THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
The James Sprunt Historical Publications
PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
The North Carolina Historical Society
J. G. DeROULHAC HAMILTON
HENRY McGILBERT WAGSTAFF
WILLIAM WHATLEY PIERSON, JR.
VOL. 16 No. 2
THE DIARY OF BARTLETT YANCEY
PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY
THE DIARY OF BERTLETT YANCEY
WILLIAM WHATLEY PIERSON, JR.
The following is the diary of a North
Carolina farmer, Bartlett Yancey
Malone, who fought during the American War of Secession from July,
1861, to November, 1863, when he was captured
and made prisoner. He
entered the Confederate Army at the age of twenty-three as a private
and rose to the rank of a sergeant, being a
member during his active
service of the 6th North Carolina Regiment. As he said, this regiment at
the time of his capture in battle on the
Rappahannock River belonged to
"General Hooks (Hoke) brigard Early Division
Ewels Corps Leas Armey." As his story shows, Malone
participated in most of the great battles
and campaigns in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. After his
capture, November 7, 1863, he was imprisoned at Point Lookout,
Maryland, where he remained until February 24th, 1865.
An inquiry as to the justification for the publication of this
document would be pertinent, for on a cursory reading it seems little
more than an extended weather report. Mr. Malone performed no
extraordinary feat of heroism, at least none such was recorded; he
participated with individual distinction in no political movement of
importance; he played no role which would cause historians to single
him out for particular notice. His diary is reproduced here as a document
of human interest which reveals, with much quaintness of expression,
the thoughts of a simple soldier of the ranks - the thoughts, it is to be
presumed, of a mass of men, which have oftentimes been inarticulate.
There is a frankness about this diary that conveys inevitably, I believe,
the conviction of sincerity. And there is a lack of emotion - as when in
remarking on an event which, we are told, caused the soldiers great
grief, the death of Stonewall Jackson, he merely said, "And General
Jackson died to-day, which is the 10th day of May" - an absence of
bitterness and of complaints which, considering the provocation of
circumstances, make the diary of almost as much interest because of
these omissions as because of what is included. Perhaps the most
conspicuously absent feature
is that of any statement of the Southern cause for which he was
fighting. Not only does the writer refrain from criticism of the
North, but he omits to tell why he is fighting for the South. He
assumes the Southern cause tacitly and of course. Mr. Malone
was chiefly concerned with his job of being a soldier and, as there
was no passion nor rancor in his story, there was likewise no
exaltation nor fervid declamation. He asserted no particular
knowledge of military events nor predicted the result of any
engagement. "What the result is to be is more than
I no." He did
not seem to have been especially elated by victory, and he was
certainly not demoralized by defeat - not even that of
Gettysburg. He committed himself on rare occasions to
expressions which manifested a confidence in the ultimate
outcome, as after a successful battle he said: "We whipt them like
we aulways do." He was unconsciously a brave man who took a
sober sort of joy in fighting. On one occasion, when alluding to a
battle of more than four hours in length, which began about three
o'clock in the afternoon, he remarked: "we had a wright nice time
of it from then on tell dark." There is no notice taken of the
horrors of war, of bloody scenes which he must have witnessed
on the battlefield; nor were there any complaints made of the
pains of the wounds he received. His attitude toward the enemy
was unemotional, almost indifferent. He sometimes referred to the
federal soldiers as "the Scamps," which, in view of the heated
controversies of the time, must certainly be regarded as a mild
term of reproach. It is true that he designated General Benjamin
F. Butler as the "Yankee beast," but that was an expression then
so current in the South as to be conventional so far as Butler was
concerned. Having done with these negative, though very
significant, aspects, it might be said that, judging from the diary,
Malone was chiefly thinking - possibly from a farmer's habit -
of the weather with its attendant pleasures and discomforts and
One persistent habit of Malone was to record the texts of
sermons which he heard, together with references to their biblical
sources. This practice, in addition to revealing some interesting
evidence as to the nature of Civil War sermons, will remind some
readers of the time when it was considered a cardinal sin to be
unable to quote and cite the preacher's text. Religion affected
him in this way not only, but it influenced his poetry.
That part of the diary which describes Malone's experience as
a prisoner at Point Lookout is, I think, an important and valuable
addition to the limited, first-hand material dealing with
Southerners in Northern prisons. It was when writing his
reflections on prison life that the first note of despair comes into
his journals. His criticism of the treatment of prisoners there may
be summarized under four heads: First, there was not food
enough. "Our rations at Point Lookout was 5 crackers and a cup
of coffee for Breakfast. And for dinner a small ration of meat 2
crackers three potatoes and a cup of soup. Sugar we have non."
Later he described the food supplied by saying, "Our Rations
gets no better we get half a loaf of bread a day a smal slice of
Pork or Beef or Sault Beef for Breakfast for dinner a cup of
Been Soup and Supper we get non." Coffee and sugar, which
last commodity had for a time been supplied, had been taken
away. At one time his friends caught, cooked and ate a rat.
Secondly, he wrote of the poor protection against the cold
afforded the prisoners. Many had to sleep on the ground with
only one blanket. "All the wood we get at Point Lookout is one
sholder tirn of pine brush every other day for a tent. 16 men to
every tent." He recorded that five men froze to death on one
night. Thirdly, he mentioned the frequent shooting of prisoners by
the guards for trivial reasons. At one time he states that a
prisoner was shot and killed by the guard "for no
Fourthly, he rather bitterly resented the placing of negroes as
guards over him.
It will seem strange to some that the writer of this diary
should have spelled General Lee's name, which undoubtedly was
very familiar to him, as "Lea." This spelling
of the famous name
may be explained by the fact, of which I have been informed, that
in Caswell County there were a number of people who spelled
their name "Lea," as, indeed, did an officer of Malone's
regiment. This and other orthographic curiosities must
be considered in the light of the fact that he was a graduate of
the "corn field and tobacco patch" university.
No serious editing has been undertaken. Outside of an
occasional attempt to indicate in some cases the accurate form of
certain proper names and places, the diary has been allowed to
stand without comment as written.
WILLIAM WHATLEY PIERSON, Jr.
Chapel Hill, N. C., March 25, 1919.
THE DIARY OF
BARTLETT YANCEY MALONE
Bartlett Y. Malone was
bornd and raised in North Carolina
Caswell County in the Year of our Lord 1838. And was
Gradguated in the corn field and tobacco patch: And inlisted in
the war June the 18th 1861. And was a member of the Caswell
Boys Company which was comanded by Captian Michel (A. A.
Mitchell): And was attached to the 6th N. C. Regiment the 9th
day of July '61 which was comanded by Colonel Fisher who got
kild in the first Manassas Battel which was July 21, 1861. And
then was comanded by Colonel W. D. Pender untell the Seven
Pines fight which was fought the 30th day of May
Colonel W. D. Pender was promoted to Brigadier General. And
then Captain I. E. Avry (Avery) of Co. E was promoted to
Lieutenant Colonel who was in comand untell about the 10th of
October when he was promoted to Colonel and still staid in
comand untell the 2th day of July 1863 which was the day the fite
was at Gettysburg whar he was kild. And then Lieut: Colonel
Webb taken comand.
Look hear Mr. Johnston did you ever go to Scolidge
I dont no: I guess you mean coledg dont you, Bans:
Yes, that what I said Scoledg:
Oh go way from hear negro you dont no what you ar a talken about
Yes I do dat just what I said.
purposes will ripen fast
bud may have a bitter taste
sweet will be the flower
For a history of the Sixth Regiment, see Clark (editor),
North Carolina Regiments, 1861 -
1865, Vol. I (1901).
your days be days of pleasure
your nites be nites of rest
you obtain lifes sweetest pleasure
then be numbered with the blest.
ere you rome
ere your lot
all I ask
me when I am gon
friend remember me
when you bow befour the throne
then remember me.
are a charming little dandy
than the sweetest candy.
is very clear
not half so sweet
you my dear
day amidst the plas
Jesus is within
better than ten thousen days
pleasure and of Sin
for grace our hearts to soften
us Lord at length to love
alas forget too often
a friend we have above.
I like of being a Whale
a water Spout and a tail.
A certen cewer for the
Toothack if the tooth is hollow take a
pease of the scale that is on a horses leg and put it in
the hollow of the tooth
It is a serten cewer so sais J. H. Lyon.
B. Y. M.
B. Y. MALONE'S MEMORANDUM
FOR THE YEAR 1862
The first day of January was a beautyfull day
And William Hester died the last day of Dec. 1861
The 2 day was a beautyfull one and nothing happend of eney
interest that day.
The 3 day was also a pritty day.
The 4 day we had a right smart snow and Mr. Compton is at
our camp to day on a visit.
The 5th which is the Sabath and ther is a right smart ice on
the ground to day And Bethel is a cooking I. H. Jonstons big
turkey for dinner.
The 6th day was a very coal one indeed and the snow is
about a half of a inch deep on the ground to day and Mr. I. T.
Compton left our camp to day for home.
The 7th day I was on gard and it was a very coal day.
The 8th day was also coal and me and Bethel washed our
close to day.
The 9th day was a beautyfull And Mr. Thomas Martin arived
at our camp today on a visit.
The 10 day was cloudy but not much rain And I wrote a
letter to S. F. Compton today.
The 11 day was a very pritty day over head but powerfull
muddy under foot. And nothing happend to day worth a naming.
The 12 day which is the Sabath and it is a beautifull
sunshiney day And me and Young eat our big oposam today for
dinner and indeed it was sum good.
The 13 was a very nice day indeed.
The 14 day the snow was about shoe mouth deep And Mr.
Clover and Young and Joshua and my self went a rabbit hunting
and caught one squirl And indeed we saw a heep of fun that day.
The 15 day was a very bad day it raind all day and freezed
as it fell and at night there was about as much ice on the treese
as I ever saw in my life.
The 16 day was a wright warm day and the snow nearley all
melted off of the ground by night
The 17 day was very cool and cloudy
The 18 day was sloppy day And I hird today that peas was
made between the North and South and I hird that our men sunk
a vessel down on the Potomac last night But indeed I dont
beleave a word of it.
The 19 day was a raney one and our Company was on picket
gard at Greenwood Church which is in about 9 miles from
Pocoquan And Mr. I. F. Richmond arived at our camp to day on
The 20 day and it is still araning and nothing happend today of
The 21 is cloudy and a raning And I am on gard today at the
The 22 was cloudy but no rain
The 23 was cloudy and cool but no rain And thir was hevy
canonading down on the Potomac to day
The 24 was cool and cloudy in the morning and in the eavning
it was a snowing And Mr. Oliver and Young went to
Dumpfreese to day for witnesses for Mr. B. Murphey.
The 25 was a very cool day and Young went back to
Dumfrieze to day again for witnes for B. Murphey.
The 26 which was the Sabath was a beautyfull day indeed
The 27 was a warm sunshiney day and we all went out on
drill to day for the first time in too months And the Colonel
praysed ous all and said that he was glad that we had not
forgoten how to drill
The 28th day was cloudy in the morning and clear in the
eavning And I hope the Lieutenants get sum logs today to put a
flower (floor) in his hous
The 29 was a very pritty warm day, but after night it
comenced raning And I was on gard to day And my post was
right befour the Colonels house door.
The 30 day was a raney day and nothing happend to day
onley me and Marshal Walker was a playing and I hurt my
face with a fence rail
The 31 day was cloudy but not much rain And nothing
happend today worth a menshionen.
B. Y. MALONE.
The Month of February 1862
The first day of February was a raney day indeed And
nothing happened to day of eney interest
The 2 day which was the Sabath was a very warm day
The 3 day was a very bad day it snowed all day long and at
night the snow was about six inches deep
The 4 day was a very nice day over head and the snow
melted very fast all day, and we boys saw a heep of fun that day
a snow bawling
The 5 day was a very warm sunshiney day and the snow was
nearly all melted off of the ground by night And nothing happend
to day worth a namen
The 6 day was a very raney one And Lieutenant Lea and
Sergeant Couvington and H. Rudd and Mr. Balden all started
home to day as recruiting officers.
The 7 day was cold and cloudy And I was on gard to day
The 8 day was very cool And Lieutenant Lea was promoted
to Captian And Sergeant Olover promoted to Second Lieutenant
to day And Nat Hester promoted to fourth Corporal
The 9 day which was the Sabath was a very pritty day And
Thomas Grinsted dide to day he was a private in Captian Leas
The 10 day was clear but cool And we went out on drill
today for the first time in severl weeks.
The 11 day was a very cool day And me and Cousin
Anderson went down to the fourth Alabama Reg in a visit.
The 12 day was a very pritty day indeed and I went to
Dumfrieze today and then returned home
The 13th day was a pritty warm sunshiney day And we went
on drill twist that day.
The 14th day a wright coal day.
The 15 day was a very bad day indeed it snowed all day
long and at night the snow was about 3 inches deep on the
The 16 day was a clear day and the snow melted a little And
Mr. Luther Rudd dide to day about 8 oclock in the morning
The 17 day was a very bad day it rained all day and friezed
as it fell.
The 18 day was cloudy but warm and the ice melted off and I
was on gard that day
The 19 day was a very raney day indeed And Mr. I. R.
Hester And Calvin Snipes arived at our camp today on a visit
The 20 day was a beautifull day it looked like the spring of
the year and Mr. I. R. Moore left our camps today to go home
on a furlough
The 21 day was cool and cloudy And ther was a wright smart
excitement in camp today It was repoted that the Yankees was
a landing at Colchester
The 22 day was cloudy and it rained a little in the morning
And Mr. I. R. Hester and N. Snips left our camp today for home
The 23 day was cloudy but not much rain
The 24 day was clear and very windey indeed
The 25 day was clear and cool And A. I. Brincefield started
home today on a sick furlough
The 26 day was cloudy but not much rain
The 27 day was clear and Brother Albert arrived at our
camps today on a visit
The 28 day was clear but very windey and cool And ther was
a wright smart stir in camps today for we had orders to pack our
knapsacks and to be ready to march at a moments warning but
wher we was to go too we did not no. Spring is
B. Y. MALONE.
The Month of March 1862
The 1 day of March was clear and very cool And I was on
gard in the day but being unwell I got excused from standing
The 2 day it snowed tell the snow was about 2 inches on the
The 3 day was cloudy and rained nearley all day
The 4 day was clear and cool and our company was on
picket gard today at Greenwood Chirch
The 5 day was cloudy but no rain And Brother Albert left our
camps today for home
The 6 day clear in the morning and cloudy in the eavning And
snowed o little And we had orders today from General Whiten
(W. H. Whiting) to drill twist every day hear after
The 7 day was clear but very cool and we have orders to
cook too days rations and be ready to march in the morning but
where we are agoing is more than I no
The 8 day of March was cloudy and cool And our Regiment
left camp Fisher today for Camp Barton
The 9 day was clear and warm And we marched about 15
miles to day on toward Camp Barton
The 10 day was cloudy and raining in the morning but no rain
in the eavning And we arrived at camp Barton about 3 oclock in
the eavning which is about 2 miles west of Frederksburg
The 11 day was a beautyfull warm sunshiney day and we
cleaned our streets and struck our tents today
The 12 day was a beautyfull spring day and nothing occurd of
The 13 day was warm and clear
The 14 day was warm and cloudy but no rain And I was on
gard at Camp Barton for the first time.
The 15 day was a very raney day indeed
The 16 day which was the Sabath was cloudy but no rain
And our recruits got in today and the number of them was 45
The 17 day was cool and cloudy but no rain and I hurd today
that we had to march back to Richmond
The 18 day was clear and warm And Lieutenant Colonel
Lightfoot of the 6th N. C. S. T. was promoted to Colonel of the
5th Alabama Regt today
The 19 day was cloudy and cool
The 20 day was raney and very cool indeed
The 21 day cloudy and cool but no rain
The 22 day cloudy and sum rain And I was on gard and the
counter sign was York Town
The 23 day which was the Sabath was a beautyfull spring day
and I went to Frederksburg to preaching And the preachers text
was in St. John 3 chap and 18 virse
The 23 day cool and cloudy
The 24 cool and cloudy
The 25 was a beautyfull day
The 26 was also a nice day
The 27 warm and clear
The 28 was a beautyfull spring day and we have orders this
eavning to cook 3 days rashers And I hird severl cannons fyering
this eavning but what is to be the result is more than I no
The 29 day it raind and haild and snowed and sleated and
friezed and done a little of all that was bad And me and James
Colmond went to Fredreksburg and went down to the landing and
went in a steam boat for the first one we ever was in
The 30 day which was the Sabath was cool and raney
The 31 day was a beautyfull day and I was on gard and my
post was befour the gard house door so nothing more.
B. Y. MALONE
The Month of April 1862
The 6 day of April which was the Sabath was a beautyfull
spring day And I went to Fredericksburg to meating and the
Preachers text was in the first Book of Kings 18 chapter and 21
The 7 day was a pritty one
The 8 day was cool and raney And our Regiment left Camp
Barton in the morning and marched on toward Richmond threw
the wind and water and waded the creaks as they went
The 9 was still cool and raney and we continued our march
And about 3 o'clock in the eavning as we was marching threw a
little Town cauld Balden Green it comenced halen and raining on
ous very hard And then it was about 3 miles to the Depot
wher we was to take the cars And we all got very wet befour we
got ther And then about sundown we got in sum old horse cars
and was run to Ashland which was about 22 miles And when we
got ther I was wet and nearly frosen And I was on gard and they
put me on post wright away and I had to stand 2 hours And it
was a snowing a little while I was a standing
The 10 day was cool and cloudy in the morning but cleerd off
about twelve and we stade in Town all day
The 11 day was a pritty clear day and we stade in Town
untell eavning And in the eavning we went out in the woods
about a mile from Town and struck our tents for the night
The 12 day was a very pritty one
The 13 day was also a nice one And William Jeffrus of our
Company dide this morning And we had a Preacher to preach in
our camp today and his text was in the Second Book of Kings 6
chapter and 15 and 16 and 17 virses.
The 14 of April was a very pritty day And our Regiment left
Ashland for Yolktown (Yorktown) And our rought was down by
The Second day we still continued our march And also the 3
and fourth we marched And the 5 day we marched and past
threw the town of Williamsburg about 9 o'clock in the morning
And about an hour before the sun set we arrived at General
Johnston Headquarters which is in about a mile of Yolktown
wher we stopt to wait for the Battle.
The 29 day of April was a beautyful day And Calvin Snips
got back today from home And the Reverant Mr. Stewart from
Alexander preached in our camp this eavning and his text was
this: I am the Lord of Host:
The Month of May
The 2 day of May was a beautyful one And we had orders to
leave Yorktown And soon in the morning the wagons was loded
and everything sent off but our knapsacks and about 12 o'clock
the Artillery was all plast (placed) in a line of battle acrost the
field and about dark we was all marched out behind it and
Colonel Pender told ous that they expected a large fight
the next day and we lade ther in the field all night with our guns
by our side And next morning we marched out in the woods And
we stade ther untell about 2 o'clock in the night And then we was
rousted up and marched about a half a mile and then for sume
cause we was stopt and sent back And then about daybreak we
started again and taken the same road back that we come down
And about 12 oclock we got to Williamsburg and we onley went
about 4 miles futher tell we stopt to stay all night And about 4
oclock in the eavning the Yankees Calvery overtaken ours clost
to Williamsburg and we had a little brush but our men whips thirs
and we onley lost one kild and 3 or 4 wounded And we kild 9 of
thirs and wounded severl and taken 10 horses And the 5 day was
a very raney one indeed and we was rousted up about 2 oclock in
the night and marched all day threw the mud and water and at
night we arived in about 2 miles of West Point
The 6 day we stade in camp untell about one oclock And it
was reported that the Yankees was alanding down at West Point
and we was all run out in a file and plast in a line of battel
expecting a fight but did not and about dark we marched back to
our camp and about 8 oclock in the night we marched about a
mile to another plase for sum cause and then stade thar all night
And the next morning which was the 8 was a beautyful one and
the Yankees was alanding at West Point and about 8 o'clock we
was marched down to the intended battle field And from that
time untell 12 oclock we was a scurmishing and a running from
one place to another hunting the scamps And in the eavning we
marched back in the woods and stade thar untell about 12 oclock
in the night And then marched about a mile futher back And stad
thar all night And then as soon as day broke we started on our
march again And about 3 oclock in the eavning we got to West
Point coathouse whar we found General Johnston and all of his
men And then we marched about 2 miles futher and stop for the
And the 9 day we rested untell about 12 oclock and then
started out on our march again and befour we had gone a mile
we hird that our Cavalry was attacked by the Yankees And
then we had to stop and wate a while but we whipt them like we
aulways do And then we marched on but dident git but 3 miles
that day And the 10 day we dident march but about a mile for we
was expecting the Scamps to attack us but they did not
The 11 day which was the second Sunday in May was a
beautyfull day indeed And we rested all day And the Reverant
Mr. Stewart from Alexander preached to us again today
The 12 day we still stade in camp and Mr. Fossett preached
for us today. And his text was in the first of Timothy 2 chapter
and 8 virse
The 13 day was clear and warm
The 14 cloudy and a raining
The 15 raney And we left Camp. Road today about 12 oclock
and marched on toward Richmond
And the 16 we marched
And the 17 we got to our camp clost to Richmond
The 26 day of May was a nice one but about 12 oclock in the
night it comenced raining very hard And about 1 oclock we was
rousted up and did expect to attack the Yankees about day but it
rained so hard we did not go
And the 27 day it rained till about 10 oclock and then cleard
off And about 3 oclock in the eavning the fight comenced down
about Hanover Coathouse we surposed but we was not cauld out
And I was promoted today to fourth Corporel
The 28 day was clear and about a hour befour the sun set we
left our camp And march all night down toward Hanover
Coathouse And we past in about three hundred yards of the
Yankeys pickets And then we stopt and rested about 3 hours
And about 8 oclock the next day we started back and went about
5 or 6 miles and stopt for the night
And the next day we went back in about a mile and a half of
Richmond and staid thar all night
And the next morning which was the 30 we left and marched
down toward Chickahominy And about three oclock in the
eavning we was led in to the Battel field by Colonel Pender And
we had a wright nice time of it from then tell dark
And the next morning which was the first day of June the
fight comenced a little before the sun rose And we was plast
(placed) in a line of Battel And was expecting to go in to it evry
minuet but we staid there all day and was not cauld on; General
Longstreet divishion don the most of the fighting on Sunday And
from that time till the 11th we stade in the Swamp down on
And the 11 day we left Chickahominy And went to Richmond
and taken the cars and went to the Junction that night
And the next morning we left thar And about a hour befour
the sun set we arived at Linchburg
And the 12 day we stade at Linchburg
And the 13 day we got on the cars about dark and the next
morning we found our relief at Sharlottsvill (Charlottesville)
which was about 75 miles from Linchburg And we chainged cars
at that plase And the 14 day we traveld threw the Mountins And
about too hours befour the sun set we got to the little town cauld
Staunton And we stade ther tell the 18 And the 18 which was
just twelve months from the time I taken the oath we left
Staunton And marched about 15 miles wright back the railroad
the way we came down And stade all night at a little town cauld
Wainsborough (Waynesboro) clost to the Turnel
And the next morning we croust over the Blew ridg and
marched to Mitchiners River And staid thar all night And the
next morning which was the 20 we taken the cars at Mitchiners
River and road up to Sharlottsvill And then taken a railroad thar
that went to Gordnesvill And we got to Gordnesvill about 2
oclock in the eavning and we taken the Richmond Railroad thar
And road about 25 miles toward Richmond at a station cauld
Frederickshall And thar we got off
The 21 we stade at Frederickshall
And also the 22 we stade thar
And the 23 we started out again on our march and marched
all day long threw the hot sun and dust for it was very hot and
dusty the 23 but it raind that night.
And the next day (which was the 24) we still continued our
rout and when we stopt for night we was in 6 miles of Ashland
And the 25 we travield all day long and at night we campt a
mile west of Ashland
And the 26 we travield sloley down the Chickahominy River
driving in the pickets as we went
And the 27 we still went on and about 3 oclock in the eavning
we come up with the main body of the Yankees (at Cold Harbor)
and attacked them And from that time untell dark we had a
wright warm time of it But we whipt them And in our company
A. Burk was kild and A. Tucker and Page was slitley wounded
And the 28 we marched about a mile the other side of the
battle field and stade thar all day,
And the 29 we stade at the same place And about 2 oclock in
the eavning we had orders to fall in to march but we did not go
And as we was stacking our armes again one of Captain Tates
men shot another one threw the thigh but it was don axidentley
And the 30 we was rousted up about too oclock in the night
and about day break we started out again And cross the
Chickahominy River and marched untell we came to the York
river Railroad 8 miles below Richmond And then we taken down
the Railroad and about 2 hours befour sunset we come to a little
creak whar the Yankees had burnt the bridg And left sum of thir
peases thar to bumb us so we couldent build the bridge untell they
could get thir armey futher along, And we never got the bridge
built untell next morning about a half of a hour by sun
The Month of July 1862 (Also August to
And the next morning whitch was the first day of July just
twelve months from the time I left home we crost over and
about 10 oclock we overtaken the scamps again And they
comenced throwing bumbs amung us And we amung them And
thar was a very heavey canonading cept up all day And a little
befour night the pickets comenced fyring And from that time
untell about a hour in the night thar was very hard fiting don
indeed And a great meney kild and wounded on
boath sids in our company M. Miles L. Smith, B. Murphey, I.
Calmond, G. Lyons And my self was all hurt
And the next day which was the second was a very rany day
indeed And our Regiment moved back in the woods a peas and
stade thar all day
And the next day we marched back about three miles
toward Richmond and stopt for the night
And the 4 day we marched down on James River about 25
miles from Richmond
And the 5 we stade at the same plase untell sun down And
then our Regiment had to go on picket And we marched down in
about a mile of the Yankees and sent out our detail
And also the 6 day we was on picket at the same plase
And the 7 day we was releaved about twelve oclock And
then we marched back about a mile in the woods
And the 8 we stade thar untell about 4 oclock in the eavning
And then we started out for Richmond And we marched untell
about 10 oclock in the night and we got as far as White Oak
Swamp which was about 10 miles from the plase whar we
And the 9 day we started again about 4 oclock and we got in
about 3 miles of Richmond And then we moved up in about a
mile and a half of Richmond and taken up camp and the 11 we
got sum flages and put them up And Mr. I. H. Compton arrived
at our camp today on a viset
And the 12 day we still stade in camp And also the 13 we
stade in camp and Mr. I. H. Compton left our camps today for
home for him. And we still staid at Richmond untell the 7 of
August And then we left thar And marched about four miles
toward Ashland And when we stopt it was dark And then our
company had to go about 5 1/2 miles futher to stand picket and it
was 12 oclock in the knight when we got to the plase whar we
was to stand:
And the next morning we was releived and we had to go
back to our Regiment again:
And the 9 day we started out again about four oclock in the
eavning and marched untell about one oclock in the knight
And when we stopt we was about thre miles beyond Ashland
which was about 15 miles from the plase whar we started from
And the 10 day we started again about 4 oclock and we went
as far as Hanover Junction which was about 6 miles
And the 11 day we started in the morning and marched about
5 miles down clost to a little river and stopt again to take up
And the 14 day our Regt left thar and marched up toward
Gordensvill And I was not able to go with them so they excused
me and started me back to the Hospital clost to Richmond And
we had to walk to Hanover Junction which was about 4 miles
And we had to stay thar all next day for we could not get eny
cars to tak us eney futher
And the 16 day we got on the cars about 8 oclock and got to
the Hospital about 11 And then I staid at the Hospital untell the 2
day of September And then I taken the cars at Richmond and
got as far as Gordensvill the first day
And the 3 day we rode on the cars as far as Rapadan River
and Bridg was burnt thar and then we had to walk from thar to
our Regiment And it was 115 miles to Winchester And 35 from
thar to the Reg. but we left Rapadan the 4 day and walked up
the railroad to Culpeper Coathouse which was 12 miles from
And the 5 day we taken the turnpike road and marched as far
as Warrenton Springs which was 18 miles from Culpeper
And the 6 day we got to Warrenton about 12 oclock which
was 7 miles from Warrenton Springs And by nite we got to a
littel Town by the name of Baultimore And it was 5 miles from
And the 7 day we got to a littel town by the name of
Haymarket about 12 oclock And we dident get but about 4 miles
futher that day for we had to stop to get sompthing to eat
And the 8 day we got as far as Aldie and it was about 15
miles from Haymarket
And the 9 day we got to Leasburg and it was about 12 miles
And the 10 day we past threw a littel town by the name of
Hamelton and it was about 5 miles west of Leasburg And the 11
day we got to Snigerville about nite and it was 10 miles from
And the 12 day we crost over the Blew ridge in the morning
and about 10 oclock we crost Shandal River and it was about 4
miles from Snigersville And by nite we got to Berrysville and it
was 5 1/2 miles from Shanandoah
And the 13 day we got to Windchester and it was about 10
miles from Berryville
And then we stade at Windchester untell the 16 and then we
started to Harpersferry and we got as far as Berryville the first
day and then taken the left hand road and got as far as
Charlestown the 17 day
And the 18 day we crost the Potomac at Shepards town
about nite and it was 24 miles from Berryville
And the 19 day we crost back again and got as far as
Charlestown by night and the 20 day we got to Berryville
And the 21 we travaild untell we got in 4 miles of
Windchester and then taken the wright hand road to go to
Martinsburg and we past by the Burnt Factory and got as far
as Jordons Sulphur Springs by night.
And the 22 day we got to a littel town by the name of
Bucktown and the 23 day we got to our Reg. and it was clost
to Martinsburg and Martinsburg was about 22 miles from
And then the 27 the Regiment left thar and marched in five
miles of Windchester
The 22 of October was cool and very windy indeed and the
23 was clear and cool and we had a General revew
And the 24 we left our old camp and marched about a mile
near to Windchester to pease of woods and taken camps in them
And the 28 we left thar for Culpeper and got as far as
Shanadoah River the first day
And the 30 day the fields was white with froust and about
sun up we waded the River at Front Royal and by night we got
as far as a littel town by the name of Flint Hill
And the 31 day we marched all day and got in five miles of
Culpeper by nite
And the first day of November we got to Culpeper
And the second day which was the sabath I went to meating
at Culpeper And the preachers text was in St: John 16 chapter
18.104.22.168 and 11 virses
And the 3 day we marched over to the old battel field at
Sedar Run which was about 3 miles from Culpeper and stopt
again for camp
And the 7 day it snowed
And the 8 day the Second and 11 Myssissippians left our
Bregaid and the 54 and 57 N. C. taken thir plases
And the 9 day was a very cool day
And the 10 day was a pritty one indeed and thar was a very
hevy canonading cept up all day sum whar between Culpeper
and Windchester and we had orders to cook rashions and
expected to be cauld on evry minnet but was not
And the 18 day we left Culpeper for Fredericks and the first
day we was as far as Rapidan River by nite and we marched all
day threw the rain and mud the 20 and also the 21 and the 22 we
got to Fredericks about 12 o'clock
And the 5 day of December it raind all day and about night it
comenced snowing and snowed untell it was about a inch and a
half deep on the ground And the 6 day and 7 was very cool
And the 11 day the too signerl guns was fyerd just befour day
and we was run out in a line of battel and kept so all day and the
Yankees crost over the River that day
And the 12 day we was marched around to the left of our
armey and was expecting to have to fight every minnet but did
not for thar was no fiting don except the pickets and canonading
And the 13 we was marched back to the wright and laid in a
line of battel all day under the Yankees shells but non of ous got
And that nite we was sent to the front on picket and laid clost
to the enemey all nite and went marching about day we
comenced fyring at them and cept it up all day and there was
about 15 kild and wounded in our Regt: but non kild in our
Company, B. Richmond and P. S. Donahan was slightly wounded
and that nite we marched back in the woods And we staid thar
all day the next day and at nite we had to bild ous sum brest
And the next morning which was the 16 General Hood came
riding up and said well Boys you all did such great works hear
last nite that you scard the Yankees on the other side of the river
but we staid thar all day
And the next morning which was the 17 we marched back to
our old camps
And the 24 day was cool and cloudy and it was wash day
And the 25 which was Christmas morning was foggy but soon
cleard off and was a pritty day but I dident have nothing to drink
nor no young ladies to talk too so I seen but little fun
And the 26 was a warm cloudy day and me and M. Walker
went to the depot
And the 27 we and Lewis Smith went back to the Depot and
after nite I went to the show to see the Monkey.
And the 28 day was clear and warm and Preacher Miller of
Company C. preached for ous in the evening and his text was in
126 Psalms and third virse the Text was this The Lord hath done
great things for us: Whereof we are glad:
And the 29 day was a prity warm sunshiney day And I was
on divishion gard at General Hoods headquarters
And the 30 day was warm and cloudy but no rain
And the 31 day which was the last day of 1862 was cool and
cloudy and our Regiment had muster inspection in the day and at
nite our Company had to go on picket gard down the bank of the
Rapahanok River whar we was in about a hundred yards of the
Yankees pickets they was on one side of the river and we was
on the other we was in talken distence but our officer would not
alow ous to talk they would cum down on the bank and hollow to
ous and say if we would bring the boat over that they would
come over on our side and have a talk. So that was the last of
our works for the year 1862.
BARTLETT Y. MALONE
Co. H. 6th N. C. Regiment
THIS IS FOR THE YEAR 1863
The Month of January
The first day of January was a pritty day and our Company
was on picket down on the Rapahanock River about a mile and a
half below Fredericksburg Va.
And the 2 day was also a nice one
And also the 3 was a pritty day
And the 4 day was a pritty warm day and we all was on
Bregaid inspection the 4th.
And the 5 day was warm and looked like the spring of the
year and we was all on Bregaid Drill the 5 day down on the old
And the 6 day was cloudy and raind a littel
And the 7 day was clear and cool and we all was in General
And the 8 day was cloudy and cool
And the 9 day was clear and cool and we all was on
Divishion revew again General Hood was our revewing Officer
And the 10 day was cloudy and raind all day long
And the 11 was cloudy and cool
And the 12 day was a pritty day
And also the 13
And the 14 was warm and cloudy and we built a chimly to
our tent today
And the 15 day was warm but very winday and R. H. Wells
started home this morning on a furlogh
And the 16 day was a very pritty warm day and we had
orders to cook too days rations we was expecting the Yankees to
cross the River again but they did not
And the 17 day was clear but very col indedd:
And the 18 was cool
And the 19 was warm and I was on gard
And the 20 was cloudy and cool
And the 21 was a very cool and raney day,
And also the 22 day was raney and very cool.
And the 23 day was cloudy in the morning and cleared off
warm about an hour befour the sun set
And the 24 day was warm and cloudy and the old Bludy 6th
and 54 and 56 N. C. Regt was transferrd from the old 3 bregaid
which was comanded by General Law (E. M. Law) to the 7
Bregaid which was comanded by General Holk (R. F. Hoke).
And the 25 day was cloudy and raind a littel in the morning
about 12 olclock and we got to General Holk (Hoke) Bregaid
about 11 oclock which was 15 miles from General Lows (Law's)
Bregaid whar we started from:
And the 26 day was warm and cloudy
And the 27 was a very raney day indeed
And when I got up the morning of the 28 it was a snowing
and it snowed all day long
And the 29 day was clear and cool and the snow was about
10 inches deep on the ground
And the 30th was clear and cool
And the 31 was pritty and Mr. Mitchel Johnston and Mr. John
Evans arrived at our camp today on a visit.
The Month of February 1863
The first day of February which was the Sabath was a pritty
And the 2 day was cloudy and raind in the morning but clear
and very windy in the eavning
And the 4 day was cloudy cool and windy
And the 5 day it Snowed in the morning and raind in the
And the 6 day was raney
And the 7 clear and warm
And the 8 day which was the Sabath was a beautyfull spring
And the 9 was also prity and
And the 10th day was snowing and also the 11 was
And the 12th was a pretty warm day.
The the 13 was clear and cool.
And the 14th was cool and clear.
And the 15 was warm
And the 16 was warm and clear
And the 17 was a snowey day and we all had to go on picket
down at Port Royal.
And the 18th it raind all day long and the snow nearly all
melted of by nite and we still stade on picket
And the 19th was cloudy but no rain and we returned to our
And the 20 was warm and clear
The 21 was warm and clear
The 22 was a very bad day it snowed and the wind blew all
day and at nite the snow was about a foot deep.
And the 23 day was warm and clear but the snow dident
melt no great deal
And the 24 was warm and General Stokes Bregaid and
General Lautons (Lawton?) had a snow ballen
And the 25 was a warm sunshiney day
And the 26 was a raney day and nearley all of the snow was
gone by nite.
And the 27 was warm and cloudy and our Brass Ban got
back from Richmond.
And the 28 which was the last day of February was coal and
cloudy. And Mr. Portland Baley of Company D. 6th Regiment
N. C. Troops was shot to death to day at 2 oclock with
Now the dark days of winter is gon And the bright days of
Spring is come.
B. Y. MALONE.
The Month of March.
The first day of March was coal and raney in the morning
and in the eavning it was clear and very windy And the 2 day
was a beautyfull Spring day.
And the 3 day was a beautyfull one and our Regiment left the
old camp clost to Port Royal and marched back clost to
Fredericksburg and taken camp again clos to the one we left
The 16 day of March was cloudy and coal And Mr. Stons
in Co. F. 57 N. C. Regiment was shot to death to day with
The 17th of March the Yanks crossed the Raphanock River
at Keleys foad and our calvry whipt them back.
And the 20 was cloudy in the morning and snowed a littel in
the eavning and Mr. I. H. Compton arived at our camp today on
a visit And the 21 it Snowed untell it was about 3 inches deep on
And the 22 the snow all melted off And Mr. Compton and
Johnston left camp today for home.
The last day of March the Snow was about 3 inches deep on
The Month of April (May and June)
The 4 day April was cloudy and coal in the day and after nite
it comenced Snowing And the morning of the 5 the Snow was
about 3 inches deep on the ground and five companys of our
Regt had to go on picket down on the Raphanock River
And the 6 day was clear and warm and the snow nearly all
melted of by nite and we still staid on picket and the 7 day we
retired to our camps.
The 18 day which was the Sabath was a beautyfull Spring
day and General Jacksons preacher preached in our camps and
his text was in Hebrews 3 chapter and part of the 7 and 8 virses
the words was this: To day if ye will hear his voice harden not
The 23 day was raney and we had orders about nite to cook
too days rations thar was sum few Yankees crossed over the
river at Port Royal and taken a wagon or too from our men but
they soon went back and our Regt dident have to leave the camp
The 26 day of April which was the Sabath was a beautyfull
day And I went to meating at General Jackson Headquarters
And the Preacher taken part of the 16th chapter of Luke
commencen at the 18 virse for the foundation of what remarks
he made And in the eavning we had preachen in our Regiment
from a preacher in the 18th Virginia Regiment. And his text
was in Proverbs 18th chapter and the later clause of the 24th virse
which reads thus: Ther is a friend that sticketh closter than a brother:
The morning of the 28 befour I got up I herd a horse come threw the
camp in a full lope and it was not meney minutes untell the man come
back and sais Boys you had better get up we will have a fight hear to
reckly and I comenced geting up and befour I got my close on they
comenced beating the long roal and it was not but a minnet or too untill
I herd the Adgertent hollow fall in with armes the Reg: then was formed
and marched to the Battel field the Yankies comenced crossing the river
befour day and by day they had right smart force over the pickets
fought sum on the 29 and a good deel of canonading was don and it
raind sum in the eavning
The morning of the 30th it was a raning and evry thing was very still
untill about twelve oclock it ceased raning about ten o'clock they
comenced cannonading and cept it up untill dark
The first morning of May 63 our Regiment had to go in front on
picket it was very foggy in the morning but soon got clear as soon as
the fog was off we found the Yankees had a very strong line of
Scirmishers in about 5 hundred yards of ours we cood see a great
meney Yankees on the other side of the river but we couldent tell how
meney was on this side we could hear very hevy canonading up the
river in the eavning It is repoted that our men and the Yankees was a
fyting at Keleys Foad:
The 2 day of May was a very pritty day and our Regiment was
relieved from picket about day and fell back to our brest works again our
men fyerd on the Yankies from too Batterys about 10 o'clock and the
Yankies returned the fyer from one Battery it was kept up about a hour
but no damedge don as I have herd of we can still hear them a fyting at
And about 5 o'clock in the eavning we could see the Yankees a
marchen up on the other side of the river by regiments and most all went
back from on this Side of the river and General Earley thought that they
was all a going back and taken all of his men but a Louisiana Bregaid
and started to reinforce General Lea And about the time we had gone 6
miles they come
orders that the Yankees was atvancen again whar we had left And then
we had to turn back and march all the way back about 10 o'clock in the
nite. And the next morning which was the 3 day our men comenced
Buming (bombing) the Yankees and they returned the fyer and ther was
right smart canonading and picketing don untell about 12 o'clock and
then for sum cause we was all ordered to fall back about a half of a mile
to our last breast works but as soon as dark come we marched about 2
miles up the River.
And the next day which was the 4 we was marching about first from
one plais to a nother a watching the Yankees untell about a hour by sun
and the fight was opend our Bregaid went in and charged about a half of
a mile and just befour we got to the Yankee Battery I was slitley
wounded above the eye with a peas of a Bumb non was kild in our
company. Lieutenant Walker was slitley wounded in the side. I. R. Allred
was wounded in the arm hat to have it cut off. I. E. Calmond was slitley
wounded in the arm. I. L. Evins had his finger shot off - the fift day we
found the Yankees had all gon back on the other side of the River and
we marched back down to the old camp ground and taken up camp again
The 10 day of May which was the second Sunday was a very pretty
day and I went to headquarters to preaching and the preachers text was
in Romans the 8th chap and 28 virse the words was this: And we know
that all things work together for good to them that love God. And
General Jackson died to day which is the 10th day of May
The 17 and 18 days was pritty and warm and our Regiment was on
picket down on the Raphanoc and the 18th we got back to the camp:
And again the 25th we had to go on picket And the 27 we got back
about 12 oclock and in a few minuets after we got back we had to go on
a General Revew General R. E. Lea revewed General Earleys Divishion.
The last day of May we had marchen orders and after nite Mr.
Tassett preached in our Regt his text was in St. Johns 3 chapt & 16th
The 4th day of June about 11 Oclock in the nite we left our old camp
clost to Fredericksburg and marched twar Culpeper and bout 6 O'clock
the 5th day we got to Spotsylvaney Coathouse and about 2 o'clock in
the eavning we stopt for to camp for the nite after marchen about 20
miles that day And the 6th day we stade in camp untell about 2 O'clock
in the eavning for General Hils core was a fiting at Fredericksburg the
Yankees crossed ther after they found out that we had left we marched
about 8 miles the 6th day and it raind on ous very hard befour we taken
And the 7th day we started on our march about sun up and about
12 o'clock we waded Rapadan River at Rackoon Foad and about 4
O'clock in the eavning we stopt to camp again in about 5 miles of
The 8th day we marched up to Culpeper and stopt to cook Rations
The 8 day we staid at Culpeper untell about 3 O'clock in the eavning and
then we was ordered down to Brandy Station about 4 miles from
Culpeper whar the Calvry hat bin fiting all day and we staid all nite and
the next morning we found that the Yankees had all gon back on the
other Side of the River and we marched back to Culpeper again and
cooked another days rations and about 3 O'clock in the eavning we
started again in the direction of Winchester and we got as far as Hasel
Run (Hazel Run or Deep Run) by nite And the next morning which was
the 11th we started about sun up and about 9 O'clock we got to a littel
town cauld Woodwin and whilst we was a passen threw the 6th N. C.
Brass Ban plaid the Bonnie Blew Flag. And about eleven O'clock we got
to a littel town cauld Sperysvill 5 miles from Woodwin And about 2
O'clock in the eavning we past threw Washington and ther we found a
meney pritty and kind Ladies they had water all along the streets for the
Soldiers to drink and we dident go but a few miles futher untell we stopt
for the nite after going about 20 miles that day.
And the morning of the 12th we started about sun up and about 3
o'clock in the eavning we crossed over the Blew Ridg and past threw a
littel town cauld Front Royal and about a
mile from ther we waded the Shonadoak River and taken up camp on the
other bank that nite.
And the morning of the 13th we started at day and when we got in
12 miles of Winchester we found that the Yankees was at New Town on
the Pike road running from Winchester to Strawsburg (Strasburg) 7
miles from Winchester and we turnd and went by ther and caught up
with the Yankees about half way from ther to Winchester and attacked
them and drove them back about a mile by nite
And the next morning which was the 14th General Hooks (Hoke)
Bregaid and General Smith and Hoses (?) all moved around to the west
of Winchester and taken 20 peases of artillery with ous and when we
got opersit the Yankees work the artillery taken ther position and about
3 o'clock in the eavning our Baterys opend on them taken them on
surprise and General Hares (?) and General Smith Bregaid charged on
them and taken their first line of brest works befour nite And General
Johnstons (Johnson) Divishion was a fiting them on the other Sid clost
And the next morning which was the 15th the Yankees had left their
works and was a trying to make thir escape toward
Martinsburg but about day they run up on General Johnstons divishion
about 5 miles from town wher three Regt of them was maid to stack thir
armes and a grate meney kild and wounded we then marched down to
whar Johnston fought them that morning and stopt and staid ther all
And the next morning about 10 o'clock our Regt was marched back
to Winchester for Provost gard and about a hour befour sun down I
was sent to Taylor's Hotell with 10 men to gard the Yankees Prisoners
And I staid ther the next day and also the next
And the next morning which was the 18th I was relievd about 9
O'clock and started after my Regiment and about 3 o'clock in the
eavning we got to Smithfield and by nite we got to a littel plais cauld
Leas Town which was 22 miles from Winchester and we staid ther all
nite and the next morning we overtaken
our Regiment about five miles from ther wher we staid all day
And the next day we staid ther
And the 22th we taken up a line of march again about day and
about 7 o'clock we past threw Shepardstown and ther waded the
Potomac and landed in Maryland about 8 oclock And about 3 miles
from ther we past threw. Sharpsburg And about 3 miles from ther we
past threw Ketersvill And about 3 miles from ther we past threw
Boonesboro and about 3 miles from ther we stopt to camp.
The 23 we left about day and when we had gon about 4 miles we
come to Beversvill and about 7 miles from ther we past threw
Coverstown And about a mile from ther we past threw Smithburg whar
we found a good meney Secesh And about 2 miles from ther we got to a
littel town cauld Ringgoal wright war the line run between M. D. & Pa.
And about 2 miles from ther we stopt to camp and cook rations closs to
The morning of the 24 we left about 7 oclock and after marching
about 5 miles we come to a town cauld Quincy And about 3 miles from
ther we past threw Funktown and about 4 miles from ther we got to
Greenswood whar we taken up camp for the nite but our company had
to go on yard at a town cauld Faytvill about 2 miles off.
The morning of the 25th I got a Splendid breakfast in Faytville And
about 2 Oclock in the eavning we was releaved and went back to the
And the next morning which was the 26th we had orders to leave at
day break but it was a raning so hard we dident leave untell about 8
oclock and it dident Still sease raning but raind all day but we got as far
as Momenburg by nite which was 14 miles from wher we left in the
morning And our Calvery taken a 135 prisners clost to the lettel town
The 27 we left about 6 oclock and after marching about 6 miles we
come to a town cauld Hunterstown And about 4 miles from ther we got
to New chester And 3 miles from ther we
got to Hampton And 3 miles from ther we got to Berlin wher we taken
camp for the nite
The 28th we left at sun up and about 12 oclock we got to Yolk
which was 12 miles from Berlin:
The 29th we stade at Yolk in the Yankees Hospital.
The 30th we left at day break and taken the same road back that we
com And about 12 oclock we got back to Berlin again And when we
stopt for nite we was about 20 miles from Yolk:
The Month of July
The first morning of July we left earley and about 12 oclock we got
to Gatersburg (Gettysburg) which was about 10 miles from wher we
started in the morning And when we got there we found the Yankies
was ther And in a few minutes after we got ther we was ordered to the
feal Our Bregaid and General Haser (Hays) charged the enemy and soon
got them routed and run them threw the town and then we stopt
In our Company George Lyon Marshal Walker and Thomas Richard
got kild And Sidney Hensby Anderson Plesant D. A. Walker Garababel
Grimstead William Dunervant & Bedford Sawyers was wounded
The 2 day we laid in a line of battel at the Same plais And the
enemies picket a firing on us all day Thomas Miles kild on picket Shot
in the head And about Sun down our Bregaid and Hoser was ordered to
charge just in frund and take the enemes Batterys we charged and
succeeded in driven the infantry from behind two stone fences and got
part of the Batterys But it was soon so dark and so much smoke that we
couldent see what we was a doing And the enemy got to geather again
and we had no reinforcement and we had to fall back to our old position
Colonel I. E. Avry (Avery) was kild in the charge in our company non
kild Andrew Thompson Franklin Wells and R. Y. Vaughn was wounded
And Michagels Miles misen
The 3 morning we went back in town and laid in a line of battel all
day in the Streets And ther was a great deel of fiting don that day but
our Divishion was not cauld on
The nex morning about a hour befour day we went back about a
mile from town and staid ther all day
The morning of the 5 we left befour day and it a raining as hard as it
could poor and marched in the direction of Hagerdstown and didnt get
but about 6 miles all day for the Yanks calvry kep a running up on ous
And the 6th we left at day and about 2 oclock we got to Wainsboro
and we past threw town and then stopt to cook rations
The 7th we taken the road to Hagerdstown which was 10 miles from
Wainsboro And about 2 oclock in the eavning we got ther and taken up
The 8th day it raind very hard and we still stade at the same plais
the 8 we staid ther and the 10 we staid at the same place until about a
hour by sun And then started and past threw town and went about a
mile toward Williamsport and stopt and staid all nite
The 11th we taken our position in a peas of woods and after nite
built brest works
The 12th we staid behind our works and no fiting don except sum
picketing And after nite we was ordered to the wright And was marched
down in rear of A. P. Hills old Divishion
The 13th we staid ther untill dark and then started to retreet back
across the Potomac And it was about 6 miles to the river and it was a
raning very hard And we was a moving all nite and the next morning
about sun up we waded the Potomac at Williamsport and it was waist
deep And then we marched about 6 miles and stopt to cook rations
The 15th we marched about 7 miles and stopt at nite clost to
Martinsburg And the 16th we marched up to Darksvill and stopt again
And we still staid at Darksvill untell about a hour by sun and marched
to the Alagater mountain by 10 Oclock in the nite:
The 21 we left at day break and crost the mountain And marched as
far as Hedgersvill by 2 Oclock in the eavning which was 25 miles we
expected to bag the Yankees at plais but when we got ther they was all
The 22th we left Hedgersvill and marched back to Bunkerhill whitch
was 18 miles.
The 23 we marched and about 10 oclock we marched threw
Winchester and taken the road to Culpeper and marched about 5 miles
and stopt for the nite:
The 24th we marched near the Shanadoah River and found that the
Yankees had got possession of the gap in the Blew Ridg
And then we taken the write and come in to the Winchester and
Stanton Road at Middeltown 5 miles from Strawsburg and we stopt at
nite clost to Strawsburg which was 23 miles from wher we started at in
The 25th we marched all day toward Stanton and travild about 18
miles and stopt clost to Edensburg:
The 26th we past threw Hawkenstown and 2 miles from ther we
come to Mount Jackson and we marched as far as New Market and
stopt fer the nite
The 27th we left the Stanton road and taken a road that led to
Gordensvill: we crost over the Shanadoah mountian and crost the
Shanadoah river on Pontoon Bridges and when we stopt at nite we was
at the foot of the Blew Ridg which was 18 miles from Newmarket
The 28th we crost over the Blew Ridg which was 14 miles across it
The 29th we marched up to Maderson coathouse whitch was 6
miles and stopt and taken up camp
The 30 we staid at the same plais
The 31st we left at one Oclock and marched down between
Culpeper and Gordensvill
A list of Co. H.
- 1 Johnston I. H.
- 2 Rudd A. P.
- 3 Bauldin W. H.
- 4 Hester N. W.
- 5 Malone B. Y.
- 1 Murrie W. W.
- 2 Biele C.
- 3 Walker M. H.
- 4 Tompson A. J.
- 1. Aldridg I. H.
- 2. Anderson Q. T.
- 3. Alred J. B.
- 4 Bivins M
- 5 Brincefield A. J.
- 6 Brankin I
- 7 Boswell T
- 8 Cooper W. H.
- 9 Covington I. E.
- 10 Compton I. E.
- 11 Colmond J. E.
- 12 Cape T. H.
- 13 Chatham C
- 14 Donoho S.
- 15 Dunervant I.
- 16 Dunervant W.
- 17 Evins T. H.
- 18 Enoch. R H.
- 19 Fauller I
- 20 Fitch G. S.
- 21 Grimsteard G.
- 22 Hensley S
- 23 Hensley A
- 24 Huges W. A.
- 25 Hooper N
- 26 Johnston I. H.
- 27 Kersey L.
- 28 King S
- 29 Lyon G.
- 30 Lyon I. H.
- 31 Loyd I. W.
- 32 Lewis C.
- 33 Miles M.
- 34 Miles T. C.
- 35 Miles J. S.
- 36 Moore A.
- 37 Malone H.
- 38 Murrey T
- 39 Mckinnie Murphy B. P.
- 40 Mosey J. W.
- 41 Oliver J. S.
- 42 Olver T
- 43 Plesant A. M.
- 44 Page F.
- 45 Roberson J.
- 46 Rudd E.
- 47 Richmond W.
- 48 Richmond T.
- 49 Rigan N.
- 50 Simpson F.
- 51 Swift R.
- 52 Smith L.
- 53 Swift H. A.
- 54 Stadler G.
- 55 Subfield R.
- 56 Snips J. C.
- 57 Tucker A.
- 58 Vaughn R. Y.
- 59 Williams J. W.
- 60 Williams J. R.
- 61 Walker John
- 62 Walker W. S.
- 63 Walker J. H.
- 64 Walker D. A.
- 65 Walker W. T.
- 66 Wells M.
- 67 Wells W. F.
- 68 Wren W.
Bartlett Y. Malones, Book
This the 19th of Nov. 1863
Bartlett. Y. Malones Book
This is the 18th of Dec. 1863
Bartlett. Y. Malone Seg't. of Co: H.
6th N. C. Regiment
This the 22d of Dec. 1863
And we staid in camp clost to Rappidan Station untell the 14th of
Sept. 63. And the morning of the 14th we was rousted up and gave
orders to cook one days rations. And about sun up we started to meat
our enemy and we met them at Sumersvill foad on the Rappidan River
which was about 5 miles from our old camps. We had not bin there long
untell our enemy comenced throwing bumbs amung us but as soon as
our Batterys got position and fired a few shots the yanks all left the
field. And the 15th we laid in the woods all day. No fiting don but some
canonading and picketing but at dark our Reg't went on picket down at
the foad. The 16th as soon as lite our men comenced firing at the Yanks
and they at us and kept it up all day about 10 o'clock in the day Capt.
Pray of Co. D & Lieut Brown of Co. E and 18 men voluntierd and went
up the river and crost in a littel Boat and Slipt up to some old houses
and fierd at the Yanks & run about 200 of them out of their works and
captured a horse severl good Guns Blankets another trick and then
crost back and never got a man hirt. They kild 4 or 5 of the Yanks &
wounded 4 which they taken prisners. We got 4 wounded in our Reg't.
dewing the day. At nite we was relieved by the 57th N. C. Reg't. The
17th no fiting don except a few picket shots evry now an then at the
Evry thing was quiet then untell the 5th day of Oct. 63. And the 5th
day of Oct. about tenn Oclock we was ordered to fall in at a moment and
then marched to our post and taken our position in a line of battel. And
we remaind so untell nite and then was marched back to our camps
again. The Yanks
could be seen mooving about from a hight on our side of the river. Our
Generals surposed that they was agoing to make an efert to cross. But
they did not: they was onley moving camps: All was quiert then untell
the 8th. The 8th day we left our camps about dark and marched about 2
miles and stopt and staid all nite. The 9th day we marched up to Orange
C. H. by 12 o'clock: then taken the road to Maderson C. H. (Madison)
marched 6 or 7 miles and stop for nite again.
The 10th we got to Maderson by 4 o'clock in the eavning and crost
Roberson River at 3 and then marched about 4 miles futher toward
Culpeper and stopt for nite our Cavalry had a littel fite in the
eavning at the River taken about one hundred prisners. The 11th we
marched toward Culpeper and got in 6 miles and stopt and cooked 3
days rations. it was 20 miles from Maderson C. H. to Culpeper C. H.
The 12th we had orders to leave at 2 o'clock: A. M. but did not leave
untell day we marched on then untell we was in 2 miles of Culpeper. And
then taken the left and came in the Warrenton road at Pickersvill And
there we waded Haselrun and marched on to the Rappahannock River
and campt clost to Warrenton Spring. The 13th we marched up to
Warrenton and stopt and cooked 2 days rations: The 14th we left for
Bristol but had to drive our enemey befour us our Cavalry was fiting
them allday and some times the Infantry, our Divishion don a great deal
of hard marchen had to dubbelquick nearly one third of our time. A. P.
Hill Corps overtaken the Yanks at Bristol Station and had a littel fite: we
did not get ther in time to be ingaged
The 15th the Yanks had all fell back to Sentervill (Centerville) we did
not go eney further our Cavalry folerd them and taken severl Prisners.
The 16th we tore up the Railroad
The 17th we staid in camp clost to Bristol Station.
The 18th we left at 3 o'clock in the nite for Rappahannock and got
as far as Beattoe Station by nite.
The 18th we marched to the Rappahannock and crost and went in
camps between the river and Brandy Station
The 28th our Reg't went on picket on the Rappahannock
The 29th we was relieved
The 30th we had bregaid drill
The 31st had muster inspection
The Month of November (and December)
The 5th day of Nov. General Lea & Governer Letcher of Va.
revewed General Stuart Cavalry clost to our camps
The 6th we was paid off And paid up to the first day of November,
The 7th about 2 o'clock in the eavning orders came to fall in with
armes in a moment that the enemy was atvancen. Then we was
doubbelquicked down to the river (which was about 5 miles) and crost
and formed a line of battel in our works and the yanks was playing on
ous with thir Artillery & thir skirmishers a fyring into ous as we formed
fyring was kept up then with the Skirmishers untell dark. And about dark
the yanks charged on the Louisianna Bregaid which was clost to the
Bridg and broke thir lines and got to the Bridge we was then cutoff and
had to Surender: was then taken back to the rear and staid thir untell
next morning The morning of the 8th we was marched back to
Warrenton Junction and got on the cars and about day next morning we
got to Washington we then staid in Washington untel 3 o'clock in the
eavning of the 8th then was marched down to the Warf and put on the
Stemer John Brooks and got to Point Lookout about one O'clock on the
eavning of the 10th day of November 1863. The names of the men that
was taken prisner when I was belonging to Co. H. was Capt. Lea Lieut.
Hill W. H. Bowldin N. W. Hester W. W. Murrie C. Rile H. Malone I. R.
Aldridge L. T. Anderson A. I. Brincefield I. E. Covington T. Y. Compton
I. C. Chatham T. H. Evans G. R. Grimstead W. A. Hughs N. Hooper H.
Kersey A. More W. D. Richmond F. Simpson R. Swift L. Sawers H.
Roscoe A. Tucker John Walker W. S. Walker W. F. Wells I. Wren S.
Hensley And Segt. A. P. Rudd
Our rations at Point Lookout was 5 crackers and a cup of coffee for
Breakfast. And for dinner a small ration of meat 2
crackers three Potatoes and a cup of Soup. Supper we have non.
We pay a dollar for 8 crackers or a chew of tobacco for a
A Yankey shot one of our men the other day wounded him in
the head shot him for peepen threw the cracks of the planken
The last day of November was very coal indeed and the
Yanks had inspection of ous Rebels. One of the Yankee
Sentinerls shot one of our men the other morning he was shot in
the head: soon died.
All the wood we get to burn at Point Lookout is one sholder
tirn of pine brush every other day for a tent 16 men to every tent
The 16th of Dec. 63 a Yankey Captain shot his Pistel among
our men and wounded 5 of them; sence one has died - he shot
them for crowding arond the gate. The captain's name that shot
was Sids. Him and Captain Patison and Segt. Finegan was the 3
boss men of the prisoners camp.
The 24th of Dec. 63 was a clear day but very cool. And
Generl Butler the Yankey beast revenged the prisners camp:
The 25th was Christmas day and it was clear and cool and I
was boath coal and hungry all day onley got a peace of Bread
and a cup of coffee for Breakfast and a small Slice of Meat and
a cup of Soup and five Crackers for Dinner and Supper I had non:
The 26th was clear and cool and dull for Christmas
The 28th was cloudy and rained a littel The 28th was a raney
The 29th was cloudy in the morning and clear in the eavning.
And Jeferson Walker died in the morning he belonged to the 57th
N. C. Regt. The 30th was a beautyfull day.
The 31st which was the last day of 63 was a raney day. And
maby I will never live to see the last day of 64. And thairfour I
will try and do better than I have. For what is a man profited if he
shal gain the whole world and loose his one Soul: Or what Shal
one give in exchange for his Soul:
B. Y. MALONE.
B. Y. MALONE'S BOOK
FOR THE YEAR 1864
I spent the first day of January 64 at Point Lookout M. D.
The morning was plesant but toward eavning the air changed and
the nite was very coal. was so coal that five of our men froze to
death befour morning. We all suffered a great deal with coal and
hunger too of our men was so hungry to day that they caught a
Rat and cooked him and eat it. Thir names was Sergt. N. W.
Hester & I. C. Covington.
The 6th was coal and cloudy and we had 9 men to die at the
Hospital to day. Our beds at this plaice is composed of Sea
feathers that is we geather the small stones from the Bay and lye
The 7th was very cool a small Snow fell after nite
The 10 was a nice day and I saw the man to day that makes
Coffens at this plaice for the Rebels and he sais that 12 men dies
here every day that is averidgs 12
The Commander at this point is named Marsto
The 22th day of January 64 was a very pritty day And it was
my birth day which maid me 25 years of age I spent the day at
Point Lookout. M. D. And I feasted on Crackers and Coffee The
two last weeks of January was beautyfull weather
The Month of February. 64
The first day of
warm but cloudy and Sum rain:
Be content with such things as you have: For he hath said I
will never leave the nor forsake thee So we may boldly say the
Lord is my helper and I will not fear what man shall do unto me
There fell a Small Snow the morning of the third Sergt. A. P.
Rudd & Gidney King arived at Point Lookout from Washington
the 4th. We changed Cook houses on the 7th of Feb.
The 14th of Feb was a pritty day And the Yankes Sirched the
Prison Camp the Rebels was all sent out side under gard.
And then they sirched and taken evry mans Blanket that had more then
one. And taken evry other little trick that the Rebels had. They found
too Boats that the Rebs had maid.
375 Officers arived at Point Lookout from Jonstan Isle the 14th of
Feb. The Yankey papers say that they are having a Gun maid that
weighs 115,000 lbs. 21 ft. long carries a Ball that weighs 1000 Lbs and a
shell that weighs 700 lbs.
The 17th it was so coal that we all had to lye down and rap up in our
Blankets to keep from freezing for we had no wood to make us a fire.
The 18th it was so coal that a mans breath would freeze on his beard
going from the Tent to the Cookhouse. O, it was so coal the 18th
The 20th was pleasant and General Butler the Beast revewed the
Prison Camp again for the Second time
The 24th was a beautyfull day And too of the Rebs got kild the nite
of the 24th attempting to get away: We was garded at Point Lookout by
the second fifth and twelfth Newhampshire Regiments untell the 25th of
Feb: And then the 26th N. C. Negro Regiment was plaised gard over
A Yankey preacher preached to the Rebels the 26th day of Feb:
1864: His text was in first Corinthian 16 chap and 22th virse The words
was this: If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ let him be Anathema
Maren athas That is let him be acursed when the Lord shal come
The Month of March
The first day of March was coal and raney: And our Company was
examined on the Oath question evry man was taken in the House one at
a time and examioned: the questions asked me was this: Do you wish to
take the Oath and join the U. S. Armey or Navey: or work at govenment
work or on Brestworks or Do you wish to take a Parole and go to your
home if it be insied of our lines or do you wish to go South I told him I
wished to go South: He then asked me my name County State Company
& Regiment The 2d two thousen Rebels left Point Lookout M. D. for
The 3d I met with The good luck of geting sum Cloathing from Dixie:
600 Rebels left for Dixie again the 9th.
Another boat load of Rebels left Point Lookout the 16th for Dixie.
250 Officers arived at Point Lookout the 20th
One of our Rebel officers maid me a present of a dollar in greenback
(the 21st) he stuch it threw the crack of the planken to me without being
The 20h of March a Yankey Sergt: named Young shot one of our
Officers for jawing him:
The 22d was very coal and stormey and a while befour nite it
comenced snowing and snowed all nite: the snow would avridge 3
inches deep the next morning:
The 25th I went to the cookhouse for a cook:
The Month of April
The first day of April was a very nice day.
The 5th was a very bad day it raind hard snowed and the wind blew
the Bay was so high that it overflowed part of the Camp. Some men had
to leave thir tents and moove up to the Cook house: There was some
men in camp who had been going about of nits and cuting tents and
sliping mens Knapsacks Hats Boots and Sumetimes, would get Some
money They cut into ours and got money and cloathen all amounting to
about one hundred dollars: One nite the Negros was on gard and caught
them they was then plaised under gard and made ware a Barrel Shirt
(and marched) up and down the Streets with large letters on them the
letters was this Tent Cutters
The 12th the 3d Maryland Negro Regiment was plaisd on gard
around the Prison Camp: When the Negrows first come on gard they
wore thir knapsacks and when they was put on poast they puled them
off and laid them down at the end of thir lines And Some of our men
stole too of them: And when the Negro found it was gone he sais to the
next one on post Efrum- Efrum: tell that other Negrow up dar that the
white folks has stold my knapsack a redy: The other one sais they have
stold mine too but I want caring for the knapsack all I
hate about it is loosing Sophys Garotipe (daguerreotype?) One day too
of them was on poast in the Streets and met up at the end of thir lines
and comenced fooling with thir Guns what they cauld plaing bayonets
they had thir guns cocked preseantly one of thir guns went of and shot
the other one threw the brest he fell dead: the other one sais: Jim, Jim
get up from dar you are not hurt your just trying to fool me:
The nite of the 18th a negrow Senternel shot one of our men
wounded him very bad threw the sholdier
The nite of the 21st a Negro shot in a tent wounded two of our men
The 27th a load of Sick Rebels left Point Lookout M. D. for Dixie.
The 29th a nother Neagro kild him Self. Shot him Self in the mouth
with his gun:
The Month of May 64
The 3d day of May 6 hundred Rebels left this plaice for Dixie
The 13th about one hundred prisnors was brought to this plaice
they was capturd clost to Petersburg Va.
The 15th 40 prisnors arived at this point captured between
Richmond and Petersburg by Gen. Butlers armey
The 17th about one thousin Prisnors arived at this plaice was
captured at the wilderness The 17th about 1000 was brought in from
General Leas armey
The 18th four hundred more was brought in the camp
The 24th a Neagro Senternal Shot a mung our men kild one and
wounded three it is thought that one of the wounded will die:
The 28 four hundred more prisnors arived here We have Pork and
Been Soop to day for dinner Will have beef and Coffee to morrow I
believe I will go down in Camp, but the sun is very hot
The Month of June 1864
The first day of June was clear and hot
The 4th We had Beef and Potato Soop for dinner the Yanks are not
a going to give us no more Coffee and Sugar from this on
The 8th 6 hundred Prisnors arived at this point from General Leas
The 10th we have Old Bacon to day for dinner for the first time
sience we have bin at P.t. Lookout
The 11th 500 more prisnors arived here.
The 18th of June which was three years from the time I voluntierd
was cloudy and cool. And we had Pork and Hominy for dinner There is
some talk of moving the Prisnors from this point it is getting to be very
sickley here 11 men died at the Hospital yestiday it is said that the water
is not healthy
It is reported that General Grant and General Lea are fiting on the
South of the James River
From the 20th of June untell the last was very dry and dusty And
we would hear good news evry now and then from our Armey Our
Rations Still remain Small
July the 1st 1864
The first day of July 1861 I left home And the first day of July 1862 I
was in the fight of Malvin Hill And the first day of July 1863 I was in the
fight at Gettersburg And today whitch is the first day of July 1864 I am
at Point Lookout M. d. It is very plesant to day We had pical Pork for
breakfast this morning and for dinner we will have Been Soop
The 4th day of July was a beautyfull day And the Yanks had thir
Vesels riged off with flags they had about 34 flags on each Gun Boat
about 12 O'clock they fierd Saluts boath from thir land Batry and Gun
The 13th day of July 13 of our men died at the Hospital And it was
reposed that General Ewel was a fiting at Washington And that our
Cavalry was in 4 miles of this plaice the Yanks was hurried up sent in all
Detailes at 2 O'clock in the eavning and run thir Artilry out in frunt of
the Block house and plaised it in position The 14th 500 Rebels taken the
Oath and went outside
The last day of July was the Sabath
No man is bornd without folts
Too much of one thing is good for nothin
Cut your Coat accorden to your cloth
All are not Sants who go to Church
All are not theavs that dogs bark at
Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open
A clean glove often hids a dirty hand
Seay what is well and do what is better
He that will steal a pin will steal a better thing
Fear no man and do justice to all men
Evry Cook praises his own stew
Before thou marry be sure of a house wherein to tarry
Evry bodys business is no body's business
Do what you ought come what may
Love cover meney folts.
The race is not always to the swift nor the battel to the strong
You cannot catch old birds with chaff.
A bad workman quarrels with his tools
B. Y. MALONE
- B. Y. Malone Owes cts
- Q. T. Anderson Paid
- A. P. Rudd Paid
- T. Y. Compton Paid
- Sergt W. T. Johnson
- Sergt. Laffoan
- Samuel Mothers head
- George Anthony
There is a thing in divers of countrys
It neither is land nor Sea
It in all sorts of timber
And not in eny tree
It is neither in Italy
But in Rome
It appears twist in evry moment
And not once in twenty years
- Dew B. Y. Malone
- Thomas Murray $1.00
- John Forast $1.00
- W. A. Hughs $1.00
- E. W. Rudd $1.00
- N. W. Hester Paid $5.00
- W. R. Richmond Paid $5.00
- T. Y. Compton Paid $5.00
- W. F. Wells Paid $5.00
- I. Brincfield Paid $5.00
- L. Kersey Paid $5.00
- B. Y. Malone Owes
- Q. T. Anderson Paid $6.50
- A. P. Rudd Paid $5.00
Bartlett Y. Malone, Soldier of Co. H. 6th N. C. Regiment.
This April the 16th 64
Point Lookout, M. D.
that mine eyes might closed be
what becomes me not to see
deafness might possess mine ear
what concerns me not to hear.
Mr. Demill & Co.,
No. 186 Front Street
New York City,
B. Y. Malones Chirography.
The Month of August 1864
The first day of August was clear and very hot And 700 Rebels left
here for Some other new Prison to day A mung them was my Brother A. A.
The 2d day of August I wrote home
The 6th of the month there rose a thunder cloud early in the
morning and raind very hard: there was a whirlwind just out sid of the
Prison on the point it blew the Comasary house and Shop down and
seven other Buildings it distroyed a good deal wounded four senternels
broak ones leg There was but littel wind inside of the Prison
The knight of the 7th A Neagro Senternel Shot one of our men and
kild him for no cause attall
The 28th of August a Senternel shot a nother one of our men
wounded him very badly it is thought that he will die
The two last days of August cool and plesant
The Month of September
The firs days of September was plesant the Knights was cool but
the days was plesant
The 2d day this is And our Rations gets no better we get half a loaf
of Bread a day a smal slice of Pork or Beef or Sault Beef for Breakfast for
Dinner a cup of Been Soup and Supper we get non Mr. A. Morgan of
South Carolina has a vacon Cook House which he has bin teaching
School in evry Sience last Spring he is a Christian man he preaches evry
Sunday and has prayers evry morning befour School we have a
Preacher to evry Division in the Camp Mr. Carrol preaches to our Divi
which is the 8th This is the 5th day of the month and we are going to
have Been Soup with onions in it to day for dinner we will have
Potatoes and Onions boath to morrow the Dr had them sent in here for
rebs to se if they would not stop Scirvy My health is very good to day
which is the 6th of Sept. 64. But I cannot tell how long it will remain so.
for it a raning and very coal to day Aand I have not got eney Shoes
This is the 7th and a pritty day it is and I am laying flat on my back
on T. Y. Comptons Bead in Co. G 8th Division Point Lookout M. D.
The 8th was a beautyfull day And I had my Bunk Seting out by the
Side of the Cook house and about dark I wanted to bring it in as I had
bin doing but the Neagro Sentinel would not let me cross his line So I
went down threw the house and asked a nother one if I could cross his
line and get my Bunk and he
Said yes so I cross and got my Bunk and the first Neagro did not see
me. And when he found that the Bunk was gone he come to the house
door and wanted to know where that man was that taken that Bunk And
if he dident bring it back that he would come in there and Shoot him So
then I had to go to the dor and he told me to bring that Bead back So I
taken it back and could not get it any more untell I went and got the
Lieut. of the Comisery to get it for me So you See this is the way we was
treated by the Neagrows.
B. Y. M.
The 15th of Sept was a beautyfull day And a general Stir among the
Rebs the Dr. was getting up a load of Convalesant men to Send to Dixie.
You could See men going to the Hospital to be examiond Some on
Cruches and Some was not able to walk and would be Swinging a round
others necks draging a long
They got a load of five hundred and Sent them out of the Prison we
Surpose they will leave the 15th for Dixie The 19th received a Box of
tobacco from my Father James B. Malone who resides in Caswell
County North Carolina The 21st all Prisnors belonging to the
Confederate Staits Navy was Parold at this place.
This Sunday the 25th of September and it is very coal I wrote home
The 26th 800 Prisnors arived at this point belonging to Erleys
(Early) Comand captured clost to Winchester The knight of 26th Some
one stold 5.45 in greenback from me
The 27th 500 more Prisnors arived here from the same Comand
The 28th the Yanks brought in three Negrows that they caught
helping a Lady across the Potomac Some where between here and
Washington they brought them here and put them in Prison because
they would not take the oath
The 30th I wrote to Bro. James
The first day of October was cold and raney day The 3d
800 Prisnors arived here from Early's command captured at
Fishers Hill Va. among them was James M Wells of Co H 6th
N. C. Regt
The 4th 100 more Prisnors com in Ther is about 10,000 Prisnors here
at this time last Summer ther was 15,000 here but Some was sent to
Elmira N. Y.
The 7th was fasting and prayer day with ous for the reliece of all
Today is the 8th and is very cold
The 13th was very cool And in the eavning 200 Rebs taken the Oath
The 15th I Sold the last of my Tobacco the Box brought me fifty five
dollars and 70 cts
To day is the 16th And a beautyfull Sabath it is: the Boys in camp
are all in a line wating to be inspected by Major A. G. Brady Provost
To day is the 18th and Secretary Stanton has just past threw the Camp.
The 21st 200 Rebels arived here from the Valey captured Severl days
The 24th they parold Severl Sick men Said to be 2000 to leave in a
The 25th Some more Prisnors come in from the Valey Said that 900
was capturd when they was
The 29th About 80 Rebs arived here they was capturd clost
Petersburg Old Butler kept them at work on a Pond 8 days under the fire
of our guns.
The 31st 600 more Rebs arived here capturd clost to Petersburg
The first of November was pritty weather.
The 7th whitch was just twelve months from the time I was captured
was a raney day.
The 8th was election day for president Abraham Lincoln & George B.
McClellan was candidates
The 9th was warm and cloudy and our Rations ar not a good as they
was a year ago: And I See no chance for marching Soon.
B. Y. MALONE.
The 18th of Nov. was a cold raney day Our men are not dying here
like they have bin they onley avridge about too a day now The last of
Nov. was pritty warm weather
The first day of Dec was warm as Spring And the Yanks comenced
building some littel plank houses covered with clouth for the Rebs to
The 3d I paid 10 cets to go into a Concert that the Rebs had got up
in camp it was a very good thing they performed in a bacon Cook-house.
The 4th which was the Sabath I went to meeting at the School house
Mr. Morgan lectured on the Parable of the Sower & in the eavning I was
at the Same plaise and Mr. Carol preached a good Surmond from the later
clause of the 2 virse 7 chapter of Amos: Theas was the words: By whom
Shall Jacob arise: for he is small. After preaching was over the Sunday
School classes met and thir teachers taken up the balance of the day in
asking them questions and explaning the Scriptures to them We have
white gard now for patroles in camp of knights the Neagros got so mean
that the General would not alow them in Side of the Prison they got so
when they would catch any of the men out Side of thir tents after taps
they would make them doubble quick or jump on thir backs and ride them
and some times they would make them get down on this knees and prey
to God that they might have thir freedom and that his Soul might be sent
To day is the 15th and it is cold looks very mutch like Snow we have
had very coald weather for the last week we get Split Peas now to make
Soups. Some day we get Bacon and some days Picle Pork and fresh Beef
once a week
My health is very good at this time I weigh 155 lbs We have
comenced drawing wood we get two smawl shoulder turns a day to a
Company Each Company has 100 men
The 21st was a very cold raney day Brigadeer General Barnes in
comand of the Point A. G. Brady is Provost Marchall Capt Barnes
The 24th was a beautyfull day I chopt wood in the morning at the
cookhouse in the eavning I bought 3 apples and set in the Sun Shine by
the Side of Sergt. A. P. Rudd tent & eat them. And then my Self Q. T.
Anderson W. W. Murrie & W. F. Wells went up to the School house to
a Debate but did not get in And then we went back to the Tent and
found T. Y. Compton with a newspaper that he had bought and we spent
the remainder of the day in reading it.
The 25th was Christmas day And a beautyfull one it was. But I had
nothing Strong to drink and but little to eat I had Some loaf Bread fryed
Meat & Corn Coffee for breakfast and for dinner I had a cup of Split Pea
In the eavning I went to the School house to meating Mr. Carrol
preached his text was in Zachariah 15th chapt 7 virse After preaching I
went to the Comisery and found that Mr. Walas had bet Mr. Barby five
dollars that there was a man in Camp that could eat 5 lbs of Bacon and 3
Loafs of Bread each loaf weighing 2 lbs at one meal. When I left he had
onley about 1/4 of a pound of Bacon and a half of a loaf of bread they
Said he eat it all befour he quit. This man belonged to the 11th Ala:
The 26th was a raney day
The 27 & 28 was cloudy
The 29th was cold and cloudy & Snowed a little in the Eavning
The 30th was cold
The 31st was very cold and Snowed a littel evry now & then threw
BARTLETT Y. MALONE'S BOOK
FOR THE YEAR 1865
The Month of January
The first day of January was very cold & the grown was coverd with
The 2d was cold and cloudy
The 3d it snowed a littel in the eavning
The 4th was very cold and the Snow was 3 inches deep
The 5th was warm and cloudy
The 6th my Self A. R. Moore James R. Aldridg Nathaniel Hooper &
T. Y. Compton built us a hous out of cracker Boxes the house coust us
$8.80 cts we bought a stove from the Sutlar the Stove coust us $8.00 the
Stove and house totel $16.80.
The 15th was a beautyful Sabath & I went to meating & Mr.
Newman preached from Psalms 8 ch. 4th Virse
The 17th it Snowed in the morning And about one thousen old men
& littel Boys left for Dixie.
The 21st it rained and Sleated all day & a large Dixie mail came in
one hudred & Sixty dollars worth of Due Letters:
The 22d was cold and cloudy & it was my birthday whitch made me
26 years old. And about 600 prysnors come in to day captured at Foat
Fisher The men that came in Say that General Whiten & Colonel Lamb
was captured and also wounded After knight a Neagrow Sentnal Shot
one of our men and kild him.
The 23d a large Dixie mail come in I got 2 letters from home & one
from Bro. Jim.
The 28th was clear but the coldest day we have had this winter
there was a man froze to death in the 5th Division after knight.
The 29th was the Sabath I went to meating with Mr. Athy preached
The 30th & 31st was pritty warm days.
The first of Feb. was warm And 500 Rebels come in captured clost
The 4th all men belonging to Kentuckey Missouri Louisina
Tennasee & Arkansas was cauld to go to Dixie.
They Still cauld on the 5 & 6th.
The 17th all prisnors captured at Gettersburg was cauld out.
The 18th the Gettersburg Prisnors left for Dixie.
The 21st all Prisnor capturd at Rappahanoc Station was cauld we all
went out and Signed the Parole and was put in the Parole Camp and
staid there most all the 24th then we was put on the Steamer George
Leary we got to Fortress Monroe about dark And then run as far as
Hampton Roads and there we staid all night Started next morning at light
which was the 25 got to Acorns Landing about 10 Oclock which was
about 12 miles from Richmond on the James River we then marched from
there to Camp Lea we got to Camp Lea about dark We then Staid at
Camp Lea untell the 27 when we wen over to Camp Winder.
The 2 day of March I got my Furlough the 3 they paid me 12 months
wages which was 237.00.
Went down to Richmond got on the cars about 6 O'clock in the
The 4th I got to Barksdale Depot about 10 in the morning, got off at
Barksdale marched to the Road house by dark Eat Supper with Mr.
Hanrick marched on 2 miles further and Staid all night with Mr. Moss.
Left early next morning which was the 5th eat Breakfast at Mr. Maxtons
got home about 1 O'clock in the Eavning.
B. Y. MALONE.
B. Y. Malone was borned in the year of our Lord 1838 rased and
graduated in the Corn field & Tobacco And inlisted in the war June the
18th 1861 And was a member of the Caswell Boys which was comanded
by Capt Mitchel And 25 was attatched to the 6th N. C. Regt. which was
comd by Coln Fisher who got kiled at the first Manassas fight which
was fought July the 21st 1861.
They was comanded by W. D. Pender untell the Seven Pine fight
which was fought the 30th day of May 62 Col. Pender then was
promoted to Brigadier General Then Capt. I. E. Avry of Co. E. was
promoted to Lieut Colonel who comanded untell the Battel of Gettysburg
where he was kild which fought the 2d day of July 1865.
Major R. F. Webb was then promoted to Col. who comanded untell
we was done at the Rapahanock Bridg the 7th of Nov. 1863. Our Regt
when was captured belonged to General Hooks Brigard Earlys Division
Ewels Corps Leas Armey.
B. Y. MALONE.