Resolved, that so much of the Territory ceded or to be ceded by Individual States to the United States, as is already purchased, of the Indian Inhabitants, and offered for sale by Congress, shall be divided into district States in the following manner as nearly as such Cessions will admit, that is to say, by parallels of Latitude, so that each State shall comprehend from North to South two degrees of Latitude, beginning to count from the Completion of Forty five degrees north of the Equator; and by meridians of Longitude one of which shall pass through the lowest point of the rapids of Ohio and the other through the western cape of the Mouth of the Great Kanhaway; But the Territory eastward of this last meridian, between the Ohio, lake Erie, and Pennsylvania, shall be one State whatsoever may be its comprehension of Latitude. That which may be beyond the completion of the Forty fifth degree between the said Meridians shall make part of the State adjoining it on the South; and that part of the Ohio, which is between the same meridians coinciding nearly with the parallel of thirty nine degrees, shall be substituted so far in lieu of that parallel as a boundary line.
That the Settlers on any Territory so purchased and offered for sale, shall either on their own Petition, or on the order of Congress, receive Authority from them with appointments of Time and place, for their Free Males of full age, within the limits of their State, to meet together for the purpose of establishing a temporary Government,
That when any such State shall have acquired twenty Thousand free Inhabitants on giving due proof thereof to Congress, they shall receive from them Authority with appointments of Time and place to call a convention of representatives, to establish a permanent Constitution and Government for themselves, Provided that both the Temporary and permanent Governments be established on these principles as their basis.
First, that they shall for ever remain a part of the confederacy of the United States of America.
Second. That they shall be subject to the Articles of Confederation in all those cases in which the original States shall be so subject; and to all the Acts and Ordinances of the United States in Congress Assembled, conformable thereto.
Third. That they in no case shall interfere with the preliminary disposal of the soil by the United States in Congress Assembled; nor with the Ordinances and regulations which Congress may find necessary for securing the Title in such Soil to the Bona fide purchasers.
Fourth. That they shall be subject to pay a part of the Federal Debts Contracted or to be Contracted, to be apportioned on them by Congress according to the same common rule and measure by which apportionments thereof shall be made on the other States.
Fifth. That no tax shall be imposed on Lands the property of the United States.
Sixth. That their respective Governments shall be republican.
Seventh. That the Lands of Nonresident proprietors shall in no case be taxed higher than those of Residents within any new State, before the admission thereof to vote by its Delegates in Congress.
That whensoever any of the said States shall have of Free Inhabitants, as many as shall then be in any one, the least numerous of the thirteen original States, such State shall be admitted by the Delegates into the Congress of the United States, on an equal footing with the said original States provided the Consent of so many
That measures not inconsistent with the principles of the Confederation and necessary for the preservation of Peace and good order among the Settlers in any of the said new States, until they shall assume a Temporary Government as aforesaid, may from Time to Time be taken by the United States in Congress Assembled.
That the preceding Articles shall be formed into a Charter of compact, shall be duly executed by the President of the United States in Congress Assembled under his hand and the Seal of the United States; shall be promulgated; and shall stand as Fundamental Constitutions between the thirteen original States and each of the several States now newly described, unalterable from and after the sale of any part of the Territory of such State, pursuant to this Resolve, but by the joint consent of the United States in Congress Assembled, and of the particular State within which such alteration is proposed to be made.