USLSS/USCG Station Pea Island Marker, Manteo
This monument is a bronze plaque mounted on a 4 foot granite base chiseled at the top to display the plaque. The plaque bears an inscription honoring the all-Black crews who staffed the U.S. Coast Guard life-saving station at Pea Island and dedicated at the time of the Coast Guard's bicentennial in 1990. Above the inscription the plaque bears a polished bas-relief image of a three-masted schooner. The schooner memorializes the rescue of the E.S. Newman, a three-masted ship, two miles from the station on October 11, 1896 by Richard Etheridge and his life-saving crew. The monument site also marks the burial place of Etheridge, the first African American to serve in charge of the station, and his family. A life-sized statue of Etheridge is located in Manteo.
Historical image of the Pea Island Life-Saving Station crew
Plaque, top: USLSS [bas-relief image of ship] USCG
Plaque, center: STATION PEA ISLAND / 1880 - 1947 / LOCATED SOUTH OF OREGON INLET, LIFESAVING / STATION PEA ISLAND WAS THE ONLY UNIT IN THE / HISTORY OF THE COAST GUARD WHICH WAS MANNED BY / ALL BLACK CREWS. THIS MARKER IS DEDICATED TO / THE CREWS OF PEA ISLAND WHO RISKED THEIR LIVES / AND ENDURED SO THAT OTHERS MIGHT LIVE.
Plaque, bottom left: ON THE BICENTENNIAL OF / THE U.S. COAST GUARD - 1990
Plaque, bottom right: DONATED BY THE / COAST GUARD FOUNDATION
The North Carolina Aquarium on Roanoke Island
February 09, 1991
35.917860 , -75.704410
"All Black Crew, Pea Island Life Saving Sta., Hatteras Island, N.C.," in Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (P077), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed May 23, 2013) Link
"Pea Island Coast Guard honors black crews that served Outer Banks," Star-News (Manteo, NC), February 12, 1991, 2A
Finding Aid of the Pea Island Lifesavers Commemoration Papers, 33MSS-65, Outer Banks History Center, State Archives of North Carolina, (accessed May 22, 2013) Link
Stover, Douglas. "Pea Island Life-Saving Station Rodanthe, North Carolina Coast Guard Station #177 Historic Resource Study" (Cape Hatteras National Seashore: U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service, 2008), (accessed May 23, 2013) Link
The Historical Marker Database. "USLSS/USCG Station Pea Island Memorial 1880-1947," The American South (South Atlantic), (accessed May 20, 2013) Link
United States Coast Guard. "Station Pea Island, North Carolina," Stations, www.uscg.mil, (accessed May 23, 2013) Link
Bronze and granite
The Coast Guard Foundation
The monument was dedicated on Saturday, February 9, 1991.
The Pea Island Life-Saving Station is historically the only all African American staffed unit. Richard Etheridge was appointed as the Pea Island Lifeboat Station Keeper on January 24, 1880 and was the first African American to hold this position at any U.S. Coast Guard life-saving station. Etheridge became known for his rigorously trained and well-prepared team. On October 11 1896, the crew rescued nine people from a schooner, the E.S. Newman, after it became stranded in a dangerous storm. The success of the rescue was attributed to Etheridge's courage, leadership, and expert rescue techniques. The Pea Island Life-Saving Station Crew is credited for rescuing over 600 lives without the loss of a single crew member.
In 1996, Richard Etheridge and the crew of the station were posthumously honored with a Gold Lifesaving Medal of Honor for their courage and service. The medal was obtained through the work of Kate Burkhart, a 15 year-old from Washington, N.C., who wrote an essay on the neglected history of the men and contacted Congress and then President Bill Clinton to have the crew's efforts and history acknowledged.
The marker is located on the grounds of the North Carolina Aquarium on the southwest side of Airport Road on Roanoke Island. The site faces the sound on the western side of the island.
The marker sits within a brick walkway. The site is also the location of the grave of Richard Etheridge and his family.