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Jackson, Andrew

Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) successfully defended New Orleans against British forces on January 8, 1815, in the last campaign of the War of 1812. As US President from 1829-37, he drew criticism for a nullification proclamation against South Carolina, a state that had sought in 1832 to nullify federal tariffs it thought were unconstitutional. Jackson also was censured by the US Senate for forcing the removal of the federal deposits from the Bank of the United States in 1833 and distributing them among a select group of banks, and he openly supported his vice president, Martin Van Buren (1782-1862), as his successor.