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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    William Tryon and William Houston Marker, Wilmington

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    Revolutionary War

  • City

    Wilmington

  • County

    New Hanover

  • Description

    This granite slab memorializes the location of the residence of North Carolina governor William Tryon and the alleged site of the forced resignation of colonial Stamp Master William Houston in 1765. The marker is a short and thin granite slab with an inscription on the smooth upper portion of the stone. It backs up to a companion marker dedicated to Beery's Shipyard.

    Image: Facing waterfront boardwalk | Facing North

  • Inscription

    HERE STOOD THE RESIDENCE OF / WILLIAM TRYON, GOVERNOR OF / NORTH CAROLINA, FROM APRIL 3, 1765, / TO JUNE 30, 1771. STAMP MASTER / WILLIAM HOUSTON WAS BROUGHT OUT / FROM THE HOUSE AND FORCED TO / RESIGN HIS OFFICE NOV. 16, 1765. / NEW HANOVER HISTORICAL COMMISSION

  • Custodian

    City of Wilmington

  • Dedication Date

    The marker was installed likely sometime in the 1910s or 1920s.

  • Decade

    1910s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    34.235260 , -77.949700 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "William Tryon," Wilmington in New Hanover County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic), The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed August 26, 2013) Link

      McKown, Harry. "November 1765: The Stamp Act Crisis in North Carolina," This Month in North Carolina History, November 2006. Link

      Smith, Edward, & Ansley, John F. 2006. "Stamp Act," NCpedia, (accessed November 29, 2013) Link

      Wegner, Ansley Herring. 2005. "William Tryon," NCpedia, (accessed November 29, 2013) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite

  • Sponsors

    New Hanover Historical Commission

  • Subject Notes

    William Tryon was governor of North Carolina from 1765 to 1771, assuming office in Wilmington in 1765 during the height of the Stamp Act Crisis. Resistance to the stamp act was brought in the Lower Cape Fear area by local patriots, including Cornelius Harnett who was instrumental in the opposition group the Sons of Liberty. Apart from allowing the activities of the Sons of Liberty, Tryon attempted to thwart the resistance by preventing local election of representatives to the Stamp Act Congress. Incited by the Sons of Liberty, resistance and protest continued to mount in the eastern coastal cities, culminating in a crowd of some 400 forcing William Houston, the Stamp Master's resignation late in 1765.

    Little appears to be known about the activities of the New Hanover County Historical Commission and their installation of similar small stone markers commemorating historical locations throughout Wilmington.

  • Location

    The monument sits at the end of Market Street where it meets North Water Street, just across from the waterfront boardwalk. Adjacent to the Beery's Shipyard marker, the William Tryon and William Houston marker faces south.

  • Landscape

    The monument is located in the cobblestone median dividing Market Street and is shaded by a tree.

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