powered by google
Documenting the American South Logo
Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Advanced Search Options
Order Book for the Carteret Regiment in the military campaign against the Regulators
Thompson, William; Tryon, William, 1729-1788
April 23, 1771 - June 23, 1771
Volume 08, Pages 574-600

[From MS. Records in Office of Secretary of State.]
TRYON'S ORDER BOOK IN CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE
REGULATORS.

Instructions & Orders of the Carteret Detachment on the Expedition against the Insurgents under the Command of the Brave & Victorious General Wm. Tryon Governor of the Province of North Carolina.


New Bern April 23rd 1771.

Sir,

You will take under your Command and march from this Town to Colo Wm. Bryan's in Johnston County two Swivel Guns Mounted on Carriages, and Deliver them to Colo: Moore Commander of the Artillery who will be there to Receive them the 30th Inst, the Baggage of each Detachment will march with the Respective Corps.

Wm. TRYON.

P. S. You are to keep Company with the Craven Detachment.

Orders of March & Lines of Battle His Excellency the Governor Agreeable to the Seniority of the Countys that sent men against the Insurgents.


May 3rd 1771.

Craven Detachment takes the Right of the first Line.

Carteret Detachment takes the Left of the first Line.

Orange, Beaufort, Artillery Detachments in the Centre of the first Line.

New Hanover Detachment takes the Right of the Second Line.

Onslow Detachment takes the Left of the Second Line.

Dobbs and Johnston in the Centre of the Second Line.

-------------------- page 575 --------------------


Johnston Court House May 4th 1771.
General Orders.
Parole—Craven.

The Army to March tomorrow, the General to Beat at 6 o'clock, the Assembly at 8, to March at 9.

The Order of March of this Day.

The 3rd Company of Craven takes the Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow.

The Carteret Company takes the Quarter Guard to Nt.

For the Piquett.

The first Company of Johnston & the Baggage Guard to morrow morning.

No fires to be in the Front of the Lines.

The Flanks and Rear of the Camp to be in their proper Places.


Hunters Lodge Camp, Sunday May 5th
Parole—Wake. Countersign—Margarett.

The Army rest tomorrow.

Ammunition will be serv'd out to morrow morning at 8 o'clock, Each Man to Receive 6 Cartridges or an equal quantity of Powder & Ball for those who have Rifles or Small Fuzees.

Detachments to Receive according to their Seniority Beginning with the Craven Detachment.

The first Company of New Hanover takes the Piquett to night & Baggage Guard to morrow.

The 2nd Company the Quarter Guard & Onslow the Grass Guard.


Hunters Lodge Camp, Monday May 6th 1771.
Parole—Carteret. Countersign—Beaufort Bay.
Morning Orders,

The Quarter Master General to receive his Orders from the Commander in Chief only.

Returns to be made this Afternoon of the strength of each Detachment in the Army as also of the Arms & Camp Necessarys agreeable to the Forms Delivered to the Commanding Officers.

Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels, & Majors appointed according to Seniority to the command of the Detachments in the Army Exclusive of the corps of Artillery and Rangers, Viz,

-------------------- page 576 --------------------

Colonels—John Ashe, Richd Caswell, Joseph Leech, Wm. Cree, Wm. Thomson, Needham Bryan, Jno. Hinton.

Lt Colonel—Richard Cogdell.

Major—Francis McKelweane.

Field Officer of this Day Colonel Ashe, who is to have the command of all Guards the Piquett & all out Posts belonging to the Camp.

Corps of Artillery & Rangers excepted.

He is to go the Guard Rounds in the Night of both Lines & to visit the Guards & Posts & to be ready to turn out on any alarm.

This Duty to begin at the Evening Gun firing and to continue for 24 Hours.

Field officer of the Day to make his Report to the Commander in Chief of all Extraordinaries while on this Duty.

Colonel Moore of the Artillery & Captain Neale of the Rangers to make their Reports to the Adjutant General for the Commander in Chief. Also each to send an Officer every day at Orderly time to receive Orders.

The Army to turn out under Arms at 3 o'clock this afternoon in the front of their respective Lines; the cannon will fire.

After Orders.

As the first Company of Dobbs takes the Governors Guard this Morning, the 4th Company of Dobbs will Relieve them tomorrow.

The 2nd Company of Dobbs for the Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow.

The 3rd Company of Dobbs for the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow.

An Orderly Serjeant from Each Line Continually to attend at Head Quarters & on the Commander in Chief in the Field.

Three Men pr. Company to be allowed to Each Company, to keep Sentinel in their Respective Camps.

The Army to march tomorrow.

The General to Beat at Five, the Assembly at Six and the March in half an hour after.

Piquett to Lye out to Night.


Hunters Lodge Camp Tuesday May 7th 1771.

Parole—New Hanover. Countersign—Fort Johnston.

A Court Martial to be held Immediately at the Head of the Colours of the Craven Detachment for the Tryal of all Prisoners.

-------------------- page 577 --------------------

Colonel Leech, President.

Two Captains, Two Subalterns, Members from Craven.

The Detachments in the Lines not to Load for the future without Particular Directions from the Commander in Chief, nor the Out Posts to Load unless ordered by the Field Officer of the Day.

No Detachment to be made from the Lines without the Express Orders from the Commander in Chief.

In Case of Alarm

The Field Officer of the Day may Order the Lines to turn out under Arms, but not move off their Ground till Report is made to the Commander in Chief of the cause of the alarm.

Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Caswell.

The Pitt Detachment for the Piquett to Night and Baggage Guard tomorrow.

First Company of Craven Grass Guard to Night and Rear Guard tomorrow.

Second Company of Craven takes the Governors Guard and Quarter Guard tomorrow.

The Quarter Master General or his Assistant goes Immediately to mark out the camp with camp colour men.


Wednesday May 8th 1771.
Parole—Onslow. Countersign—New River.

Detachment from Wake County that joined the Army yesterday Ordered to attend the Sheriff of the County & to assist him in Levying all their Fines Due from the Body of Militia that appeared at the General Muster at Hunters Lodge Camp on Monday the 6th Instant without Arms & also to support the Sheriff in Levying all the Taxes Due to the public in the said District Excepting from those who have entered themselves Voluntiers in his Majesty's service against the Insurgents.

Captain Moore of the Wake Detachment will Receive his particular Orders from Colo. Hinton.

One Days Provision to be Immediately Delivered to the whole Detachment.

As several Persons suppos'd to be Regulators have been seen Lurking about the Camp, Ordered—

That all such Persons be taken up & examined agreeable to Standing Orders.

-------------------- page 578 --------------------

Any soldier that can catch any Person Stealing or Driving from the Camp any Horses Belonging to the Army shall upon conviction thereof Before a Court Martial Receive Five Dollars Reward.

These Two, Last orders to be Read at the Head of Every Company Before the Troops March off.

A Sufficient Quantity of Ammunition be Immediately Delivered to the Army.

The Quarter Master with the Camp Colour Men & the Advance Guard not to March far from the Head of the Column.

The whole Army to march with the Greatest Caution.

After Orders—New Hope Camp.
Field Officer for the Day, Colo. Leech.

For the Piquett to Night, 3rd Company of Craven.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard to morrow, Carteret; Governors Guard & Quarter Guard to morrow, first Company of Johnston.

The Army to March tomorrow.

The General to Beat at Gun firing, the Assembly at 6, & the army to march at 7.


Enoe Camp, Thursday May 9th 1771. P. M.
Parole—Orange. Countersign—Hillsborough.
Field Officer of the Day, Colo. Cray.

For the Piquett to Night, 2nd Company of Johnston.

For the Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard to morrow, Onslow Company.

For the Governors Guard & Quarter Guard to morrow, the first Company of New Hanover.

The Corps of Artillery being found too weak to Do the Duty in the Park of Artillery & the Management of the Guns,

His Excellency Resolves that the Pitt Detachment be taken out of the 2d Line & be United & Encamped with the Artillery as the 2d Detachment of that Corps under the command of Colonel Moore.

The Artillery for the Future Mount Quarter Guard with a subaltern & 20 men from which they are to furnish the Centinels on the Park of Artillery.

The soldiers not to go into the Town of Hillsborough without the Leave of the Commanding Officer of his or their Detachments.

The Army Halts tomorrow.

-------------------- page 579 --------------------

The Men to wash their Linnen & Haversacks in the Morning that they may be Ready to March at an Hours Warning.

One Days Provisions to be Issued out Early in the Morning.


Enoe Camp Friday May 10th 1771.
Parole—London. Countersign—Dublin.
Field Officer for the Day—Colonel Thomson.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard to-morrow, 2nd Company of New Hanover.

For the Grass Guard to-Night & Rear Guard to Morrow, First Company of New Hanover.

The First Company of Dobbs for the Generals Guard & Quarter Guard to-morrow.

The Army marches to-morrow. The sick Men to be sent this Morning into Town to the Hospital Provided for them.

Such men whose arms wants Repair to be left Behind 'till Such Times as their Arms can be Repaired. Two Subaltern Officers and Two Serjeants to be left with them to bring them up to the Army as soon as compleated. Craven furnishes one Subaltern and one Serjeant and New Hanover the other Subaltern and Serjeant.

These Officers while in Town will have the Inspection of the Sick and bring up what Men may be Recovered when the arms are Repaired leaving a Serjeant with those left behind who will bring them to the Army when recovered.

The Commanding Officer of each Detachment will send to Mr. Hogen this morning for the Quantity of Ticking, Gartering, Thread and Needles to make shot Bags which they will Immediately get made by the Taylor of their Respective Detachments to be Distributed to their several Corps that wants them.

As Carts are found Greatly to Impede the march of the army, His Excellency has ordered a Waggon to be Provided for every Two Companies, & the Carts to be Left in Hillsborough.


Enoe Camp Hillsborough May 11th 1771.
Parole—Salisbury. Countersign—Yadkin.
Field Officer of the Day—Col: Bryant.

The Assembly to beat immediately and the Army to march through the town at half an hour after. Two companies of the Orange Detachment to march with the Army, the other two to

-------------------- page 580 --------------------
remain for the protection of Hillsborough till further Orders under the command of Colonel Ashe.

The Colonels of the lines to form a Court of Enquiry as soon as the Troops arrive in camp and Enquire of the Commanding Officer on the Governors Guard last night the cause of the State prisoner's escape and report to his Excellency thereon.

Alexander Gallaspie appointed Commandant of the Pioneers with the rank and pay of Ensign.

Serjeant Wright with a detachment of nine men from Surry County will form the company of Pioneers under the command of Ensign Gallaspie.

The Pioneers to march off with the Advance Guard to repair the Roads and make good the Bridges for the Army to pass over. Captain Lanstheir will supply them with necessary tools.

For the Piquett, the first Company of Dobbs which is to take the Baggage Guard to-morrow.

For the Grass Guard to night and the Rear Guard to morrow, 3rd Company of Dobbs.

For the Governors Guard and Quarter Guard, the 4th Company of Dobbs.

The Army marches to-morrow.

The General to beat at 5 o'clock the Assembly at half past five and the whole to march at 6.

Divine Service will be performed at Colo: Mabins.

The Adjutants to be very Punctual in communicating the Orders to their respective commanding officers.


Lodge Camp Sunday, May 12th 1771.
Parole—Beaufort. Countersign—Turnour.
Field Officer of the Day—Lt: Colo: Cogdale & Major McKellweane.

To the Piquett to night & Baggage Guard to morrow, the first Company of Orange.

For the Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, the 2d company of Orange.

For the Governor & Quarter Guard the first company of Craven.

The Piquett to lie out every night till counter Ordered.

The Johnston Detachment being found too Weak to do Duty as two companys—Ordered that they for the future, do camp Duty as one Detachment & as one company.

-------------------- page 581 --------------------

It appearing by Report from the Court of Enquiry appointed yesterday, that neither the Commanding Officer, nor the Serjeant of the Generals Guard were Privy or consenting to the escape of the prisoner,

His Excellency orders that Serjeant Smith be released from his confinement and that the Assistant Adjutant General Campbell be brought before the Board and receive from the Board as severe reprimand for presuming to bring to Town the Guard without express Orders from the Commander in Chief.

The Governor hopes that the reflection brought on the Troops by suffering the Prisoner to escape will for the future animate them to be diligent and vigilant in discharging of their Duty.

The Gentlemen Volunteers that have generously offered their service on the Expedition by forming themselves into a Troop of Light Horse under the command of Captain Bullock, To be employed in escorting his Excellency and covering the Flanks of the Army in scouting partys.

The commissary delivering Provision daily to the Troop of Light Horse taking Captain Bullock's receipt for the same.

All Prisoners for the future to be kept by the Quarter Guard only, both in camp and on the march.

The Army to march to morrow.

The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly at 6, and the whole to march off at 7.


Hor River Camp, Monday May 13th 1771.
Parole—Waddle. Countersign—Charlotte.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Ashe.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, 2d company of Craven.

For the Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, 3d company of Craven.

For the Governors Guard, Carteret company.

For the 2d Guard, Johnston Detachment.

The Piquett to lye out every night.

No officer or soldier to put off his clothes or stay out of camp without orders.

The Officers to be particularly attentive to their Duty and not suffer the soldiers to make the least noise in case of alarm, but to remain perfectly silent after they are formed.

-------------------- page 582 --------------------

The signal upon an alarm to be, stand to your Arms instead of drum beating.

A small Field piece to be planted in the flanks of each line and one piece in the center of the Rear line facing to the Rear—A small Detachment from the Artillery to each.

The Orange Detachment to fall in the front line to the right of the Carteret.

Large Fires to be Lighted as soon as arrived to the camps in the Front, Rear and Flanks at the distance of two hundred yards.


After Orders May 13th .

His Excellency having been informed that the Army had committed Outrages on the propertys of the inhabitants seated on the Road contrary to his Express commands and scandalous and dishonorable to the Service—

He does once more strictly forbid every Person belonging to the Army from taking or disturbing the property of any person whatsoever, as they will on complaint made receive the severest punishment the nature of the offence deserves, besides making restitution to the person they injure.

The Army marches to-morrow.

The General to beat at 7, the Assembly at 8 and whole to march at 9 oClock.

As many Waggons as can be spar'd to return to Hillsborough to-morrow morning to bring up Provisions to the Army.


Great Alamance Camp, Tuesday May 14th 1771.
Parole—America. Countersign—Steady.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Caswell.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, New Hanover.

For the Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard tomorrow, Onslow.

For the Governor's Guard, Orange.

For the Quarter Guard, Beaufort.

One third of the Army to remain under arms all night.

To be relieved every four hours by the like number.

The Soldiers to keep within their Encampment and to be ready to run to their arms on the first alarm.

The Quarter Guard will remain in the line of their Encampment detaching an officer and 14 men to take charge of all prisoners to be kept in the rear of the lines.

-------------------- page 583 --------------------


Alamance Camp Wednesday May 15th 1771.
Parole—New York. Countersign—Albany.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Leech.

For the Piquett to Night and Baggage Guard tomorrow.

For the Grass Guard to Night and Rear Guard tomorrow to be furnished by Craven.

Governors Guard this morning and Quarter Guard furnished by Dobbs.

The commanding officers of each detachment to keep a Roster of their tower of duty of their respective Corps that each company may take their turn of camp duty.

Captain Malcolm appointed an additional Aid de Camp to his Excellency with the rank and pay of a captain.

The Light Horse to keep their horses saddled and bridled all night, ten of them to form a Grand Guard about half a mile from the camp a little off the Road to Salisbury, and to have their Videts out one in the centre and one on each flank, and to be visited by the Grand Guard and relieved every two hours.

In case of alarm—Notice to be Immediately sent to inform the Commander in Chief, and to maintain their ground or to retire slowly to camp as the case may require.

After Orders.

The Army to march tomorrow at break of day without beat of drum, leaving the tents standing, and the baggage and Commissarys waggons in camp.

One company of the Johnston detachment and as many men as are not able to march briskly out of the several detachments to remain behind as guard upon the Camp under the command of Colonel Needham Bryant.

The waggon horses to remain in their geer until the Army returns to the camp and the whole to be drawn into an hollow square.

Mr Edwards and Mr Palmer having resigned their places as Aid de Camps to his Excellency, Wiley Jones and Thos. Clark Esqrs. are appointed in their stead with the rank and pay of Captains.

Line of Battle.

The Craven and Beaufort detachments on the right wing of the first line.

Carteret and Orange detachments on the left of the first line.

-------------------- page 584 --------------------

The Artillery in the centre of the front line between Orange and Beaufort.

New Hanover and three companys of Dobbs in the right wing of the second line.

Onslow, Johnston and Dobbs on the left of the second line.

The Detachment from Wake & the Light Horse from Duplin to Reinforce the Rear Guard.

The Rangers to cover the Flanks of Both Lines facing to the Right.

Detachments will be made from the Artillery as Occasion may Require & the Ground Permit.

In case the Left Wing is attacked, Carteret & Onslow forms an Angle from their Respective Lines to cover the Left Flank.

Doctor Haslin has under his care & inspection the Detachments from Craven, Carteret, Pitt, Dobbs, Beaufort, & the Rangers.

Doctor Matthewson to Act as Mate to Doctor Haslin.

Doctor Cobham has under his care & inspection the Detachments from New Hanover, Onslow, Johnston, Orange, New Hanover Detachment of Artillery, Detachment from Wake, the Light Troop of Horse & the Volunteers.

Doctor Powers to Act as Mate to Doctor Cobham.

The Army to be Immediately form'd into Line of Battle according to Orders.


Thursday May 16th 1771.

A Signal & Glorious Victory Obtained over the Obstinate & Infatuated Rebels at about Five Miles Distant from the Great Alamance camp under the conduct & valour of our Noble & Victorious General Tryon, Governor of the Province of North Carolina—

Whom God Preserve.


Great Alamance Camp Friday May 17th 1771.
Parole—Greenville. Countersign—Oxford.

The Governor impressed with the most affectionate sense of gratitude Gives Thanks to both Officers and Soldiers of the Army for the Vigorous & Generous Support they Afforded him yesterday in the Battle Near Alamance, it was to their Valour & Steady Conduct that he owes under the Providence of God the Signal Victory Obtained over Obstinate & Infatuated Rebels. His Excellency Sympathizes with the Loyalists for the Brave Men that Fell & Suffered in the

-------------------- page 585 --------------------
Action, But when he Reflects that the fate of the Constitution Depended on the Success of the Day & the Important Service thereby Rendered to their King & Country, He considers this Loss tho' at Present the cause of Affliction to their Relations & Friends as a Monument of Lasting Glory & honour to themselves & Familys.

The Dead to be Interr'd at 5 o'clock this Evening in the front of the Park of Artillery.

Funeral Service to be Performed with Military Honours to the Deceased.

After the ceremony of Prayers and Thanksgiving for the Signal Victory it has pleased Divine Providence yesterday to grant the army over the Insurgents.

Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Fanning.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, Craven.

For the Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard to-morrow, Johnston.

For the Governors Guard to-morrow, Orange.

For the Quarter Guard to-morrow, Onslow.

A man from each Detachment of the Army with one Serjeant to parade immediately for the Hospital Guard, this Guard to be reliev'd every 48 hours.

Jno. Walker Esq. is appointed Steward to the Hospital with the pay of Captain and is to be accountable for all Stores delivered for the sick and wounded.

Doctor Richards appointed Chyrurgeon to Doctor Cobhams Division with the pay of Lieutenant Colonel.


May 18th.

Ordered, that all Arms, Ammunition, Horses, Saddles, Bridles and Papers that were taken from the Rebels in the field of battle or elsewhere [be] brought to the head of Artillery by 12 o'clock, the Saddle Bags, Provisions and Clothes belongs to the captors.


Great Alamance Camp, Saturday May 18th 1771.
Parole—Edinburgh. Countersign—Carlisle.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Thomson.

The 2d Line ordered to march as soon as possible under the command of Colo: Ashe with a detachment from the Artillery with two small field pieces.

The Quarter Guard to be relieved immediately by the Orange Detachment.

-------------------- page 586 --------------------

The Commissary will send two waggons of provisions and one empty waggon of ammunition to go with Colonel Ashe.

James Green appointed Store Keeper of all the arms taken in action or Surrendered by the enemy and also Keeps an account of all sales for use of the public for all which trouble he shall be allowed Captains pay.

Twelve of the Light Horse to accompany Colo: Ashe.

The Volunteers from Duplin to be under the command of Major Clynton and to form a Light Troop of Horse.


Camp Sunday May 19th 1771.
Parole—Maryland. Countersign—Boston.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Bryant.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Craven.

Governors Guard to morrow, Orange.

For the Quarter Guard to night, New Hanover.

John Rutherford Esq, Judge Advocate appointed to take the Oaths of Qualification of such of the Rebels as surrenders themselves agreeable to Proclamation of the 17th Instant.

The whole marches to morrow.


Camp Monday May 20th 1771.
Parole—Anson. Countersign—Duplin.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Ashe.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Orange.

For the Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

For the Governors Guard, Orange.

Quarter Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Divine Service to be performed at 5 o'clock in the evening, time not permitting yesterday.

The Army to march to morrow.

The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly ½ after, and the whole to march at 6.


Sandy Creek Camp Tuesday May 21st 1771.
Parole—Bath. Countersign—Bristol.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Ashe.

For Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to Night, Carteret.

-------------------- page 587 --------------------

Governors Guard tomorrow, New Hanover.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Onslow.

The Army Halts tomorrow.

Returns to be Given tomorrow of the strength & condition of the several Companies & of the Arms & Ammunition Camp Necessary &c Agreeable to the form settled.

A Court Martial to be held tomorrow morning for the Tryal of Several Prisoners.

Colonel Ashe President.
One Captain Carteret Member
One Subaltern Carteret Member
One Do New Hanover Member
One Subaltern New Hanover Member.


Sandy Creek Camp Wednesday May 22d 1771.
Parole—Charlestown. Countersign—Bull.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Caswell.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Johnston.

For the Grass Guard, Orange.

For the Governors Guard tomorrow, Beauford.

For the Quarter Guard, Dobbs.

The Army Halts tomorrow.

No Prisoners to be Released from the Quarter Guard but by a Written Order Signed by the Adjutant General.


Sandy Creek Camp Thursday May 23rd 1771.
Parole—Virginia. Countersign—Suffolk.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Fanning.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to-night, New Hanover.

Governors Guard to-morrow, Orange.

Qr Guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

No Soldier to leave the Camp but by express leave from the Commander in Chief.

Two companies of the Dobbs Detachment to parade and march immediately under the command of Captain Simon Bright.

The Army to be under arms at 4 o'clock this afternoon at the head of the lines.

The army halts to-morrow, but the whole to be ready to march off on the first notice if occasion requires.

-------------------- page 588 --------------------


Sandy Creek Camp Friday May 24th 1771.
Parole—George Town. Countersign—Win Yaw.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Leech.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to night, Carteret.

For the Governors Guard to-morrow, Rangers.

For the Quarter Guard to-morrow, Craven.

The Orange Detachment to parade and march off immediately under the command of Colonel Fanning who is to have one field piece with a detachment from the Artillery.

The Commissary to deliver Colonel Fanning two days provision.

The stone horses to be sold by the Provost Marshal at the head of Artillery at 4 o'clock this afternoon.


Sandy Creek Camp Saturday May 25th 1771.
Parole—Florida. Countersign—Mobile.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Thomson.

For the Pickett to night and Bagg: Guard to morrow, N: Hanover.

Grass Guard to night, Onslow.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Johnston.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Beaufort.

The weather pressing bad the Army does not march to day.

The Colonels of the Line to form a Board of Enquiry this morning to report upon the conduct of Colonel Johnston of the Bute Regiment of Militia and the causes for his not having complied with his Excellency's Requisition to raise men againt the Rebels.

The Judge Advocate to attend the Board, Present the Charge and summons the witnesses.


Sandy Creek Camp Sunday May 26th 1771.
Parole—Cumberland. Countersign—Cross Creek.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Bryant.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Wake.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, New Hanover.

His Excellency is much concerned to see that notwithstanding his Repeated orders, the Officers are so Negligent of their duty as to suffer the Soldiers to fire off their guns through all parts of the camp.

-------------------- page 589 --------------------

He expects for the future that they will be more Observant, and send every man that fires without his leave to the Quarter Guard, to be Tryed by a Court Martial for Disobedience of Orders.

This Order to be Immediately Read at the Head of each Company


Sandy Creek Camp Monday May 27th 1771.
Parole—Canada. Countersign—Quebec.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Hinton.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Governor's Guard to-morrow, Light Infantry.

Quarter Guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

A Court Martial to be held this morning for the tryal of Deserters brought to camp. Colo Thomson President; Members—Dobbs, one Captain and one subaltern; Craven, one Captain; Carteret, one subaltern.


Sandy Creek Camp Tuesday May 20th 1771.
Parole—Cape Britain. Countersign—Louisburg.

Field Officers of the Day—Lt: Colo: Cogdell and Major McKillweane.

For the Piquett to-night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard to-morrow, Craven.

Governor's Guard to-morrow, Carteret.

Quarter Guard to-morrow, New Hanover.

The Army to march at 2 o'clock.

The Quarter Master General to parade the camp colour men immediately and to march forward as soon as possible.


Deep River Camp Wednesday May 29th 1771.
Parole—Georgia. Countersign—Savannah.
Field Officer of the Day Col. Ashe.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Carteret.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Onslow.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Johnston.

The Army Marches tomorrow.

The General to beat at 5 o'clock the Assembly at 6 & the whole to march Immediately after.

The Rangers & Orange Detachment to join the Army at 6 o'clock tomorrow morning.

-------------------- page 590 --------------------

The Waggoners to Harness their Horses at Break of Day & cross the River Immediately after.

The Light Horse & Light Infantry to cross the River before them.


Camp Thursday May 30th 1771.
Parole—Rowan. Countersign—Salisbury.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Caswell.

For the Piquett to Night & Bagg: Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Wake.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Craven.

The Orange Detachment the Rangers & the Light Infantry to march Before the Army & take Possession of the Height of the South Side of Uwarree.

Each Detachment of the Army to furnish the Commissaries with a careful man to continue with him until further orders to assist him in Driving & killing the cattle that marches with the Army.


Flatt Swamp Creek Friday May 31st 1771.
Parole—Bladen. Countersign—Fox.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Leech.

The Governor having Observed for the two days past great irregularities in the Order of March by the baggage waggons and carts breaking in between the lines of the Army,

It is his Positive Directions, that the following order of march be in future punctually observed—

The Rangers form the Van Guard with the camp colour men and Pioneers.

The Rangers baggage and baggage of the first line follow the Van Guard.—Then the first line as in the Order of Encampment.

The Quarter Guard with the Prisoners.

The second line, then the baggage up with the said line—Commissarys waggons in the Rear.

The Army marches tomorrow—The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly at 7, then the troops to march off immediately after.

For the Piquett to Night and Baggage Guard tomorrow—Dobbs.

Grass Guard to Night and Rear Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Governors Guard, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow—Dobbs.

-------------------- page 591 --------------------


Jersey Settlement Camp Saturday June 1st 1771.
Parole—Jamaica. Countersign—Kingston.
Field Officer of the Day—Colo: Thomson.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard to-morrow, Craven.

Governors Guard to-morrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard to morrow, Carteret.

The Army halts to-morrow.

Divine Service to be performed to-morrow morning at nine o'clock.

All the horses, bridles and saddles taken in battle and now in Camp, to be brought to the head of Artillery at 12 o'clock to morrow.

The Horses will be branded with a Brand T.

The Commissary to brand all the cattle brought in from the Settlements according to Requisitions made them.

The Soldiers not to burn any Fence Rails on any account, on pain of being Severely Punished.

Jersey Settlement Camp, Sunday June 2d 1771.

Parole—Barbadoes. Countersign—Bridgetown.

Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Bryant.

For the Pickett to night and Baggage Guard to-morrow, New Hanover.

Grass Guard to-night and Rear Guard to-morrow, Onslow.

Governors Guard to-morrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard to-morrow, Johnston.

Court Martial to be held this evening at 5 o'clock for the tryal of the prisoners of the Army.

Lieutenant Colonel Cogdell President.

Craven One Captain Member
Craven One Subaltern Member
Dobbs One Captain Member
Dobbs One Subaltern Member.

The Army marches to-morrow. The General to beat at 5, the Assembly at 6, and the whole to march immediately after.

The horses that were ordered to the head of Artillery this morning to parade this evening in the Orchard at 5 o'clock.

This Order to be read Peremptorily to each Officer.

-------------------- page 592 --------------------


Reedy Creek Camp June 3d 1771.
Parole—York. Countersign—Lincoln.
Field Officer of the Day—Col. Hinton.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard tomorrow, Orange.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Beauford.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Light Infantry.

Qr Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

The Detachment under Colonel Fanning to join the Army this evening with the Forces under his command.

General Waddle to join the Army at 5 o'clock to morrow morning.

The Army marches to morrow, morning the General to beat at 5, the Assembly at 6 and the whole to march immediately after.

The Wagon and Artillery Horses to be kept in their geer all night.

The celebration of his Majesty's Birth Day and of the victory obtained over the Rebels the 16th of May is postpon'd till the Army arrives at Moravian Town.


Moravian Camp June 4th 1771.
Parole—Wacovia. Countersign—Bathabara.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Codgell and Major McKellweane.

For the Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Wake.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Craven.

Governors Guard to morrow, Light Infantry.

Qr Guard to morrow, Carteret.

The Horses of the Army to be turned to the great meadow and into no other part.

No soldier to come into Town without a permit in writing from the commanding officer of their respective company then to remain no longer than their necessary business requires.

Any person that is detected taking anything out of the gardens or houses of any of the Inhabitants of this Settlement or doing any injury to their persons or properties shall be most severely punished.

No Fence Rails to be burnt.

The Army halts to morrow and the soldiers are recommended to wash up their clothes that they may appear clean on Thursday next the day appointed for celebrating his Majesty's Birth Day and the victory obtained the 16th day of May last, over the Rebels.

-------------------- page 593 --------------------


Moravian Camp June 5th.
Parole—Salem. Countersign—Bethany.
Field Officer of the Day, Colo Harris.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Mecklenburg.

Grass Guard to Night, Anson & Tryon.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Mecklenburg.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Rowan.

Rangers to take the Town Guard at Bethabara at Gun firing this Evening.

The Army Halts tomorrow to celebrate his Majesty's Birth Day & the Victory obtained over the Rebels the 16th Day of May.

The whole to be under Arms at 11 o'clock in the Morning in the Field above the Great Barn.

The Forces that Join the Army under General Waddle, will close the Left of the Army in Two Lines according to the Seniority of Companys.

The Artillery to be Distributed upon the Right & Left wing & centre of the First Line.

After the Royal Salute The Troops will Fire a Feu De Joy.

The Men will Receive their Rations in Bread instead of Flour & a Pint of Beer & a Jill of Spirits pr. Man.


Moravian Camp Thursday June 6th 1771.
Parole—St. James. Countersign—Prince George.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Spencer.

Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Orange.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Qr Guard tomorrow, Craven.

The Army to Hold themselves in Readiness if Requested.

The Governor Thanks the Troops for their Regular firing & steady Behaviour in the Field to Day.


Moravian Camp Friday June 7th 1771.
Parole—Williamsburgh. Countersign—Norfolk.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Ashe.

For the Piquett to Night and Baggage Guard tomorrow, Dobbs. Grass Guard to Night, Dobbs.

-------------------- page 594 --------------------

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Craven.

The Army to hold themselves in Readiness to march, tomorrow.

Ordered

That no Stone Horses be turned out with the horses belonging to the camp. If any such be found at liberty, the Grass Guard to take them and carry them to the Provost Martial General.

All Stone Horses that have been Pressed to be immediately discharged and none for the future to be Press'd.

A Court Martial to be held this Afternoon for the Tryal of all Prisoners belonging to camp.

Lt: Colonel Nash President.

Beaufort, Anson, Tryon—Each a Capt. & Subaltern, Members.


Moravian Camp Saturday June 8th 1771.
Parole—Tryon. Countersign—Wake.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Caswell.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Carteret.

Grass Guard to Night and Rear Guard tomorrow, N. Hanover.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Onslow.

Robert Shaw Esq. Ranks as Colo: by Commission and not as Lt: Colonel, as through a Mistake was mentioned in the Orders of Yesterday.

After Orders.

Captain Walkers Company of Artillery being detach'd with General Waddle—Ordered that the Beaufort company be united and do duty with the corps of artillery commanded by Colo: Howe.

The Army marches tomorrow, The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly at 6, and the whole to march off immediately after.


Black Jack Camp Sunday June 9th 1771.
Parole—Pamplico. Countersign—Bath.
Field Officer of the Day—Colo: Leech.

For the Piquett to Night and Baggage Guard tomorrow, Johnston.

Grass Guard to Night and Rear Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Wake.

-------------------- page 595 --------------------

The Army marches tomorrow. The General to Beat at 5 in the morning, the Assembly at 7, and the whole to march immediately after.


Buffalo Camp Monday June 10th .
Parole—Portsmouth. Countersign—Southampton.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Cray.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow New, Hanover.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Captain Daws is appointed Assistant Quarter Master General, in the Room of Colonel Lillington.

The Army marches tomorrow.

The General to beat at 5, the Assembly at 7 & the whole to march off Immediately after.

The Grass Guard to March to Fosters one Mile to the Westward of Mr Campbell's Store.

The Horses are to be Turn'd into the Meadow.


Bigg Troublesome Camp Tuesday June 11th 1771.
Parole—Winchester. Countersign—Stockbridge.
Field Officer of the Day, Colo Thomson.

Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Qr Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

The Army marches tomorrow.

The General to Beat at 5, The Assembly at 6, & the whole to march off Immediately after.

The Officers are Desired to have their Baggage Loaded Before the Assembly Beats, that no Time may be Lost.


Watsons Creek Camp June 12th 1771.
Parole—Northumberland. Countersign—Durham.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Bryant.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Carteret.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Qr Guard tomorrow, New Hanover.

-------------------- page 596 --------------------

The Army Marches tomorrow.

The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly at 6 & the whole to march off Immediately after.

The Wake Detachment to be Mov'd out of the 2d Line into the first, Between the Carteret Detachment & Captain Salters company of Artillery.


Back Creek Camp June 13th 1771.
Parole—St. Albans. Countersign—Bedford.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Hynton.

Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Onslow.

Grass Guard to Night & Rear Guard tomorrow, Johnston.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

Qr Guard tomorrow, Dobbs.

The Army marches tomorrow.

The General to Beat at 5, the Assembly at 7, & the whole to march off Immediately after.


Hillsborough Camp June 14th 1771.
Parole—Epsom. Countersign—Croydon.
Field Officers of the Day, Lt. Colonel Cogdell & Major McKillweane.

For the Piquett to Night & Baggage Guard tomorrow, Wake.

For the Grass Guard to Night, Craven.

Governors Guard tomorrow, Rangers.

A Main Guard to be Mounted tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock consisting of 2 companies with their officers under the command of the Field Officers—New Hanover & Dobbs furnishes for this guard & Colonel Ashe to be Field Officer.

As soon as the Main Guard is mounted they will Receive the Prisoners from the Quarter Guard & Dispatch a Subaltern, Sergeant & 12 men who are to do duty as a Qr Guard & take charge of all Prisoners belonging to the Army.

The Officers & Soldiers to cock up their Hats & put a sprig of Oak on the Left side of their Hats.

They will observe to keep their Ranks & March with spirit as they go through the Town of Hillsborough.

The Baggage & Commissary Waggons to keep close in the order of March.

The Army Halts tomorrow.

-------------------- page 597 --------------------

No Soldier to go from Camp to Town without Leave from the commanding officer of his Respective Detachment.


Hillsborough Camp Saturday June 15th 1771.
Parole—Santee. Countersign—Pedee.
Field Officer of the Day—Colo : Cray.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Craven.

Grass Guard tonight, Dobbs.

Governors Guard, Rangers.

Main Guard to morrow to be furnish'd by Dobbs and Craven, under command of Colonel Leech.

The Army halts to morrow.

Divine service to be perform'd in camp at 10 o'clock in the morning.


Hillsborough Camp Sunday June 16th 1771.
Parole—Devonshire. Countersign—Kensingtree.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Bryant.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Carteret.

Grass Guard to night, New Hanover.

Governors Guard to morrow, Rangers.

The main Guard to morrow to be furnished by Onslow and Johnston, under the command of Colonel Thomson.

The same to parade in their lines before they march to their Guards.

The Army halts to morrow.

The commissary will this evening deliver to Colonel Ashe what hides and leather he has by him to distribute amongst the several Detachments of the Army to make up in shoes and mocasons for the men as soon as possible by the shoemakers in the Army, who will be excused camp duty while they are employed.

The commanding officer of each Detachment to get themselves informed of the No: of shoemakers belonging to them and order them for this work.


Hillsborough Camp Monday June 17th 1771.
Parole—Cross Creek. Countersign—Enoe.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Hinton.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to night, Wake.

Governors Guard to morrow, Rangers.

-------------------- page 598 --------------------

Main Guard to-morrow to be furnished by Craven and New Hanover, under the command of Lt: Colonel Cogdell and Major McKellweane.

The Army halts to morrow, but to hold themselves in readiness to march on Wednesday.

After Orders,

A court martial to be held tomorrow morning for the tryal of all prisoners of the Army, Colonel Leech President.

Craven One Captain Member
Craven One Subaltern Member
Carteret One Captain Member
Carteret One Subaltern Member
New Hanover One Captain Member
New Hanover One Subaltern Member.

Returns to be given in tomorrow of the strength and condition of the several companies and of the arms and ammunition and camp necessarys agreeable to the forms delivered.


Hillsborough Camp Tuesday June 18th 1771.
Parole—Brunswick. Countersign—Lilliputt.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Ashe.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to night, Craven.

Governors Guard to morrow, Rangers.

The Main Guard to morrow to be furnished by Carteret and New Hanover, commanded by Colonel Leech.

Doctor Matthewson having taken charge of the Hospital on Saturday the 15th instant is appointed Steward of the same. To receive pay as such from the 15th instant.

The camp not to be left without one Officer to each company at least and the Field Officer of the Day and the officers commanding the main Guard to remain constantly in camp.

After Orders.

The Pioneers and Camp Colour men to march at 6 o'clock to morrow morning to open the woods near the place of execution.

The Sheriff will give his attendance.

The Grass Guard to be taken off to-morrow at 8 o'clock.

The army to be under arms to morrow morning at 11 o'clock and the whole to march to guard the State Prisoners to and at the Place

-------------------- page 599 --------------------
of Execution. Except the Quarter Guard and centinels in camp. The Troops to form and march in an Oblong Square.

The First Line to form the Right, and the 2d Line the Left Face.

The Corps of Artillery to form the front and rear faces.

The main Guard to march in the hollow of the square with the Prisoners.

The Light Horse to cover the outside of the Flanks to Prevent the mobs crowding on the men.


Hillsborough Camp June 19th 1771.
Parole—Chesterfield. Countersign—Hyde.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Thomson.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to morrow, Dobbs.

Governors Guard to-marrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard to-morrow, Onslow which is to take charge of all Prisoners, and the Main Guard then to be dismissed.

The army marches to-morrow.

The General to beat at 5, the Assembly at 8 and the troops to march off immediately after.

After Orders.

A Court Martial to be held at 9 o'clock to morrow morning for tryal of Prisoners in camp.

Colonel Hinton, President.
New Hanover One Captain Member
New Hanover One Subaltern Member
Craven One Captain Member
Craven One One Subaltern Member


Stones Creek Camp Thursday June 20th .
Parole—Josiah. Countersign—Martin.
Field Officer of the Day—Colonel Bryant.

Piquett to night and Baggage Guard to morrow, Johnston.

Grass Guard to night and Rear Guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

Governors Guard to-morrow, Rangers.

Quarter Guard to-morrow, Wake.

The army marches to-morrow. The General to beat at 5, the assembly at 6, and the whole to march off immediately after.

-------------------- page 600 --------------------


June 21st 1771.

His Excellency the Governor took leave of the Army and departed for his Government to New York.


Camp No: E: and New Hope, June 21st 1771.
Parole—Craven. Countersign—New Bern.

Field Officers of the Day—Lt: Colo Cogdell & Major McKellweane.

Piquett tonight and Baggage Guard tomorrow, Craven.

Grass guard to-night and Rear guard to-morrow, New Hanover.

Quarter guard to-morrow, New Hanover.

The Army Marches to-morrow, the General to beat at 5, Assembly at 6, and the whole to march off immediately after.

The Wake detachment to be discharged to-morrow.


Camp Hunters Quarter, June 22nd 1771.
Parole—Tryon. Countersign—Wake.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Caswell.

Piquett to-night and Baggage guard to-morrow, Dobbs.

Grass guard to-night and Rear guard to-morrow, Onslow.

Quarter guard to-morrow, Johnston.

The Army marches to-morrow. The General to beat at 5, Assembly at 6 and the whole to march off immediately after.


Camp Colonel Bryants June 23rd 1771.
Parole—Bath. Countersign—Beaufort.
Field Officer of the Day, Colonel Leech.

Piquett to-night and Baggage guard to-morrow, Craven.

Grass guard to-night, Dobbs.

Quarter guard to-morrow, Rangers.

The Army halts to-morrow.

All Officers and Soldiers that have exchanged their arms for those given in by the Regulators or have any horses in their possession are to deliver them to the Provost Marshal at the head of the Artillery at 6 o'clock to-morrow morning.

A Court Martial to be held for the tryal of all camp prisoners in the Quarter guard to-morrow at 8 o'clock in the morning.

Colonel Leech, President.
Craven one Captain Member
Craven one Lieutenant Member
New Hanover one Captain Member
New Hanover one Ensign Member
Carteret one Lieutenant Member
Carteret one Ensign Member.

Thus endeth the Orders.