OCTOBER 1776 / GUILFORD COURTHOUSE MARCH 15TH, 1781 / BORN 1740. DIED 1821.

    Left: OF TWELVE REGULATORS CONDEMNED AT / HILLSBORO, THE FOLLOWING SIX WERE EXECUTED / BY THE BRITISH GOVERNOR: JAMES PUGH, ROBERT / MATEAR, BENJAMIN MERRILL, CAPTAIN MESSER, / AND TWO OTHERS, WHOSE NAMES ARE NOW / UNKNOWN. “OUR BLOOD WILL BE AS GOOD SEED IN / GOOD GROUND, THAT WILL SOON PRODUCE ONE / HUNDRED FOLD.”- JAMES PUGH, UNDER THE GALLOWS / AT HILLSBORO, N.C., JUNE 19TH, 1771.

    Rear: 1773 WITHOUT COURTS AND BEYOND THE / GOVERNOR’S CONTROL, THE PEOPLE WERE A / LAW UNTO THEMSELVES. THEY CORRESPONDED / WITH ALL THE OTHER COLONIES AND WATCHED THE / PROCEEDING OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. / 1774 A CONVENTION OF THE PEOPLE OF THE / PROVINCE ASSEMBLED- “THE FIRST / REPRESENTATIVE ASSEMBLY THAT EVER MET / IN NORTH CAROLINA OR IN AMERICA, SAVE BY / ROYAL AUTHORITY. IT MET IN OPEN, FLAGRANT / DEFIANCE OF THE CROWN, ITS GOVERNOR, AND / HIS PROCLAMATIONS. / 1775 APRIL THE 8TH ENDED THE LAST ROYAL / LEGISLATIVE BODY THAT EVER MET IN NORTH / CAROLINA. MAY 20TH THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION / WAS MADE. AUGUST 20- A POPULAR GOVERNMENT / FOR THE PROVINCE WAS ESTABLISHED, EVERY / COUNTY AND BOROUGH TOWN BEING / REPRESENTED IN THE CONVENTION. / 1776 FEBRUARY- THE FIRST VICTORY OF THE / REVOLUTIONARY WAR WAS GAINED AT MOORE’S / CREEK BRIDGE, NORTH CAROLINA, BY THE / PEOPLE OF THE PROVINCE. / APRIL 12TH- NORTH CAROLINA WAS THE FIRST TO / DECLARE FOR CONTINENTAL INDEPENDENCE

  • Custodian

    North Carolina Historic Sites

  • Dedication Date

    1901

  • Decade

    1900s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.008300 , -79.520740 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      Folder 27a in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 51-52 Link

      Folder 39b in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 79, 81 Link

      Folder 44a in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scan 19 Link

      Folder 45a in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 90-91 Link

      Folder 46a in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scans 56, 61, 82 Link

      Folder 55b in Joseph M. Morehead Papers, #523, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, see scan 4 Link

      Morehead, Joseph Motley. Address of Joseph M. Morehead, Esq., of Guilford, on the Life and Times of James Hunter, “General” of the Regulators, at Guilford Battle Ground, Saturday, July 3, 1897, (Greensboro, NC: C. F. Thomas, 1898), (accessed February 6, 2012) Link

      Photograph in the Charles Randolph Thomas Papers, #1814, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Nickname

    The Regulator Monument, James Pugh plaque is on the side.

  • Subject Notes

    The monument's inscription combines the records of two different James Hunters active in North Carolina during the Revolutionary era: one a regulator and the other a legislator. The correct identities of both men were established be Vearl Guymon Alger in 1977.

  • Controversies

    A controversy arose when Hunter’s descendants opposed moving the monument from the Guilford Courthouse to the Alamance Battleground State Historic Site in 1962.

  • Location

    The monument is within 300 feet of several other commemorative pieces.

  • Former Locations

    The monument was originally dedicated in 1901 at the Guilford Courthouse battleground, and it was relocated in 1962 to the Alamance Battleground Historic site.

Know anything else about this monument that isn't mentioned here? If you have additional information on this or any other monument in our collection fill out the form at the Contact Us link in the footer. Thank you.