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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    John Lawson Memorial, Goldsboro

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    Colonial Wars

    Historic Cultural Figures

    Colonial History

  • City

    Goldsboro

  • County

    Wayne

  • Description

    The John Lawson memorial is a large unfinished granite block several feet tall. A smooth, recessed face is cut into the front for the inscription.

    Images: Far-off view | View of the WWI Doughboy statue and John Lawson memorial

  • Inscription

    IN COMMEMORATION OF / JOHN LAWSON / SURVEYOR GENERAL OF THE / PROVINCE OF CAROLINA / AND IT’S FIRST HISTORIAN / BRUTALLY MURDERED BY THE / TUSCARORA INDIANS / SEPT. 22, 1711 / ERECTED BY THE / NORTH CAROLINA SOCIETY / OF THE COLONIAL DAMES / OF AMERICA, JUNE 1915

  • Custodian

    Wayne County

  • Dedication Date

    June 3, 1915

  • Decade

    1910s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.381870 , -77.994300 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      Folder 96_G62_C863: Goldsboro, Wayne County: Courthouse: Scan 3, in the North Carolina County Photographic Collection #P0001, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Link

      Holloman, Charles R. “Lawson, John,” NCPedia.org, (accessed January 8, 2016) Link

      Lawson, John. A New Voyage to Carolina; Containing the Exact Description and Natural History of That Country: Together with the Present State Thereof. And a Journal of a Thousand Miles, Travel'd Thro' Several Nations of Indians. Giving a Particular Account of Their Customs, Manners, &c. London: [s.n.], 1709. In Documenting the American South, http://docsouth.unc.edu, (accessed November 8, 2016) Link

      “John Lawson,” The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed September 12, 2016) Link

      “Unveiling of John Lawson Memorial,” Goldsboro Weekly Argus (Goldsboro, NC), June 3, 1915, 1

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite

  • Sponsors

    Colonial Dames of America

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    Mr. George C. Royall presided over the dedication ceremony which was held in the Commissioners Room of the courthouse due to rain. Mr. Matt H. Allen, a local attorney was the historical orator for the event whose address was described as “a gem of literature as well as history, and most entertainingly delivered.” Rev. P. McIntyre gave the opening prayer and benediction. Mr. D.H. Dixon, president of the Goldsboro Chamber of Commerce had been scheduled to preside but was “indisposed” and unable to attend.

  • Subject Notes

    John Lawson was a key figure in early North Carolina history. His 1709 book, A New Voyage to Carolina introduced much of Europe to the New World. He was an early promoter of colonialization of the Carolina territories and was a founder of Bath in 1705 and New Bern in 1710. He was killed by Tuscarora Indians while on a trip to explore the Neuse River. His death was the opening act of the Tuscarora War (1711-1715)

  • Location

    The memorial marker is located on the left when traveling west in front of the Wayne County Courthouse, 224 East Walnut Street, Goldsboro, NC. It stands to the right of the World War I Doughboy Statue. A bronze plaque commemorating the 75th anniversary of the First Pentecostal Holiness Church is attached to the left support column of the courthouse building. Across East Walnut Street is the Wayne County Veterans Memorial complex which includes the Seymour Johnson Air Force Base Veterans Memorial and the Wayne County Vietnam War Memorial.

  • Landscape

    The marker stands on the front lawn under a large tree.

  • Former Locations

    The marker was originally placed on the front of the Courthouse, to the left from the main entrance to the building.

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