Nakell describes how African Americans fit into his experiences with discrimination in Robeson County. Double voting, a pressing issue for Native Americans, did not affect African Americans as much as it did Native Americans, but widespread educational discrimination hurt both groups. Nakell believes that the need for low-wage labor created a need for an uneducated population willing to work for low wages. Attempts at political advocacy fell short, failing because white politicians managed to divide the Native American and African American electorate. Nakell describes an area where, at least in the mid-1970s, African Americans and Native Americans faced significant obstacles educationally and politically.