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Daniel Augustus Tompkins, 1851-1914

Cotton Mill, Commercial Features.
A Text-Book for the Use of Textile Schools and Investors.
With Tables Showing Cost of Machinery and Equipments for
Mills Making Cotton Yarns and Plain Cotton Cloths.

Charlotte, N.C.: Published by the Author, 1899.


List of Illustrations



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Fig. 1. Diagram of Cotton Gin, with Feeder and Condenser. 3
Fig. 2. Old Plantation Gin House and Screw. 4
Fig. 3. Steam Power Applied to Old Gin House. 5
Fig. 4. Old Wooden Horse Power for Gin. 6
Fig. 5. Improved Gin House for Steam Power. 9
Fig. 6. Modern Gin House with Pneumatic Elevator. 11
Fig. 7. Old Slaves and Their Cabin. 12
Fig. 8. Cotton Bales as Brought to the Compress. 14
Fig. 9. Combined Cotton Seed Oil Mill, Fertilizer Factory and Ginnery. 16
Fig. 10. Removing Short Lint From Cotton Seed in an Oil Mill. 18
Figure. 11. Old Road, Charlotte, N. C., 1888. 20
Figure. 12. New Road, Charlotte, N. C., 1898. 20
Figure. 13. Old Court House, Charlotte, N. C., 1888. 22
Figure. 14. New Court House, Charlotte, N. C., 1898. 22
Fig. 15. Old Railway Station, Charlotte, N. C. 1888. 24
Fig. 16. New Railway Station, Charlotte, N. C. 1898. 24
Fig. 17. Old City Hall, Charlotte, N. C., 1888. 26
Fig. 18. Old City Hall, Charlotte, N. C., 1898. 26
Fig. 19. Edgefield Manufacturing Co. Capital subscribed $100,000. Product, sheetings and shirtings. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Equipment 5,000 spindles, 200 looms. Subscriptions payable 10 per cent. per month. 34
Fig. 20. The Statesville Cotton Mills. Capital subscribed $110,000. Product, sheetings and yarn. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Equipment 6,000 spindles, 200 looms. Subscriptions payable 50 cents per week per share. 36
Fig. 21. Atherton Cotton Mills. Capital subscribed $175,000. Product, 2 to 4 ply yarn 20's to 50's. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Equipment 10,000 producing spindles 5,000 twister spindles. Subscriptions paid in, 10 per cent, per month. 38
Fig. 22. Fairfield Cotton Mills. Capital subscribed $100,000. Product, sheetings and hosiery yarns. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Equipment 5,000 spindles 200 looms. Subscriptions payable 50 cts. per share per week. 40
Fig. 23. Chewalla Cotton Mills. Capital subscribed $50,000. Product, print cloth. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Capital paid in full in a little less than four years. Equipment 3,000 spindles and 100 looms. Subscriptions payable 10 per cent. per month. 42
Fig. 24. Norris Cotton Mill. Capital Subscribed, $150,000. Product, Fine Convertibles. D. A. Tompkins, Contractor. Equipment, 6,000 spindles, 300 looms. Subscriptions, payable 10 per cent. per month. 44
Fig. 25. Highland Park Gingham Mills. Capital subscribed $150,000. Product, ginghams. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer. Capital paid in full in a little less than two years. Equipment, 500 gingham looms, dye house. Subscriptions payable $1.00 per week per share. 46
Fig. 26. Harmony Grove Mills. Capital subscribed, $100,000. Product, sheetings and drills. D. A. Tompkins, Engineer Equipment, 4,000 spindles 150 looms. Subscriptions payable 50 cents per week per share. 48
TABLE I.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $75,000 MILL ON SINGLE YARNS FOR WARPS AND HOSIERY
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
64
TABLE II.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $100,000 MILL ON SINGLE YARNS FOR WARPS AND HOSIERY
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
65
TABLE III.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $175,000 MILL ON SINGLE YARNS FOR WARPS AND HOSIERY
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
66
TABLE IV.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $75,000 MILL ON TWO OR MORE PLY YARNS
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
67
TABLE V.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $100,000 MILL ON TWO OR MORE PLY YARNS
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
68
TABLE VI.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $175,000 MILL ON TWO OR MORE PLY YARNS
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
69
TABLE VII.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $75,000 MILL ON CLOTH
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
70
TABLE VIII.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $100,000 MILL ON CLOTH
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
71
TABLE IX.--SHOWING OPERATIONS OF $175,000 MILL ON CLOTH
UNDER AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONDITIONS.
72
MILL REPORT for Two Weeks Ending August 26th, 1899. 88
MILL REPORT for two Weeks Ending Aug. 26th, 1898. 89
MILL REPORT for Two Weeks Ending Aug. 26, 1899. 91
MILL REPORT for Two Weeks Ending Aug. 26, 1899. 92
PRODUCTION. 93
(Form G Continued.) 94
CARDING. SPINNING. WEAVING. 95
SUPPLIES. STOCK ACCOUNT--GOODS. WASTE 96
MILL RETURN FOR MONTH ENDING . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . WORKING DAYS.
97
PAY ROLL. 98
PAY ROLL. 99
Fig. 27. Group of Southern Cotton Mill Operatives.--Summer Costume. 108
Fig. 28. Group of Southern Cotton Mill Operatives. 110
Fig. 29. Superintendent's House, Cost $1,500 112
Fig. 30. Two-Room House. Cost $250 114
Fig. 31. Two-Room House. Cost &dollar 114
Fig. 32. Three-Room Gable House. Cost $325 116
Fig. 33. Three-Room Gable House. Cost &dollar 116
Fig. 34. Three-Room Narrow House. Cost $325 118
Fig. 35. Three-Room Narrow House. Cost $325 118
Fig. 36. Four-Room Gable House. Cost $400 120
Fig. 37. Four-Room Gable House. Cost $400 120
Fig. 38. Five-Room Narrow House. Cost $450 122
Fig. 39. Five-Room Narrow House. Cost $450 122
Fig. 40. Six-Room Narrow House. Cost $600 124
Fig. 41. Three-Room House. Cost $300 126
Fig. 42. Three-Room House. Cost $350 128
Fig. 43. Water Power at High Shoals. 130
Fig. 44. The Atherton Lyceum. 132
Fig. 45. The Edgefield (S. C.) Co-educational Institute. 134
Fig. 46. Textile School, Clemson College, S. C. 136
Fig. 47. Textile School, A. and M. College, N. C. 138
Fig. 48. Complete Road Making Outfit. 140
Fig. 49. Convict Camp, and Stone Purchased from Farmers, for Road-Making. 142
Fig. 50. Finished Road. 144
Fig. 51.--Road with Macadam in Centre. 146
Fig. 52.--Road with Macadam at One Side. 146
Fig. 53. Convicts Building a Road. 152
Fig. 54. Stone Crushing Plant and Camp. 156
Fig. 55.--Mill Floor. 164
Fig. 56.--Base, Pintle and Cap. 164
Fig. 57.--Floor Plank. 165
Fig. 58.--Opening in Fire Wall. 166
Fig. 59.--Belt Guard. 167
Fig. 60. Farm and Factory. 175
Fig. 61. Cattle on Farm near Cotton Factory. 176
Fig. 61.Fig. 62. Fruit on Farm near Cotton Factory. 176
Fig. 63. Wheat on Farm near Cotton Factory. 178
Fig. 64. Corn on Farm near Cotton Factory. 178
WILLIAM GREGG. 181
FRANCIS FRIES. 183
E. M. HOLT. 185
JOHN W. LEAK. 186
JOHN M. MOREHEAD. 187
H. P. HAMMETT. 189
TABLE XI.-UNITED STATES. 193
TABLE XII.-NEW ENGLAND STATES. 193
TABLE XIII.--MIDDLE STATES 194
TABLE XIV.--SOUTHERN STATES. 194
TABLE XV--VIRGINIA. 195
TABLE XVI--KENTUCKY. 195
TABLE XVII--TENNESSEE. 196
TABLE XVIII--NORTH CAROLINA. 196
TABLE XIX--SOUTH CAROLINA. 197
TABLE XX--GEORGIA. 197
TABLE XXI--ALABAMA. 198
TABLE XXII--MISSISSIPPI. 198
STATISTICS OF LOWELL COTTON MANUFACTURES, JANUARY 1, 1844.
COMPILED FROM AUTHENTIC SOURCES.
239