Documenting the American South

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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Francis Scott Key, Fletcher

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    War of 1812

    Historic Cultural Figures

  • City

    Fletcher

  • County

    Henderson

  • Description

    The memorial is one of a series of large granite mountain boulders, all about the same size but of different shapes that comprise the “Open-Air Westminster Abbey of the South.” Each marker contains a bronze plaque with date of birth and death and a statement about the person’s significance to southern culture or in some cases their relationship to Calvary Episcopal Church.

    Images: Rear view | View of memorials at "Westminster Abbey of the South"

  • Inscription

    Plaque front: IN MEMORY OF / FRANCIS SCOTT KEY / BORN AT “TERRA RUBRA,” / NEAR FREDERICK, MARYLAND / AUGUST 1, 1779 / DIED IN BALTIMORE, MARYLAND / JANUARY 11, 1843

    HE WROTE / “THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER” / WHILE BEING DETAINED BY THE / BRITISH ADMIRAL WHILE UNDER A FLAG OF TRUCE / DURING THE BOMBARDMENT OF FORT MCHENRY / BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, BY THE BRITISH FLEET / ON SEPTEMBER 13 AND THE EARLY MORNING / OF SEPTEMBER 14, 1814.

    “TIS THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER, O LONG MAY IT WAVE / O’RE THE LAND OF THE FREE & THE HOME OF THE BRAVE!”

    Plaque, rear: ERECTED 1929 / TABLET / HERBERT L. SATTERLEE / BOULDER / BYNUM NIX

  • Custodian

    Calvary Episcopal Church

  • Dedication Date

    June 30, 1929

  • Decade

    1920s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.442600 , -82.503600 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Westminster Abbey Of South," Spartanburg Herald Journal (Spartanburg, SC) September 24, 1939, Link

      Hicklin, J.B. “Elaborate Abbey To Immortalize South’s Leaders,” Forest City Courier (Forest City, NC), September 24, 1931, (accessed May 27, 2016) Link

      Jenkins, Mark. “Historical Sketch Of Calvary Episcopal Church,” (Calvary Parish, Fletcher, 1959) Link

      Lesesne, Henry, “Stone Tablet In ‘Abbey’ For Sons Of South,” Times Herald (Olean, NY), March 14, 1929

      “Calvary Church, Fletcher, N.C. Between Asheville and Hendersonville,” in Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (PO77), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Link

      “Fletcher Markers,” The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed May 25, 2016) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Bronze, granite

  • Sponsors

    Plaque: Herbert Livingstone Satterlee. Boulder: Byum Nix

  • Location

    Calvary Episcopal Church is located at 2840 Hendersonville Road, at its intersection with Old Airport Road in Fletcher, NC.
    Eighteen “Open-Air Westminster Abbey of the South” markers stand in two rows in a lawn area facing Old Airport Road to the right of the church. The Robert E. Lee Dixie Highway is located near the street facing Hendersonville Road. One memorial to Bill Nye is in the church cemetery and the second memorial to Bill Nye is on the front lawn of the church. The Calvary Episcopal Church marker stands near the sanctuary.

  • Landscape

    This memorial is one of eighteen “Open-Air Westminster Abbey of the South” markers that stand in two rows in a lawn area to the right of the church.

  • Former Locations

    This memorial and the seventeen others now standing along Old Airport Road were originally located in a landscaped plot along Hendersonville Road (Highway 25) directly in front of the cemetery. It is likely they had to be relocated when the road was widened to four lanes.

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