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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
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Treaty between the United States and the Shawnee Nation
United States; Shawnee Indian Nation
January 31, 1786
Volume 18, Pages 513-515

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ARTICLES OF A TREATY BETWEEN COMMISSIONERS OF UNITED STATES & THE SHAWANEE NATION.
[From Executive Letter Book.]

Jan. 31st, 1786.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY.

Concluded at the Mouth of the Great Miami, on the North Western bank of the Ohio, the 31st of January, One Thousand Seven hundred and Eighty-Six, between the Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the Shawanee Nation of the other part.

Article 1. Three Hostages shall be immediately delivered to the Commissioners, to remain in the Possession of the United States until all prisoners, white and black, taken in the late war from among the Citizens of the United States, by the Shawanee Nation, or by any other Indian or Indians residing in their Town shall be Restored.

Article 2. The Shawanee Nation do acknowledge the United States to be the sole and absolute Sovereigns of all the Territory Ceded to them by a Treaty of Peace, made between them and the King of Great Britain, the fourteenth day of January One Thousand Seven hundred and eighty-four.

Article 3. If any Indian or Indians of the Shawanee Nation or any other Indian or Indians residing in their towns, shall commit Murder or Robbery on, or do any Injury to the Citizens of the United States, or of any of them, that Nation shall deliver such Offender or Offenders to the Officer Commanding the nearest post of the United States, to be punished according to the Ordinances of Congress, and in like manner any Citizen of the United States who shall do any Injury to any Indian of the Shawanee Nation, or to any other Indian or Indians residing in their town, and under their protection, shall be punished according to the Laws of the United States.

Article 4. The Shawanee Nation having Knowledge of the Intention of any Nation or body of Indians to make war on the citizens of the United States, or of their councilling together for that purpose, and neglecting to give information thereof to the Commanding

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Officer of the Nearest Post of the United States, shall be considered as parties in such war, and be punished accordingly, and the United States shall in like manner inform the Shawanees of any Injury designed against them.

Article 5. The United States do grant Peace to the Shawanee Nation, and do receive them into their Friendship and Protection.

Article 6. The United States do allot to the Shwanee Nation lands within their Territory to live and hunt upon. Beginning at the fourth line of the lands allotted to the Wiandots and Delaware Nations, at the place where the main branch of the Great Miami which falls into the Ohio intersects said line, then down the River Miami to the fork of that River next below the old fort which was taken by the French in 1752, thence due West to the River de Lapanse, then down that River to the River Wabash, beyond which lines, none of the Citizens of the United States shall settle nor disturb the Shawanees in their settlement and possession, and the Shawanees to relinquish to the United States all title or pretence of title they ever had to the lands east, west and south of the east, west and south lines before described.

Article 7. If any citizen or citizens of the United States shall presume to settle up on the lands allotted to the Shawanees by this Treaty, he or they shall be put out of the protection of the United States.

In Testimony whereof, the parties have hereunto affixed their Hands and Seals the day and year just above mentioned.

Attest:
ALEXANDER CAMPBELL,
Secretary to the Commissioners.
G. R. CLARKE, (L. S.)
RICHARD BUTLER, (L. S.)
SAML. N. PARSOM, (L. S.)
AWEECONYX, his (X) mark.
KAKAWIPILATHY, his (X) mark.
JOS. SUFFRIEN, his (X) mark.
KERNEPINO SHAWNO.
ISAAC ZANE, a Wiandot, his (X) mark.
THE HALF KING of the Wiandots, his (X) mark.
THE CRANE of the Wiandots, his (X) mark.
CAPT. PIPE, of the Delawares, his (X) mark.
CAPT. BOHONGEHELAS, his (X) mark.
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TETIBOCKSHIEKA, his (X) mark.
THE BIG CAT of the Delaware, his (X) mark.
PIERRE DROULLAC.
MALUNTHY, his (X) mark.
MUSQUANCONOCAH, his (X) mark.
MEANYMSICAH, his (X) mark.
WAUPAUXONELA, his (X) mark.
NIHIPEENA, his (X) mark.
NIHINESSICOE, his (X) mark.
Witnesses:
W. Fenny, Maj. B. B.
Thos. Doyle, Capt. B. B.
Matt. McDowell, Ens.
Jno. Saffenger.
Henry Govey.
Kagg Galloway, his (X) mark.
John Hoggs.
Saml. Montgomery.
Danl. Elliott.
James Rinker.
Matt. Smith.