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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Maine Monument, Salisbury National Cemetery

  • Type

    Common Soldier Statue

  • Subjects

    Civil War

    Tragedy

  • City

    Salisbury

  • County

    Rowan

  • Description

    Atop the high pillar of the monument stands a Union soldier at parade rest. He wears his uniform, complete with cap, and rests the butt of his rifle at his feet. On the pedestal and column, symbols of the military, cavalry, artillery, and navy are represented by stars, stacked guns, crossed cannons, and crossed swords, respectively. There are four black balls of granite placed at the corners below the soldier. The proposal for a monument honoring the soldiers of Maine who perished during their stay at Salisbury Prison was first made to the state legislature of Maine in 1905. It was approved on March 13, 1907.

    Contemporary images (courtesy of Natasha Smith): Front view | View with Monument to 11700 Unknown Dead | Rear view | Front inscription | Left inscription | Right inscription | Soldier | Detail of base

  • Inscription

    Front: MAINE’S TRIBUTE / TO / HER SOLDIERS / WHO DIED, / WHILE PRISONERS OF WAR / AT / SALISBURY, N.C. / 1864 – 1865 / ONE COUNTRY-ONE FLAG.

    Right: "THEY FOUGHT FOR / PEACE, - FOR / PEACE THEY FELL. - / THEY SLEEP IN PEACE, / AND ALL IS WELL."

    Left: NEITHER HUNGER, / THIRST, / NOR OFFERED BRIBES, / AFFECTED / THEIR LOYALTY.

    Rear: "TO LIVE IN HEARTS, / WE LEAVE BEHIND, / IS NOT TO DIE."

  • Custodian

    Salisbury National Cemetery, Department of Veterans Affairs

  • Dedication Date

    June 8, 1908

  • Decade

    1900s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.659260 , -80.475020 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Cemeteries - Salisbury National Cemetery," United States Department of Veterans Affairs, (accessed January 22, 2012) Link

      "Salisbury National Cemetery," National Park Service, (accessed January 22, 2012) Link

      Grimes, J. Bryan. Remarks of J. Bryan Grimes: Responding for the State of North Carolina, Upon the Occasion of the Dedication of the Maine Monument at Salisbury, N.C., May 8, 1908, ([Raleigh, NC: J. Bryan Grimes], 1908), (accessed May 22, 2012) Link

      Libby, Thomas G. Report of the Maine Commissioners on the Maine (Waterville, ME: Sentinel Publishing Company, 1908), (accessed February 8, 2012) Link

      “Maine, One Country-One Flag,” The Historical Marker Database, (accessed February 2, 2012) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    White granite from Lincolnville, Maine; black granite from St. George and Vinalhaven, Maine; bronze.

  • Sponsors

    The State of Maine

  • Monument Cost

    $4,755 (5000 was appropriated by the state legislature)

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    Confederate Veterans were invited to participate in the dedication. On behalf of Governor Robert B. Glenn of North Carolina, the Hon. J. Bryan Grimes (himself the son of a Confederate General) gave remarks. The Mayor of Salisbury also made comments at the dedication.

  • Controversies

    Grimes' remarks caused some controversy which lead him to later publish his speech in an attempt to clarify. He had not wished to give the speech in the first place.

    Grimes declared the cause of the suffering of prisoners was Northern authorities. This speech and his defense of the South is representative of an ongoing debate over responsibility for prisoners who died in Civil War prison camps.

  • Location

    The monument is located next to the Monument to 11700 Unknown Dead dedicated to soldiers who died in the Confederate prison at Salisbury and a small plaque placed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy which includes a diagram of the Burial Trenches and Salisbury Prisonlocations.

  • Landscape

    The Maine Memorial lies on top of a hill in Salisbury National Cemetery among the graves of Civil War soldiers. 18 burial trenches of unknown union dead are behind the monument. Nearby is a marker placed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and a obelisk placed by the Federal Government. Down the hill is a monument placed by the state of Pennsylvania. The cemetery is in close proximity to the former site of Salisbury Prison.

  • Death Space

    Yes

  • Approval Process

    After the idea was brought up in the legislature by Hon. George B. Haskell in 1905, the military committee considered the monument; it was approved in 1907. Appropriations were made for two commissioners to involve themselves in the task of erecting a monument before December 1908.

  • Materials & Assembly Cost

    Original appropriation: $5,000. Estimated cost for the construction: $3,800.

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