Documenting the American South

Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina
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  • Monument Name

    Currituck County Confederate Monument, Currituck

  • Type


  • Subjects

    Civil War, 1861-1865

  • Creator

    Farrington, Gould & Hoaglund, New York, Architect

  • City


  • County


  • Description

    In contrast to the more typical Confederate monument in North Carolina depicting the Confederate Common Soldier, this monument presents the simplicity of a large polished sphere of red granite weighing 2,397 pounds. This simple, graceful orb is mounted on a bronze setting of scrolled acanthus leaves. The entire structure rests on a three-tier granite base.

  • Inscription

    On the bronze setting: 1861-1865

    On the granite base: TO OUR CONFEDERATE DEAD

  • Custodian

    Currituck County

  • Dedication Date

    Ground breaking: September 18, 1912. Bronze sub-base and granite sphere: 1923

  • Decade


  • Geographic Coordinates

    36.449830 , -76.015970 View in Geobrowsemap pin

  • Supporting Sources

      "A Monument of Shame," The Elizabeth City Independent (Elizabeth City, NC), January 12, 1923

      "Currituck County Courthouse. Confederate Recruiting Center," The Historical Marker Database,, (accessed September 6, 2017) Link

      "Veterans Meet Next Week," Elizabeth City Weekly Advance (Elizabeth City, NC), September 13, 1912

      Butler, Douglas J. North Carolina Civil War Monuments, An Illustrated History, (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2013), 108-111

      “Currituck County Courthouse in Currituck, North Carolina,”, (accessed May 17, 2023) Link

  • Public Site


  • Materials & Techniques

    Grey granite, pink granite, bronze

  • Sponsors

    Base from 1912: H.M. Shaw Camp, Confederate Veterans. Granite sphere and bronze sub-base placed in 1923: Joseph Palmer Knapp

  • Monument Cost

    The original planned cost was $1,650.

  • Monument Dedication and Unveiling

    The monument was installed and dedicated in two separate events separated by more than ten years. The installation and dedication of the cornerstone was planned for Wednesday, September 18, 1912 in conjunction with the local annual reunion of the H. M. Shaw Camp of Confederate veterans. A newspaper account of the planned activities reported that the festivities included an invitation for the D. H. Hill Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy to be present along with appropriate services, speeches, and exercises. A "basket picnic" was planned for the courthouse grounds, along with music and an address by Herbert Peele of Currituck. Additional speeches were to be given by Attorney A. M. Simmons, the Rev. A. A. Crater, and Dr. Julian D. Maynard to the glory of the monument, the South, and the bravey of Currituck County.

    The monument was completed in 1923 with the installation of the granite sphere.

  • Subject Notes

    The finished Confederate monument has an unusual construction history. The original design featured a Confederate soldier atop an obelisk, similar to many such monuments that adorn courthouse greens across the South. In 1912, Confederate veterans and Captain J. B. Lee proceeded with the installation of the granite base. However the fundraising stalled the construction. In November 1922, Joseph Palmer Knapp, a wealthy New York publisher and philanthropist, offered to improve and beautify the court house grounds and complete the Confederate monument. To underwrite the monument though, he demanded creative control and rejected the original plan of a tall shaft with a soldier statue. According to local Currituck lore he refused "to pay for a damn Rebel soldier." An editorial published in The Elizabeth City Independent around that time suggested that the offer of a Northerner and northern money to complete the monument was a disgrace to local patriotism and Confederate heritage. Knapp owned an estate on Mackay Island, just to the north of Currituck Island where he pursued his passion for conservation and fowl hunting. His philanthropy included donation of money toward the island's schools and he was among those credited with founding the conservation organization that became Duck's Unlimited.

    Bronze sub-base and granite sphere designed by Farrington, Gould & Hoaglund architectural firm in New York.

  • Controversies

    An editorial published in The Elizabeth City Independent around that time suggested that the offer of a Northerner and northern money to complete the monument was a disgrace to local patriotism and Confederate heritage.

  • Location

    The monument is located off Courthouse Road ((State Highway 1242) in Currituck, NC, near Caratoke Highway (State Highway 168), and within the historical and contemporary Currituck County administrative complex. The Currituck County WWI & WWII Memorial plaque is on the outside wall of the Old Currituck County Courthouse.

  • Landscape

    The monument stands just off the road on a brick walkway, in front of the historic Currituck County Jail.

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