Farmville, Virginia, is the county seat of Prince Edward County. It is located forty-five miles east of Lynchburg, on the south side of the Appomattox River. The Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of General Robert E. Lee, passed through Farmville on its retreat from Petersburg, Virginia, to Appomattox Court House. On April 6 and 7, 1865, Confederate troops successfully crossed the High Bridge near Farmville and then blew up one of its redoubts, making the bridge unusable. Union troops used a small wagon bridge to cross the river and pushed the Confederate troops on to Appomattox Court House, where General Lee surrendered.
Works Consulted: Boatner, Mark Mayo, The Civil War Dictionary, New York: David McKay, 1959; Heidler, David S., and Jeanne T. Heidler, eds., Encyclopedia of the American Civil War, New York: W.W. Norton., 2000.