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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
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Letter from Gabriel Johnston to Thomas Hill
Johnston, Gabriel, ca. 1698-1752
February 15, 1751
Volume 04, Pages 1073-1074

[B. P. R. O. North Carolina. B. T. Vol. 12. C. 9.]

Sir [Secretary of Board of Trade]

In Answer to yours of the 19th of July I beg the favour of you to inform the Right Honble the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations that the Province of North Carolina is bounded on the South by the Atlantick Ocean, on the Southwest by South Carolina, on the west by the Mississippi and the Appalacho mountains and on the North and East by Virginia, Inhabitants flock in here daily, mostly from Pensilvania and other parts of America, who are overstocked with people and some directly from Europe, they commonly seat themselves towards the west and have got near the mountains. I am sorry I cannot transmitt any other map of this Province than that of the late Colonel Moseley's of which there is one in your Office. It is very deficient, especially in the back settlements,

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many thousand persons having sat down there since that map was published. In October 1749. the line between the northern part of this Province now in possession of the Earl of Granville and Virginia was carried nearly one [hundred] mile more to westward and almost quite across the mountains, It was done with great care and exactness and it is believed that ten miles further would have carried them to the other side, But the excessive severity of the weather and want of food for their Horses obliged them to return, they crossed a large branch of the Mississippi which runs between the ledges of the mountains and nobody ever dreamt of before, I have sent a draught of this Line for their Lordships view, I know of no foreign settlement near this Colony

I am Sir Yours, &c.,
GAB: JOHNSTON.

Edenton February 15th 1750/1