Documenting the American South

Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    A Legacy of Community and Institutional Connections, Durham

  • Type


  • Subjects

    Historic African American Figures


  • Creator

    Leah Foushee, Sculptor

    Michael Waller, Sculptor

    Alvin Frega, Sculptor

  • City


  • County


  • Description

    This pedestrian-scale bronze sculpture is the sixth and final statue in a series of six monuments documenting “Black Wall Street” in Durham. The monument features a large bronze bell. The sculpture illustrates the ties between important programs in the community, such as the Boys and Girls Club and Durham Public Schools, to businesses on Parrish Street.

  • Inscription

    A Legacy of Community and Institutional Connections

    White Rock Baptist Church, St. Joseph A.M. E. Church, Stanford L. Warren Library, Lincoln Hospital, John Avery Boys and Girls Club, North Carolina College, Durham Public Schools are all connected historically to black businesses on Parrish Street as beneficiaries of leadership, vision, and means.

    Image of the plaque

  • Custodian

    The City of Durham

  • Dedication Date

    October 15, 2009

  • Decade


  • Geographic Coordinates

    35.994960 , -78.899060 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "Bell: A Legacy of Community and Institutional Connections," Main Street, Carolina: Historic Parrish Street, (accessed April 20, 2012) Link

      "Parrish Street Advocacy Group," City of Durham, (accessed April 20, 2012) Link

      “Durham Unveils Parrish Street Sculptures,” City of Durham, (accessed April 20, 2012) Link

  • Public Site


  • Materials & Techniques


  • Sponsors

    U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Funds granted with the assistance of Representative David E. Price.

  • Monument Cost


  • Nickname

    The Parrish Street Sculptures

  • Subject Notes

    Important institutions in the community are closely tied to the businesses that have thrived on Parrish Street. Some of those institutions are the Boys and Girls Club, Durham Public Schools, Lincoln Hospital (which provides a free clinic for those in the community who cannot afford health care), and many others. Without the support from businesses on Parrish Street, many of these civic institutions would not have had the financial backing necessary to succeed.

  • Location

    The sculpture sits on historic Parrish Street, which is better known as “Black Wall Street.” It is part of a series of six sculptures that each commemorates important pieces of Durham’s history.

  • Landscape

    This sculpture is in downtown Durham. There are a few trees close to the monument.

  • Post Dedication Use

    This monument, and the entire series of Parrish Street sculptures, is part of a larger revitalization effort by the city of Durham.

  • Approval Process

    With the help of Representative David E. Price, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development granted $350,000 to the City of Durham’s Office of Economic and Workforce Development for the Parrish Street Revitalization and Historic Commemoration Project.

  • Materials & Assembly Cost

    The entire Parrish Street monuments series cost $350,000.

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