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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Monument to a Century of Flight, Kitty Hawk

  • Type

    Public Space

  • Subjects

    Local History

    Historic Science and Technology Figures

  • Creator

    Jodi Hollnagel-Jubran, Sculptor

    Hanna Jubran, Sculptor

    Glenn Eure, Sculptor

    Benjamin Cahoon, Nags Head, NC, Architect

    Wimco Construction, Washington, NC, Builder

  • City

    Kitty Hawk

  • County

    Dare

  • Description

    The Monument to a Century of Flight is maintained as a public park. The monument's essential structure consists of fourteen wing-shaped stainless steel pylons ascending in height from 10 feet to 20 feet in an orbit of 120 feet, the distance traveled by the Wright brothers in their "first" flight on December 17, 1903. One side is curved to correlate with a wing foil while the flat faces showcase black granite panels that list defining moments in aviation history. Each granite panel has one or two incised images of the men, women and air or space craft associated with these accomplishments. They begin with the first flight in 1903 and culminate 100 years later with the occupation of the International Space Station. Inside the orbit of pylons and surrounding a center bronze dome, is a courtyard of 4,600 bricks and granite pavers engraved with messages of sponsors from around the world. The bronze dome, six feet in diameter, depicts the earth’s continents joined by a centennial message coming from Kitty Hawk. The bottom is rimmed with likenesses of a variety of aircraft: helicopter, hot air balloon, jet plane, blimp and fighter planes. Just outside of the courtyard is a memorial bench of black granite to Icarus International, the primary memorial sponsor, and to the associates of Parker Monuments.
    The Monument is maintained as a public park, open and accessible to all without admission charge.
    At the monument entrance is a granite marker inscribed with the poem “High Flight” by James G. Magee, Jr. a World War II fighter pilot who wrote the poem at age 19 shortly before his death in combat over England. Inside this marker is a time capsule placed by the First Flight Club of Rotary International to be opened in 2103.

    Images: Entrance to the memorial complex | Poem "High Flight" by John H. Magee, Jr. | Bench | Courtyard | Central dome | Dome, bricks and pavers | 4,600 bricks and granite pavers | Pylons | Pylon 1 | Pylon 9 | Pylon 11

  • Inscription

    Pylon 1 (Wright Flyer): 1903 / DECEMBER 17 / KITTY HAWK, NC / ORVILLE AND WILBUR WRIGHT / ACCOMPLISH WORLD’S FIRST / POWERED, CONTROLLED, SUSTAINED / MANNED FLIGHT / IN HEAVIER THAN AIR MACHINE
    1906 / SEPTEMBER - PARIS, FRANCE / FIRST FLIGHT IN EUROPE / MADE BY BRAZILIAN BORN / ALBERTO SANTOS-DUMONT
    1909 / JULY 25 / LOUIS BLERIOT BECOMES / FIRST TO FLY ACROSS ENGLISH CHANNEL
    1909 / AUGUST - REIMS, FRANCE / FIRST INTERNATIONAL AVIATION / COMPETITION
    1909 / ORVILLE WRIGHT DELIVERS TWO-SEAT / OBSERVATION AIRCRAFT TO / U.S ARMY SIGNAL CORPS
    1910 / MADAME LA BARONNE DE LAROCHE BECOMES / FIRST WOMAN PILOT LICENSED
    1910/1910 / NOVEMBER 14/JANUARY 18 / EUGENE ELY / MAKES FIRST CARRIER TAKEOFF AND LANDING
    Pylon 2 (Harriet Guimby): 1912 / MARCH1 / FIRST PARACHUTE JUMP / FROM A POWERED AIRPLANE / MADE BY CAPT. ALBERT BERRY
    1912 / APRIL 16 / HARRIET QUIMBY / BECOMES FIRST WOMAN / TO FLY ACROSS ENGLISH CHANNEL
    1914 / AUGUST 26 / IGOR SIKORSKY’S GRAND / AVIATION FIRSTFOUR-ENGINE AIRCRAFT
    1914 / FIRST AIRLINE / ST. PETERSBURG - TAMPA AIRBOAT LINE
    1914 / TWO-WAY RADIO CONTACT / POSSIBLE BETWEEN PILOT AND GROUND
    1914 / GYROSCOPE CONTROLLS / DEVELOPED BY ELMER A. SPERRY
    1915 / NACA / NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS / IMITATED TO SUPPORT / AVIATION SUPPORT AND DEVELOPMENT 1918 / U.S. OFFICIALLY ESTABLISHES AIRMAIL SERVICE
    Pylon 3 (USS Langley): 1918 / SEPTEMBER 12 / U.S. COLONEL BILLY MITCHELL / DEMONSTRATES EFFECTIVENESS / OF MILITARY AIR SUPPORT / OF GROUND FORCES
    1919 / MAY 16-27 / FIRST TRANS-ATLANTIC AIR CROSSING / FLIGHT OF THE NC-4 / COMMANDER AND NAVIGATOR / LCDR. A.C. REID
    1919 / JUNE 14-15 / FIRST NONSTOP / FLIGHT ACROSS THE ATLANTIC / BRITISH CAPT. JOHN ALCOCK AND / LT. ARTHUR WHITTEN BROWN
    1919 / FIRST SUSTAINED INTERNATIONAL / COMMERCIAL PASSENGER SERVICE, / BETWEEN PARIS AND BRUSSELS
    1922 / MARCH 20 / USS LANGLEY / FIRST AMERICAN AIRCRAFT CARRIER / IS COMMISSIONED
    1923 / IN FLIGHT FUELING INTRODUCED
    1924 / FIRST AROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT / U.S. ARMY AIR SERVICE / DOUGLAS WORLD CRUISERS
    Pylon 4 (Spirit of St. Louis): 1926 / MARCH 16 / LAUNCH OF FIRST / LIQUID PROPELLANT ROCKET / DESIGNED BY ROBERT H. GODDARD
    1927 / AIR-COOLED ENGINE MAKES / LIGHTER, FASTER PLANES POSSIBLE
    1927 / MAY 20-21 / CHARLES LINDBERGH IN HIS / SPIRIT OF ST. LOUIS / BECOMES FIRST TO SOLO / ACROSS THE ATLANTIC
    1928 / MAY / FIRST FLIGHT ACROSS PACIFIC OCEAN / AUSTRALIAN AVIATOR / CHARLES KINGSFORD-SMITH AND CREW / IN THE SOUTHERN CROSS
    1929 / AUGUST 8-29 / FIRST AROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT / BY DIRIGIBLE, THE GRAFF ZEPPELIN
    1929 / SEPTEMBER 24 / JAMES H. DOOLITTLE BECOMES FIRST MAN / TO FLY ENTIRELY BY / INSTRUMENTS AND RADIO AIDS
    1929 / NOVEMBER 29 / ADMIRAL RICHARD E. BYRD / MAKES HIS FIRST FLIGHT OVER SOUTH POLE / IN THE FLOYD BENNET
    Pylon 5 (Amelia Earhart, Wiley Post): 1929 / LINK TRAINER FLIGHT SIMULATOR / INVENTED
    1930 / MAY 15 / ELLEN CHURCH BECOMES / FIRST OFFICIAL FLIGHT ATTENDANT
    1931 / BRITIAN’S FRANK WHITTLE / DESIGNS JET ENGINE
    1932 / MAY 20-21 / AMELIA EARHART BECOMES / FIRST WOMAN AND SECOND PERSON / TO FLY SOLO ACROSS THE ATLANTIC
    1933 / JULY 15-22 / WILEY POST IN WINNIE MAE / MAKES FIRST SOLO AROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT /
    1935 / JULY 28 / B-17 FLYING FORTRESS UNVEILED
    1935 / DECEMBER 17 / DC-3 AIRCRAFT PROVIDES FIRST PROFITABLE / PASSENGER SERVICE WITHOUT POSTAL SUBSIDY
    Pylon 6 (Tuskegee Airmen): 1936 / FIRST INTERNATIONAL AIRLINE / ROUTES ESTABLISHED
    1939 / AUGUST 27 / HEINKLE HE 178 / FIRST PLANE TO FLY WITH A / JET ENGINE
    1939 / SEPTEMBER 14 / INITIAL FLIGHT OF VS-300HELICOPTER / DEVELOPED BY IGOR SIKORSKY
    1930’S / RADAR INTRODUCED
    1940 / INTRODUCTION OF NORTHRUP N-1M / FIRST “FLYING WING” AIRPLANE
    1940 / BOEING STRATOLINER / FIRST AIRLINER WITH PRESSURIZED CABIN
    1941-1946 / TUSKEGEE AIRMEN / ACHIEVE DISTINGUISHED ROLE / IN AVIATION / THROUGH DETERMINATION AND PERSEVERANCE / AGAINST TREMENDOUS ODDS
    1942 / GERMAN HEINKEL HE 219 / FIRST AIRCRAFT TO BE EQUIPPED WITH / CREW EJECTION SEATS
    Pylon 7 (Chuck Yeager) 1943-1944 / WASP / WOMEN AIRFORCE SERVICE PILOTS / FIRST WOMEN TRAINED TO FLY / AMERICAN MILITARY AIRCRAFT
    1943 / LOCKEED “SKUNK WORKS” IS BORN / LEADING TO DEVELOPMENT / OVER THE NEXT TWO DECADES / OF LONG-RANGE, HIGH-ALTITUDE / RECONNAISSANCE CAPABILITY
    1944 / JANUARY 3 / FIRST AIR-SEA RESCUE BY HELICOPTER / PILOT-CDR. FRANK ERICKSON, USCG
    1944 / SEPTEMBER / V-2, WORLD’S FIRST LONG-RANGE / COMBAT BALLISTIC MISSILE
    1947 / F-86 SABRE INTRODUCED / FIRST SWEPT-WING FIGHTER INTRODUCED
    1947 / OCTOBER / FIRST PILOT TO FLY FASTER / THAN THE SPEED OF SOUND / CHUCK YEAGER IN BELL X-1 RESEARCH PLANE / GLAMOROUS GLENNIS
    1948/1949 / JUNE 26/SEPTEMBER 30 / BERLIN AIRLIFT DEMONSTRATES SUCCESSFULLY / AERIAL RESUPPLY
    Pylon 8 (Rogallo’s and Sputnik): 1948 / FRANCIS AND GERTRUDE ROGALLO /INVENT THE FLEXIBLE WING
    1949 / FEBRUARY / CAPTAIN JAMES GALLAGHER / AND USAF CREW MAKE FIRST / NONSTOP AROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT / IN LUCKY LADY II
    1952 / MAY / DEHAVILLAND COMET / WORLD’S FIRST COMMERCIAL JETLINER / PUT INTO SERVICE
    1957 / SOVIETS LAUNCH / FIRST ARTIFICIAL SATELLITE IN SPACE / SPUTNIK
    br> 1958 / JANUARY 31 / U.S. SATELLITE EXPLORER I LAUNCHED
    1958 / A MILLION PASSENGERS FLY THE ATLANTIC / SURPASSING TOTAL STEAMSHIP PASSENGERS
    1958 / FAA / FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION / ESTABLISHED
    Pylon 9 (Yuri Gagarin): 1958 / NASA / NATIONAL AERONAUTICS / AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION / ESTABLISHED TO DEVELOP / SPACE EXPLORATION PROGRAM
    1960 / AUGUST 12 / ECHO I FIRST PASSIVE / COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE LAUNCHED
    1960’S / ATLAS INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC / MISSILE, NEVER USED AS A WEAPON, / SERVES AS A LAUNCH SYSTEM / FOR SPACE MISSIONS
    1961 / APRIL 12 / YURI GAGARIN OF USSR / BECOMES FIRST MAN IN SPACE
    1961 / FIRST WORDS SPOKEN FROM SPACE / I SEE EARTH. IT IS SO BEAUTIFUL! / YURI GAGARIN
    1961 / MAY 5 / FIRST AMERICAN IN SPACE / IS ALAN B. SHEPHARD, JR. / IN MERCURY SPACECRAFT FREEDOM 7
    1962 / FEBRUARY 20 / JOHN GLENN, JR. / BECOMES FIRST AMERICAN TO ORBIT EARTH / IN MERCURY FRIENDSHIP 7
    Pylon 10 (Lunar Orbiter): 1962 / DECEMBER 14 / MARINER II / INTERPLANETARY PROBE / FLIES PAST VENUS
    1963 / JUNE 16-19 / VALENTINA TERESHKOVA OF USSR / BECOMES FIRST WOMAN IN SPACE
    1963 / JULY 26 / SYNCOM II / WORLD’S FIRST / GEOSYNCHRONOUS SATELLITE LAUNCHED
    1963 / AUGUST 22 / NORTH AMERICAN X-15 / SETS ALTITUDE RECORD OF 67 MILES / AT 4,159 MPH
    1965 / MARCH 18 / SOVIET COSMONAUT ALEKSEI LEONOV / BECOMES FIRST MAN TO WALK IN SPACE
    1965 / JUNE 3 / FIRST AMERICAN SPACE WALK / MADE BY EDWARD H. WHITE
    1966 / LUNAR ORBITER / FIRST U.S. SPACECRAFT / TO ORBIT AND PHOTOGRAPH THE MOON
    Pylon 11 (Neil Armstrong): 1968 / WORLD’S FIRST WIDE-BODY AIRLINER, / THE BOEING 747 INTRODUCED
    1968 / DECEMBER 31 / SOVIET UNION’S TUPOLEV 144 / FIRST SUPERSONIC TRANSPORT
    1969 / MARCH 2 / FIRST FLIGHT OF BRITISH-FRENCH / SUPERSONIC COMMERCIAL JET, CONCORDE
    1969 / JULY 20 / NEIL A. ARMSTRONG WALKS ON THE MOON / ONE SMALL STEP FOR MAN; / ONE GIANT LEAP FOR MANKIND
    br> 1971 / APRIL 19 / WORLD’S FIRST SPACE STATION / SOVIET SALUTI, PLACED IN ORBIT
    1972 / LANDSAT I / AMERICA’S FIRST ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE
    1972 / INTEL 4004 MICROPROCESSOR- / HUMAN ARTIFACT THAT HAS / TRAVELED THE FARTHEST FROM EARTH / PROGRAMMED TO REACH THE STAR ROSS / IN 32,000 YEARS
    Pylon 12 (CDR. Elmer Stone): 1972 / GRUMMAN F-14A TOMCAT / “SWING WING” CARRIER INTERCEPTOR / INTRODUCED
    1973 / MAY 14 / U.S. SPACE STATION SKYLAB / LAUNCHED INTO ORBIT
    1975 / AMERICAN AND SOVIET SPACECRAFT / DOCK IN ORBIT DURING / APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT
    1976 / FIRST FLIGHT OF F-16A FALCON / USHERS IN ERA OF LIGHTWEIGHT FIGHTERS
    1976 / E3A AIRBORNE WARNING AND CONTROL / ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM INAUGURATED
    1976 / VIKING LANDERS TOUCH DOWN ON MARS
    1979 / JUNE 12 / CYCLIST BRYAN ALLEN PILOTS / HUMAN POWERED GOSSAMER ALBATROSS / ACROSS ENGLISH CHANNEL
    COAST GUARD HISTORICAL FOOTNOTE / CDR. ELMER F. STONE, USCG / 1887-1936 / COAST GUARD AVIATOR #1 / PILOT OF THE NAVY NC-4 SEAPLANE THAT MADE THE / FIRST SUCCESSFUL TRANSATLANTIC FLIGHT / IN MAY 1919
    Pylon 13 (Voyager): 1981 / APRIL 12 / SPACE SHUTTLE ERA BEGINS WITH THE LAUNCH / AND RETURN TO EARTH OF COLUMBIA, / FOLLOWED IN THE DECADE BY CHALLENGER, / DISCOVERY, ATLANTIS AND ENDEAVOR
    1983 / JUNE 13 / PIONEER 10 BECOMES FIRST SPACECRAFT / TO LEAVE OUR SOLAR SYSTEM / AND EXPLORE THE EDGES / OF INTERSTELLAR SPACE
    1986 / AH-64A APACHE ATTACK HELICOPTER IN USE
    1986 / DECEMBER 23 / ALL-COMPOSITE PLANE VOYAGER / COMPLETES FIRST AROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT / WITHOUT STOPPING OR REFUELING
    1989 / FIRST PRODUCTION VERTICAL LIFT AIRPLANE / V-22 TILTROTOR OSPREY
    1980’S / F117A STEALTH FIGHTER INTRODUCED / FIRST OPERATIONAL AIRCRAFT DESIGNED / TO AVOID RADAR DETECTION
    1980’S / INTRODUCTION B-2 “FLYING WING” BOMBER / INCORPORATING STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
    Pylon 14 (International Space Station): 1990 / HUBBLE TELESCOPE PROVIDES VISION / INTO SPACE FROM ORBIT AROUND EARTH
    1995 / APRIL 27 / GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FULLY OPERATIONAL
    1997 / JULY 4 / MARS PATHFINDER / SENDS BACK MORE THAN 16,500 PICTURES / AFTER LANDING ON MARS
    1998 / FIRST COMPONENTS / OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION / PLACED IN ORBIT BY / 15-NATION DEVELOPMENT TEAM 1999 / JULY 22-27 / EILEEN COLLINS BECOMES FIRST WOMAN / COMMANDER OF A SPACE SHUTTLE
    2000 / OCTOBER / FIRST CREW OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION / ARRIVES IN ORBIT / ESTABLISHING CONTINUOUS HUMAN PRESENCE IN SPACE
    HUMANKIND IS A CONTINUUM OF PIONEERS / SHARING TIMELESS DREAMS / AND THE BOUNDLESS POSSIBILITIES OF VAST / UNEXPLORED WORLDS.
    ICARUS INTERNATIONAL / 2003, IN THE HUNDREDTH YEAR OF POWERED FLIGHT
    Bench: DONATED BY / FRANK AND SUZANNE PARKER / IN HONOR OF / ICARUS INTERNATIONAL / AND THE ASSOCIATES OF / PARKER MONUMENTS / FOR THEIR COMMITMENT AND DEDICATION / TO THE / MONUMENT TO A CENTURY OF FLIGHT
    Entry marker: MONUMENT / TO A / CENTURY OF FLIGHT
    DEDICATED ON NOVEMBER 8, 2003 / IN CELEBRATION OF THE SOARING OF THE HUMAN SPIRIT / CREATED BY ARTISTS / GLENN EURE, HANNA JUBRAN / JODI HOLLNAGLE JUBRAN / ARCHITECT – BENJAMIN B. CAHOON / AND PRESENTED AS AN ENDURING LEGACY BY / ICARUS INTERNATIONAL, INC. / FOUNDERS: / GLEN EURE / DENVER LINDLEY, JR. / NANCY TARNAI / BOARD OF DIRECTORS: / PRESIDENT – WILLIAM J. KEALY / VICE-PRESIDENT – ELLEN KEALY / TREASURER – DONALD W. BRYAN / SECRETARY – PAT EURE / STEVE ALTERMAN / JILL BARTEL / PEGGY BIRKEMEIER / CHERYL L. BYRD / MARY DOLL / JOHN G. GAW, JR. / JEFF GRAHAM / DAVE HILTON / LOLA HILTON / BEVERLY SHARP / MELANIE SMITH
    High Flight: HIGH FLIGHT / JOHN H. MAGEE, JR. /OH! I HAVE SLIPPED THE SURLY BONDS OF EARTH, /AND DANCED THE SKIES ON LAUGHTER-SILVERED WINGS; / SUNWARD I'VE CLIMBED, AND JOINED THE TUMBLING MIRTH / OF SUN-SPLIT CLOUDS, --AND DONE A HUNDRED THINGS / YOU HAVE NOT DREAMED OF --WHEELED AND SOARED AND SWUNG / HIGH IN THE SUNLIT SILENCE. HOV'RING THERE / I'VE CHASED THE SHOUTING WIND ALONG, AND FLUNG / MY EAGER CRAFT THROUGH FOOTLESS HALLS OF AIR... / UP, UP THE LONG, DELIRIOUS, BURNING BLUE / I'VE TOPPED THE WIND-SWEPT HEIGHTS WITH EASY GRACE / WHERE NEVER LARK OR EVEN EAGLE FLEW -- / AND, WHILE WITH SILENT LIFTING / MIND I'VE TROD / THE HIGH UNSURPASSED SANCTITY OF SPACE, / PUT OUT MY HAND, AND TOUCHED THE FACE OF GOD.
    JOHN G. MAGEE, JR., A 19-YEAR-OLD AMERICAN SERVING / WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE IN BRITAIN, WROTE / “HIGH FLIGHT” IN LATER 1941. HE WAS KILLED THAT DECEMBER / IN HIS SPITFIRE OVER ENGLAND.
    MESSAGE TO THE PEOPLE OF 2103 / NEAR THIS MARKER IS A TIME CAPSULE DEDICATED TO YOU. / IT WAS PLACED BY THE FIRST FLIGHT CLUB OF ROTARY / INTERNATIONAL UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE BANK OF / CURRITUCK HONORING THEIR PRESIDENT AND CEO, / SAM T. “TOMMY” MOORE, JR. PLEASE OPEN IN / DECEMBER OF 2013.

  • Custodian

    Aycock Brown Visitor Center, operated by the Outer Banks Visitors Bureau

  • Dedication Date

    November 8, 2003

  • Decade

    2000s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.097370 , -75.715450 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      Martier, Laura. “Re-discovering the Monument to a Century of Flight,” North Beach Sun (Kill Devil Hills, NC), July 5, 2003, (accessed November 30, 2016) Link

      Monument to a Century of Flight, monumenttoacenturyofflight.org, (accessed November 30, 2016) Link

      “Monument to Monument to a Century of Flight and Ben Dixon MacNeil,” History For All The People (State Archives of NC), April 25, 2013, (accessed December 10, 2016)

      “Monument to a Century of Flight,” The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed December 10, 2016) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Stainless steel, bronze, black granite, gray granite, brick, concrete

  • Sponsors

    Icarus International, Inc.

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    Over 600 people were in attendance for the dedication. Tom Poberezny, President of the Experimental Aircraft Association, delivered the keynote address. Joining in the ribbon cutting with Poberezny were NC State Senator and President Pro Tempore of the NC Senate, Marc Basnight; Chairman of the Dare County Board of Commissioners, Warren Judge; Outer Banks Visitors Bureau Managing Director, Carolyn McCormick; Kitty Hawk Mayor, Bill Harris; Chairman of the NC First Flight Centennial Commission and First Flight Society, Ken Mann; and President of the Board of Directors of Icarus International, Bill Kealy.

  • Subject Notes

    Granite panels, inscribed bricks and granite paving stones: Parker Monuments, Knightdale, NC.
    Steel pylon fabrication, casting of bronze center dome: Jubran’s studio, Grimesland, NC.
    The design evolved out of the collaborative efforts of Outer Banks artist Glen Eure and Hanna Jubran and Jodi Hollnagel Jubran, two acclaimed artistic and historical commemorative landscape of North Carolina. Over 30 of their works dot the landscape to include Western North Carolina Veterans Memorial in Asheville, Time Capsule Sculpture and Benches in Kinston, Nooherooka Monument in Snow Hill, and Pee Dee the Pirate at ECU in Greenville. They are both employed by the School of Art and Design at East Carolina University.

  • Location

    The Monument is situated on a high hill overlooking the ocean and the Aycock Brown Welcome Center, 5230 N. Croatan Highway , just over the Wright Memorial Bridge to the Outer Banks. It is a public park open and accessible to all without admission.

  • Landscape

    It is surrounded by the simple beauty of the barrier island's natural vegetation and looks out toward the waters of the Atlantic.

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