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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Otway Burns Statue, Burnsville

  • Type

    Sculpture

  • Subjects

    War of 1812

    Historic Political Figures

    Historic Civic Figures

  • Creator

    W. H. Mullins Company, Foundry

    Daniel Boone, VI, Foundry

  • City

    Burnsville

  • County

    Yancey

  • Description

    A full-length copper statue of Otway Burns stands atop a granite plinth. Burns is clad in formal naval dress, likely representing his involvement in the War of 1812. He is shown in a posture suggesting both action and composure, with his left leg stepping forward and his left arm held bent at his side. At the time of dedication, the sculpture depicted Burns with a sword and scabbard in his right hand and a bugle in his left hand. The statue was damaged and defaced on a number of occasions resulting in the separation of these elements from the statue.

    A small stone block has been later installed next to the monument base.

    Images: Plaque | Base inscription | Photograph of Otway Burns Statue, made circa 1900-1915, in the collections of the North Carolina Museum of History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources.



  • Inscription

    Plaque: OTWAY BURNS, / BORN IN ONSLOW COUNTY / N.C. 1775. / DIED AT PORTSMOUTH / N.C. 1850. / SAILOR - SOLDIER - / STATESMAN. / NORTH CAROLINA'S FOREMOST SON / IN THE WAR OF 1812-15. / FOR HIM, THIS TOWN IS NAMED. / HE GUARDED WELL OUR SEAS, / LET OUR MOUNTAINS HONOR HIM.

    Monument Base: ON MARCH 6, 1834, JOHN "YELLOW- / JACKET JOHN" BAILEY CONVEYED / 100 ACRES, INCLUDING THIS SQUARE / TO COMMISSIONERS APPOINTED BY / THE NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL / ASSEMBLY TO ESTABLISH A TOWN / SITE FOR YANCEY COUNTY.

  • Custodian

    Town of Burnsville, NC

  • Dedication Date

    July 5, 1909

  • Decade

    1900s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.917210 , -82.299660 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Otway Burns Monument, (sculpture)," Smithsonian Art Inventories Catalogue #IAS NC000054, (accessed February 14, 2013) Link

      "Yancey History," Main.nc.us, (accessed August 15, 2012) Link

      Bishop, RoAnn. "Otway Burns: the Ups and Downs of a Seafaring Man," NCpedia.org (accessed May 14, 2015) Link

      Burns, Walter Francis. Captain Otway Burns: Patriot, Privateer, and Legislator, (New York, 1905), (accessed May 15, 2015). Link

      Mcculloh Lemmon, Sarah and Tucker Reed Littleton, 1979. "Burns, Otway, Jr.," NCpedia.org, (accessed June 15, 2014) Link

      Photograph of Otway Burns Statue, circa 1900-1915. Acceesion No. H.19XX.135.148, North Carolina Museum of History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. (accessed July 12, 2015) Link

      Waymarking.com. "Otway Burns," (accessed August 14, 2012) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Copper, Mount Airy granite

  • Sponsors

    Walter Francis Burns, Sr., grandson of Otway Burns, gifted the statue to the county in 1909.

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    Walter Clark, Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, provided the dedicatory address. The unveiling ceremony was attended by a number of Otway Burns' decendents.

  • Subject Notes

    Captain Otway Burns, Jr. was one of North Carolina’s most lauded naval heroes in the War of 1812, and later a state legislator (in both the house and senate). When the war broke out, Burns and business partners bought a ship and renamed it the Snap Dragon. The ship operated privately throughout the war, authorized by the government to attack enemy shipping. The privateer had a crew of up to 100 sailors and eight cannons. Burns commanded the ship on three wartime missions, sailing it from Newfoundland to South America. Between 1812 and 1814, the ship and its crew captured more than forty British ships and their cargoes.

    After the war, Burns moved to Swansboro with his profits and built the Prometheus, one of the state’s first steam-powered boats. He became a shipbuilder and, later, a state senator. He lost all of his money and was destitute until appointed by President Jackson as the Keeper of the Brant Island Shoals Light Boat near Portsmouth, N.C., where he lived out his life. He died there on October 25, 1850 and buried in Beaufort, N.C.

    Burnsville in Yancey County and Otway in Carteret County are named for Burns. See Otway Burns Statue in Swansboro, Onslow County and his tomb at Old Burying Grounds, Ann St United Methodist Church, Beaufort, N.C.

    The statue was given by his grandson, Walter Francis Burns, Sr. The statue was damaged or defaced on a number of occasions, resulting in damage and separation of the sword and bugle. In the 1960s, the Burnsville Garden Club organized restoration of the statue. Daniel Boone, VI, a local smith, crafted a new sword and scabbard and bugle.

  • Location

    The statue sits in the town square in the center of the Main Street traffic circle.

  • Landscape

    The statue sits in the center of the square, in the middle of a circular brick walkway. A lawn with plantings and small shrubs surrounds the walkway.

  • Post Dedication Use

    Shortly after the Second World War, the United States Navy presented the town of Burnsville with the ship's bell from the destroyer USS Burns, also named after the Privateer. The bell was for a short time displayed alongside the statue. Today, the town square in which the monument stands is frequently used for community activities, including craft fairs and seasonal stargazing gatherings.

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