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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
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Instructions to Philip Ludwell concerning the government of North Carolina
Carolina. Lords Proprietors.
December 05, 1689
Volume 01, Pages 362-363

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[B. P. R. O. Colonial Entry Book. No. 22. P. 158.]
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COLLONELL PHILIPP LUDWELL GOVERNOR OF THAT PART OF OUR PROVINCE OF CAROLINA THAT LYES NORTH AND EAST OF CAPE FEARE

1 As soon as possible after yor arrival you are to cause our Letter to Mr Seth Sothell our late Governor signifying our suspending him from the Government to be carefully delivered to his own hands and at the same time to give Notice to Our Councill there of your being by us appointed to be Governor of that part of Carolina that lyes North and East of Cape feare and to require their meeting of you

2 When the Councill is met you are to publish yor Comission for the Government

3 You are to Informe yrselfe as well as possibly you can of the reasons of the late disturbances and the Imprisonment of Mr Sothell

4 If you finde there are any complaints that Mr Sothell hath comitted any acts of Injustice and oppression you are then and with the advice and consent of any three or more of our Deputys to comissionate three of the honestest and ablest men you cane finde and who have not been partys in the late disturbances to be Judges to hear and determine all causes both Civill and Criminall according to Law with such powers and authorities as shall be Legall and necessarye thereunto

5 The said Court or Judges being thus comissionated you are to give Notice to all people that complain of any Injustice or oppression contrary to law comitted by the said Sothell that the sd Court is appointed to hear and determine of all such complaints and you are to take all imaginable care that Jurys for the triall of all such causes be fairly and Impartially returned

6 In all other matters you are to pursue such Instructions for the Goverment as you shall finde upon the place wherein If you finde anything deficient or Inconvenient to ye Inhabitants Wee shall vpon yor Notice thereof to vs take due care therein

7 You are as soon as possibly you conveniently can to call an Assembly or Parliament for the making of such Lawes as shall be thought requisite for the better govermt and security of the place, which Lawes by the first opportunity to send to vs to be ratified and confirmed by vs and which are to continue in force before such ratifying and confirminge

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vntill we shall signify our pleasure to the contrary and in the passing of such Lawes you are to observe the methods prescribed by our fundamentall Constitutions and Instructions for the govermt vpon the place

8 You are diligently to Inquire into the true reasons of the late Disorders and to give us an Accompt thereof by the first opportunity

9 If you finde our late Governor hath been guilty of Injustice towards the people in generall or any particular men you are to cause him to give security that he shall not depart from that part of Carolina untill he that answered to all such complaints as shall be brought against him within the space of six months from the publishing yor Comission

10 If the said Mr Sothell shall complain of Injustice done him by the people you are according to the best of yor prudence to cause reparation to be made him in such manner as shall best sute with the quiet and peace of the govermt there

11 You are to give vs yr opinion what is necessary to be done by vs for the better prevention of the like disturbances for the future

You are to Inform yorself if King William and Queen Mary have been proclaimed in Carolina and if they have not by reason of the Disturbances you are to cause them forthwith to be proclaimed with as much Decency as possible. Given vnder our hands this 5th day of December 1689

CRAUEN Palatine
JOHN ARCHDALE for THO. ARCHDALE
ASHLEY
BATHE for the LORD CARTERET
P. COLLETON
THO AMY