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Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Confederate Monument, Pittsboro

  • Type

    Common Soldier Statue

  • Subjects

    Removed Monuments

    Civil War, 1861-1865

  • Creator

    C. J. Hulin, Marble Works, Durham, NC, Builder

    W.H. Mullins Company, Salem, OH, Foundry

  • City

    Pittsboro

  • County

    Chatham

  • Description

    A Confederate soldier made of sheet copper stands erect atop a multi-block granite pedestal. The soldier is clad in a Confederate uniform, complete with slouch hat, and holds his rifle in front of him, its butt rusting on the ground. The monument is 27 feet tall.

    Images: The monument is taken down on November 20, 2019.

  • Inscription

    Front: TO THE CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS OF CHATHAM COUNTY / OUR CONFEDERATE HEROES

    Side: THIS MONUMENT IS THE GIFT OF THOSE WHO / RESERVE THE MEMORY OF THE CONFEDERATE / SOLDIER. ERECTED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE WINNIE / DAVIS CHAPTER OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE / CONFEDERACY. MRS. H.A. LONDON / PRESIDENT / AUG. 23 1907.

    Rear: CHATHAM FURNISHED 1900 / SOLDIERS TO THE CONFEDERACY / ABOUT 14-50 ENLISTED IN THE FOLL- / OWING COMPANIES ORGANIZED IN THIS / COUNTY / CO. I-32 REGIMENT / E 26 / G 26 / D 35 / E 44 / G 48 / D 61 / E 63 / G 63 / H 70 D 49 / ABOUT 450 SONS OF THE CHATHAM ENLISTED IN COMPANIES / ORGANIZED IN OTHER COUNTIES.

  • Custodian

    Chatham County

  • Dedication Date

    August 23, 1907

  • Decade

    1900s

  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.720510 , -79.177160 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Chatham County Confederate Monument," Waymarking.com, (accessed February 4, 2011) Link

      "[Old Court House, Chatham County]," in Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (P077), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (accessed May 14, 2013) Link

      Confederate Veteran 15 (1907), 504 Link

      Confederate Veteran, 17 (1909), p. 507. Link

      Banov, Jessica and Quillin, Martha. “Confederate Monument at Center of Protests in Chatham County Taken Down,” The News & Observer (Raleigh, NC), November 19, 2019, (accessed December 4, 2019) Link

      Butler, Douglas J. North Carolina Civil War Monuments, An Illustrated History, (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2013), 129-131

      Green, Jordan. “N.C. Ban on Removal of Confederate Monuments Is Challenged as Local Councils Continue to Bring Down Statues,” Washington Post (Washington, DC), November 29, 2019, (accessed December 4, 2019) Link

      Grubb, Tammy. "Rumors Bring Group to Aid of Pittsboro’s Confederate Monument," News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), newsobserver.com, August 18, 2017 Link

      Hanna, Jason and Sutton, Joe. “Another Confederate Monument Comes Down, This Time in North Carolina,” CNN, November 20, 2019, (accessed December 4, 2019) Link

      Jasper, Simone. “Another Confederate Monument Just Came down in North Carolina. How Many Are Left?” The Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, NC), November 20, 2019, (accessed December 4, 2019) Link

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Tenth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division, Held at Durham, N.C., October 10th, 11th and 12th 1906, (Newton, NC: Enterprise Job Print., 1907), 70-71, (accessed August 29, 2012) Link

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Twenty-Fifth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy North Carolina Division, Held at Winston-Salem, North Carolina, October 25, 26, 27, 1921 (Gastonia, N.C.: Brumley-Walters Printing Co.), 147, (accessed September 15, 2012) Link

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Twenty-Fifth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy North Carolina Division, Held at Winston-Salem, North Carolina, October 25, 26, 27, 1921 (Gastonia, N.C.: Brumley-Walters Printing Co., 1922), 145, (accessed September 15, 2012) Link

      United Daughters of the Confederacy, North Carolina Division. Minutes of the Twenty-Sixth Annual Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy North Carolina Division, Held at Wilmington, North Carolina, October 10, 11, 12, 13, 1922 Silver Anniversary (Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 1923), 141, (accessed September 15, 2012) Link

      Wahlers, Kasi. “North Carolina's Heritage Protection Act: Cementing Confederate Monuments in North Carolina's Landscape,” SSRN, (accessed December 13, 2019) Link

  • Public Site

    Yes

  • Materials & Techniques

    Mount Airy granite and stamped copper

  • Sponsors

    Winnie Davis Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy

  • Monument Cost

    $1,700

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    North Carolina Supreme Court Chief Justice Walter Clark was the orator and was introduced by Mr. Henry London. The statue was presented by Mrs. H. A. London and received by Lieutenant O. A. Hanner. Colonel John R. Lane served as Chief Marshall for the occasion.

  • Subject Notes

    Although the contract signed between C.J. Hulin and the Winnie C. Davis Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy specified a “bronze statue…of standard government bronze,” as delivered it was a “7 ft. statue, No 8678… in sheet copper, antique bronze finish,” manufactured by W.H. Mullins Company. It is almost identical to the statue in placed in Warren County in 1913 which was a model No. 8678-A. Stamped copper statues were inexpensive compared to bronze but often passed off as such. It was also not announced that these statues had been manufactured in a Northern factory.

  • Controversies

    In the early morning hours of November 20, 2019 this monument was removed from the Chatham County Courthouse grounds. The statue was one of several across North Carolina and the south that have come down in the aftermath of a white supremacy rally in Charlottesville, Virginia in August 2017, during which a counter-protestor, Heather Heyer, was killed by a white supremacist. Beginning in March 2019, protesters against and for removal of this statue began gathering in Pittsboro almost every Saturday. Over time the protests began to grow larger and more violent. As concerns for public safety grew and costs for protecting the statue and policing the protests mounted (upwards of $140,000), county officials voted to remove the monument. A lawsuit was then brought by the Winnie Davis Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) which contended that the monument was public property and removing it violated the 2015 North Carolina Heritage Protection Act. Chatham county’s response was that a 1907 license permitting the UDC to erect the statue at the courthouse stated that the monument would “remain in the care and keeping” of the group. As such, the county argued that it could lawfully terminate the license and declare the monument a public trespass. On November 13, 2019 North Carolina Superior Court Judge Susan Bray denied the United Daughters’ motion for a preliminary injunction to prevent the county from removing the monument. Judge Bray ruled that the organization failed to show that it was likely to win the case. Despite the statue removal, further litigation was expected.

  • Location

    As of December 2019, the statue was held in storage in Greensboro, NC. It was to remain there until the Winnie Davis Chapter, UDC find a place to display it.

  • Removed

    Yes

  • Former Locations

    The monument stood on a brick walkway that led into the front entrance of the Chatham Country Courthouse, at 40 E. Chatham St, Pittsboro, NC. It stood on the brick pathway leading to the entrance to the courthouse building.

  • Approval Process

    Mrs. Henry A. London wrote 1600 letters during a 3 ½ year period campaigning to get the statue.

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