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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Mecklenburg County Confederate Monument, Charlotte

  • Type

    Obelisk

  • Subjects

    Civil War

  • City

    Charlotte

  • County

    Mecklenburg

  • Description

    This granite obelisk honors the Confederate Soldiers of Mecklenburg County. The tall obelisk rests atop a tapered granite plinth which sits on a two-tier granite base. A larger base of five granite steps forms the foundation for the structure. The plinth is inscribed on all four faces, and the smaller base below the plinth is inscribed on the front. A metal "cross pattee" (often called an "iron cross") is mounted on the wider 1st base, and its four arms are inscribed to honor the Confederate States of America, the Confederate Veteran, the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and the duration of the Confederacy from 1861 to 1865.

    A smaller bronze marker mounted on a short granite base is located several feet from the monument and commemorates the custodian of the monument, the Major Egbert A. Ross Camp 1423 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Charlotte, North Carolina. Five additional markers flank, or guard, the obelisk and commemorate local regiments: the Charlotte Grays, the Ranaleburg Riflemen, the Mecklenburg Guards, the Mecklenburg Beauregards, and the Union Farms. These markers have an inscribed image of the Confederate Flag in red and blue and are inscribed with additional commemorative text. They were placed at the site subsequent to the original dedication. The site is surrounded by the gravestones of veterans.

    Additional images:
    View of site | Front inscription | Left inscription | Right inscription | Rear inscription | Plaque honoring monument custodian

  • Inscription

    Front, plinth: TO THE / CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS / OF / MECKLENBURG COUNTY

    Front, 2nd base: ERECTED BY THE WOMEN OF CHARLOTTE / 1887.

    Front, 1st base, cross pattee: [clockwise] CSA / UDC / 1861 1865 / CONFEDERATE VETERAN

    Left, plinth: WE HONOR THEM / AND / REMEMBER THEM.

    Right, plinth: AND / THE UNKNOWN / WHO / REST HERE.

    Rear, plinth: 1861 - 1865

    Marker, plaque: THIS CONFEDERATE PLOT / IS MAINTAINED BY / MAJOR EGBERT A. ROSS / CAMP 1423 / SONS OF CONFEDERATE / VETERANS / CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA

  • Custodian

    Major Egbert A. Ross Camp 1423 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Charlotte, North Carolina. Elmwood Cemetery is owned and maintained by the City of Charlotte.

  • Dedication Date

    June 10, 1887

  • Decade

    1880s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.235390 , -80.846660 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Local Messages." Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, NC), Daily edition December 7, 1897.

      "Memorial Day Exercises. Rev. Mr. Chalmers is the Orator." Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, NC), Daily Edition May 6, 1897.

      Andrew, Rod Jr. 2006. "North Carolina Military Institute," NCPedia, (accessed March 22, 2013) Link

      Czaikowski, Michelle, and Gregory, Lisa. 2010. "Charlotte," NCPedia, (accessed March 22, 2013) Link

      Hunter, R. "The Confederate Monument Commander Leou Again Urges the Necessity of Having More Funds." Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, NC), Daily edition March 06, 1898.

      Long, Lily. "Historical Department. The War Hospitals and the Memorial Association." Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, NC), Daily edition May 20, 1896.

      North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. "Charlotte," North Carolina Civil War Monuments, (accessed April 16, 2013) Link

      White, Howard Ray. "Confederate Memorial Day Observance, Elmwood, Charlotte NC, Part 3, Episode #121," Howard Ray White's videos, vimeo.com, (accessed April 18, 2013) Link

      White, Howard Ray. "Confederate Memorial Day Service, Elmwood Cemetery, Charlotte, NC, Part 2, Episode #120," Howard Ray White's videos, vimeo.com, (accessed April 18, 2013) Link

      White, Howard. "Confederate Memorial Day Observance, Charlotte, NC, 2007, Part 1, Episode #119," Howard Ray White's Videos, vimeo.com, (accessed April 18, 2013) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite

  • Sponsors

    Women of Charlotte

  • Subject Notes

    Charlotte contributed soldiers to the war effort, including the entire class of cadets from the North Carolina Military Institute, founded in Charlotte in 1859, and Confederate generals James. H. Lane and Charles C. Lee. Charlotte also supplied the Confederate war effort with armaments and other naval equipment manufactured at the Confederate Naval Yard and the Mecklenburg Gun Factory. The Naval Yard had been relocated from its original location in Norfolk, Virginia in 1862 to protect its operations and to strategically position it along rail lines. Confederate President Jefferson Davis was sheltered briefly in Charlotte in April of 1865, along with his family and some members of the Confederate Cabinet and the remains of the Confederate Treasury, in his attempt to preserve the crumbling Confederacy following the Fall of Richmond and Lee's surrender at Appomattox on April 9, 1865.

    An additional Confederate Soldiers Monument was installed in front of Charlotte's Old City Hall in May 1977.

  • Location

    The monument is located in Elmwood Cemetery off West 6th Street. It is located just to the north of the west side of the first circular road after the entrance to the cemetery where the loop meets the second circular road.

  • Landscape

    The monument sits in a manicured lawn surrounded by the small stone grave markers of veterans. A brick walkway surrounds the steps of the monument, and the entire site is surrounded by a low gridiron fence. The five markers honoring the local regiments stand just inside the fence.

  • Death Space

    Yes

  • Post Dedication Use

    Confederate Memorial Day has been celebrated at the site since the monument's dedication. Memorial Day was celebrated at the site in 1897. In 2007, the Sons of Confederate Veterans gathered with others to observe the day. The Reverand Herman White, a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, was the guest speaker. White is a controversial figure who has allegedly espoused controversial interpretations of slavery and the Civil War.

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