About three weeks ago Governor Martin called a Council, but a few days prior to their meeting, he wrote a letter to the honble Mr Dry, suspended him from that Board, without giving him the least opportunity for justifying himself.
We are told this suspension was occasioned by Mr Dry maintaining his usual connections and intercourse with some of his friends, who have declared in favour of American Liberty. A suspension of this sort will be deemed by all good men, much more honourable than an appointment to the Council.
At an election of Delegates on the eighth inst. for the Town of Wilmington and the County of New-Hanover on the recommendation of Samuel Johnston Esq., moderator, Archibald Maclaine Esq for the town, William Hooper, James Moore and Alexander Lillington Esqrs for the County, were chosen additional Delegates to represent this Town and County in general Convention to be held at Hillsborough on the 20th instant, with Cornelius Harnett Esq.res chosen at a former Election for the County.
The Revd Mr Reed of Newbern, refused to preach on the general fast day, tho' particularly applied to for that purpose, which so offended his parishioners, that we hear, they have dismissed him from his parochial charge there.
Philadelphia, June 7th 1775.
My Dear Sir,
We have had twenty different accounts of your arrival in Boston, which have been as regularly contradicted the next morning; but as I now find it certain that you are arrived, I shall not delay a single instant addressing myself to you. It is a duty I owe to the friendship I have long and sincerely professed to you: a friendship to which you have the strongest claims from the first moments of our acquaintance. There is no man from whom I have received so many testimonies of esteem and affection; there is no man whose esteem and affection could, in my opinion, have done me greater honour. I entreat and conjure you therefore, my dear Sir, to impute these lines not to a petulent itch of scribbling, but to the most unfeigned solicitude for the future tranquility of your mind, and for your reputation. I sincerely lament the infatuation of the times, when men of such a stamp as Mr Burgoyne and Mr Howe can be induced into so impious and nefarious a service by the artifice of a wicked and insidious court and Cabinet. You, Sir, must be sensible that these epithets are not unjustly severe. You have yourself experienced the wickedness and treachery of this Court and Cabinet.
You cannot but recollect their manœuvres in your own select Committee, and the treatment yourself, as President, received from these abandoned men. You cannot but recollect the black business of St Vincent, by an opposition to which you acquired the highest and most deserved honour. I shall not trouble you with my opinion of the right of taxing America without her own consent, as I am afraid, from what I have seen of your speeches, that you have already formed your creed upon this Article; but I will boldly affirm, had
On these principles I say, Sir, every good Englishman, abstracted of all regard for America, must oppose her being taxed by the British Parliament; for my part I am convinced that no argument, not totally abhorrent from the spirit of liberty and the British Constitution, can be produced in support of this right. But it would be impertinent to trouble you upon a subject which has been so amply, and, in my opinion, so fully discussed. I find a speech given as yours in the public papers, that it was by the King's positive command you embarked in this service. I am somewhat pleased that it is not an office of your own seeking, though, at the same time, I must confess, that it is very alarming to every virtuous citizen, when he sees men of sense and integrity, because of a certain profession, lay it down as a rule, implicitly to obey the mandates of a court be they ever so flagitious. It furnishes, in my opinion, the best arguments for the total reduction of the army. But I am running into a tedious essay, whereas I ought to confine myself to the main design and purpose of this letter, which is to guard you and your Colleagues, from those prejudices, which the same miscreants, who
Not less than an hundred and fifty thousand gentlemen, yeomen and farmers are now in arms, determined to preserve their liberties or perish. As to the idea that the Americans are deficient in courage, it is too ridiculous and glaringly false to deserve a serious refutation. I never could conceive upon what this notion wasr Howe is a man for whom I have ever had the highest love and reverence. I have honoured him for his own connections, but above all for his admirable talents and good qualities. I have courted his acquaintance and friendship not only as a pleasure but as an ornament; I flatter myself that I had obtained it. Gracious God! Is it possible that Mr Howe should be prevailed upon to accept such an Office! That the brother of him to whose memory the much injured people of Boston, erected a monument should be employed as one of the instruments of their destruction. But the fashion of the times it seems is such, as renders it impossible he should avoid it.
The commands of our most gracious Sovereign are to cancel all moral obligations, to sanctify every action, even those that the satrap of an Eastern despot would start at. I shall now beg leave to say a few words with respect to myself and the part I act. I was bred up from my infancy with the highest veneration for the liberties of mankind in general. What I have seen of Courts & Princes convinces me that Power cannot be lodged in worse hands than in theirs; and of all Courts I am persuaded that ours is the most corrupt, and hostile to the rights of humanity. I am convinced that a regular plan has been laid, indeed every act since the present accession evinces it, to abolish even the shadow of liberty from amongst us. It was not the demolition of the tea, it was not any other particular Act of the Bostonians, or of the other provinces which constituted their crimes. But it is the noble spirit of liberty manifestly pervading the whole continent, which has rendered them the objects of Ministerial and Royal vengeance. Had they been notoriously of another disposition, had they been homines ad servituduiem parati,t Tames's and their mercenaries of St Stephen's, well know, that as long as the free spirit of this great Continent remains unsubdued, the progress they can make in their schemes of universal despotism will be but trifling. Hence it is that they wage inexpiable war against America. In short this is the last asylum of persecuted liberty. Here should the machinations and fury of her enemies prevail, that bright Goddess must fly off the face of the earth and leave not a trace behind. These, Sir, are my principles; this is my persuasion and consequentially I am determined to act.
I have now, Sir, only to entreat that whatever measures you pursue, whether those which your real friends, myself amongst them, would wish, or unfortunately those which our accursed misrulers shall dictate, you will still believe me to be personally, with the greatest sincerity and affectionYours, &c.,CHARLES LEE.