Documenting the American South

Doc South header logo Home
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes banner
  • Monument Name

    Fort Butler Memorial, Murphy

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    Tragedy

    American Indian Monuments

    Local History

  • City

    Murphy

  • County

    Cherokee

  • Description

    The memorial is a rough cut granite marker with a smooth front face shaped much like a large tombstone with an arched top. It stands on a single base made of concrete.

  • Inscription

    SITE OF / FORT BUTLER / COMMANDED BY / GENL. WINFIELD SCOTT / DURING THE ROUNDUP / OF THE CHEROKEE / INDIANS FOR REMOVAL / TO OKLAHOMA IN 1837-1837

    DONATED TO TOWN OF MURPHY / BY TARHEEL INVESTMENT CO. / AS A HISTORIC MONUMENT

  • Dedication Date

    Circa 1970’s

  • Decade

    1970s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.081520 , -84.041540 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      Anderson, William L. and Wetmore, Ruth Y. Cherokee, Part V: The Trail of Tears and the Creation of the Eastern Band of Cherokees, NCpedia.org, (accessed April 16, 2016) Link

      Sakowski, Carolyn. Touring The Western North Carolina Backroads, Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 2011), (accessed April 16, 2016) Link

      “Fort Butler Memorial Park In Murphy, NC,” Ashley Fetner Fine Art Photography, (accessed April 16, 2016) Link

      “Fort Butler Memorial Park – Murphy, NC,” Waymarking.com, (accessed April 16, 2016) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite

  • Sponsors

    Tarheel Investment Company

  • Subject Notes

    Fort Butler was one of six forts built in North Carolina for the purpose of gathering the Cherokee Indians for removal to Oklahoma in what is infamously remembered as the “Trail of Tears.” Most of the Cherokee refused to go voluntarily and a military force of 7,000 soldiers under the command of General Winfield Scott occupied Fort Butler to use as its headquarters after which the forced removal began in earnest. More than 3,000 Cherokee from Western North Carolina and North Georgia passed through Fort Butler on their way to internment camps at Fort Cass in Tennessee. Of the total 15,000 Cherokee forced to relocate, an estimated 4,000 died along the way to Oklahoma.

  • Location

    Fort Butler Memorial Park is located on Ft. Butler Street in Murphy, NC.

Know anything else about this monument that isn't mentioned here? If you have additional information on this or any other monument in our collection fill out the form at the Contact Us link in the footer. Thank you.