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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads Monument, Fort Bragg

  • Type

    Obelisk

  • Subjects

    Civil War

  • Creator

    Fayetteville Monument Works, Builder

    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Builder

  • City

    Fort Bragg

  • County

    Hoke

  • Description

    The short, obelisk-style monument is dedicated to the Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads. On either side are listed the respective Confederate and Union divisions involved in the battle, and on the rear of the monument is a map of the battle. The base of the monument is inscribed with the words “DUTY- HONOR- COUNTRY”, which is the motto of the United States Military Academy, because many of the officers involved were graduates of the academy. The monument measures about 8 feet tall by 3 feet, 5 inches wide, and the square base measures 14 inches tall by 5 feet wide. William H. Kern proposed the monument in the late 1980s. The battlefield was selected as important to commemorate because of its pristine condition. In the 1990s, an extensive archaeological effort was undertaken to properly identify the grave sites.

  • Inscription

    North face: BATTLE / OF / MONROE’S CROSSROADS / NORTH CAROLINA / 10 MARCH 1865

    East face: CONFEDERATE FORCES / ARMY OF TENNESSEE / HAMPTON’S CAVALRY COMMAND / LTG HAMPTON / WHEELER’S CORPS / LTG WHEELER / ALLEN’S DIVISION / ANDERSON’S GEORGIA BRIGADE / HAGAN’S ALABAMA BRIGADE / HUMES’ DIVISION / ASHBY’S TENNESSEE BRIGADE / DIBRELL’S TENNESSEE BRIGADE / HARRISON’S TEXAS BRIGADE / SHANNON’S SPECIAL SCOUTS / ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA / BUTLER’S DIVISION / LAW’S (BUTLER’S) SOUTH CAROLINA BRIGADE / WRIGHT’S (YOUNG’S) BRIGADE / ALABAMA ARKANSAS / 8TH CS CAVALRY 10TH CS CAVALRY / GEORGIA KENTUCKY / MISSISSIPPI NORTH CAROLINA / SOUTH CAROLINA TENNESSEE / TEXAS /

    South face: IN HONOR OF / THE AMERICAN SOLDIER /

    West face: FEDERAL FORCES / ARMY OF THE WEST / CAVALRY CORPS / 3RD CAVALRY DIVISION / BREVET MG KILPATRICK / 3RD BRIGADE / 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY / 5TH KENTUCKY CAVALRY / 5TH OHIO CAVALRY / 4TH PROVISIONAL BRIGADE / 1ST REGIMENT / 2ND REGIMENT / 3RD REGIMENT / WISCONSIN LIGHT ARTILLERY / 10TH BATTERY / 3RD CAVALRY DIVISION SCOUTS / ALABAMA ILLINOIS / INDIANA KENTUCKY / MICHIGAN OHIO / PENNSYLVANIA WISCONSIN /

    Around the base: DUTY (East) / HONOR (North) / COUNTRY (West) / 1861-1865 (South)

  • Custodian

    Cultural Resources Management Program, a branch of Directorate of Public Works’ Environmental Division, Fort Bragg.

  • Dedication Date

    The monument was placed in 1996 but there was no formal dedication ceremony.

  • Decade

    1990s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.122460 , -79.206830 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "North Carolina at War . . .," North Carolina Civil War Sesquicentennial, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources (accessed January 14, 2014) Link

      Hathaway, Michael J. “Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads,” Civilwaralbum.com (accessed February 3, 2011) Link

      Heath, Charles L. E-mail to Molly Patterson, February 9, 2011

      Kern, William H. Phone conversation with Molly Patterson, February 9, 2011

      Kern, William H. “A Description of the Monument at the Site of the Civil War Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, Fort Bragg, North Carolina,” (Fort Bragg, NC: Environmental Management Office, 1996)

      Parker, Roy. “Bragg Graves Recall Heritage,” The Observer-Times (Fayetteville, NC), December 19, 1996

      Shaeffer, Mathew. "The Battle of Monroe's Crossroads (March 10, 1865)," North Carolina History Project, (accessed January6, 2014) Link

      Waymarking.com. "Monroe's Crossroads Civil War Battle, Ft Bragg, NC *Restricted area*, (accessed January 12, 2014) Link

  • Public Site

    No

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite obelisk, concrete foundation

  • Monument Cost

    $10,000

  • Subject Notes

    On March 10, 1865, Confederate Cavalry under Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton launched a surprise attack on the camp of Union Cavalry under Brevet Major General Hugh J. Kilpatrick at the Charles Monroe farm. While the Confederates raided the camp, the Union soldiers launched a successful counterattack. The battle ended inconclusively, but was one of the largest all cavalry battles of the war. This monument is one of few in North Carolina dedicated to both Confederate and Union forces.

  • Controversies

    A few years before the monument was approved and created, a controversy arose at the nearby Bentonville Battleground in Johnston County over a veterans’ group’s proposal for a monument dedicated to the Union soldiers lost in the battle. Specifically, Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources Betty McCain rejected the proposal because it would commemorate General William T. Sherman’s infamous march to the sea. The State Historical Commission denied the request for the monument. This controversy impacted the approval of the Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads monument, which was agreed to as long as there would be no formal dedication or publicity, so as not to involve Fort Bragg in any local politics.

  • Location

    The monument is located near a marker to the battle. Also in the battlefield area are a sign marking the site of Kilpatrick’s camp, a mass grave, and grave markers to soldiers both known and unknown.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located on Monroe’s Crossroads Battlefield, part of Fort Bragg. The monument was placed on the highest point of the battlefield, next to a mass grave holding both Confederate and Union dead.

  • Death Space

    Yes

  • Approval Process

    The approval process for the monument took about 10 years because of the related controversy in Bentonville, but was finally approved by the Garrison Commander of Fort Bragg under the condition that there be no formal dedication or publicity.

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