We have received your letter to us dated in December last inclosing your answer to several of our general heads of Enquiry concerning the present state of the Province under your Government and we hope that when the proper Offices shall have furnished you with the information you have required of them, you will send us a full and complete return to those Questions which remain unanswered.
The enclosed Copy of Our Letter to you of the 14th of April 1761, (the Original of which we fear may have miscarried) will fully inform you of our sentiments upon the Claims of the lower House of Assembly that Quorum should consist of a majority of the whole House and upon the irregular Method of passing and auditing the Publick accounts, but as we find by your last letter that the Assembly still persist in their unreasonable pretensions and have also unjustly and unconstitutionally admitted persons to sit amongst them who have been chosen Representatives of Towns and Counties without the King's writs issued for that purpose and have refused to pass Acts for incorporating Townships upon Petitions from the Inhabitants setting forth their Qualifications, We have thought it our Duty to communicate our sentiments and resolutions upon those points to their Agents and Representative here, hoping that they will by this gentle and moderate method of proceeding be led to a proper consideration of their errors and of the ill consequences that must result from their undutifull conduct and from such indecent and unreasonable Opposition to the just Authority of the Crown.
The inclosed extract of the Minutes of Our proceedings upon this Business will shew you what has passed upon the Occasion and therefore it only remains for us to take notice of those parts of your Letter which regard the mode of remitting and applying the money received from the Treasury by the Agent as the Share of your Province in the Sums granted by Parliament for making a compensation to the Colonies for the expences they have been at in the general service and the hardships which you say are suffered by yourself and the rest of the Publick Officers from the Act passed in 1748, for establishing Fees of Office
Before we enter however into any observations upon these points,
This is more particularly the case with respect to the two points we have just stated and therefore we should have contented ourselves with referring you to their Lordships Letters upon these subjects had not what you now say upon them been intermixed with new matter that seems to require some remarks. We entirely agree with you in Opinion, that the Parliamentary Grant cannot be applied to a more reasonable and necessary service than the sinking that paper currency which was created for the services that the grant is intended to compensate for, But we cannot be of Opinion that the doing this by buying up the paper currency with Bills drawn upon the Agent here, will be a more beneficial Method than the remitting the money in specie which being substituted in the place of paper notes, will occasion a Circulation of Cash, the want whereof has ever been the plea for a paper currency, that having no intrinsic value in itself has constantly depreciated to the great prejudice and loss of the British merchant, nor does it appear to us that the Method you propose will be less liable to fraud than the other since the Treasurer in the buying up the paper currency by Bills upon the Agent, may undoubtedly if such Fraud is connived at, make the same unjust Advantage of the difference between the nominal and depreciated Value of the Paper Currency as you state they would do in the exchanging Cash for them and in this Case the fraud will not be confined to them alone but others will be sharers in it, who cannot be so easily checked or punished as persons in Office who by the Laws of the Province and the nature of their appointments are liable to account.
We do not however state this opinion to you as meaning to convey any direction or authority to you in what way to act in a matter which is entirely within the Province and Department of the Lords of the Treasury and in which if their Lordships do not think proper
We must not however omit taking some notice of what you say concerning that part of this money appropriated for building a City upon Neuse River, upon which point you have expressed your sentiments so confusedly, that we are totally at a loss to guess what you mean by supposing that unless this Act is repealed or confirmed the money will be locked up in the Treasurer's hands, had this Act been passed, as it certainly ought to have been, with a Clause suspending its execution until the King's Pleasure had been known your meaning would have been obvious but as there is no such Clause and as the Share of your Province of the £50,000 allowed to the Southern Colonies has, we suppose been long since received by the Agent, we know of nothing that can prevent the Act from being carried into execution unless his Majesty should repeal it which we shall not take upon us to advise, so long as the Reasons that induced the passing it and which appear from your Letters to the late Board to be so well founded in reason and good Policy stand unimpeached.
If any new circumstances had occurred to Alter your former sentiments upon this measure it would have been your duty to have stated them to us but as you have not mentioned any such, we cannot conceive upon what ground it is that you suggest the necessity of repealing it.
It was matter of great surprise to us, that after the late commissioners of Trade had so clearly expressed their Opinion of the propriety of settling the Fees of Office by provincial Laws you should still continue to state the Law passed for that purpose in North Carolina as an encroachment upon the Prerogative of the Crown, We do entirely agree with them that it does in no case come within such a description but on the contrary is not only justified by the example of like laws in every other Colony but is also in itself the most reasonable, effectual and constitutional Method of settling Fees that can be followed.
It is true indeed that some Laws of this kind have been repealed, but not upon any Objection to the Principles of them but only when it has appeared that the Fees settled have not been in proportion to the Service to which they were applyed or were considerably less than what reason allowed and usage had established.
This Objection however does not materially apply itself to the
Had your Predecessors in the administration of the Government apprehended themselves to be aggrieved or their Interests affected by this Law, either with respect to the Fees established for Grants of Land (the only case in which you represent it to be injurious to you) or in any other respect, they would doubtless have complained and their complaint would have had the greater weight from their being in that disadvantageous situation which you are happily freed from of having no allowance whatever from the Crown for their support.
As to the disadvantage which you say attends the Officers entitled to Fees under the Authority of this Act, from the depreciated Value of the Paper Currency, it is certainly a general inconvenience resulting from the present State and circumstances of the Province in reference to its Credit and Currency operating equally upon all persons in all cases of Payments whatever and is in no degree a partial prejudice arising from the Provisions of a particular Law and therefore it does not appear to us that it can be reasonably urged as an Objection to the Fee Bill, the Repeal of which would not only in our Opinion be unreasonable and unjust but highly prejudicial to the Officers concerned in it, who would in such case find it extremely difficult in cases of Refusal of Payment to recover Fees established by any other Authority which considering the propriety of the thing in general and what has ever been the practise might reasonably be disputed.
But were the reasons urged for the Repeal of this Law as cogent as they are weak and futile, we should have just ground to doubt the propriety of such a measure when we consider that it will expire by its own limitation in the next year and therefore if there had been any reasonable Cause of complaint the proper way to seek redress would have been to have stated the Objections when the making a new Law came under consideration and in case the Legislature refused redress, to have appealed to his Majesty's Justice and solicited the Repeal of the Law.
We are sorry to find that you apprehend you have reason to complain of the conduct of the Deputy Auditor, but as he is an Officer appointed by and entirely subordinate to the Auditor General it is impossible for us to interfere in this matter and all we could do was to communicate your complaint to him who will we doubt not take
Mr. Berry the Chief Justice of North Carolina having applyed to us by his Agent here to be reinstated in the Council upon the first Vacancy we have thought it advisable upon a consideration of the peculiar hardships of his case, in being set aside after he had sat and acted in the Council under your appointment to propose that he should be appointed in the place of Mr. Swan, but shall nevertheless have a due regard to your recommendation of Colonel Dry upon the next vacancy.
The death of the late Bishop of London happening before we had received any Report from him upon the Laws for establishing Vestries and making provision for an Orthodox Clergy we thought it our Duty to refer them to the present Bishop, who having favored us with his Opinion and Sentiments upon them, we have made Our Representation to his Majesty and shall not fail to transmit to you such Orders as his Majesty shall think proper to give in consequence thereof.