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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Bust of Samuel Johnston, State Capitol, Raleigh

  • Type

    Bust

  • Subjects

    Revolutionary War

    Historic Political Figures

    Historic Civic Figures

    Colonial History

  • Creator

    Frederic Wellington Ruckstull, Sculptor

  • City

    Raleigh

  • County

    Wake

  • Description

    Standing over three feet tall, this over life-size marble bust depicts Samuel Johnston, North Carolina patriot and federalist. The pedestal is inscribed with Johnston's name and dates and also bears a bas-relief engraving of the insignia of the Masons. The inclusion of the insignia honors both Johnston as the first and third Grand Master of the Masons of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and the Grand Lodge of Masons as the sponsor of the bust.

  • Inscription

    SAMUEL JOHNSTON / 1733-1816

  • Custodian

    State of North Carolina, Capitol Grounds

  • Dedication Date

    January 10, 1912

  • Decade

    1910s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.780650 , -78.639130 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Samuel Johnston, (sculpture)." Smithsonian Art Inventories Catalog, # IAS 75006513, (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

      Angley, Wilson. 2007. "Samuel Johnston," NCPEDIA, (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

      Connor, R. D. W. Samuel Johnston Governor of North Carolina 1787-1789 (Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 1912), (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

      North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. "Tour of the State Capitol," State Capitol, (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

      North Carolina Historical Commission. The Fourth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commission December 1, 1910 to November 30, 1912 (Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 1912), 13, (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

      North Carolina Society Daughters of the Revolution. The North Carolina Booklet: Great Events in North Carolina History XII: No. 1 (1912), 35, (accessed July 15, 2013) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Marble

  • Sponsors

    Grand Lodge of Masons

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    The monument was given to the State of North Carolina on January 10, 1912 and installed in the northeast corner of the Capitol. Members of the Grand Lodge of Masons were in attendance at the event.

  • Subject Notes

    Samuel Johnston was a patriot and statesman. He was born in Dundee, Scotland in 1733 and emigrated with his family while still a baby. His grandfather, Gabriel Johnston, was then the royal governor of North Carolina. Samuel Johnston was a member of four provincial congresses in North Carolina and a leader in the transition from royal to revolutionary state government. He served on the provincial council from 1774-1776 and was elected as a representative to the legislature from Chowan County in 1779. In 1780, he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and was nominated for the presidency in 1781 but declined. He was committed to the Federalist cause, lobbying for ratification of the Constitution. He became governor of North Carolina in 1787, serving two full terms and elected for a third unserved term which he vacated to serve in the U.S. Senate as the first senator from North Carolina. He once again became a North Carolina state legislator, this time from Martin County, in 1798 followed by a time in the judiciary as a superior court judge.

  • Location

    The bust is located inside the rotunda in the North Carolina State Capitol on Edenton Street.

  • Landscape

    The bust sits in a niche inside the rotunda. The interior of the rotunda houses other State Capitol memorials including statuary, paintings, and plaques commemorating significant events and individuals in North Carolina's history.

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