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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Battle of Averasboro Confederate Marker, Chicora Cemetery, Dunn

  • Type

    Column

  • Subjects

    Civil War

  • Creator

    Smithville Memorial Association, Unspecified

  • City

    Dunn

  • County

    Harnett

  • Description

    The 1872 Confederate memorial is a simple stone column marker located within the fence of the historic Chicora Cemetery at the Averasboro Battlefield and commemorates the Confederate soldiers fallen at the Battle of Averasboro on March 15, 1865. The entire structure is between five and six feet tall and is composed of a short, thin sandstone column mounted on a two-tier base which tapers in toward the column. The column has a shallow cap, and its four faces bear inscriptions. One face is inscribed with the patriotic Latin phrase Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori: It is sweet and fitting to die for one's country.

  • Inscription

    Side: BATTLE / OF / AVERASBORO / MARCH 16 / 1865

    Side: DULCE ET DECORUM / EST PRO / PATRIA MORI

    Side: THE HEARTS / THAT WERE / TRUE / TO THEIR / COUNTRY / AND / GOD / SHALL REPORT / AT THE / GRAND REVEILLE.

    Side: IN / MEMORY / OF OUR / CONFEDERATE / DEAD / WHO FELL UPON / THAT DAY.

  • Custodian

    Averasboro Battlefield Commission

  • Dedication Date

    May 10, 1872

  • Decade

    1870s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.263760 , -78.672880 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      Averasboro Battlefield Commission, Inc. "Chicora Cemetery," Averasboro Battlefield & Museum, (accessed August 27, 2013) Link

      Butler, Douglas. North Carolina Civil War monuments: an illustrated history (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2013).

      Faulkner, Ronnie W. 2006. "Battle of Averasboro," NCPEDIA, (accessed August 26, 2013) Link

      Image 135: Monuments and plaque to Confederate dead, Chicora Cemetery.: Scan 1. in the Frank Arthur Daniels Papers #4481, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed January 10, 2014) Link

      Smith, Blanche Lucas. North Carolina's Confederate Monuments and Memorials, (Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1941)

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Fourteenth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division, Held at Rocky Mount N.C., October 12th, 13th, 14th 1910, [Raleigh, NC: Capital Printing Co., 1910], 118, (accessed September 5, 2012) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Local sandstone

  • Sponsors

    Smithville [most likely Smithfield] Memorial Association

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    In her 1941 book compiling the histories of North Carolina's Confederate memorials, Blanche Smith quoted an unnamed newspaper article for the details of the monument's dedication. As one of the earliest commemorations in the state seven years following the war, the article alluded to the effort by local citizens to erect a monument at a time just following the war when funds were scarce: "Nowhere in the South has there been more attention paid to the Confederate dead than in this neighborhood" (Smith, p. 23). More than 500 were in attendance at the cemetery where the Reverend D. D. McBryde gave the benediction and where the monument's foundation was laid by local masons while women decorated the graves and sang. Following the dedication, a procession moved to a grove of trees nearby where the Hon. Thomas C. Fuller, a Confederate congressman and later federal judge, gave an address from a stand decorated with flowers and evergreen.

  • Subject Notes

    The Battle of Averasboro monument was built to commemorate the more than 400 soldiers who died in the Battle of Averasboro, fought in both Harnett and Cumberland Counties. Blanche Smith suggested in her 1941 book that the iron fence around the cemetery was itself a memorial, placed there in 1868 by the Smithville Memorial Association, a ladies group that would in 1904 become the Chicora chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. She noted from a newspaper account that the Association had purchased the fence at A. W. Steel's Store and that the owners of the shipping companies had shipped the fence for free. She also noted that most of the men buried at the site were South Carolinians, making the use of the Indian word "Chicora" (meaning Carolina) by the Association a fitting name for the cemetery. It is likely that Smith incorrectly used "Smithville" for "Smithfield" in her text, as Smithville is located in Brunswick County and Smithfield is just northeast of Dunn in Cumberland County.

  • Location

    The monument is located near the center of the historic Chicora Cemetery at the Averasboro Battlefield. Averasboro Battlefield is located on the east side of NC Highway 82, also known as Burnett Road.

  • Landscape

    The monument sits on the grass surrounded by small grave markers. The cemetery is enclosed by a low gridiron fence.

  • Death Space

    Yes

  • Post Dedication Use

    The site has been used for Confederate Memorial Day services.

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