Since I had the honor of writing to your Excellency a few weeks ago, great changes have happened in the face of Political Affairs in Europe. The Court of London's refusing the Mediation of Spain brings the latter into an immediate Commencement of Hostilities, which, by the latest accounts received, (tho' not officially communicated as yet,) are already begun, and may perhaps be a means of continuing the War some time longer; should the Allies be successful this Campaign, perhaps Britain may be brought to reason, and agree to negotiate the next winter.
Sixty odd sail of large Vessels entering at Sandy Hook a few days ago makes it probable Arbuthnot's Fleet is arrived with
The Count De la Luzerne is not yet arrived from Boston. Mr. Gerard remains here until he comes, & then will proceed in a Frigate for France. The Count is represented as a Gentleman of great politeness, and a consummate Politician, connected with many of the first families of France. The two very Brilliant affairs at Stoney Point and Paulus' Hook shews that a spirit of Enterprise has taken possession of all ranks in the Army, and will no doubt make the Enemy very cautious in their movements hereafter.
It is impossible for a person at a distance to conceive the excessive prices every necessary of life is advanced to in this City. Congress seem determined to put a stop to further Emissions of money. I wish they may be able to accomplish this desirable object, and supply their Army; but many are apprehensive of the Consequences that may attend the measure.
We are informed that the N. England Expedition against Penobscot has failed, and that the Enemy has destroyed or taken the little fleet. This misfortune has been long expected; expeditions by Sea are dangerous while the Enemy's Fleets continue the command of that Element. I hope this affair is not so bad as represented. Congress have not as yet received the account from authority.
I take the liberty to enclose a few newspapers, and have the honor to be, with great respect,