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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Tryon Peak Treaty, Tryon

  • Type

    Marker

  • Subjects

    American Indian Monuments

    Colonial History

  • City

    Tryon

  • County

    Polk

  • Description

    The Tryon Peak Treaty marker is an unadorned bronze plaque attached to a very large flat faced boulder standing approximately five-feet tall that roughly forms the shape of a blunt arrowhead.

  • Inscription

    Tryon Peak / ON ITS SUMMIT / IN JULY, 1767 / A TREATY WAS MADE BETWEEN / ENGLISH OFFICERS AND / CHEROKEE CHIEFS. / ESTABLISHING WHERE THE / EXTREME WESTERN FRONTIER / FOR WHITE SETTLERS. / THE MOUNTAIN WAS NAMED / FOR / WILLIAM TRYON / THEN ROYAL GOVERNOR / OF THE PROVINCE OF / NORTH CAROLINA. / ERECTED BY UNAKA CHAPTER / N.C. SOCIETY, DAUGHTERS / OF AMERICAN COLONISTS.

  • Dedication Date

    April 30, 1951

  • Decade

    1950s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.222450 , -82.252870 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "4.2 Boundary Between North Carolina and the Cherokee Nation, 1767," in North Carolina: A Digital History, LEARN NC, learnnc.org, (accessed April 5, 2017) Link

      "Agreement between North Carolina and the Cherokee Nation concerning the boundary between North Carolina and Cherokee land Cherokee Indian Nation; North Carolina, June 13, 1767. William Saunders, ed., The Colonial Records of North Carolina, vol. 7 (Raleigh, N.C.: P. M. Hale, Printer to the State, 1886), pp. 469-471. Documenting the American South, http://docsouth.unc.edu Link

      “Historical Marker Unveiled in Polk by Cherokee Chief,” Asheville Citizen-Times, May 1, 1951

      “Indian Treaty Marker Will Be Unveiled,” Asheville Citizen-Times, April 29, 1951

      “Treaty Marker Unveiling Set in Polk Today,” Asheville Citizen-Times, April 30, 1951

      “Tryon Peak,” The Historical Marker Database, HMdb.org, (accessed February 22, 2017) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Granite, bronze

  • Sponsors

    Unaka Chapter #2, N.C. Society Daughters of American Colonists

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    The invocation by Rev. Arsene Thompson of Cherokee was in his native Indian tongue and Henry Bradley, Chief of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee with Mrs. Asbury Barnett of Asheville performed the unveiling. Speakers included C.P. Rogers, chairman of the Polk County Historical Association, D. Hiden Ramsey, Asheville Citizen-Times company official and Dr. C.C. Crittenden, director of the State Department of Archives and History. Crittenden said the marker would remind people that North Carolina is “rich in her history and rich in the interest of the people to mark spots where a historical event has taken place.” Ramsey noted that North Carolina has much history in “which she is not so proud but also much of which she is very proud.” Marking the spot of the treaty was included among the proud moments in history.

  • Subject Notes

    The Treaty of Tryon was an attempt to establish a definitive line between white settlers and Indians and also fix the western frontier of North Carolina.

  • Location

    The marker is located northwest of Tryon, NC, at the intersection of Harmon Field Road and North Trade Street (U.S. 176)

  • Landscape

    The maker sets under a cover of trees and is partially covered with ivy at a V shaped intersection.

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