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Autobiographies Listed Chronologically
1740-1749

Jeffrey. Declaration and Confession of Jeffrey, a Negro, Who Was Executed at Worcester, Oct. 17, 1745, for the Murder of Mrs. Tabitha Sandford, at Mendon, the 12th of September Preceding. Boston: T.Fleet, 1745. [No copy of this text can be located].

Total autobiographies, 1740-1749: 1


1760-1769

Hammon, Briton. A Narrative of the Uncommon Sufferings, and Surprizing Deliverance of Briton Hammon, a Negro Man,---Servant to General Winslow, of Marshfield, in New-England; Who Returned to Boston, after Having Been Absent almost Thirteen Years. Containing an Account of the Many Hardships He Underwent from the Time He Left His Master's House, in the Year 1747, to the Time of His Return to Boston.---How He was Cast Away in the Capes of Florida;---The Horrid Cruelty and Inhuman Barbarity of the Indians in Murdering the Whole Ship's Crew;---The Manner of His Being Carry'd by Them Into Captivity. Also, an Account of His Being Confined Four Years and Seven Months in a Close Dungeon,---and the Remarkable Manner in which He Met with His Good Old Master in London; Who Returned to New-England, a Passenger in the Same Ship. Boston: Green and Russell, 1760.

Fortune. The Dying Confession and Declaration of Fortune, a Negro Man. Boston: Fowle and Draper, 1762. ["No copy of this tract can now be located." Early American Imprints, 1st series, no. 9116. [New York]: Readex Microprint, c1966.]

Bristol. The Dying Speech of Bristol. Boston: Edes and Gill, 1763.

Arthur, 1747-1768. The Life, and Dying Speech of Arthur, a Negro Man, Who Was Executed at Worcestor, October 20th 1768. For a Rape Committed on the Body of one Deborah Metca. Boston: s.n., 1768.

Total autobiographies, 1760-1769: 4


1770-1779

Gronniosaw, James Albert Ukawsaw, 1712-1775 A Narrative of the Most Remarkable Particulars in the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, an African Prince. Ed. Walter Shirley. Bath: S. Hazzard, 1770.

Total autobiographies, 1770-1779: 1


1780-1789

Sancho, Ignatius, 1729-1780. Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African. In Two Volumes. To Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of His Life. London: J. Nichols, 1782. [Link to Volume Two]

Equiano, Olaudah, 1745?-1797. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself. (2 vols.) London: The Author, 1789. [Link to Volume Two]

Total autobiographies, 1780-1789: 2


1790-1799

Equiano, Olaudah, 1745?-1797. Merkwaardige levensgevallen van Olaudah Equiano of Gustavus Vassa, den Afrikaan, door hem zelven beschreeven . Rotterdam: Bij Pieter Holsteyn, 1790. [Dutch translation of The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African].

Mountain, Joseph, 1758-1790. Sketches of the Life of Joseph Mountain, a Negro Who Was Executed at New-Haven, on the 20th Day of October, 1790, for a Rape, Committed on the 26th Day of May Last. Ed. David Daggett. New Haven: T. and S. Green, 1790.

Equiano, Olaudah. 1745?-1797. Olaudah Equiano's oder Gustav Wasa's, des Afrikaners merkwürdige Lebensgeschichte. Trans. George Friedrich Benecke. Göttingen: Bey Johann Christian Dieterich, 1792. [German translation of The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African].

Pomp. Dying Confession of Pomp, a Negro Man Who Was Executed at Ipswich, on the 6th, August 1791... Taken from the Mouth of the Prisoner, by Jonathan Plummer. Ed. Jonathan Plummer. Newburyport, MA: Jonathan Plummer, 1795.

Fortis, Edmund, d. 1794. The Last Words and Dying Speech of Edmund Fortis, a Negro Man, Who Appeared to Be between Thirty and Forty Years of Age, but Very Ignorant. He Was Executed at Dresden, on Kennebeck River, on Thursday the Twenty-Fifth Day of September, 1794, for a Rape and Murder, Committed on the Body of Pamela Tilton, a Young Girl of about Fourteen Years of Age, Daughter of Mr. Tilton of Vassalborough, in the County of Lincoln . Exeter, ME: s.n., 1795.

Johnstone, Abraham, d. 1797. The Address of Abraham Johnstone, a Black Man, Who Was Hanged at Woodbury, in the County of Glocester, and State of New Jersey...the 8th Day of July Last; to the People of Colour. To Which Is Added His Dying Confession or Declaration, also, a Copy of a Letter to His Wife, Written the Day Previous to His Execution. Philadelphia: s.n., 1797.

Smith, Stephen, 1769?-1797. Life, Last Words and Dying Speech of Stephen Smith, a Black Man, Who Was Executed at Boston This Day Being Thursday, October 12, 1797 for Burglary. Boston: The Author, 1797.

King, Boston, 1760?-1802. "Memoirs of the Life of Boston King, a Black Preacher, Written by Himself, during His Residence at Kingswood-School." Methodist Magazine (London), March-June 1798.

Smith, Venture, 1729-1805. A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture, a Native of Africa: But Resident above Sixty Years in the United States of America. Related by Himself. New London, CT: C. Holt at The Bee-office, 1798.

Total autobiographies, 1790-1799: 7

Total translations, 1790-1799: 2


1800-1809

Joyce, John, ca. 1784-1808, and Peter Matthias, ca. 1782-1808. Confession of John Joyce, Alias, Davis, Who Was Executed on Monday, the 14th of March, 1808 for the Murder of Mrs. Sarah Cross: With an Address to the Public and People of Colour, Together with the Substance of the Trial, and the Address of Chief Justice Tilghman, On His Condemnation. Confession of Peter Mathias, Alias Matthews, Who Was Executed on Monday, the 14th of March, 1808. For the Murder of Mrs. Sarah Cross; With an Address to the Public and People of Colour. Together with the Substance of the Trial, and the Address of Chief Justice Tilghman, on His Condemnation. Ed. Richard Allen. Philadelphia: Bethel Church, 1808.

Total autobiographies, 1800-1809: 1


1810-1819

Brinch, Boyrereau, fl. 1758-1810. The Blind African Slave, or Memoirs of Boyrereau Brinch, Nick-named Jeffrey Brace. Containing an Account of the Kingdom of Pow-Woo, in the Interior of Africa; with the Climate and Natural Productions, Laws, and Customs Peculiar to That Place. With an Account of His Captivity, Sufferings, Sales, Travels, Emancipation, Conversion to the Christian Religion, Knowledge of the Scriptures, &c. Interspersed with Strictures on Slavery, Speculative Observations on the Qualities of Human Nature, with Quotation from Scripture. Ed. Benjamin F. Prentiss. St. Albans, VT: Harry Whitney, 1810.

White, George, b. 1764. A Brief Account of the Life, Experience, Travels, and Gospel Labours of George White, an African: Written by Himself, and Revised by a Friend. New York: John C. Totten, 1810.

Jea, John, b. 1773. The Life, History, and Unparalleled Sufferings of John Jea, the African Preacher, Compiled and Written by Himself. Portsea, Eng.: The Author, 1811.

Total autobiographies, 1810-1819: 3


1820-1829

Bayley, Solomon. A Narrative of Some Remarkable Incidents, in the Life of Solomon Bayley, Formerly a Slave, in the State of Delaware, North America: Written by Himself. London: Harvey and Darton, 1825.

Cugoano, Ottobah, b. 1757?. "Narrative of the Enslavement of Ottobah Cugoano, a Native of Africa; Published by Himself on the Year 1787." in The Negro's Memorial; or, Abolitionist's Catechism; by an Abolitionist. Thomas Fisher. London: The Author, 1825.

Grimes, William, b. 1784. Life of William Grimes, the Runaway Slave. Written by Himself. New York: The Author, 1825.

Voorhis, Robert, b.1770? Life and Adventures of Robert, the Hermit of Massachusetts, Who Has Lived 14 Years in a Cave, Secluded from Human Society. Comprising, an Account of His Birth, Parentage, Sufferings, and Providential Escape from Unjust and Cruel Bondage in Early Life and His Reasons for Becoming a Recluse: Taken from His Own Mouth, and Published for His Benefit. Ed. Henry Trumbull. Providence, RI: H. Trumbull, 1829.

Total autobiographies, 1820-1829: 4


1830-1839

Prince, Mary. The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave. Related by Herself. With a Supplement by the Editor. To Which Is Added, the Narrative of Asa-Asa, a Captured African. London: F. Westley and A. H. Davis, 1831.

Turner, Nat, 1800-1831. The Confessions of Nat Turner, the Leader of the Late Insurrection in Southampton, Va. as Fully and Voluntarily Made to Thomas R. Gray, in the Prison Where He Was Confined, and Acknowledged by Him to Be Such When Read before the Court of Southampton. Ed. Thomas R. Gray. Baltimore: T. R. Gray, 1831.

Warner, Ashton, d. 1831. Negro Slavery Described by a Negro: Being the Narrative of Ashton Warner, a Native of St. Vincent's: With an Appendix Containg the Testimony of Four Christian Ministers Recently Returned from the Colonies on the System of Slavery as it Now Exists. Ed. Simon Strickland. London: S. Maunder, 1831.

Allen, Richard, 1760-1831. The Life, Experience and Gospel Labors of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen to Which Is Annexed the Rise and Progress of the African Methodist Church in the United States of America: Containing a Narrative of the Yellow Fever in the Year of Our Lord, 1793, with an Address to the People of Color in the United States. Philadelphia: Martin and Boden, 1833.

Ball, Charles. Slavery in the United States: A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Charles Ball, a Black Man, Who Lived Forty Years in Maryland, South Carolina and Georgia as a Slave. Ed. Isaac Fisher. New York: John S. Taylor, 1837.

Williams, James, b. 1819. A Narrative of Events Since the First of August, 1834, by James Williams, an Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica. London: W. Ball, 1837.

Roper, Moses. A Narrative of the Adventures and Escape of Moses Roper, from American Slavery. Philadelphia: Merrihew and Gunn; London: Darton, Harvey and Darton, 1838.

Williams, James, b. 1805. Narrative of James Williams, an American Slave, Who Was for Several Years a Driver on a Cotton Plantation in Alabama. New York: American Anti-slavery Society, 1838.

Wheeler, Peter, b. 1789. Chains and Freedom: Or, The Life and Adventures of Peter Wheeler, a Colored Man Yet Living. A Slave in Chains, a Sailor on the Deep, and a Sinner at the Cross. Ed. Charles E. Lester. New York: E. S. Arnold, 1839.

Total autobiographies, 1830-1839: 9


1840-1849

Manzano, Juan Francisco, 1797-1854. Poems by a Slave in the Island of Cuba, Recently Liberated, Translated from the Spanish by R. R. Madden, M.D., with the History of the Early Life of the Negro Poet, Written by Himself; to Which Are Prefixed Two Pieces Descriptive of Cuban Slavery. London: T. Ward, 1840.

Henderson, Madison, et alia. Trials and Confessions of Madison Henderson, Alias Blanchard, Alfred Amos Warrick, James W. Seward, and Charles Brown, Murderers of Jesse Baker and Jacob Weaver, As Given by Themselves and Likeness of Each, Taken in Jail Shortly After Their Arrest. St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1841.

Lane, Lunsford, b. 1803. The Narrative of Lunsford Lane, Formerly of Raleigh, N.C., Embracing an Account of His Early Life, the Redemption by Purchase of Himself and Family from Slavery, and His Banishing from the Place of His Birth for the Crime of Wearing a Colored Skin. Boston: J. G. Torrey, 1842.

Grandy, Moses, b. 1786. Narrative of the Life of Moses Grandy, Late a Slave in the United States of America. London: Gilpin, 1843.

Aaron. The Light and Truth of Slavery. Aaron's History. Worcester, MA: The Author, 1845

Clarke, Lewis Garrard, 1812-1897. Narrative of the Sufferings of Lewis Clarke, during a Captivity of More Than Twenty-five Years, Among the Algerines of Kentucky; One of the So Called Christian States of North America. Dictated by Himself. Ed. Joseph Cammet Lovejoy. Boston: D. H. Ela, 1845.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Written by Himself. Boston: American Anti-slavery Society, 1845.

Horton, George Moses, 1797-1883. The Poetical Works of George M. Horton, the Colored Bard of North Carolina, to Which Is Prefixed the Life of the Author. Written by Himself. Hillsborough, NC: Heartt, 1845.

Aga, Selim. Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga, a Native of Central Africa. Aberdeen, Eng.: W. Bennett, 1846.

Clarke, Lewis Garrard, 1812-1897, and Milton Clarke, 1817?-1901. Narratives of the Sufferings of Lewis and Milton Clarke, Sons of a Soldier of the Revolution, During a Captivity of More Than Twenty Years Among the Slaveholders of Kentucky, One of the So Called Christian States of North America. Dictated by Themselves. Ed. Joseph Cammet Lovejoy. Boston: Bela Marsh, 1846.

Hayden, William, b. 1785. Narrative of William Hayden, Containing a Faithful Account of His Travels for a Number of Years, Whilst a Slave, in the South. Written by Himself. Cincinnati: The Author, 1846.

Meachum, John B., b. 1789. An Address to All the Colored Citizens of the United States. Philadelphia: The Author, 1846.

Black, Leonard. The Life and Sufferings of Leonard Black, a Fugitive from Slavery. Written by Himself. New Bedford: Benjamin Lindsey, 1847.

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Written by Himself. Boston: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1847.

Fields, [Cook?]. "Observations." [1847] "Fields' Observations: The Slave Narrative of a Nineteenth-Century Virginian." Ed. Mary J. Bratton. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 88 (1980): 79-93.

Jackson, Andrew, b. 1814. Narrative and Writings of Andrew Jackson, of Kentucky; Containing an Account of His Birth, and Twenty-six Years of His Life While a Slave; His Escape; Five Years of Freedom, Together with Anecdotes Relating to Slavery; Journal of One Year's Travels. Sketches, etc. Syracuse: Daily and Weekly Star, 1847.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Vie de Frédéric Douglass, esclave américain. Paris: Pagnerre, 1848. [French translation of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave].

Joseph, John. The Life and Sufferings of John Joseph, a Native of Ashantee, in West Africa Who Was Stolen from His Parents at the Age of 3 Years, and Sold to Mr. Johnston, a Cotton Planter in New Orleans, South America. Wellington, New Zealand: The Author, 1848.

Roper, Moses. Narrative of the Adventures and Escape of Moses Roper, from American Slavery. With an Appendix, Containing a List of Places Visited by the Author in Great Britain and Ireland and the British Isles; and Other Matter. Berwick-upon-Tweed: Published for the author and printed at the Warder Office, 1848.

Tubbee, Okah, b. 1810 or 11. A Thrilling Sketch of the Life of the Distinguished Chief Okah Tubbee Alias, Wm. Chubbee, Son of the Head Chief, Mosholeh Tubbee, of the Choctaw Nation of Indians. Ed. Lewis Leonidas Allen. New York: L. L. Allen, 1848.

Watson, Henry. Narrative of Henry Watson, a Fugitive Slave. Written by Himself. Boston: Bela Marsh, 1848.

Bibb, Henry, 1815-1854. Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, an American Slave, Written by Himself. New York: The Author, 1849.

Brown, Henry Box, b. 1815. Narrative of Henry Box Brown, Who Escaped from Slavery Enclosed in a Box 3 Feet Long and 2 Wide. Written from a Statement of Facts Made by Himself. With, Remarks Upon the Remedy for Slavery. Ed. Charles Stearns. Boston: Brown and Stearns. 1849.

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. Narrative of William W. Brown, an American Slave. Written by Himself. London: C. Gilpin, 1849.

Henson, Josiah, 1789-1883. The Life of Josiah Henson, Formerly a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada, As Narrated by Himself. Ed. Samuel A. Eliot. Boston: A. D. Phelps, 1849.

Pennington, James W. C., 1807-1870. The Fugitive Blacksmith; or, Events in the History of James W. C. Pennington, Pastor of a Presbyterian Church, New York, Formerly a Slave in the State of Maryland, United States. London: Charles Gilpin, 1849.

Total autobiographies, 1840-1849: 25

Total translations, 1840-1849: 1


1850-1859

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. Levensgeschiedenis van den Amerikaanschen slaaf. Trans. W.E.J. Zwolle. Tjeenk Willink, 1850 [Dutch translation of the Narrative of William W. Brown].

Truth, Sojourner, 1797(?)-1883. Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828. Ed. Olive Gilbert. Boston: The Author, 1850.

Brown, Henry Box, b. 1815. Narrative of the Life of Henry Box Brown, Written by Himself. Manchester, Eng.: Lee and Glynn, 1851.

Kelley, Edmond, b. 1817. A Family Redeemed from Bondage; Being Rev. Edmond Kelley, (the Author,) His Wife, and Four Children. New Bedford: The Author, 1851.

Smallwood, Thomas, b. 1801. A Narrative of Thomas Smallwood, Coloured Man: Giving an Account of His Birth--The Period He Was Held in Slavery--His Release--And Removal to Canada, etc. Together with an Account of the Underground Railroad. Written by Himself. Toronto: The Author, 1851.

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. Three Years in Europe: Or, Places I Have Seen and People I Have Met. London: C. Gilpin, 1852.

Tubbee, Okah, b. 1810 or 11. A Sketch of the Life of Okah Tubbee, (Called) William Chubbee, Son of the Head Chief, Mosholeh Tubbee, of the Choctaw Nation of Indians. By Laah Ceil Manatoi Elaah Tubbee, His Wife. Toronto: The Author, 1852.

Watkins, James, b. 1821. Narrative of the Life of James Watkins, formerly a "Chattel" in Maryland, U. S. Containing an Account of His Escape from Slavery, Together with an Appeal on Behalf of Three Millions of Such "Pieces of Property," Still Held Under the Standard of the Eagle. Bolton, Eng.: Kenyon and Abbatt, 1852.

Green, William. Narrative of Events in the Life of William Green, (Formerly a Slave.) Written by Himself. Springfield, MA: L. M. Guernsey, 1853.

Northup, Solomon, b. 1808. Twelve Years a Slave. Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New-York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853, from a Cotton Plantation near the Red River, in Louisiana. Ed. David Wilson. Auburn, NY: Derby and Miller, 1853.

Tilmon, Levin, 1807-1863. A Brief Miscellaneous Narrative of the More Early Part of the Life of L. Tilmon, Pastor of a Colored Methodist Congregational Church in the City of New York. Written by Himself. Jersey City, NJ: W. W. & L. A. Pratt, 1853.

Anderson, Thomas, b. 1775. Interesting Account of Thomas Anderson, a Slave, Taken from His Own Lips. Ed. J. P. Clark. Virginia: s.n., 1854?

Baquaqua, Mahommah Gardo. Biography of Mahommah G. Baquaqua, a Native Zoogoo, in the Interior of Africa (a Convert to Christianity): with a Descritpion of that Part of the World, Including the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, Written and Revised from His Own Words by Samuel Moore. Mahommah's Early Life, His Education, His Capture and Slavery in Western Africa and Brazil, His Escape to the United States, from Thence to Hayti (the City of Port au Prince): His Reception by the Baptist Missionary there, the Rev. W. L. Judd: His Conversion to Christianity, Baptism, and return to this Country, His Views, Objects and Aim. Ed. Samuel Moore. Detroit: George E. Pomeroy, 1854.

Jones, Thomas H. Experience and Personal Narrative of Uncle Tom Jones: Who Was for Forty Years a Slave; Also the Surprising Adventures of Wild Tom of the Island Retreat, a Fugitive Negro from South Carolina. Boston: H. B. Skinner, 1854.

Peterson, Daniel H., b. 1805?. The Looking Glass: Being a True Report and Narrative of the Life, Travels, and Labors of the Rev. Daniel H. Peterson, a Colored Clergyman; Embracing a Period of Time from the Year 1812 to 1854, and Including His Visit to Western Africa. New-York: Wright, 1854.

Brown, John, fl. 1854. Slave Life in Georgia: A Narrative of the Life, Sufferings, and Escape of John Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Now in England. Ed. Louis Alexis Chamerovzow. London: W. M. Watts, 1855.

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. The American Fugitive in Europe. Sketches of Places and People Abroad. With a Memoir of the Author. Boston: J. P. Jewett, 1855.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. My Bondage and My Freedom. New York: Miller, Orton and Mulligan, 1855.

Grimes, William, b. 1784. Life of William Grimes, the Runaway Slave, Brought down to the Present Time. Written by Himself. New Haven: The Author, 1855.

McPherson, Christopher, d. 1817. A Short History of the Life of Christopher McPherson, Alias Pherson, Son of Christ, King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Lynchburg, VA: Christopher McPherson Smith, 1855.

Randolph, Peter, 1825-1897. Sketches of Slave Life: Or, Illustrations of the "Peculiar Institution." Boston: The Author, 1855.

Ward, Samuel Ringgold, b. 1817. Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro: His Anti-slavery Labours in the United States, Canada and England. London: John Snow, 1855.

Drew, Benjamin, ed. 1812-1903. A North-Side View of Slavery. The Refugee: or, The Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada. Related by Themselves. With an Account of the History and Condition of the Colored Population of Upper Canada. Boston: J. P. Jewett, 1856.

Thompson, John, b. 1812. The Life of John Thompson, a Fugitive Slave; Containing His History of 25 Years in Bondage, and His Providential Escape. Written by Himself. Worcester, MA: J. Thompson, 1856.

Anderson, William J., b. 1811. Life and Narrative of William J. Anderson, Twenty-four Years a Slave; Sold Eight Times! In Jail Sixty Times!! Whipped Three Hundred Times!!! or The Dark Deeds of American Slavery Revealed. Containing Scriptural Views of the Origin of the Black and of the White Man. Also, a Simple and Easy Plan to Abolish Slavery in the United States. Together with an Account of the Services of Colored Men in the Revolutionary War--Day and Date, and Interesting Facts. Chicago: Daily Tribune, 1857.

Steward, Austin, 1794-1860. Twenty-two Years a Slave and Forty Years a Freeman; Embracing a Correspondence of Several Years, While President of Wilberforce Colony, London, Canada West. Rochester, NY: W. Alling, 1857.

Henson, Josiah, 1789-1883. Truth Is Stranger Than Fiction. Father Henson's Story of His Own Life. Ed. Samuel A. Eliot. Boston: J. P. Jewett, 1858.

Roberts, James, b. 1753. The Narrative of James Roberts, a Soldier under Gen. Washington in the Revolutionary War, and under Gen. Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans, in the War of 1812: "A Battle Which Cost Me a Limb, Some Blood, and Almost My Life." Chicago: The Author, 1858.

Ball, Charles. Fifty Years in Chains; or, The Life of an American Slave. Ed. Isaac Fisher. New York: H. Dayton, 1859.

Davis, Noah, b. 1803 or 4. A Narrative of the Life of Rev. Noah Davis, a Coloured Man. Written by Himself at 54. Baltimore: J. F. Weishampel, Jr., 1859.

Offley, Greensbury Washington, 1808-1859. A Narrative of the Life and Labors of the Rev. G. W. Offley, a Colored Man, Local Preacher and Missionary; Who Lived Twenty-Seven Years at the South and Twenty-Three at the North; Who Never Went to School a Day in His Life, and Only Commenced to Learn His Letters When Nineteen Years and Eight Months Old; the Emancipation of His Mother and Her Three Children; How He Learned to Read While Living in a Slave State, and Supported Himself from the Time He Was Nine Years Old Until He Was Twenty-One. Hartford, CT: The Author, 1859.

Total autobiographies, 1850-1859: 30

Total translations, 1850-1859: 1


1860-1869

1860-1865

Parker, Henry, b. 1835. Autobiography of Henry Parker. s.l.: The Author, 186?.

Craft, William, 1824-1900. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; or, The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery. London: William Tweedie, 1860.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Sklaverei und Freiheit: Autobiographie von Frederick Douglass. Trans. Ottilie Assing. Hamburg: Hoffmann and Campe, 1860 [German translation of My Bondage and My Freedom].

Watkins, James, b. 1821. Struggles for Freedom: Or the Life of James Watkins, Formerly a Slave in Maryland, U. S. ; in which is Detailed a Graphic Account of His Extraordinary Escape from Slavery, Notices of the Fugitive Slave Law, the Sentiments of American Divines on the Subject of Slavery, etc., etc. Manchester, Eng.: The Author, 1860.

Campbell, Israel. Bond and Free: or, Yearnings for Freedom, from My Green Briar House. Being the Story of My Life in Bondage, and My Life in Freedom. Philadelphia: The Author, 1861.

Jacobs, Harriet Ann, 1813-1897. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself. Ed. Lydia Maria Child. Boston: The Author, 1861.

Jacobs, John S., 1815-1873. "A True Tale of Slavery." The Leisure Hour: A Family Journal of Instruction and Recreation. Feb. 7, 14, 21, and 28, 1861. London: Stevens and Co.

Picquet, Louisa, b. 1828. Louisa Picquet, the Octoroon: A Tale of Southern Slave Life. Ed. Hiram Mattison. New York: H. Mattison, 1861.

Wilkerson, James. Wilkerson's History of His Travels & Labors, in the United States, As a Missionary, in Particular, That of the Union Seminary, Located in Franklin Co., Ohio, Since He Purchased His Liberty in New Orleans, La., &c Columbus, OH: n. p., 1861.

Jackson, John Andrew. The Experience of a Slave in South Carolina. London: Passmore and Alabaster, 1862.

Jones, Thomas H. The Experience of Thomas H. Jones, Who Was a Slave for Forty-three years. Written by a Friend, As Given to Him by Brother Jones. Boston: Bazin and Chandler, 1862.

Elizabeth, 1766-1866. Memoir of Old Elizabeth, a Coloured Woman. Philadelphia: Collins, 1863.

Fedric, Francis. Slave Life in Virginia and Kentucky; or, Fifty Years of Slavery in the Southern States of America. Ed. Rev. Charles Lee. London: Wertheim, Macintosh, and Hunt, 1863.

A Thrilling Narrative from the Lips of the Sufferers of the Late Detriot Riot, March 6, 1863. With the Hair Breadth Escapes of Men, Women and Children, and Destruction of Colored Men's Property, Not Less than $15,000.00. Detroit: The Author, 1863.

Green, Jacob D., b. 1813. Narrative of the Life of J. D. Green, a Runaway Slave, from Kentucky, Containing an Account of His Three Escapes, in 1839, 1846, and 1848. Huddersfield, Eng.: Henry Fielding, 1864.

Mars, James, b. 1790. Life of James Mars, a Slave Born and Sold in Connecticut. Written by Himself. Hartford: Case, Lockwood, 1864.

Total autobiographies, 1860-1865: 15

Total translations, 1860-1865: 1

Total autobiographies, 1745-1865: 102


1866-1869

Jackson, Mattie Jane, 1846. The Story of Mattie J. Jackson; Her Parentage--Experience of Eighteen Years in Slavery—Incidents during the War—Her Escape from Slavery. A True Story. Written and Arranged by Dr. L. S. Thompson, (Formerly Mrs. Schuyler,) as given by Mattie. Lawrence, MA: Sentinel, 1866.

Parker, William, b. 1822. "The Freedman's Story." In Two Parts. Atlantic Feb. 1866: 152-66; Mar. 1866: 276-95.

Keckley, Elizabeth Hobbs, 1818-1907. Behind the Scenes, Or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House. New York: G. W. Carleton, 1868.

Mars, James, b. 1790. Life of James Mars, a Slave Born and Sold in Connecticut. Written by Himself. Sixth Edition. Hartford: Case, Lockwood, 1868.

Frederick, Francis, b. 1809? Autobiography of Rev. Francis Frederick, of Virginia. Baltimore: J. W. Woods, 1869.

Millie-Christine, 1851-1912. The History of the Carolina Twins, Told in "Their Own Peculiar Way" By "One of Them." [Buffalo]: Buffalo Courier Printing House, [1869?].

Total autobiographies, 1866-1869: 6

Total autobiographies, 1860-1869: 21

Total translations, 1860-1869: 1


1870-1879

Charlton, Lewis. Sketch of the Life of Mr. Lewis Charlton, and Reminiscences of Slavery. Ed. Edward Everett Brown. Portland, ME: Daily Press, 1870?

Adams, John Quincy, b. 1845. Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams, When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. Harrisburg, PA: Sieg, 1872.

Henry, Thomas W., b. 1794. Autobiography of Thomas W. Henry of the A. M. E. Church. Baltimore: The Author, 1872.

Said, Nicholas The Autobiography of Nicholas Said, a Native of Bornou, Eastern Soudan, Central Africa. Memphis: Shotwell, 1873.

Webb, William, b. 1836. The History of William Webb, Composed by Himself. Detroit: Egbert Hoekstra, 1873.

Williams, James, b. 1825. Life and Adventures of James Williams, a Fugitive Slave, with a Full Description of the Underground Railroad. San Francisco: Women's Union, 1873.

Thompson, Charles, b. 1833. Biography of a Slave; Being the Experiences of Rev. Charles Thompson, a Preacher of the United Brethren Church, While a Slave in the South. Dayton, OH: United Brethren, 1875.

Truth, Sojourner, 1797(?)-1883. Narrative of Sojourner Truth; a Bondswoman of Olden Time, Emancipated by the New York Legislature in the Early Part of the Present Century; with a History of Her Labors and Correspondence, Drawn from Her "Book of Life." Boston: For the Author, 1875.

Henson, Josiah, 1789-1883. "Uncle Tom's Story of His Life." An Autobiography of the Rev. Josiah Henson (Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom"). From 1789 to 1876. With a Preface by Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe and an Introductory Note by George Sturge, and S. Morley. Ed. John Lobb. London: "Christian Age" Office, 1876.

Flipper, Henry Ossian, 1845-1940. The Colored Cadet at West Point; Autobiography of Lieut. Henry Ossian Flipper, U. S. A., First Graduate of Color from the U. S. Military Academy. New York: H. Lee, 1878.

Stroyer, Jacob, 1849-1908. Sketches of My Life in the South. Part I. Salem, MA: Salem Press, 1879.

Total autobiographies, 1870-1879: 10


1880-1889

Blair, Norvel. Book for the People! To be Read by all Voters, Black and White, with Thrilling Events of the Life of Norvel Blair, of Grundy County, State of Illinois. Written and Published by Him, and with the Money He Earned by His Own Labor, and is Sent Out with the Sincere Hope that if Carefully Read, it will Tend to Put a Stop to Northern Bull-Dozing and will Give to all a Free Ballot, without Fear, Favor or Affection and Respect. Joliet, IL: Joliet Daily Record, 1880.

Brown, William Wells, 1814-1884. My Southern Home; or the South and Its People. Boston: A. G. Brown, 1880.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass Written by Himself. His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape from Bondage, and His Complete History to the Present Time. Hartford, CT: Park, 1881.

Henson, Josiah, 1789-1883. An Autobiography of Rev. Josiah Henson ("Uncle Tom") from 1789-1881. Ed. John Lobb. London, Ontario: Schuyler, Smith and co., 1881.

Smith, David, b. 1784. Biography of Rev. David Smith of the A. M. E. Church; Being a Complete History, Embracing over Sixty Years' Labor in the Advancement of the Redeemer's Kingdom on Earth. Xenia, OH: Xenia Gazette Office, 1881.

Smith, James Lindsay. Autobiography of James L. Smith, Including, Also, Reminiscences of Slave Life, Recollections of the War, Education of Freedmen, Causes of the Exodus, etc. Norwich, CT: The Bulletin, 1881.

Ferebee, London R., b. 1849. A Brief History of the Slave Life of Rev. L. R. Ferebee, and the Battles of Life, and Four Years of His Ministerial Life. Written from Memory, to 1882. Raleigh, NC: Edwards, Broughton, 1882.

Dubois, Silvia, 1768-1889. Silvia Dubois, (now 116 years old): a Biografy of the Slav Who Whipt Her Mistres and Gand Her Fredom. Ed. Cornelius Wilson Larison. Ringoes, NJ: Larison, 1883.

Jones, Friday, 1810-1887. Days of Bondage. Autobiography of Friday Jones. Being a Brief Narrative of His Trials and Tribulations in Slavery. Washington, DC: The Author, 1883.

Truth, Sojourner, 1979(?)-1883. Narrative of Sojourner Truth; A Bondswoman of Olden Time, with a History of Her Labors and Correspondence Drawn from Her "Book of Life"; also, A Memorial Chapter Giving the Particulars of Her Last Sickness & Death. Ed. Frances W. Titus. Battle Creek, MI: The Author, 1884.

Jones, Thomas H. The Experience of Rev. Thomas H. Jones, Who Was a Slave for Forty-Three Years. Written by a Friend, as Related to Him by Brother Jones. New Bedford: E. Anthony & Sons, Printers, 1885.

Marrs, Elijah Preston, 1840-1910. Life and History of the Rev. Elijah P. Marrs. Louisville: Bradley and Gilbert, 1885.

Stroyer, Jacob, 1849-1908. My Life in the South. Salem, MA: Salem Observer Book and Job Print, 1885.

Williams, Isaac D., 1821-1898. Sunshine and Shadow of Slave Life: Reminiscences As Told by Isaac D. Williams to "Tege." Ed. William Ferguson Goldie. East Saginaw, MI: Evening News, 1885.

James, Thomas, 1804-1891. Life of Rev. Thomas James, by Himself. Rochester, NY: Post Express, 1886.

Green, Elisha Winfield. Life of the Rev. Elisha W. Green, One of the Founders of the Kentucky Normal and Theological Institute - Now the State University of Louisville; Eleven Years Moderator of the Mt. Zion Baptist Association; Five Years Moderator of the Consolidated Baptist Educational Association and Over Thirty Years Pastor of the Colored Baptist Churches of Maysville and Paris. Maysville, KY: Republican, 1888.

Elizabeth, 1766-1866. Elizabeth, a Colored Minister of the Gospel Born in Slavery. Philadelphia: Tract Assoc. of Friends, 1889.

Veney, Bethany, b. 1815. The Narrative of Bethany Veney, a Slave Woman. Ed. M. W. G. Worcester, MA: George H. Ellis, 1889.

Total autobiographies, 1880-1889: 18


1890-1899

Albert, Octavia V. Rogers (Octavia Victoria Rogers), 1853-1889. The House of Bondage, or, Charlotte Brooks and Other Slaves, Original and Life Like, As They Appeared in Their Old Plantation and City Slave Life; Together with Pen-Pictures of the Peculiar Institution, with Sights and Insights into Their New Relations as Freedmen, Freemen, and Citizens. New York: Hunt and Eaton, 1890.

Anderson, Robert, b. 1819. The Life of Rev. Robert Anderson: Born the 22d of February, in the Year of Our Lord 1819, and Joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1839. This Book Shall Be Called The Young Men's Guide, or, The Brother in White. Macon, GA: J. W. Burke, 1892.

Delaney, Lucy Ann Berry. From the Darkness Cometh the Light; or, Struggles for Freedom. St. Louis: J. T. Smith, 1891.

Smith, Harry, b. 1815. Fifty Years of Slavery in the United States of America. Grand Rapids, MI: West Michigan, 1891.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass Written by Himself. His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape from Bondage, and His Complete History to the Present Time. Boston: De Wolfe & Fiske, 1892.

Johnson, Thomas Lewis, b. 1836. Africa for Christ: Twenty-eight Years a Slave. London: Alexander and Shepheard, 1892.

Walker, William, b. 1819? Buried Alive (Behind Prison Walls) for a Quarter of a Century: Life of William Walker. Ed. Thomas S. Gaines. Saginaw, MI: Friedman and Hynan, 1892.

Mason, Isaac, 1822-. Life of Isaac Mason As a Slave. Worcester, MA: The Author, 1893.

Randolph, Peter, 1825-1897. From Slave Cabin to the Pulpit: The Autobiography of Rev. Peter Randolph: The Southern Question Illustrated and Sketches of Slave Life. Boston: James H. Earle, 1893.

Smith, Amanda, 1837-1915. An Autobiography: The Story of the Lord's Dealings with Mrs. Amanda Smith, the Colored Evangelist. Containing an Account of Her Life Work of Faith, and Her Travels in America, England, Ireland, Scotland, India, and Africa, as an Independent Missionary. Chicago: Meyer, 1893.

Henry, George, b. 1819. Life of George Henry. Together with a Brief History of the Colored People in America. Providence: The Author, 1894.

Anderson, Robert, b. 1819. The Anderson Surpriser. Written After He was 75 Years of Age. Macon, Ga.: The Author, 1895.

Bruce, Henry Clay, 1836-1902. The New Man. Twenty-nine Years a Slave. Twenty-nine Years a Free Man. Recollections of H. C. Bruce. York, PA: P. Anstadt, 1895.

Parker, Allen, b. 1837. Recollections of Slavery Times. Worcester, MA: Charles W. Burbank, 1895.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Negerslaven: Frederick Douglas' Liv og Virklomhed. Tr. A. Boe. Oslo, Norway: Oscar Andersens Forlag, 1896.

O'Neal, William. Life and History of William O'Neal, or, The Man Who Sold His Wife. St. Louis, MO: A. R. Fleming, 1896.

Smith, Venture, 1729-1805. A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture, a Native of Africa, but Resident Above Sixty Years in the United States of America. Related by Himself. New London: Printed in 1798. Reprinted A. D. 1835, and Published by a Descendant of Venture. Revised and Republished with Traditions by H. M. Selden, Haddam, Conn., 1896. Middletown, Conn.: J. S. Stewart, Printer and Bookbinder, 1897.

Hughes, Louis, 1832-1913. Thirty Years a Slave. From Bondage to Freedom. The Institution of Slavery As Seen on the Plantation and in the Home of the Planter. Autobiography of Louis Hughes. Milwaukee: South Side, 1897.

Drumgoold, Kate. A Slave Girl's Story. Being the Autobiography of Kate Drumgoold. Brooklyn: The Author, 1898.

Holsey, Lucius Henry, 1842-1920. Autobiography, Sermons, Addresses, and Essays of Bishop L. H. Holsey. Atlanta: Franklin, 1898.

Total autobiographies, 1890-1899: 19
Total translations, 1890-1899: 1


1900-1909

Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915. The Story of My Life and Work. Naperville, IL: J. L. Nichols, 1900.

Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Negerslaven: Fredrik Douglas Liv og Virksomhed. Trans. Fra Traeldom til Frihed. København: Laurits Eibys Forl., 1901. [Danish translation of Life and Times of Frederick Douglass].

Jeter, Henry Norval, 1851-1938. Pastor Henry N. Jeter's Twenty-Five Years Experience with the Shiloh Baptist Church and Her History. Providence: Remington, 1901.

Johnson, Isaac, 1844-1905. Slavery Days in Old Kentucky. A True Story of a Father Who Sold His Wife and Four Children. By One of the Children. Ogdensburg, NY: Republican and Journal, 1901.

Mallory, William, b. 1826. Old Plantation Days. Hamilton, Ont.: The Author, 1901-2?.

Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915. Up from Slavery. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, 1901.

Chesney, Pharoah Jackson, 1781?- and John Coram Webster, b. 1851-. Last of the Pioneers or Old Times in East Tenn., Being the Life and Reminiscences of Pharoah Jackson Chesney (Aged 120 Years). Knoxville, TN: S. B. Newman & Co., Printers, 1902.

Garlick, Charles A., b. 1827. Life Including His Escape and Struggle for Liberty of Charles A. Garlick, Born a Slave in Old Virginia. Jefferson, OH: J. A. Howells, 1902.

Taylor, Susie King, b. 1848. Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S. C. Volunteers. Boston: The Author, 1902.

Latta, Morgan London, b. 1853. The History of My Life and Work: Autobiography. Raleigh: The Author, 1903.

Love, Nat, 1854-1921. The Life and Adventures of Nat Love, Better Known in the Cattle Country as "Deadwood Dick." By Himself. A True History of Slavery Days, Life on the Great Cattle Ranges and on the Plains of the "Wild and Wooly" West, Based on Facts, and Personal Experience of the Author. Los Angeles: The Author, 1907.

Clement, Samuel Spottford, b. 1861. Memoirs of Samuel Spottford Clement: Relating Interesting Experiences in Days of Slavery and Freedom. Ed. Sara Ovington. Steubenville, OH: Herald, 1908.

Burton, Annie L., b. 1858. Memories of Childhood's Slavery Days. Boston: Ross, 1909.

Johnson, Thomas Lewis, b. 1836. Twenty-eight Years a Slave : or, The Story of My Life in Three Continents. Bournemouth, Eng.: W. Mate, 1909.

Total autobiographies, 1900-1909: 13
Total translations, 1900-1909: 1


1910-1919

Burton, Thomas William, 1860-1939. What Experience Has Taught Me. An Autobiography of Thomas William Burton. Cincinnati: Jennings and Graham, 1910.

Lewis, Joseph Vance. Out of the Ditch: A True Story of an Ex-slave. Houston: Rein, 1910.

Lowery, Irving E., b. 1850. Life on the Old Plantation in Ante-bellum Days; or, A Story Based on Facts. Columbia, SC: The Author, 1911.

Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915. My Larger Education; Being Chapters from My Experience. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, 1911.

Hall, Samuel, b. 1818, and Orville Elder, 1866-. Samuel Hall, 47 Years a Slave. A Brief Story of His Life Before and After Freedom Came to Him. Washington, IA: Journal Print, 1912.

Jamison, Monroe Franklin, 1848-1918. Autobiography and Work of Bishop M. F. Jamison, D. D. ("Uncle Joe") Editor, Publisher, and Church Extension Secretary; a Narration of His Whole Career from the Cradle to the Bishopric of the Colored M. E. Church in America. Nashville, TN: The Author, 1912.

Jackson-Coppin, Fanny. Reminiscences of School Life; and Hints on Teaching. Philadelphia: A. M. E. Book Concern, 1913.

Robinson, William H., b.1848. From Log Cabin to the Pulpit: Or Fifteen Years in Slavery. Eau Claire, WI: The Author, 1913.

Lane, Isaac, 1834-1937. Autobiography of Bishop Isaac Lane, L.L.D.: With a Short History of the C. M. E. Church in America and of Methodism. Nashville, TN: M. E. Church South, 1916.

Walters, Alexander, 1858-1917. My Life and Work. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1917.

Bruner, Peter, 1845-1938. A Slave's Adventures Toward Freedom; Not Fiction, But the True Story of a Struggle. Ed. Carrie Bruner. Oxford, OH: s.n., 1918.

Lee, William Mack, b. 1835. History of the Life of Rev. Wm. Mack Lee, Body Servant of General Robert E. Lee through the Civil War, Cook from 1861 to 1865; Still Living under the Protection of the Southern States. Norfolk, VA: Smith Printing, 1918.

Total autobiographies, 1910-1919: 12


1920-1929

Arter, Jared Maurice, b. 1850. Echoes from a Pioneer Life. Atlanta: A. B. Caldwell, 1922.

Singleton, William Henry, b. 1835. Recollections of My Slavery Days. Peekskill, NY: Highland Democrat, 1922.

Brown, Sterling Nelson, 1858-1929. My Own Life Story. Washington, DC: Hamilton, 1924.

Heard, William Henry, 1850-1937. From Slavery to the Bishopric in the A. M. E. Church: an Autobiography. Philadelphia: A. M. E. Book Concern, 1924.

Holley, James W. b. 1848. Life History of J. W. Holley; the Old Faithful Servant. Born and Reared a Slave. After Freedom Became a Worker in the Master's Vineyard. Columbus, Ohio: the Author, 1924.

Said, Omar ibn, b. 1770?-1863 or 4. "Autobiography of Omar ibn Said, Slave in North Carolina, 1831." Ed. John Franklin Jameson. From The American Historical Review 30 (1925), 787-795.

Ray, Emma J. Smith, b. 1859 and Lloyd P. Ray, b. 1860. Twice Sold, Twice Ransomed: Autobiography of Mr. and Mrs. L. P. Ray. Chicago: Free Methodist, 1926.

Anderson, Robert, 1843-1930. From Slavery to Affluence; Memoirs of Robert Anderson, Ex-slave. Ed. Daisy Anderson. Hemingford, NE: Hemingford Ledger, 1927.

Aleckson, Sam, 1852-1914. Before the War, and After the Union: An Autobiography. Boston: Gold Mind, 1929.

Branham, Levi, b. 1852. My Life and Travels. Dalton, GA: A. J. Showalter, 1929.

Total autobiographies, 1920-1929: 10


1930-1939

Jordan, Lewis Garnett, 1854?-1939. On Two Hemispheres: Bits from the Life Story of Lewis G. Jordan, as Told by Himself. s.l.: s.n., 1935.

Jackson, George Washington, 1860?-1940. A Brief History of the Life and Works of G. W. Jackson; Forty-Five Years Principal of the G. W. Jackson High School, Corsicana, Texas. Corsicana, TX: The Author, 1938.

Total autobiographies, 1930-1939: 2


1950-1959

Jefferson, Isaac, b. 1775. Memoirs of a Monticello Slave, As Dictated to Charles Campbell in the 1840's by Isaac, One of Thomas Jefferson's Slaves. Ed. Rayford W. Logan. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press for the Tracy W. McGregor Library, 1951.

Walker, Thomas Calhoun, 1862-1953. The Honey-Pod Tree: The Life Story of Thomas Calhoun Walker. Ed. Florence L. Lattimore. New York: John Day, 1958.

Total autobiographies, 1950-1959: 2


1960-1969

Montejo, Esteban, 1860-1973. The Autobiography of a Runaway Slave. Ed. Miguel Barnet; Trans. Jocasta Innes. New York: Pantheon, 1968.

Total autobiographies, 1960-1969: 1


1970-1979

Lynch, John Roy, 1847-1939. Reminiscences of an Active Life; the Autobiography of John Roy Lynch. Ed. John Hope Franklin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Crusade forJustice; the Autobiography of Ida B. Wells. Ed. Alfreda M. Duster. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Sadler, Robert, b. 1911. The Emancipation of Robert Sadler. Ed. Marie Chapian. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany Fellowship, 1975.

Knox, George L., 1841-1927. Life as I Remember It - As a Slave and Freeman. Indianapolis Freeman, December 22, 1894 - December 21, 1895. Rpt. George L. Knox. Slave and Freeman: The Autobiography of George L. Knox. Ed. Willard B. Gatewood, Jr. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1979.

Total autobiographies, 1970-1979: 4


1980-1989

Snowden, John Baptist, 1801-1885, Thomas Baptist Snowden, 1843-1918, and Houston Snowden. From Whence Cometh, 1767-1977. New York: Vantage, 1980.

Thomas, James, 1827-1913. From Tennessee Slave to St. Louis Entrepreneur: The Autobiography of James Thomas. Ed. Loren Schweninger. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.

Total autobiographies, 1980-1989: 2


1990-1999

Teamoh, George, 1818-1883?. God Made Man, Man Made the Slave. Ed. F. N. Boney, Richard L. Hume, and Rafia Zafar. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1990.

Parker, John P., 1827-1900. His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John P. Parker, Former Slave and Conductor on the Underground Railroad. Ed. Stuart Seely Sprague. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996.

McCline, John, 1852-1948. Slavery in the Clover Bottoms: John McCline's Narrative of His Life During Slavery and the Civil War. Ed. Jan Furman. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1998.

Total autobiographies, 1990-1999: 3

Total autobiographies, 1866-1999: 102

Total autobiographies, 1745-1999: 204