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Excerpt from Oral History Interview with Don West, January 22, 1975. Interview E-0016. Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) See Entire Interview >>

Trying to transform small labor movements into one larger movement

West explains that his goal to transform the small efforts of diverse groups into a broad movement found expression in Kentucky, where he directed the Kentucky Workers Alliance in the late 1930s.

Citing this Excerpt

Oral History Interview with Don West, January 22, 1975. Interview E-0016. Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) in the Southern Oral History Program Collection, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Full Text of the Excerpt

So you were working in the mines. Did you have some formal relationship with the United Mine Workers?
There weren't any United Mine Workers then, you see.
Well what was going on?
Practically nothing was going on. It was some of us who would like to get something going on. There was one man—I don't know whether I put a letter in that thing from Norman Link. Norman Link was a local coal miner, native Kentucky miner. He had been involved with the National Miners Union, see. Jim Garland was not active then, but Jim was there. And there were Silas Burge…. There were numbers of native Kentucky coal miners who wanted something to get going. And we were just trying to get something started. That was the end of 1934, after I left here, you see. There were little sprinklings of organization beginning among unemployed miners and unemployed people. The WPA was a thing that was to be. At Corbin. I don't remember what they called it. A bunch of unemployed people got organized at Corbin. And up at Lexington there was the Wage Earners Inc, an organization of unemployed and poor people. They incorporated themselves. Over at Paintsville was the Unemployed League. That was a Trotskyist sponsored thing. Trotskyite party. Arnold Johnson. He was the leader. He was with the Trotsky party with what's his name, this great peace fighter that died—A.J. Muste. Arnold had been with Muste and I knew Arnold very well then. He helped to get together the Unemployed League and in one or two places there was the unemployed council, the workers alliance. The workers alliance was SP. What was the CP? The unemployed council? I guess it was. And the league was the Trotsky group. And then there were several, like Wage Earners, Inc., that had no political orientation at all. No connection. In Corbin and over at Paducah and in Louisville. Lots of little spontaneous groups that got together. Our effort, all over the country but Kentucky illustrates the general thing, the effort was to get all these small beginnings together and form one big organization. Which we were able to do. And we had the workers alliance. As I say, it was a cooperatively led thing. SP, CP and what ever the Trotskyist group had. So it became the main organization. I gave you one of those little song books that had our demands. It sort of makes you smile to see how modest our demands were. That's a little song book we got out during that period. A vest pocket size song book. And the demands on the back page were just almost unbelievable, now. But we had none of that, you see. We had nothing.