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Diary, April 15, 1861-July 31, 1862:
Electronic Edition.

Carney, Kate S., b. 1842

Funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services
supported the electronic publication of this title.

Text transcribed and annotated by Kristofer Ray
Text encoded by Jeanine Cali and Natalia Smith
First edition, 1999
ca. 180K
Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,

Source Description:
(manuscript) Kate Carney Diary: April 15, 1861-July 31, 1862
Kate Carney
Call number 139 (Manuscripts Dept., Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

        The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South.
        Transcript of the manuscript. The original is in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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Library of Congress Subject Headings, 21st edition, 1998

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Kate Carney Diary
April 15, 1861-July 31, 1862

         [Although a native of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Kate Carney's diary excerpt begins at her Uncle's plantation near Yazoo City, Mississippi.]

Monday April 15th 1861

        A dark rainy day. Miss Mary and Mr. M--left this morning. Sister Mary came back this morning, reported Mrs. Wm. Wheeles a great deal better. The boat landed, put off a man that is to work at the quarter. I heard good news, Fort Sumpter has been taken by our men. Rejoice-Rejoice.

Tuesday April 16th 1861

        A pretty day. Finished the 4th volume of the life of Washington, by [Washington] Irving. Brother Wilson's horses had colds this morning. Sister rode down a few moments to see how Mrs. Wm. Wheeles was, found her better. Heard the fort at Pensacola had been reinforced which I regret, though I hope yet to hear it has been captured by our Southern Boys. I wrote to Eva Roper tonight.

Wednesday April 17th 1861

        I began the 5th volume of the life of Washington. It is a lovely day. Brother Wilson went to town, failed to bring back a letter to me. Felt disappointed at least, expected one. He carried our bonnets back to have fixed over as we didn't like them first. They look very well now. Sister Mary & I walked up to the Quarter to see Mrs. Hall. A workman's wife. We rode back in the carriage. He (Brother Wilson) brought the news that Lincoln had issued a proclamation that if the South did not get back into the Union in thirty days, he would force it back, & has ordered out 75,000 men. He has stopped the mail. I hope the border states will join the Confederacy. Good night.

Thursday 18th 1861

        A lovely day. Sister & I sewed on my other muslin dress. Betsy, the servant assisted us yesterday on my other, by hemming my ruffles. Mr. Wheeles & Miss Mary rode up for me to take a ride, but Bro. Wilson had gone to the Quarter, but they went by & he brought the horse down. Very late Miss Mary came back, stated that she left Mr. Wheeles looking for her handsome pin she lost. She & I rode a short distance, then she came back a part of the way [and] met Mr. Wheeles who announced that he had found my black veil I had lost, but not Miss Mary's pin. I'm very sorry that she lost it. On reaching home, found Mrs. Paul & two children (Sallie & Allen) were there. We did not retire until "Hope" [a boat that ferried both people and material] came up & threw off Bro. Wilson, a paper, & also brought the news that Virginia had left the Union, that Tenn. had refused to give the North troops, but had offered men to the Confederacy. Hurrah for Tenn. If she will secede, I will no longer be ashamed of her. We heard the Cannon from Yazoo City firing off over the good news.

Friday April 19th 1861

        Mrs. Paul & children left about 11 or twelve o'clock for Mrs. Wm. Wheeles. Mr. Wm. W--came up and said a little negro boy was lost, belonging to himself. Bro. Wilson let his man Henry help look for him, & after so long a time the boy was found, but rather stiff from riding all night. Mr. Barksdale & his daughter Jennie stopped by a few moments this afternoon. Sister, Dr. Wilson, & myself went walking. It has been a lovely day.

Saturday April 20th 1861

        A lovely day. Sister, Bro. Wilson, & myself went down to Mr. Gales this afternoon. Saw Miss Annie & Dr. Gale, & also a Mrs. Ewing & her son, became acquainted with, he is rather a milk & water kind of being, but she is a very nice lady. Miss Annie gave me some flowers out of her vase, she had put in that morning. As we came by Mrs. Fred Wheeles', Ada ran out & gave me a bouquet & Thalba gave Sister Mary one. Stopped by to see Mrs. W--Wheeles. She was a little better, Miss Mary was not well. Sallie Paul was there, her mother was over at Mrs Brooks.

Sunday April 21st 1861

        A pretty day. Spent most of it reading. Mrs. Paul did not return today, consequently did not come by. Sister is not very well. Mr. Paul & Mr. Barksdale stopped by to talk the war news with Brother Wilson. I did not see them.

Monday April 22nd 1861

        A pleasant day. The river higher than it has been this winter, still rising. Mrs. Paul passed by, I was out at the gate, talked awhile with her. She had to go home, & could not stop by. Received a letter from Brother John, in which he stated he had an increase to his family in the way of a little boy, which he called Thomas Turner Carney. I'm glad, & started to reply to his letter but did not finish it. Sister & I finished my other muslin dress.

Tuesday April 23rd 1861

        A pretty day & have been sewing on sister's dresses. We made quite a pretty flag for Bro. Wilson to wave at the Company, that is to pass down on the boat. Heard that there had been a fight in Baltimore 800 Yankees taken prisoners, with 3,000 stands of arms. Hope came up soon tonight about 15 mi after the charm, threw off a paper which contained little or no news.

Wednesday April 24th 1861

        There is to be a barbecue at Satarshia's, so Mrs. Wheeles sent us word yesterday, but we don't want to go. It rained some last night, though it didn't wet the ground much. I finished the last volume of the life of Washington, by Irving. Began a novel called the discarded daughter, by Mrs. Southworth. Sister's dress is finished.

Thursday April 25th 1861

        The river still rising. We walked this evening. It is a clear day. Mr. Wm. Wheeles up to see Bro. Wilson, (we did not see him) he brought no news. I sewed some crochet trimmings on a skirt I had made, riped a dress of the waist for Sister,& read the rest of the day.

April 26, 1861

        The least little bit of rain. Quite cloudy. Bro. Wilson showed Messrs. Wm. & Fred. Wheeles his flag yesterday, & they thought it quite pretty. I saved my traveling dress on the waist, and finished the Discarded Daughter. Sister, Dr. Wilson, & myself, with henry, four oarsmen went down to see Mrs. Wm. Wheeles. We carried our flag, which floated in the wind, and made the waves quite high. Found Mrs. Wheeles sick in bed. Sister promised to send the skiff for her to take a ride in the morning. I spent the night.

Saturday April 27th 1861

        The weather being so bad, we were disappointed in our ride. On my way home dropped my bundle, & as I was riding alone on horseback had to get down & pick it up, as I had refused to let any one go home with me for fear of troubling some one. After remounting my horse shyed, & on looking saw a very large snake, just going to the field. Got home safe. It soon after poured down rain.

Sunday April 28th 1861

        Sister, Bro. Wilson & myself went up to church at the school house, heard a good sermon from Mr. McCray. We and the Misses Galtney, & their brother Tommy, & Willie Barksdale took dinner with Mrs. Paul. She was looking unusually well. Mr. McCray preached to the colored people, & of course we had to let Henry, our driver, attend. Consequently was a little late getting home. While we were all sitting in the parlor, Mr. Norton, the overseer from the Yandell place called "Joe's Walk" came in the parlor where we were [and] said John had told him to go down to Bro. Wilson's, and see his sweetheart, and as I was up there he came in. Took Bro. Wilson over home with him to see the letter, also said john wrote a much better letter than he expected, and that he wrote also a much longer one. I hope Cousin John only loves me as a cousin, for I think so, so much of him, & wouldn't have him think of me as any thing else but a cousin. Bro. Wilson received a letter from Pa today & he has joined a company for home protection. Was surprised but nevertheless glad, was afraid Pa was still for the Union. He says public opinion has undergone a great change within the past week, & that much excitement prevails. I know from the way he writes & by him being changed, there is an unusual amount of stir & excitement at home. I have been busy all day making wax flowers. Read my chapter & said my prayers, leaving our cause in the Hand that ruleth over all.

Monday 29th 1861

        It has been storming all day, raining, thundering, & lightning. Had a fine mess of strawberries for supper tonight. Feel very tired & sleepy. Have been making wax flowers for sister Mary today. It is still raining.

Tuesday 30th 1861

        Cleared off today. Sister Mary & I went up to spend the day with Mrs. Galtney. Did not find Mrs. Paul, as she had promised. Had anticipated going up in the skiff, but it had gotten away, & we had to go in the carriage. Met a Mrs. Shaw, who was originally from Boston, but for the past 5 or 6 years a resident of Vicksburg. I am anxious to hear the news in the papers, that have just come.

Wednesday May 1st 1861

        I did not see the new paper last night, as I was asleep when Sister Mary brought it to me, consequently read it after breakfast. It stated Tenn. would soon be out of the Union, that Andy Johnson was repeated[ly] insulted enroute for home, & came very near being hung. It is a pity he was not. Was busy moulding wax when Mrs. Fred Wheeles & Mrs. Roberts came up to spend the day. I sewed some on Miss Lucy's silk quilt this evening. This afternoon Miss Sarah Authurs, Miss Mary Whitehead, Lucy Wheeles, & little Fred Wheeles came up & spent the afternoon. When they left Sister Mary & I walked down to the river. It is still rising slowly. By sister's request, she made me get my guitar & try to play some, but my feelings not being in sympathy soon put it aside, for I have a tinge of the blues tonight. Had hoped to have gotten off to Tenn very soon but Bro. Wilson's overseer resigned his place, expecting the company he joined to be ordered off, so it will put off our movement in the direction of home sometime longer, as Bro. Wilson will have to get another overseer in place of Mr. Dickson, & will have to try him then.

Thursday May 2nd 1861

        It rained nearly all day until about dark. Went out to feed the deer, they ate the corn I gave them better than the meal sister took them. They are little beauties.

Friday May 3rd 1861

        Been busy yesterday & today working in wax. The boat failed to put off a paper last night as it passed up. Don't know why. While at dinner heard the drum beating, found the boat "Hope" was coming with a company from Yazoo City on it. They seem to be very happy with the thought of doing their duty. Although I only know 3 that were members of the Company, I could not but feel sad, when I wondered how many of that number would return to homes & friends (Bro. Wilson's overseer, & the Messrs. Waddell were the ones I knew). What a depressed feel weighed down my heart, as their voices grew fainter & fainter as they rounded the bend in the river, and their shouts & cheers ceased to be heard. I could not for sometime shake off the gloomy feeling. I knew though their faces were wreathed with smiles it was a masque for sad hearts. May God be with them & prosper our cause that their blood may not be spilled in vain. This evening the man Henry returned from the city where he had been after our mail. Brought Sister Mary a long & interesting letter from Pa, in which he stated the Home Guard company numbered about a hundred, and would be called out in an emergency. That Bro. Will had joined a company that there was one making up in Bro. John's neighborhood, and that Legrand, as young as he is wanted to go off with a company. Great, great excitement prevails. The teachers from Soule College, two were dismissed & 3 resigned. Annie Ransom, & Lucy Leiper took the music teachers places. If I had been home would've offered my services. Pa says he is afraid the college will be broken up. I am glad the men of Tenn. are turning out so bravely in the defense of their homes. I leave them in the hands of Providence, may He be with them.

Saturday May 5th 1861

        It rained a part this morning. We walked out this afternoon. I fed the deer. Received a long letter from Fannie Wilson today.

Monday 6th 1861

        It rained a little just after breakfast. Sister & I went down to Mrs. Wm. Wheeles'. She returned, but I remained all day at Mrs. Fred Wheeles', for Miss Mary Whitehead & I went down there. I went to learn Ada & Miss Mary to make wax flowers. Dr. Wilson went to town today, returned this afternoon. Tenn. has gone out of the Union. Hurrah! for her.

Tuesday 7th of May 1861

        A lovely day. Was sewing on a calico I gave the little darkie, Fannie. This evening Miss Mary Whitehead & I took a long ride on horseback, went way up to Mrs. Paul's, & saw her a few moments. We saw quite a large snake, on our return home.

Wednesday 8th 1861

        I finished Fannie's dress. Went out to feed John & Kate (the deer). They are more gentle than they were. We walked out, met Mrs. Fred Wheeles, & children returning from Mrs. Paul's. Had quite a little talk with them. A very large snake was killed here today.

Thursday 9th 1861

        Sister Mary & I on our way down to Mrs. Fred Wheeles' stopped by and got Miss Mary Whitehead, & went on down to Mrs. Fred Wheeles for the day. I employed myself learning Miss Mary & Ada Wheeles to make wax flowers. Sister Mary & Mrs. F. Wheeles called down on Mrs. Wm. Gale. They were much pleased. Sister Mary returned home late in the evening, but Miss Mary & I spent the night.

Friday May the 10th 1861

        I have been busy making, (or rather showing the girls how to make) wax flowers. Old Mr. Wheeles came down to bring Fannie to school, only staid a few moments. Mr. Wm. Wheeles, had been down to Mr. Wm. Cales', brought the news that the company from Satarchia would start next Monday, but tomorrow within four miles of that place, there would be a big barbecue given to them. They are anxious for me to go down. Don't think I shall. Bro. Wilson came after me this evening. Miss Mary & Fannie went with me, as far as their home.

Saturday May 11th 1861

        I was busy all day, making wax flowers. We didn't care to attend the barbecue. The Hope came up & threw off a paper, but it was so dark we could not find it.

Sunday May 12th 1861

        Found the paper this morning, containing no news. Mr. Wheeles was up and sat awhile, Bro. Wilson was up at the Quarter, & did not return until just as he was starting. He wanted Bro. Wilson to send some provisions down to Satarchia, as the neighbors were proposing sending things down to eat to keep them from spending any more money than they could help. Bro. W--sent two hams.

Monday 13th 1861

        Got up tolerable early to finish a letter to Fannie Wilson, but did not in time to send it by Bro. Wilson to town as I desired. He staid rather late in town, & did not bring me out a letter, consequently I felt disappointed. Wish some of my friends would write, but the prevailing topic is the war, so no one has an opportunity of thinking of anything else. Fed the deer today, though that is now my regular duty. The Hope & the Charm looked beautiful as they passed down, side by side, racing with the colors flying in the breeze. Mr. Norton (one of the Yandell overseers) told Bro. Wilson they received a letter from Cousin John today, that he was better satisfied. He will soon forget us all. Well we can't help it.

Thursday 14th 1861

        Finished mending both of my hoopskirts besides other things. It rained last night. I fed the deer this afternoon. A peddler came here today, but sister did not get any thing.

Wednesday 15th 1861

        A lovely day. We saw a big snake today, sent for Henry & had it killed. Been mending today. Mrs. Barksdale & Mrs. Paul sent sister word they would be down tomorrow to spend the day she & I walked to the river.

Thursday 16th 1861

        A lovely day. Mrs. Paul, Mrs. Barksdale, Josephine & Jennie spent the day, & with the exception of Mrs. P--, her two children & Jennie Barksdale, they went back home as Mrs. B-- was expecting Mrs. Dorrity (that was Miss Dollie O'Riley) to spend the night with her. The ones that remained with Sister Mary & myself walked down to Mrs. Wm. Wheeles for a few moments this evening. Mrs. Fred Wheeles was up to see us a few moments today, also.

Friday 17th 1861

        The day is lovely. Mrs. Barksdale came by about 11 o'clock for Mrs. Paul, & she & her children went down and spent the day with Mrs. Wm. Wheeles. They were anxious for us to go, but we could not. They promised to stop by this afternoon but did not. Suppose they saw we had company, Mr. & Miss Gale were here. Mr. Wheeles came by for Bro. Wilson, to get up to Mr. Paul's to drill in a squad of the Home Cavalry, which he did. Mr. Norton (John's overseer) told Bro. Wilson he had received a letter from Cousin containing a message which he could not deliver in a crowd. I wonder what it is.

Saturday 18th 1861

        Until about 11 oclock today cloudy. It is now raining [at] 11 oclock tonight. Sister & I started to walk down to the quarter, met the darkies coming after their clothers, had to return to the house. Miss Mary Whitehead, Mrs. Robberts & Lea Wheeles came up & staid a while. Miss Mary & I rode up nearly to the quarter to see an alligator that had been killed above & floated down. Bro. Wilson sent two negroes to turn it over for us, so we could get a good look at it. They then gave it a push, & it floated down in the river. Bro. W--got a letter from his Ma.

Sunday 19th 1861

        A Pretty day. Went out and fed the deer. Miss Mary W--& Mrs. Barksdale rode up & talked a little, but would not get down.

Monday 20th 1861

        Wrote Ma a letter, sent it up to the quarter for one of the workmen to mail. Quite warm today. A little cooler towards night. Sister & I went down to Mrs. Wm. Wheeles & Mrs. Robberts, & Miss Mary crossed with us over to Mrs. Brooks, who seems to be very glad to see us, insisted on our remaining all night, which we could not do. But Miss Mary came & spent the night with me, & while Bro. Wilson & Sister Mary sat on the porch, we promenaded the pavement for it was bright moonlight with only occasional clouds to obscure the brightness. We had a pleasant time chatting.

May 21st 1861

        Miss Mary left soon after breakfast. We walked up to the Quarter this morning. Mrs. Wheeles sent us each a beautiful magnolia. The "Hope" passed up earlier than usual, threw off a paper to Bro. Wilson. No news. The "Charm" passed also, later than usual. It has been a cool, damp day, rather bad for May. Have been mending, getting ready to start home.

May 22nd 1861

        I fed the deer after mending nearly all day, which I will soon be through with. A pretty day, rather cool. Bro. Wilson, went down to Starchia to attend a meeting to arrange a vigilant committee, as there are no courts now.

May 23rd 1861

        A lovely day. Mr. & Mrs. Hogan & Mr. Fred Wheeles called up here this morning. Sister Mary & Bro. Wilson went in to see them & so did I. I made two roses out of wax. Read a good deal in "The Virginians" by Port Cragon. Miss Hogan, her brother's wife, did not spend the day as we thought they were going to do. I finished Florence Nightengale on nursing today. It was the first time I ever saw Mrs. Hogan. I wish the Hope would come. I want to hear news.

May 24th 1861

        A lovely day. Messrs. Wm. & Joe Gale came up here. Sister & Brother Wilson went in but I did not wish to see them. Read on in "The Virginians", which I find quite interesting. Hemmed one side of a comfort for Sister Mary. She & I walked down to the river this evening. Bro. Wilson & I played ball on the porch this evening. I took Fannie, & went to feed the deer.

May 25th 1861

        A pretty day. Sewed a good deal on Sister Mary's silk quilt & cut out a great many papers for it. This evening Sister & I had been up to the quarter, & had just started back when we met one of the negroes that had been hauling wood, & he said there were ladies awaiting us at the house. On arriving there found Miss Josephine Cox, Miss Ada Wheeles & Fannie Wheeles, who are spending the night, & may be going to stay longer. Mr. Cox shortly afterwards arrived, & is here also. Heard of Col. Philip's death with Typhoid. He left with the first company, since being promoted. A very clever man I have heard, & leaves a wife & a large family of children. May God keep "our boys" under his eye, and bring them home in safety.

May 26th 1861

        A fine day. Bro. Wilson & Mr. Cox went up to church this morning. Mr. G--remaining here at Mrs. Paul's & Bro. W--returning. We walked out this evening [and] met Mr. Wheeles & Miss Mary. The two Wheeles girls returned home with them, but Miss Josephine Cox came back with us. I don't much fancy her. She is too pert. It has been rather warm.

May 27th 1861

        With the exception of being a little too warm, a lovely day it has been. Doing actually nothing today. Josephine & I walked down to Mrs. Wm. Wheeles', saw all there. Returned home before supper. She pretended to get very homesick, & cried like a baby this evening although she is fifteen years old, which behavior I was not at all pleased with.

May 28th 1861

        Still pleasant weather. Sister Mary, Josephine C--& myself went up to Mrs. Paul's to spend the day, on our way stopped by & Sister got out of the carriage to see if Mrs. Barksdale would not accompany us up, but she said she could not, but made us promise to return & spend the night with her, which we did after having a good dinner & pleasant day at Mrs. Paul's. We met Miss Olivia Galtney & her brother Tommie. The latter went to town, but I did not get any letters. Feel disappointed because I did not. As they (Miss G--& her brother) returned home, Mrs. Paul, Sallie, & Allen came up to Mrs. Barksdale for a few moments to see the pictures of Kink & Lester they had sent home. We saw also Cousin John's. Mrs. Paul sent over & got it from Mr. Norton. It does even do him justice. King's was taken in his dress uniform, & looked very well indeed. Mr. & Mrs. Lambeth & baby spent the night also at Mrs. Barkesdale's, also their nurse.

May 30th 1861

        One of Bro. Wilson's negro men got very badly hurt with a mule today. Mended Sister's hoop skirt. Finished "The Virginians", read some papers & a magazine, practiced on my guitar, & this evening practiced shooting with Sister's pistol. We walked down to the river in the evening. Don't know how I shall kill time until next Wednesday.

May 31st 1861

        Very warm, with that exception a fine day. Miss Mary Whitehead, Mrs. Robberts, Mr. Fred Wheeles, Miss Olivia Galtney, & her brother Tommy spent the day here. Mr. Fred Wheeles left not long after dinner, then Tommy G--& little Fred Wheeles went down to Mr. Fred Wheeles' with Miss Olivia, who intends going to a picnic tomorrow. Mr. W--said he was commissioned to invite all the young ladies, but I have not the most distant idea of attending. Don't suppose there will be but one beau,& that will be Mr. Cannon, & as he is Miss Olivia's "star" I suppose she will monopolize his company, as all believe he is addressing her. I went home with Old Mrs. Wheeles, Miss Mary & Mrs. Robberts, & spent the night. Mrs. Brooks & her little daughter were also there. They had started up to see us, but concluded it was too late to come, but said she would be up soon, after we returned to Tenn. Her daughter remained all night with Fannie Wheeles.

Saturday June 1st 1861

        A lovely day. Sister returned the carriage after me early this morning and I went home, found Bro. Wilson already gone to town. In the afternoon returned bringing me a letter from Pa. He spoke of the company's leaving, & that the county had promised more. He sent Bro. Wilson several Nashville papers. He and Ma were disappointed in our not coming up sooner this summer. Mr. Miller said he was coming down Monday. Would like to see him, but everything is packed up for us to leave. I have nearly finished packing my trunk. Wish he hadn't told Bro. Wilson.

Sunday June 2nd 1861

        Rather too warm. Lovely over head. The Hope threw us a paper off, containing very little news. This afternoon Mrs. Barksdale, Willie, Jennie, Josephine, Mrs. Paul, & Sallie, her daughter came up to tell us goodbye. Mr. Wm. Wheeles was also here a few moments. After they left Dr. Wilson, Sister, & myself walked to the river.

Monday June 3rd 1861

        Twice it sprinkled just the least little bit. Sister & Dr. Wilson went up to the Quarter. Mr. Miller did not come today. Mr. Jim Brookes called on Bro. Wilson, but he was not at home consequently would not come in. it rained some this evening, but not enough for the crops, as they are needing it badly. Sister, Bro. Wilson & I went down and told all goodbye at Mrs. Fred Wheeles'. Saw a Mrs. Bunch, sister of Mrs. Wheeles as we came back, met Miss Mary Whitehead & Mrs. Roberts on horseback going down to Mrs. Fred Wheeles, as we stopped at Mrs. Wm. Wheeles', they returned there after we left. Everybody seems to be very sorry we are going to leave, tried to make me promise to return next winter. Could scarcely keep from crying when I told old Mr. & Mrs. Wheeles goodbye, for I hardly expect ever to see them again. In fact, I doubt whether I ever see any of my friends here again.

Tuesday June 4th 1861

        A lovely day. Been busy finishing the life of Aaron Burr, by Parton, which proved to be interesting. This morning Mr. Miller came. I did not go in the parlor until Messrs Paul & Barksdale came. They did not remain a great while. We had such a splendid dinner, told Sister Mary was sorry she did not insist on the gentlemen staying. Miss Mary Whitehead, Mrs. Roberts, & Mr. & Mrs. Wm. Gale were here to see and tell us good bye. Quite a number of the darkies from the Quarter came to tell us good bye. Started home tonight.

June 5th 1861

        It rained some this evening. We got off the boat not long after breakfast, & went to the Hotel & went shopping. Left just after dinner. I did not feel very well today. Took the cars at this place Vicksburg. Got off at Canton to get our supper, & Bro. Wilson being so busy getting our tickets & checks didn't get his supper. We were very much afraid we would be left. That night Miss Caldwell got on at Shonugota, & seems to be a very pleasant nice young lady. She is going up to Nashville under Bro. Wilson's care. Did not get much sleep until nearly day. Mr. Joe Avent also got on the train, & a Mrs. Peal, wife of a man that once oversaw for Uncle Tom Turner.

June 7th 1861

        Felt better than I expected after traveling all night. Passed Corinth, did not see a single person I knew. Sister saw a young man on the train she knew from Yazoo City, a Mr. Nigh. There was a gentleman accompanying an elderly lady on the train, I thought it must be mother & son. He was very polite to us. Took supper at Huntsville, Ala. We will travel all night, will reach home tomorrow, won't I be glad to be home once more.

June 8th 1861

        This morning arrived in Murfreesboro early, found Pa & the Carriage awaiting us at the depot.

Friday 9th 1861

        This morning it did not rain but until about 7 o'clock this evening, & we had quite a storm. It is still raining, & it is now about 10 o'clock. I am sleeping down with Ma tonight. Pa, getting too late over at the depot, was left this morning, but went down tonight. The Misses Murfree & Burton came out begging for soldiers. Poor fellows I don't know how any one could refuse them aid. The boxes are to be sent on to Virginia next Tuesday. Ma is going to give them some blankets & pillows, make some salve, & send some rags & lint. I feel sad, for somehow I can't help thinking the first Regt has been in an engagement in West Virginia. I could write many pages about our war & brave soldiers. Sister Maria came in after Bro. Will this morning, took him back home. He came in yesterday, & had quite a hard chill & was very sick, went back to Mrs. Butler's. Miss Sallie Jetton & Potterfield called this evening.

         [Break in the diary; resumes in May, 1862, after Federal troops had come to occupy the Murfreesboro area]

May 7th 1862

        A lovely day has passed, but unappreciated, our minds being in such a disturbed state. We expected Finie Burton & Kate Marchbanks out to see us probably to spend the day, but were disappointed in both, as they failed to come. We also looked for Tommie Jones. He may have left, as he did not call. I suppose he found an opportunity of slipping away in the great excitement of today, & went. Bettie had several letters to send to Clarksville by him, & shall have to mail them now. Yesterday evening he called on Bettie, & afterwards asked for me, it was the first time I ever saw him, & as much as I can judge, liked him very well, indeed found nothing to dislike about him & still nothing very striking. It was while he was here, I heard for the first time of Will Rucker & Will Wilkinson taking the oath, which I must acknowledge was no little surprise to me, or as some would express it, I was thunder struck, for I thought their pride would have revolted at anything so base & cowardly. Bettie & I, had made two handsome bouquets to send them, but were prevented which I am thankful, as they are so detestable as to take that oath. This morning Ma was going to take our boys that are prisoners their breakfast but, thinking so many would send provisions, and as she sent them good many nice things yesterday. The first strawberries we had were taken to them. I would give up my share any time for our poor soldiers, nothing would be considered too great a sacrifice on my part for their good, or comfort. Before I had eaten my breakfast, Mrs. Mollie Crockett sent out for me to send some flowers, for a young lady to send to Tom Morgan, brother of John Morgan, as he is among our prisoners at the jail. I had quite a handsome one made, but I am afraid he had not the pleasure of receiving it, as they are not going to allow our men to receive such demonstrations of sympathy as were expressed by the ladies of Murfreesboro. Ma took them up some comforts and bedding last evening. Poor fellows. They were thing's left here, that belonged to the hospital. She also took some clothes up to Tom Morgan, as she understood he was in need of some. She carried Bettie's & my bouquets up to some of the boys. When old Capt. Frost (who by the way comes out quite frequently since Pa, arrest which was three weeks last Tuesday). He is ever a welcome visitor as he is better than any newspaper and seems so disturbed about Pa. He brought a message from Mr. Crossman (who is a Union man, though we think a very clever one and is staying for protection, which we are very glad to have him do, as he carries letters to Pa, or any thing else, or getting a pass for Ma, to have hauled wood from the Quarter to have sold. It is a mutual accommodation, & satisfies all parties. Bettie & I give him some hard cuts though, about people taking the oath). Well to return to the message he sent Ma, that she must neither send or carry anything to the prisoners today, for, if she did the Yankees might insult her. She and cousin Ann would not take them when they first went up, but afterwards sent back after some clothes, said she could have them sent in secretly. When they came back they brought the same old tale, that we must prepare for a battle, as one was expected here before night. It seems as if it was always "bad news." So without more ado about the matter, I went upstairs and began packing my trunk, but before I finished dinner came on, & with it Mr. Crossman, but brought no news. He is afraid of committing himself to us, for fear our secession tongues would get us into trouble, as he is of the opinion that we talk too much. Scarcely had we gotten up from the table, when we saw Mrs. Kittie Reeves & her grandson Levi coming, at the same time heard the band of music coming, played by rogues (as that is what I call the Yankees, more appropriate than any thing else). We saw also about 2 thousand Yankees tramping down the Lebanon pike, & to my astonishment stopped in the grove opposite our house (owned by Uncle Wm. Lytle). Thinking they had come down to drill I went in and slammed the door, & had every blind in the house shut, [that] they might know I would not condescend to see them drill. I also called all servants and children in, & said sufficiently loud for them to hear, that I didn't want anyone to see them, but to our astonishment they stacked arms and seemed to be waiting for something, on enquiry found they were expecting prisoners from Lebanon. Soon our yard was filling with Yankees, asking for flowers, to all Ma said help yourselves (well knowing they were going to do it), which I guess was the best way, but I should have refused. Scarcely had they begun, when they heard that the other men with our men prisoners were coming, but I had enough flowers to tie up three bouquets. Bettie Gillespie had gotten some also we did not have to wait long after getting down to the fence, on the pike, before we saw our poor boys being brought along with as much pomp & show as possible. There were about 5,000 to guard less than a hundred of our men. Our men looked so noble, & had such a manly bearing, that they looked less like prisoners than those that had them in charge. I forgot I was before so many men, especially when I began to see my old friends among them. I told them never to take the oath & they answered "that had played out", and a great many other things, that enraged the Yankees very much. After I saw Jessie Sikes, George Ridley & Mr. Roberts I scarcely knew what I did do. I know when I screamed a whole camp hissed at me, but what I cared for that. I was perfectly insensible to any feeling save sympathy for our prisoners. An officer ordered us to the house, but contrary to military rules & regulations, we did not go until we got ready. Good many cursed us when we hurrahed! for "Jeff Davis", John Morgan, & Beauregard, but we heard very little of it until an old man that wanted to pick up our flowers that we had thrown to our soldiers & when we said he must not have them because they were confederate flowers he cursed me, & kicked them, & I have since been sketching him for Bettie's benefit, and for our entertainment tonight, as we are sitting up until three our four o'clock, as they have threatened to burn our house tonight, but seeing no prospect of a fire, went to bed & slept very comfortably. An officer rode up and offered to buy one of my bouquets, (I suppose as an insult) I told him he could never get one for any consideration, but if he had been a Confederate soldier he would be welcome. So the chap rode off. Charley Marchbanks, & Col. Wood were also in the lot of prisoners. I was so much excited [I] did not recognize them. They were sent off on the train this afternoon. Mrs. Kittie Reeves left shortly after we came up to the house. Mrs. Edwards came over & staid awhile this afternoon. Cousin Ann & Ma went to town in the buggy, but did not get to see any of the prisoners.

Thursday May the 8th 1862

        Another beautiful day. Cousin William Tilford came to see Ma, had decided to go to Nashville to see Pa. She is to give her answer in a day or two. Mr. Staley & lady called out on Ma & Cousin Ann this morning. Bettie & I went up to see Kate Marchbanks to console her about her brother. I feel quite sorry for her, she seems much distressed. On our way back met Capt. Frost, who stopped us & had quite a little chat, passed a Yank further down, turned off my head [as] I always do now. Ma, & cousin Ann rode up to town this evening. While they were gone, a Yank came after milk. I let Pricy give him two glasses of milk, for I will not go into see any of them. Mr. Avent came out & said Pa would be home today or tomorrow. It is too good for us to believe. We had a long letter from him today, by Mrs. Troadway. We had a large bowl of fresh strawberries today. How I do wish our poor boys could get some. Mr. Crossman expects one of his friends out here today, to stay. It is rumored we have had another big battle, I hope my friends are safe.

Friday May 9th 1862

        Pa & Mr. Wendle are coming home tomorrow, I'm so glad. Ma went up to town this morning. Cousin Will Tilford, Aunt Maney & McFarlin took dinner here today. The latter took the oath today, the former took it some time ago. There was an old lady came here today by the name of Mrs. Jones, that refused to take the oath. Said the Yankees might blow her brains ou t& bury them before she would take it as she had 3 sons & 7 grandsons in the Southern army. Hurrah! for her. It is rumored that Jeff Thompson is in Ky.

May 10th 1862

        Not a more beautiful day could have been selected than this is. It would have been splendid for a bridal one. If we were influenced altogether by outward circumstances, (or appearances) we would be the happiest of happy. Pa is coming home, and we are delighted, but not more so than he is, as he has been a prisoner in the Penitentiary ever since the 15th of last month, away from his family. Ma, Jennie & Helen went over to the depot to meet him. Mr. Christy & Mr. Rickhammer came out to see him. Mrs. Henderson & Mrs. Levi Reeves called this afternoon also, but being very busy preparing the table for Nicie's wedding supper, (she is an old family servant that is to be married) did not see any of them. We have been quite busy all day. The table was set in our dining room, and quite a pretty one too it was. She was married in the front hall by Uncle Brack, their colored preacher. Everything passed off very nicely. Ada & Emma Ledbetter, Kate Marchbanks, & Dick Ledbetter were out and sat until bed time with us. Mr. Buck Duffer was also up here & saw the ceremony performed. Mr. Crossman went to Nashville today.

Sunday the 11th 1862

        It has been a beautiful day, rather warm. Cousin Ann & Bettie the only two that attend church today. They did not return until late in the evening. Mr. John Bell, Jr., Mr. Peter Duffer, & Capt. Frost came out to see Pa this morning. In the afternoon, Mr. Boles & his daughter Bell came out, & they had not been gone long when Mr. & Mrs. David Wendle & two daughters came out to see Pa & the rest of us. Mr. Crossman came up from Nashville today. He brought me a letter from Lucy Wilson, which I must answer very soon.

Monday May 12th 1862

        The sky above is cloudless, but our even "tenor of our way" has been some what interrupted by the arrest of some of our best, and most worthy citizens. Messrs. Dromgoole (our Mayor), Jas. Avent, Jno. A. Crockett, Tom Robberson, Wm. Ransom, Maj. Childress, Rev. G. T. Henderson, Maj. Maney, & to get Dr. Baskett, and there is no knowing who will be next, for it seems though most polite are the first arrested, & I verily believe, if a person did not open his mouth, they would have them taken up on suspicion of his having looked contrary to his established rules. Poor Maj. Maney,
[see the Kimberly letters for more on the Maney family in occupied Tennessee]
walked home with Pa, partook of a social class, little dreaming that he would be among the number taken so soon. He with the rest of those gentlemen were in the store congratulating Pa on his safe arrival home, little thinking that in a few hours they would be in a like situation, & this is called "a land of freedom". It is sacreligious to call this oppress, and down trodden nation a land of liberty, where tyranny stalks in open day, & private grudges of years standing are brought to light, & revenge is considered sweet. It seems strange that when a certain man (for I shall not term him a gentleman) sees fit to go to Nashville, a number of our good men are taken away. Surely justice will over take him yet, though it may be slow, for our Father that watches over us in secret will not let a wicked man prosper, & if he fails to be punished in this world, he will one day stand before the Great Tribunal, & there receive his reward. We scarcely have a thought, much more open our mouths, for fear Pa will again be sent to prison, for he & Mr. Wendel are both bound over $10,000 each, & though I'm not inclined to anticipate evil I feel quite confident that he will have it to pay, for I think there are tools low enough for any work, & they would be willing to swear falsely, if gold could be gotten by so doing, & as Bill Spence has a quantity of money that he has gotten by robbing the widows, orphans, & poor, even to the servants he will not lack means to pay his workman should they agree to do the dirty work of swearing falsely, especially if his conscience hurts him, & he would like some means of getting rid of his ill gotten gains. In the papers it is stated that Jeff Davis has appointed the 16th of this month for prayer, for the protection of our army & the Southern Confederacy, but I have no idea it will be allowed to be noticed here, but we can pray all the more at home. They can't deprive us of our thoughts, though I have no doubt they would, if they could. We will certainly know how to appreciate freedom when we have it once more restored. Bettie and I got a scolding for our long tongues just before supper, & at that meal we were as quiet as "little mice", though we got no praise for our uncommon nice behavior, & conversation was a drag & they looked as if they wished us to say something, though we kept provokingly quiet and seemed intent on enjoying our strawberries, and soon after it was over came to our room to chat to ourselves, without interruption from our dear prudent parents with some of their sage advice. Ma was up town this morning, brought the news that Sister Amanda had a little daughter born last Thursday, so I have a little niece, & a little nephew also, that I have not seen yet. We heard the Yankees were going to take in their pickets, if that be true, I can go out to see them both, but I think it must have been a false report. It has been, that they entertained such an idea, but hearing that Kentucky was rebelling & coming to join the South since the emancipation law has been passed in Congress, & that we were fighting in "Cumberland Gap", that John Morgan had captured two trains of cars, one containing a safe with much money supposed to be in it. I hope the day is breaking for us at last. Capt. Frost & Mr. Pricket were both out here awhile this evening. Little Laura Davis & Laura Ledbetter came out this evening after a piece or two of music for Kate Marchbanks & Addie Ledbetter. It is growing late & Cousin Ann I know is getting anxious for me to extinguish the light. So I will prepare for bed, hoping to sleep, the sleep of the innocent, while the moon with its broad face keeps a good humored watch over me.

Tuesday May 13th 1862

        The citizens that were arrested yesterday were sent off on the train to Nashville, including Dr.'s Basket, King, & Robert Wendle, leaving quite a small number of physicians in town, and I don't know what we would do if the small pox should break out, for it [is] already here, we know of two cases among the Yankees, and there is no telling how many more there are that we do not know about. They had these two cases placed in a house on Main St. and gave out they were sick Confederates, thinking the ladies of the place would flock to see them, & sure enough one lady went & was much frightened, as well as shocked when she found what was the matter with them. Some thought the Yankees took that means to spread it through out this place. Cousin Henry Tilford ate dinner with us today. Said he had lost his pass, & they refused to give him another, & that is what he gets for taking the oath. Bettie, Jennie, & I went over to Mrs. Lewis Maney, while there Mrs. Hancocke & Miss Annie Murfree, also Mrs. David Maney & Miss Sallie Belle. We came away soon after the latter arrived, met Helen just at the fence, & persuaded her to return home with us. We then concluded to walk up to see Mrs. Henderson, but we saw about 20 armed ruffians coming down the street, so we concluded to stop in to see Mrs. Pritchet, as we have been intending paying them a visit for some time. We had just started to go when several of those scoundrels came to search the house, I gave them a most scornful look & passed out. They searched every house in town & got a few old shot guns, & an old pistol from here, but should they attempt loading it as it is now, woe be unto them, which I hope they will do. As I saw an officer this evening riding down the street trying to show off, I wished from the bottom of my heart, the horse would throw him & break his neck, & I can't believe it is much of a sin either, but, must we blame the Yankees for trying to show off when some young ladies were out on horse back, also trying to cut a dash, without even an escort. I sent them word they had better mind, or the Yanks would insult them, for, it was the Misses Duffers. I don't know how they took the message, & I don't care. When we arrived at Aunt Tildy Henderson's the soldiers were ransacking her house, pretending to search. She looked very sad, but who could be otherwise here now, for it seems the silver lining to "the dark cloud that hovers" over our land will never be seen. The news came that Norfolk & Portsmouth have fallen into the hands of the enemy & that our gun boat "Merrimack" was blown up by our own people to help it from falling into the hands of the Federals. If something (almost a miracle) is not done soon, we shall have to yield our hearts up to despair.

Wednesday May 14th 1862

        It was a pretty morning until about one o'clock, when all of a sudden it looked as if we were going to have a terrible storm, but it contented itself with a nice little shower and stopped. Ma & Cousin Ann went up town, and while there went by the hospital to see our two wounded soldiers that were brought in yesterday. Ma took them nice strawberries & cream, nice flour hoecakes & butter. Bettie & I sent a lovely bouquet to Mr. Henderson, for which he returned a nice little note of thanks. Miss Millie McLain called on Bettie this morning. Mr. Crossman went to Nashville this evening. Took a letter for Lucy Wilson from me, enclosing one from Kate Marchbanks. The paper called the Dispatch was surpressed today, suppose the reason was it told the truth too plain. Said that Beauregard had not left Corinth, & had no idea of doing so, but instead had been strongly reinforced. The Yanks expecting Morgan every time they go out to stand guard, carry one of the citizen's (without permitting them to have arms) thinking, I suppose, if Morgan does attack the town he will be prevented from firing on them by the unarmed citizen being there. I hope Morgan will hear of it. Bro. John was slightly wounded in his little finger at Pittsburgh Landing.

Thursday May 15th 1862

        Bettie & I drove up in the buggy with Andrew behind. We arrived at home safe after my driving, though I know little about it. Went to see Mrs. Winship, (who is dying with consumption) also Mrs. Leiper, & by the store, arriving home about 11 or 12 o'clock, stemmed strawberries for dinner, & a nice large bowl for our two wounded Confederate soldiers that are still in the hospital. Ma & Cousin Ann took them up to them this afternoon. One of the soldiers said he was looking for his mother soon, & Ma told him to tell her to make our house her home while she remained. I was lying down reading all of the afternoon. Three Yanks were passing by trying to get some flowers from over the fence, when Ma went out and gave them some & they came in the house, & Pa treated them. Bettie & I were upstairs in the hall, and was much amused at what they had to say, as we could hear their conversation from below. Two of the scamps came again tonight to call on Pa.

Friday May 16th 1862

        Today was the Fast day appointed by Jeff Davis, and we kept it until dinner, though we had no service in our churches. It seems hard that we are not permitted to pray to God, when and how we want to. Ma received a letter from Sister Mary today, written about a month ago, by an "underground railroad" as they term it, & we were delighted to learn they were so well. Haven't been very well today, slept a little during the day consequently did not rest well tonight. Mr. Crossman returned from Nashville today, failing to see any of Mrs. Wilson family, I didn't get an answer to my letter. Several Yankees came into Ma's yard & she gave them flowers. Ma & Cousin Ann went up to the hospital to take our prisoners some nice things to eat, & Capt. Round's commanded them to come no more. He is a villain, "clothed with a little brief authority: he flatters his little soul he is somebody, but did he but know we have heard he was only a drummer." Martha Duffer spent the night with Rosa.

Saturday May 17th 1862

        Rather warm today. I feel some better today. Bettie & I grew very much excited at a remark made by Mr. Crossman about our President Jeff Davis. He is nothing but an old Union man anyway. Promised if we would write letters South, he would try and get them through, though should I write as I feel he would not send them, & if I wrote otherwise they would be little satisfaction either to those written to, or myself. Capt. Frost was out a little while this evening, & told us a good deal of news. Said our men had cut a bridge near Huntsville, just so that it would stay up, and a large body of Yankees went to cross & was precipitated into the river. Hope the last one was killed. He also said that we had 75,000 men in 40 miles of this place, too good to be true. We are so often disappointed now. Mrs. Tom Johnson & several of her children were here awhile this evening.

Sunday May 18th 1862

        A lovely day has passed. Cousin Ann, Bettie & Helen went to church this morning. Mr. Crossman went to Nashville, regretted I didn't know of his going in time, I would have written a letter to some of the Wilson family. Ma sent Sister Mary's letter to Mrs. Wilson to read. Ma, Pa, & Jennie went down to see Uncle William Lytle this evening. Pa went up to Mr. Dromgoole's. He has been released from prison for a few days on account of his ill health. Mr. Henderson came up with him, but will have to return very soon. Maj. Childress is up on a six days furlough. Heard that Mr. Hoard was in earnest a Union man, & that Mr. T. O. Butler had signed the paper, for our State to return to her old allegiance, but I hope I have been misinformed. Two Yanks came here and asked for some flowers, I told Leathy (the servant) she might get them some, for I don't speak to them. One of them seem to be very much pleased with her. She tied them each a bouquet, & they gave her each 5 cents for her trouble. She told them Ma never sold flowers. One of them asked Helen, was she a "secessesh", & she said yes indeed she was. Capt. Frost was out here late this evening & staid a little while.

Monday May 19th 1862

        Cousin Ann spent the day with Mrs. Winship. Mollie Crockett & Mrs. Jno. A. Crockett were out calling this morning. Several letters were received in town from their distant friends, written in high spirits. Bettie and I walked down to see Mrs. Edwards this evening. Ma, & Cousin Ann, went up to the hospital to see our Confederate soldiers and carried them flowers and strawberries.

Tuesday May 20th 1862

        Trimmed the children's hats today. Don't feel very well tonight. Ma went up town this evening. This evening took a careful list of those Union men. Heard that Mr. Butler said they put his name to it without his agreeing to it. I hope it is a mistake about his being a Union man. Heard it was a mistake about the "Merrimac" either being taken, or burnt, or sunk. Was quite sick for a while, just before I retired.

Wednesday May 21st 1862

        Rained for sometime, then cleared off & proved a pretty day. Dr. Wendle vaccinated several of the children this evening. Cousin Kate McCultong & several children rode out here awhile this evening. I sewed on Cousin Ann's quilt this morning. Went out & helped to make a cake, then got ready to see Cousin Tabitha Morgan, but Cousin Ann & I went to the store and I asked Tally about putting his name to the paper requesting the State go back into the Union. He seemed proud of it when I first asked him, but I gave him such a big piece of my mind and talked so fast he couldn't say much. We met Pa going home when we came up, so I had a good time raking Tally over about being a Union man. Poor Pa looks so sad & is growing so sad, I feel so sorry to see him look that way. I have noticed more this week than ever before. Since that old dog Capt. Round insulted him last Monday when he asked for a pass. He threw down his pen, saying as he did so, that taking the oath was the only condition of Pa's getting a pass. The rascal, I would love to see him hung, he & old Bill Spence & a number of others, & feel no regret. Cousin Ann & I stopped at Mrs. Anderson's a few moments, then went around to Mrs. Leiper's, & on our way stopped & talked a little with Aunt Nancy, then by Mrs. Bole's, & talked a little, & stopped a short while at Mrs. Henderson's, then came home. I would not be surprised if I was not shortly arrested for my long tongue. O how I do hope our Confederacy may be victorious in the end, I can't conceive of defeat being possible. What would I do if the last spark of hope was extinct?

Thursday May 22nd 1862

        Bettie spent the day up town. Mrs. Crossman came up from Nashville this evening. Rev. Mr. Staley took dinner with us today. Ma went up today to see our two prisoners, & took them some nice things to eat. Heard that they were fighting in Corinth. Also that Elisiah Childress (Bettie C's brother) had died. Poor child, I feel so sorry for her, she always seemed so devoted to him. The Yankees say it would not surprise them if we have a battle here in less than 48 hours. I sent a bouquet to Eliza Nelson, & one to Cousin Tabitha Morgan, today & a bowl of strawberries to Aunt [unclear] Snell.

Friday May 23rd 1862

        This morning two Yankees came here [and] asked for Pa & some flowers. Ma gave them flowers, but Pa not being here, they did not see him. They spoke of Lincoln calling out one hundred thousand more men. Ma says, do you suppose you will get them? "o yes," they replied, "we can get them from Tenn. & Ky." I suppose they anticipated drafting those that have taken the oath & I hope they will place in the front ranks every one of the traitors that have taken the oath. All those gentlemen that were arrested returned home today, with the exception of Maj. Ledbetter & Col. Ready. Mr. Dromgoole said the latter was looking badly. I did not see any of them that returned. Ma & Cousin Ann saw Mr. Henderson. They went up to the College to see our prisoners, and to their astonishment found that one had taken the oath and gone home. Just to think he was one of Morgan's men too. I felt so badly about it, but heard his wife was at the point of death, & like it was that, that forced him to take it. The Yankees no doubt will publish that not less than a dozen took the oath in place of Mr. Handley. Oh! I hope the other poor fellow will not [do] such a thing. I felt so wretched when I have placed confidence in any one, & it is betrayed by taking that awful oath. Bettie & I went to see Finie Burton, but she was not at home, talked a while to her mother. She spoke of trying to get a pass to go out, but old Rounds said he had charged the pickets to let no one out, but to permit the country people to come & go. We think it is a Yankee trick, to get them in to take the oath. He said they were stricter every day. I hope his glory will soon be over, for he has already done enough meanness. We went to Mrs. Keeble's, did not find Miss Sue Brady, but saw Mrs. Nattie Keeble & Mrs. Brady. While sitting there talking saw old Rounds ride by on Mr. Menefee's horse he had stolen, just riding it about in open day. Puts on airs as if he was somebody at home, but the way he treats ladies, everybody knows he is nothing. Called at Mrs. Dromgoole's on herself. Helen (her daughter), Mrs. Mooney, and Mrs Staley (our Methodist minister's wife) after going away from there passed Miss Helen McVain's house (the Old Academy) & saw Lilly Brown sitting out talking to a Yankee Officer. Mrs. Settle, children & baggage left town, & got beyond the line's without the Yankees finding it out until too late to stop her. Hope she will make her way safe, expect Mr. Settle was some where near. Ma received a note from Sister Maria, & she said when she heard from Bro. Will, he was sick & down at Sister Mary's. Every body is expecting a fight here in town.

Saturday May 24th 1862

        It was drizzling rain this morning, but it soon cleared off. I was in hopes it would have proved a disagreeable day, so the country people would have been prevented coming in town to hear old Andy Johnson speak. I heard he had very few to hear him speak, & most of them were soldiers, which I was glad of. An old friend of Pa's was to see him today, a Mr. Hall. He wouldn't stay long, said he wanted to leave town before they began speaking. He is the gentleman who was so kind to our two friends the Dr's Tiddings of Ky. They have staid a long time with him, after they left here. They have joined Morgan, but for a long time they could not make their escape. They can boast of many narrow escapes they have had when they return home especially the one they had here. Uncle Tom Turner has been here today. A remarkably prudent man, won't say a word scarcely. Said Sister Amanda heard from Bro. Jno. a short time since. He was well, but Bro. Will was sick down at Sister Mary's in Miss. and that Legrand was not well. They were all in the fight down at Pittsburgh Landing. Sister Amanda is not going to name her daughter until Bro. Jno. gets back home. Cousin Henry Tilford was out here also today. Rosa spent last night at Uncle Avent's, & Kate returned with her this morning, & going to spend the night with her. Sallie & Harriet Wendle came out to see the children this evening. Bettie & I walked down in the lot, met Mrs. Camp, that told us her husband had been discharged from our army on account of ill health, but she wanted it kept a secret for fear he would be arrested. Said she could not tell any thing, but if Pa would go down to see him, that he could get all the news. She asked permission for her horse to stay in the lot, and I told her I guessed it might, but would ask Pa, and it was all right, and he told the servants not to turn it out. Ma then got Pa to go down to see him. He said our boys were all in high spirits, that they had enough provisions to last them a year, that troops daily flocked to our army at Corinth, & there was no danger of our boys being defeated. He also said Morgan had raised 10,000 men from Ky. & it was thought he had recaptured his prisoners that were taken in Lebanon. It is certainly cheering to hear such good news, for inside the lines here we seldom ever see, only the dark side of the picture. Bettie and I were sitting out on the front steps when we saw some men coming up, but it was so dark we could not distinguish who they were, but when we found it was not Pa coming from Mr. Camp's, run in and shut the door. Ma stepped to the door, and on finding it was strangers stepped back & got a light, & lo & behold it was that little Yankee from the convalescent hospital that came up, and told Ma when Pa was arrested that it was negro news, & wanted to know about her money, & I firmly believe if he had thought that Ma had had money in the house he would have robbed her. He wanted Ma to pay him to get Pa out of jail, said he was a Pittsburgh lawyer. He wanted Mr. Tally to make out a bill and receipt it, so he could go to the government officer & make him pay it, & when Mr. Tally refused, he swore he would get as much money out of that old government as possible meaning the U. S. It was he and two others (I guess of the same stamp). One was a Capt. & the other had some office, I don't know what, Pa came after awhile, & still they staid on, & when supper was announced they went in, although they said they had taken theirs before the came. I suppose they thought they would get to see us & go off, and report that we had received them, but only Pa, Ma, & Cousin Ann went in to supper. They asked for music, both before and after supper, but I would cut my hands off before I would play for Yanks. I thought it was a great piece of impertinence in that little chap bringing those others up here to hear music, as he said just as if we dare not refuse to see them. The very idea, I hope I will die before I am found receiving a Yankee. They said they had never received a single kind word from any one in Murfreesboro, & had no sympathy for secession. How can they look for kindness when they have come to take every thing away from the citizens down South, & ruin every thing we hold dear.

Sunday May 25 1862

        A bright & beautiful day. I accompanied Cousin Ann & Bettie to the Presbyterian church, before we got to church met Jimmie Leiper, who said one of their Regt's had been ordered off. Just after service began, the Yanks got up and left. I was glad Mr. Eagleton reproved them, though I've heard since they received marching orders & had to leave all the churches. Just as we got to the corner met their band in full blast, escorting Andy Johnson to the depot (that craven hearted villain). I deliberately turned my back and would not look at him, although there were officers standing very near. Mrs. Leiper was standing out at her corner, and said a short time before she was badly frightened, thought we were going to have a battle here, but learned all the fuss was about that old traitor. We met Cousin Tabitha Morgan & Lucy Leiper and chatted with them, they dropped in at Aunt Nancy's to see how she was, & to hear the news, but did not sit down. I wanted to tell the good news I heard last night, but feared it might cause the arrest of Mr. Camp. Kate Marchbanks stopped to talk with us, and related a funny instance that happened there the day before. A drunken Yankee called to one of her servants and said, "are you for the South, or North", she said South. Laura Davis asked her why she didn't say for Jeff Davis, which so enraged the drunken Yankee he jumped over the fence, rushed in the house saying he considered the ladies under arrest, but Mrs. Anderson said she did not so consider herself and sent off after a guard, & when he found it was coming, he said he would withdraw if Mrs. Anderson would take back what the children had said, & say she was for the Union, (which she refused to do) he would withdraw himself, the guards coming carried off the individual to jail. 9 or 10 Yankees came here, & Pa gave them as many cherries as they wanted to eat. Mr. Crossman came up from Nashville today. No news of course, with him. This afternoon we were lying down, when we saw Ma come tipping upstairs with mysterious air which I could not make out. I rushed out on the back porch, (as I was undressed) and saw Ma pass through with a (what proved afterwards a confederate) soldier. She seemed greatly excited. He was one of our soldiers that had escaped jail, just half an hour ago & Ma was trying to disguise him so as to let him escape. He changed his clothes [and] shaved off his whiskers, (Ma giving him some of Pa's clothes) making him look like quite a different man. Ma carried him up something to eat, he would not eat much said he had been to dinner, & would not take any more money, he had plenty. I hope he will get safely back to Starn's Cavalry. He said we had 5,000 men just above here, had had a fight, & we killed 30 or 40 Yankees, & it was that night he was taken prisoner. That was the first time we had heard of the engagement. They always keep a defeat such a secret. This soldier came very near being discovered. There were three Yanks in the front hall who said they had come up to make Ma's acquaintance, as they heard Ma fed their prisoners when Morgan captured them, & when our escaped prisoner asked for the master of the house, the servant asked him in to the front hall, & lo! & behold there sat the man that had captured him a few nights before, and not having any suspicions, they took no notice of him, & he asked Ma for some water and then told his story, so Ma had to play a double game, make herself agreeable to the Yankees whilst getting our soldier off, & I felt vastly relieved when he got off safe. Ma went up town this evening & Kate Avent returned with her home. Cousin William Tilford, wife & daughter stopped by & made a visit awhile this afternoon. An old sick Yankee came here this evening late, & Pa had his sympathies aroused [and] consented to let him stay all night, made me so angry io cried until bedtime & would not eat any supper. He was put into poor Legrand's room to sleep, just to think, he may be lying out on the wet ground, wet hungry and sick & then for his enemy enjoying his room. I didn't like [it] one bit.

Monday May 26th 1862

        Bettie & I would not go down to breakfast until the Yankee was through. Pa tried to joke me about my early rising, but I was so mortified I didn't have much to say. I made up my mind if the Yankee remained to insult him before dinner, but he shaved & left. Poor Mr. Camp was arrested last night, paroled until morning, & going to be sent to the Penitentiary today. I feel so sorry for him, though he might have known he would have been arrested. The Yankees say Joe Duffer (who has deserted) told on him, but he declares he did not, & got Ma to go down to Mrs. Camp and explain it, but she still believes he did. Bettie& I staid in our room nearly all day. Fannie Maney was over to see Rosa awhile this afternoon. Cousin Ann and Ma went several places today. Before they returned Kate Marchbanks sent for us to come up and spend the night, which we did, enroute met Pa, and he advised us to be very prudent in our remarks, as he got it from good authority that the ladies were all soon to be arrested. Fanny Burton took supper at Mrs. Anderson's, went home tonight. We were all in fine spirits, & hoping soon to be liberated from the foreign foe.

Tuesday May 27th 1862

        A lovely day. Kate, Bettie, Tuppie Anderson & myself went to several stores & at last went to Pa's. Saw Mrs. Wendle also Ellen Spence come in the door, but we did not speak. Tally seems to take a great delight in telling me Bro. Will had gotten home. One side paralyzed. I don't know what I said, I was so angry, though as I didn't attract attention, supposed I must have behaved lady like. Came by & told Mrs. Anderson good bye & on my way home met Pa, who confirmed the bad news. I don't know what I should do if deprived of shedding tears, I believe go crazy. Why didn't he die before returning to bring eternal disgrace on the family. He has ever been a draw back. I could have stood him dying so much better, but I know Bro. John will not take the oath. I had rather our throats cut, or turned beggars on the world than that Bro. John should disgrace himself by taking that dirty oath. How little Brother Will thinks of his family. It will ever be a stain on his poor little children. I blame Mr. Butler as much as I do him, for he tried to hide him & then to think sent for Bill Spence, the last man in the world, & one he could not have given more pleasure than to have had to take the oath. Bill Spence said he would have revenge on Ma for treating him so, & I think he certainly has had it. I hope he will not be long spared, to [do] much more mischief.

Wednesday May 28th 1862

        A lovely day, until very late in the evening when it began to cloud up. I have been feeling quite bad all day, quite weak from not eating any thing since breakfast at Mrs. Anderson's yesterday morning. I drank a cup of coffee which is all I have taken today on my stomach. Pa brought home still worse news, said Uncle Ephe & Brother John were both coming home, & that the Southern Confederacy was looking very dark. I know one thing Bro. John will never come home. Bettie told me Pa said so, I haven't been [down] stairs since I came up yesterday morning. Pa thinks it is contrariness on my part, because he spoke so cross yesterday to me, but I have no appetite for anything I feel so miserable. I've been looking for William Carney & family in town all day. Hope I may never see him again. I do wish he would never come here while I'm an inmate of this house. Cousin Ann spent the day up town. It has begun to rain, & I doubt whether she can come home or not. Mrs. Leiper, Mrs. Ransom, & cousin Tabitha Morgan came out here this evening & as I could not go downstairs cousin Tabitha came up to see me. She talked so kind and told me so much good news since she left my heart has felt a little lighter. Said the militia had all been called out from the Northern states & that the people were all rising up in Maryland, & they thought Washington would soon be in our hands. I'm afraid to rejoice, for fear it is not true. William Carney was in town with Tommie, but did not come out here, glad of it, but they say he is coming tomorrow to spend the night, hope it is not true, for I don't want to see him. Cousin Ann came home after the rain. Didn't feel hungry, so ate no supper.

Thursday May 29th 1862

        Rather warm today, remained up in my room until supper, or rather until the sun was down. I've felt quite unwell all day, only ate a biscuit & drank a cup of coffee for breakfast, the first I have eaten since I came home from Mrs. Anderson's, I did not eat any dinner, didn't feel like it. William Carnet was in town today, on his way out met Rev. Eagleton, brought him out in his buggy. I did not see them, heard that William looked as well as they ever saw him. I hope he will regret taking that oath, I wish there was no blood in his vein that is in mine. Cousin Kate McColloch & children spent the day here, but I did not see them. Sue Brady called out here this evening, & Bettie went out riding in the barouche with her. That old Yankee Frenchman came & staid until after dinner, although no one paid him any attention. Maj. Ledbetter & Col. Ready got back from Nashville today, on two weeks parole, I am glad they have gotten back, even for so short a time. It is reported the Federals are fortifying Nashville in a hurry. I am glad to hear that as they must certainly be expecting an attack of our men. I heard that Mary Spence accompanied old Andy Johnson out to her Uncle Billy Spence's the night of the Union meeting, & remained over night and returned, as he came in the next morning. She is the Miss that says if the people of Murfressboro don't stop talking about Bill Spence he will make them suffer for it. Hurrah! for her. I forgot to mention in here about a grand parade they had one day over a little secession flag they got from some private family. Pretended as if they had gotten it in a fight, & tied it [to] the mane of one of their horses & dragged the flag, & strewed flowers where the flag went along. That was a contemptible act, equaled only by the arrest of Mr. Winship, to make him look at their Union flag that Mrs. Matilda Spence and her niece Mary made them, just because he helped raise the Confederate flag when it was first hoisted in our town, but he would not look up, but smoked away like he didn't care a fig for all of them & their old flags.

Friday May 30th 1862

        William Carney & family did not come in as we expected, but he was in town, very boozy fell out of a buggy, but got sober enough to go home this evening, or rather to Mr. Butler's, where his wife is now. I haven't seen him speak to him yet, only caught a glimpse of him, as he passed out the other day. He says Jno. Butler has made him Lieut. Col. of his Regt. Am glad to hear it. He is a clever fellow & deserves to succeed. Aunt Judy Lytle & Kate eat dinner with us today, but did not spend the day. Ma & Cousin Ann went over to see Cousin Julia Ann Patterson, who had just returned from the south, at least Fayetteville, but she had heard very little news. Old Mitchell (a Yankee Gen.) is retreating & 75,000 of our cavalry are in hot pursuit of him. I hope they will capture them all. Understand "Old Bill Spence" has come back, guess he has gotten frightened & thought his neck was not safe [in] "Dixie". Scarcely think he went all the way to Huntsville & back in such a short time. I'm glad to learn it was a mistake about our prisoners up at the college taking the oath. I hear they are at the penitentiary.

Sunday May 31st 1862

        Rather warm today. Aunt Judy Lytle came by & left cousin Mary & Johnny here to dinner, while she took me out to see Sister Amanda with her pass. I was rather uneasy for fear some union man or woman would stop Aunt Judy & say something to her and find out I was along, for they wouldn't begin to give me a pass. I had on cousin Mary's hat, two veils & was to pretend I was quite sleepy. The guards didn't say a word to me, & I got home safely after an hour or two's visit out at Uncle Tommie's. Cousin Mary is going to remain with us, & Aunt Judy & Johnny went home. That same old French Yankee came again this morning, & by Pa's permission remaining all night long. He has not been down to any of his meals, been quite unwell. I hope he will not be troubled much longer with any such. It is reported there is bad news for us, but I do not believe it. I will copy the dispatch "Near Corrinth May 30-To Gov. johnson. We are in possession of Corrinth. The enemy are retreating South. H. W. Halleck, Maj. Gen."

Sunday June 1st 1862

        Cousin Ann went up to see Mrs. Winship, remaining all day and night except a few moments she came back this afternoon. Poor Mrs. Winship cannot last very long, she is rapidly sinking. Capt. Frost came out this evening [and] brought a paper with bad news from Corrinth, though it is not generally believed. I hope it is all for the best, though I don't know what to think.

Monday June 2nd 1862

        Cousin Ann still at Mrs. Winship's tonight. Sister Maria, William, & children came in this morning. Cousin Mary with us yet. Ma went up town this afternoon with Sister Maria. She is looking quite sad, expect it is because William took the oath. The old French Yankee still here & no better.

Tuesday June 3rd 1862

        Cousin Ann returned a few moments this morning, but went back to Mrs. Winship who is very low. Aunt Judy Lytle was in town expected out to dinner, but she did not come, suppose she could not get off from Mrs. Winship. Sallie Lytle came out in the barouche after cousin Mary, & she went home. Ma & sister Maria went up town this morning & in the afternoon Ma & several of the children went up in town, & for awhile we had quite a quiet time. It rained a little just at night. Heard that George Wilkinson had been promoted to Lt. Glad to hear it. The Yankees don't know what to make of Beaureguard's movements. It is thought to be a grand maneuver on his part. The Yankees expected a battle last night, although they missed having it, don't suppose it was an unpleasant disappointment, especially if we had as many men as they had. Heard that old Parkhurst was taken prisoner, but this evening heard it contradicted.

Wednesday June 4th 1862

        Rather warm, & this evening cloudy & a little rain. Cousin Ann still at Mrs. Winship's, & William & family still here. Reported they (the troops) were fighting in two miles of town, which proved to be a mistake. Report says Beaureguard has whipped them at Corrinth, badly. There is something about a fight in Richmond. Mary & Lookie Duffer called to see Bettie & I today.

Thursday June 5th 1862

        Mrs. Hancocke & Miss Annie Murfree were out here calling this morning. Cousin Ann came home from Mrs. Winship's this morning. Bettie & Jennie went up there & staid a while. Ma & cousin Ann went up town & staid a while this evening. The Yankee Dr. came out to see the old Frenchman this evening. We think he will be moved tomorrow, glad of it. The report is our troops are very near here. Beauregard is still lost, no one knows where he is. Old Round's wife has arrived & I understand going to board at Mrs. Kitty Reeves. I think every body ought to be cut that pay attention to Yankees. William & his son Tommy spent the day in the country.

Friday June 6th 1862

        Sister Maria & cousin Ann were up town this morning. William went out to his place, & going to remain all night. Old Round's wife arrived today. Good news. Understand we have troops at Woodberry. Hope it is true, then we will soon be released from the rule of this villainous set. Frenchman was not removed, two of his friends came to see him, & from my window one of them looked a good deal like John Butler, though not so good looking. It would not surprise me any time to find our town in the midst of a battle. Heard that Mr. Roberts, that was taken prisoner, made his escape from Nashville by dressing in ladie's clothes, glad of it wish more of them would get away. (Jessie Sikes, George Riddley, & Charley Marchbanks, & others) finished reading the "Autocrat of the breakfast table".

Saturday June 7th 1862

        Cousin Ann & I rode up to see Mrs. Winship this morning, while up town heard good news that a hundred Yankees went out to Readyville & were all either captured, or killed except eleven. We came by the store, they had heard the same story. Aunt Nancy seeing the buggy had to come, & tell us the good news. Every body is rejoicing. Called by to see Belle Boles & her mother, they told us a good deal of news, had a pleasant little visit. She said Kate Marchbanks had received a letter from her brother, & he said all the boys fell in love with Bettie & I for talking so bravely to the Yankees as we climbed up on the fence the day they were prisoners. It had just the opposite effect from what I expected. I was afraid they would think us quite silly. We hope Andy Johnson will be cut off as he returns to Shelbyville, where there was a Union meeting today. Cousin Henry Tilford, wife & children (three, two twins) took dinner here. We like his wife very much. Her oldest little boy is very much like Bro. Jno's little Legrand. Eliza Nelson came out & spent nearly the whole afternoon, told us a secret, said Uncle Ephe & men were very near here, that Jno. Morgan also. The Yankees are expecting an attack, & are fortifying out near their camps. Ma was up town this evening, Cousin Ann is spending the night with Mrs. Winship. Kate Avent spent the day here. Rosa is spending the night with her.

Sunday June 8th 1862

        Cousin Ann came home this morning. Bettie went up to Mrs. Winships & spent the day. Mrs. Winship is some better. Mr. Winship & Mary Lytle rode home with her in the evening. Aunt Judy was in town but did not come out. The Yankees were all paroled that were taken except one Gray, that is a second Bill Spence that betrayed Bob Nelson & Tom Morgan, besides taking Pa's horses & Bro. Will's horses. Ma says if Stams captured her horses from the Yankees he is welcome to them. Old Gray is to be shot, & I expect it makes many hearts feel glad. He is the same individual that ordered our wagons from the farm to bring down some old Union families into the Yankee lines. They released Gray's son, which I'm sorry, as I didn't expect he is much better than his father. One of the Yankees to Dr. Murfree's fine horse, & been riding it about as if it belonged to him. They arrested Dr. Baskett & Mr. Jas. Avent today without a charge preferred against them, which is perfectly outrageous. Mrs. Avent & children went down to Nashville today. We don't know where they will send them, I'm glad so many of their men were killed and wounded. If they would return home & not interfere with us & our government, I would not wish them so much evil, but as long as they stay here, I am going to wish them all the harm I can. Rosa returned from Aunt Nancy's this morning. Mr. Rosenfield came up to tell Ma some good news, & took a cup of coffee with us, as he had been to supper. Several Yankees came up to see the old Frenchman today. Pa wrote a note up the Hospital, for them to come after him, but they did not.

Monday June 9th 1862

        Rather cool for this time of year. Miss Angie Wheeler (whom I met at Mrs. Winship's after cousin Ann) said her Pa said this weather reminded him of the time the cholera was so bad here. It was holiday for Andrew, & I could not take him up behind the buggy, so I had to take Emma & drive myself. Ma & sister Maria went to town this evening. Mrs. Rosenfield was here a while this evening. Glad to see her, like her very much. She told us this place was going to be attacked as a kind of a blind, & then proceed to Nashville, which they hoped to take. Hope it is true, for I am sick of the Yankees. They have been receiving reinforcements ever since the first alarm, & are fortifying out near town with fence rails. Bettie & I think of fasting for the success of our arms here. Kate told us what word Charley sent us &c. Heard the town was going to be burnt tonight, don't believe a word of it. Several Yankees have been to see the old Frenchman, but they have not moved him yet. That rascally fellow that claims to be a Pittsburgh lawyer was here after supper to see him a little while.

Tuesday June 10th 1862

        Bettie and I fasted thinking our troops might attack this place, but the day has passed & no trouble so far. I guess there must be at least 10 or 12 thousand Yankees here, by this time. I understood they said they intended having 15,000 by this evening. It is believed they went in search of our poor boys tonight. I think we should send up our prayers for their protection tonight. Cousin Tabitha Morgan, her two children, & Aunt Beck Snell spent the day with us. They have not found where Beauregard is yet; there is a great many surmises about his whereabouts, but echo answers echo. Cousin Ann walked up to see Mrs. Staley this evening a little while.

Wednesday June 11th 1862

        No news in the paper. Bettie & I ran over a few minutes to see Mrs. Maney to hear the news. She said a letter had been received in Nashville saying we had gained three grand victories in Va. & for us not to believe anything that Yankees had to say, for it was impossible for us to hear any good news from our army through them. Aunt Nancy Avent was here when we returned, & we walked up as far as Mrs. Pritchett's with her. Aunt Nancy asked Mrs. Pritchett if it was true about her son taking letters from here, to our boys to come home & take the oath. She said she did not know what the letters contained, but old Ashburn & Dr. Wheeler employed him to go, & promised him $25 & now would now pay him because he failed to bring a reply, & Tom Pritchett was in danger of his life while away, for our men were about hanging him as a spy. After we came back Bettie was taken quite ill & had to send for Dr. Bob Wendle. I think she was considerably frightened.

Thursday 12th 1862

        Bettie is a good deal better today. No news. Mrs. Joe Ewing called out to see Cousin Ann this evening. We walked down to see Mrs. Johnson, a few minutes this evening.

Friday 13th 1862

        Ma & Cousin Ann went up town this evening, & soon Ephe drove back saying two gentlemen were coming out to supper & spend the night, but said he did not know who they were, but Ma said we must treat them very politely. We puzzled our brain to know who they were, but all for no purpose, for we could not guess. At last we saw them coming, & we dressed intending if they were Union people, for we could see they were not Yankees by their dress, for they had on citizen clothes (or as the boys say "store clothes") we intended to give them a piece of our minds before Pa & Ma returned to lecture us about it. We went down & just gave it to the Union men & Yankees about here , when after talking sometime they told us they were Confederates, escaped from Camp Butler, Ill. & told us all about they trouble they had &c. &c. They said they were most afraid to come out here. Didn't know whether they would be welcome or not. We said Southern soldiers were always welcome, & made every exertion to render ourselves agreeable. I played & sang for them. They were from Tenn. One from Readyville, & the other from near Woodberry. One was a Mr. Wood, & the other a Mr. Sullivan. I went to school with Mr. Wood's sister. I pretended to be angry, so that the servants might believe they were Union. I don't like to act deceitfully, but occasions require it in war times. Fanny Maney spent the night with Rosa. William was out fishing today, & brought home some very nice fish. He seemed to be very inquisitive about who our guests were, but Ma wouldn't tell him. Ma bought me quite a pretty solid pink muslin.

Saturday 14th 1862

        Bettie & I went up to the store, & then around to the shoe store to see about her shoes, but they were not finished, & then stopped on our way back to see Kate Marchbanks, but remained but a short time as Bettie & cousin Ann were going out to Mr. Joe Ewing's. While we were in the store a Yankee came in and was telling about running back from East Tenn. for fear our men were trying to out flank them. They are great cowards when there is anything like equal numbers. They got back last night, & Col. Parkhurst was not taken prisoner as we had learned, but gotten back safe, much to our regret, but I suppose to Miss Joe Reeves' joy. Our guest Ephraim pretended to take fishing today & they left them out in the country to make their escape farther. They were friends of Mr. Tally's, but he promised not to tell on them. He tried to get them to take the oath, but they would not do it. Bettie & I told them what we thought of Mr. Tally. Fanny Maney went home before dinner. The children all went down to Aunt Sophia Lytles to a party this evening & came back perfectly delighted. We heard that Bro. John had been taken prisoner up at Shelbyville. He dispatched to Pa, & so he & Ma went up this afternoon. Don't know when they will return. Pa could only get a pass for himself. She went any way & the reason they wouldn't let Ma have one, they knew she would say for him never to take the oath, to die first. I'm glad Ma left her pistol here, as I shall try & use it, if I find it necessary.

Sunday 15th 1862

        This morning Mrs. Wilson (mother of Dr. Wilson) came in expecting to see Ma, & was quite disappointed that she did not. She spent the day & returned this evening to her brother's. Sister Amanda, hearing that Bro. Jno. was going to pass on the train, came in, in company with Mrs. Klirk, Mrs. W-- & myself also, went over to the depot, but Bro. did not pass, the train being so late, I persuaded Sister A-- & Mrs. K-- to take dinner with us. Mr. Duffer went over to the train with them, & while we were in Mr. Stevenson's parlor he came in dressed as fine as any dandy, & did not look at all like a widower of few weeks standing. He is in for marrying, to judge from his looks, & I must say was not at all favorably impressed. It might have been the conversation he struck up about taking the oath. I said very little, but my remarks were pointed. He had too much Yankee about him for me. When I began to denounce old Capt. Rounds, Mr. Duffer said I must not say a word against him, as he had taken several out riding yesterday (he among the number). I told him I would consider it a great disgrace to be seen with him. I can't bear to see men so willing to knuckle to such law down scoundrels after being insulted & trampled upon as they have been. It seems that the last drop of courage with the men of Rutherford Co. has died out, or else left for parts unknown, or take up its abode in women kind. Sallie Lytle, Kate & Mattie Avent came out & spent the evening & Rosa returned & spent the night. Capt. Frost was out this evening & brought the paper, no news, only their defeat at Richmond. (the Yankees) How thankful we should be for that victory. Mrs. Wilson thinks if Dr. Black & Mr. L. Black were arrested they would take the oath before leaving their families. If I was a wife, I would say go & die before taking that vile oath. Sister Amanda was telling me about Mary Spence telling Mary Turner to persuade her Pa to take the oath, so that she could ride around & have fun like she did, I guess she wants everybody to put themselves on equality with herself. She was bragging about having a Yankee Officer been & showed a handsome diamond ring she said he gave her. Poor goose, I wish I had never been intimate with her, but I will never be so again. Pa & Ma came just as we finished supper. Pa quite tired, & Ma not at all well. Said Bro. John, was looking quite badly, & that Mr. Cooper, a Union man, said he would be paroled in a few days. I hope nothing will induce him to take the oath. I think it is strange that Will McFadden's mother, uncle & sister insist on his taking the oath, when it is contrary to his conscience. I should feel quite guilty, were I to do such a thing. Bro. John said he never saw such running in his life, as they did (the Yankees) as they came from East Tenn. He said they nearly run him to death. They killed a doz. horses there one night, but it made little difference, as they took any they saw belonging to other people. Pa brought sad news to sister Maria, the death of her brother Walter. The wound on his hand healed nearly up, when he went out & took a good deal of exercise, which threw him into a fever, which caused his death. Poor fellow, I'm sorry he died away from home, but no doubt he had kind friends to attend him.

Monday 16th 1862

        Brother Will, Sister Maria & children went to her mothers this morning. Cousin Ann was in & spent the morning. Ma has been sick all day. Kate Avent & Sallie Lytle are spending the night with Rosa, & Billie Buck Duffer with Ephe. The Yankees brought in a dozen of our men prisoners. I heard they were citizens they had picked up. They had 80 at Shelbyville, & out of that six were soldiers. Ma said they had old grey headed men, she judged they must be sixty years old. I hope we will be revenged yet. I understand old Bill Spence has started for Washington City on some more of his villainy. I hope our boys will catch & hang him. He is a vile rascal.

Tuesday June 17th 1862

        Aunt Nancy Avent was out here a little while this morning. She told Ma of an opportunity of writing to Sister Mary & Legrand so I wrote to Sister Mary, though didn't write so any stranger could tell anything about it, where I lived or anything else, so if it chanced to fell into the Yankees, they wouldn't be much wise. I think it doubtful if, she herself understands every thing in it. Pa is going to write to Legrand. We heard he had not reenlisted & spoke of coming home next month. Pa is going to write him word, if he comes he will have to take the oath. I hope he has joined the army again, for I want my brothers to aid in sending the Yankees to their long home. Mrs. Tom Johnson was out here a little while this morning, came to inquire about Mr. Johnson. Mrs. Rosenfield was up to see Ma also. Bro. John did not get home, but sent word not to be uneasy, that he would be down soon. If he should take the oath I could trust no one. I know he won't. I have more confidence in him than to believe such a thing of him. Ma was up town this evening, while she was gone Mrs. James drove by & got a book belonging to her son Fred that Bro. John had sent down. I did not see her, heard that she was very much opposed to Fred's coming home, going to send word for him not to come. Mrs. Wm. Anderson & Kate Marchbanks walked out here late this evening. Their visit did me a great deal of good, as I had quite a headache, & a little blues. Ma returned while they were here, brought a rumor that our man Starns had captured a lot of their men & wagons, hope it will be confirmed. The 9th Michigan have moved their camps over quite near us in Maj. Maney's lot, much to our regret, they can lay their hands on many things which they will not fail to do, & keep. Garden or nothing else will be saved. When will this unholy war come to an end, not until our country is ruined I fear.

Wednesday June 18th 1862

        Sister Maria, Bro. Will & Tommy drove by here enroute for their place, no one but William got out, as they said they didn't have time. Bro. Jno. failed to come today, though we sent over to the depot. Pa wrote to Legrand & sent him some money. I've been quite busy sewing this evening, & a Yank came to buy milk, & while waiting for it began to speak in disrespectful terms of our Southern boys, & I got up & walked out, & blazed out at him. There is no telling what rascality he will attempt. I will never speak to him, but I got so vexed with him I couldn't help speaking my mind. I heard they brought down Judge Marchbanks as a prisoner this evening. I was so sorry, was in hopes he would escape them. I must go up and see Kate soon. I wish the good news about her Brother Charley & those other boys escaping may be true. It was so reported yesterday, that every preacher, teacher, merchant & Doctor, or any other person whatever engaged in any business whatever, should be compelled to take the oath before going on it. I'm glad it is not to be put in effect yet, for old Capt. Rounds told Pa today that it would not be served yet, & I hope ere they have a chance our men will be back. Yesterday they arrested all the ministers. It has come to a terrible pass & it gets worse every day. Mr. Baldwin says they 20th of this month will be a terrible bloody battle, that the whole earth will be strewn with dead bodies of the Yankees, so that it will have to take 6 months to bury them. I think the Southern people ought to fast & pray that the Lord might be on our side.

Thursday June 19th 1862

        Had a nice rain yesterday, which has made it quite damp & cool today. Brother John failed to come. I haven't felt very well today. Ma went up to see Mrs. Winship, but she was too low to see any one. The notice that every one should take the oath has been served, & only those that are under bond are exempt from it, so I guess tomorrow will be more like Sunday than ever. Oh! me when will we be relieved from this tyranny. The Yanks were very much frightened today. They learned our army was in large force near here, & they sent out in different directions to see if they could find any of our men, but so far they have not. Good many Yanks have gone to Nashville so I understand, & many think they are retreating. It is reported that old Gen. Mitchell is at Shelbyville. I hope his entire force, including himself, will be captive ere he arrives here. They first spoke of occupying our lot, but through the influence of some gentleman changed. Mrs. Eaton closes her school tomorrow, as Yankee officers take it for headquarters.

Friday 20th 1862

        Today is the one that Dr. Baldwin said would be the great battle, I wish I knew whether it had come off, or not. No news up town. A good deal of stir among the Yankees. One Regt. left this morning, & I hear that another leaves this evening or tomorrow. Went up to see Kate Marchbanks, Aunt N. Avent. Mrs. Jas. Avent was there, going to spend the night. Stopped at the Boles to speak to them, as I came home met Mrs. Robt. Wendle. Addie Ledbetter & Laura Ledbetter stopped & had a little chat, as we stood talking Mrs. Reeve's carriage passed by, but we turned away & did not speak & on returning home found it had been out here with the two Mrs. Reeves in it, to get Ma to go & see old Mrs. Rounds. I see through the old woman's actions, she can't fool me. Then to be enquiring so particularly after me, as if she cared a row of pins whether I was dead or living. If her girls don't get visitors until I call on them, they will wait a long time. I saw Corean Reeves, who is in deep mourning for Confederate Officer, out at the gate talking to a Yankee officer. It is a wonder that the ghost of Lieut. Bagley don't haunt her, if he could, no doubt would. I learned that Laura Carter of Nashville was married to a Yankee. She came very near marrying a Confederate Officer not long ago. Brother John did not come home. Judge Marchbanks was sent down to Nashville, also Mr. Robert Smith, (although he has taken the oath) just because two men staid all night at his house while he & his wife were absent from home. Mr. Richhammer was also arrested today. Don't know for what. Pa has his doors closed on account of that order, I heard thirty doors were closed and only seven open. I'm glad to hear the majority is on our side. Kate M-- said she heard that the Yanks said they were going to confiscate all pianoes that the girls practiced Southern music on & I expect the next thing families will not be permitted to visit. A Yankee asked a citizen if he thought a picnic would be an easy matter to be gotten up. Yes said the man when our army returns. Pretty good. They have been enquiring where the best springs were, & said if they gave one they would have their bands out to play on the occasion, & have a splendid time. I know well enough, I shouldn't attend.

Saturday 21st 1862

        I suppose we had just as well quit looking for Bro. Jno., & leave off sending over to the depot for him, for he has disappointed us again. There is no use trusting Union men, no matter how plausible they are. William Carney, Tommie, & Tommie Butler stopped on their way to Mr. Butler's to hear the news. Mrs. Dr. Bedford paid us quite a sociable visit this morning. Dr. Robt. Wendle & lady were out to see us this morning. I like them so much. Cousin Ann & Bettie came in this afternoon from Mr. Ewing's. A Yankee had to ride in the carriage with them, before they permitted them to pass the pickets. Ma & cousin Ann went up to see Mrs. Winship, found her so low that cousin Ann remained with her. Heard that old Bill Spence & wife had gone on to Washington City. I suppose it was to him we are indebted for the last two notices, not even a Dr. can go and see a sick person without taking the oath or getting permission. Bill Spence said he was going to have the reins drawn tighter in our town. I hope he will soon reap his reward. I understand Mr. & Mrs Hord are Union too, & are down on our family. I've got no use for any such.

Sunday 22nd 1862

        There was no news today, no service except at the Baptist church, & Mr. Pendleton is a Union man. I heard that 8 of his members withdrew from his church on account of praying for the Yanks. I think all Southern people should withdraw.

Monday June 23rd 1862

        Rosa, Bettie & Cousin Ann went up town this morning. The two first came home before dinner, but cousin A-- remained until late in the evening. They all brought good news for us, said that Gen. Buel was retreating. That we had a large army at Shelbyville & that Morgan was in 75 miles of here. Old Dr. Wheeler has gone up North because he thinks our boys will soon be back, & he will get paid off for his meanness. Sister Maria was in town, & I understand getting her mourning clothes for herself & mother. Kate Avent is spending the night here. Rosa was up there this evening. All seem in fine spirits.

Tuesday June 24th 1862

        This morning heard that Richmond has been taken though it is not generally believed. Pa sent word back to Cousin Ann that Will Wilkinson would call out & get a bundle she wanted to send out to Mr. Ewing's. Bettie & I fearing he might call for us left home, as I don't want to see people who have taken the oath. We went up to see Mollie Crockett, met old Mr. Crockett there whom I had not seen for months. She (Mollie) said her husband Mr. Robt. Crockett & Tom Tucker sent their love to me. I hope it is true about the exchange of prisoners. Poor fellows, they have had a hard time of it. It was rumored they were to pass here today, but it proved a mistake. Mollie told me that Aunt Judy said she thought Bill Spence was blamed too much in town, & she did not think him such a bad person as everybody thought him. I would not be surprised the next thing I heard that Uncle Ephe had come home, & that cousin Mary & Mary Spence were very intimate. I think policy can be carried entirely too far. We drove by Mrs. Winship's to see how she was & by Aunt Nancy's to hear the news. No news, but very cheerful. We stopped by a few moments to hear how Mrs. Wm. Anderson's little child was, that has been quite sick for several days. Mr. Wilkinson had not been out, neither did he come this evening, which I was glad of. Heard that Holly Springs, Miss. had been taken. I should like to know where Dr. Wilson & Sister Mary are, they were to spend the summer here, provided they could get up here. I wish she was here, though I wouldn't have him take the oath for anything. Poor Brother John hasn't been permitted yet to come. It is reported that a large battle will be fought near Shelbyville soon. A Regt. from here went up to the assistance of the Yankees today although Old Gen. Mitchell & Buel are both there. Kate Avent is still with Rosa. Buck Alexander has taken the oath & come home. I'm glad I'm not acquainted with him, hope I never will be. Who can we trust. A Yankee Capt. died at Mrs. Maney's yesterday. I don't care how many die.

Wednesday 25th 1862

        Wrote a letter to Legrand & one to Bro. John tonight. Cousin Ann & Ma rode up town this morning. Bettie is spending the night up there. It is raining right hard this morning.

Thursday 26th 1862

        Bettie still up town, Ma & cousin Ann were detained some little time after breakfast by the rain & when they got up town Dr. Morgan had been gone about 2 hours, which I regretted, as I wanted to send my letter to Legrand & tell him he must not come home unless he could come honorably. I sent the letter up to Mrs. Wm. McFadden, that was to be carried to Brother John, as I understood some of them were going to Shelbyville. Cousin A-- had not gotten back tonight. I sat up at Mrs. Buck Duffers, with her little son Peter, who is very ill. Mr. Jim Murry spent the night here, is the son of the Gen. Murry, that was prisoner the same time Pa was at Nashville, & he was sent up North & died there a poor man. I hope his death will soon be revenged, yes very soon.

Friday 27th 1862

        Came home from Mrs. Duffers between 4 & 5 o'clock, have not closed my eyes for sleep the whole night, went to sleep [and] didn't get up until 9 o'clock, dressed ate breakfast, went to sewing& never felt considerably worse as I expected. I didn't get to see Mr. Murry, who is not quite so old as Legrand, & so business-like for his age. Said he knew Charley Marchbanks. He was to go up to Nashville today. Bettie came home today, & Lela Morgan came with her & staid with the children until evening. Rosa went up to Aunt Nancy Avents' this afternoon. Cousin Ann came home with her. I hear that all Southern sympathizers are very cheerful about the war. Soloman Cox, the man that waited on Pa when he was in prison, took dinner here & is spending the night. He took quite a fancy to Pa while he was there. Said bad company carried him there.

Saturday 28th 1862

        Have a slight cold today. Cousin has been sick in bed today. Sister Amanda came in town with brother Will today, went back again this afternoon. She looked a little pale, but quite pretty & was so anxious to hear something from Brother John & speaks of going up to see him soon if she & Uncle Tommy can get a pass, which we heard they could do. She told me a great secret, that Uncle Ephe is at home & not a servant knows it. I'm almost afraid to write it down. I hope he will leave before he is found out, only three of his oldest children know it. Mary was very prudent when in town the other day not to have mentioned it. From several hints, I believe Uncle John is near home too. Rosa went out to see Josey Turner with sister Amanda. Bettie went up to get Aunt McCulloch burial clothes, as a note was written in asking cousin Ann to get them, though she is not quite dead, but very ill. Mrs. Duffer's little baby died this morning, & Bettie & I are going to sit up with the corpse tonight. The Yankees have been whipped at Charleston, glad of it. I think the Yankees will soon take French leave, from all hints I get. I heard that one of the detestable things said he was going to have Ma & myself arrested. I guess it is the one we had the quarrel with.

Sunday 29th 1862

        Came home after being up all night. Addie Ledbetter, Eliza Nelson, Mr. Drumright, Mr. Reps Duffer, & Mr. John Brown also sat up & not one of us went to sleep. The body had to be placed in the casket soon after supper, as decomposition had begun. As soon as I returned, went to sleep & didn't get up until 10 or eleven o'clock. Ma then waked me up to take charge of the keys, as she & cousin Ann were going out to Mr. Hord's to see Aunt McCulloch, & Pa came home about 4 or 5 o'clock from Mr. Duffer's little child's burial, & Uncle William Lytle came with him & waited to hear from Aunt McCulloch. Cousin Mary Lytle & Willie were here a few minutes this evening. I was compelled to speak to the Yankees today, (as Ma was not here) on business, but I didn't want to do it.

Monday June 30th 1862

        4 Companies were ordered to leave here this morning. Glad tidings were brought us. We have whipped the Yankees near Memphis, Richmond & taken a train of wagons, which I'm rejoiced to hear. When Pa wrote the news out he also mentioned that a young gentleman the name of Ridell, that was in prison with him, would come out home with him. Of course we were all curiosity. In a few moments it was announced he was coming. After they had been here some time, Bettie & I went down, found him quite a nice young man. Rather dasky, than otherwise. We went down after they had been here awhile & found him quite a nice man, very prudent, "noncomittal" on all subjects in regard to himself, rather a don't care air about him that I like. He is staying all night, & Pa has invited him to make our house his home while he remains in Murfreesboro. Sister Maria, enroute for her own home, drove by here in the morning, but not having time to get out, didn't stop until her return in the afternoon. Ephe spent the day with them. Mrs. Acking of Shelbyville stopped by to see if we had any message to send Bro. John, & we all joined in saying not to take the oath.

Tuesday July 1st 1862

        Raining all day. Mr. Riddell still here. He is quite a mystery, I think we understand him better than he imagines. Cousin Ann & Ma went out to see Aunt Sallie in the morning & in the afternoon went to Uncle Tom Turner's. They have a pass for four or five days, & they are trying to make good use of it. Helen remained out at Aunt Sarah's tonight. Good news of yesterday confirmed. Mr. Riddell went up town about 15 minutes, brought us a large lot of candy back. We were not downstairs, so he and Pa had to entertain themselves the best they could, taking a toddy, &c.

Wednesday July 2nd 1862.

        A lovely day. Mr. Riddell got to the depot just as the train was leaving, rather too late. Didn't seem to care about being left, came back here. Bettie & I were getting ready to go out calling with him, when on looking out, who should be seen driving up but William Wilkinson, much to our astonishment, for we have said so much about people taking the oath he must surely have heard. I told him about taking the oath, and I expect he got offended, but I don't care. He said he had heard from his brother George last week, & that he had received directed to his care a letter from Mr. Sikes. I wish I could have seen it. Mr. Wilkinson did not stay long, as we went in with our bonnets on & made our excuse. We took Mr. Riddell up to see Addie Ledbetter, Eliza Nelson, Lucy Leiper, & Kate Marchbanks. I think he liked Kate best, though he is rather indifferent, some times he seems to like talking to Bettie, then again to desire my company. I seat myself at the piano, & play away without seeming to notice him, & he in his turn seems perfectly indifferent, when all of a sudden he would make some remark on what I have been playing, which would lead me to conclude he had been listening the whole time. He is not a flatterer like most men, but quiet, & easy manners. Kate Avent is staying with Rosa tonight. Ma & cousin Ann are getting ready to go to Shelbyville in the morning.

Thursday July 3rd 1862

        I forgot to mention that Aunt McCulloch dies yesterday, & was buried this evening, & I understand she even did not have a minister to sing or pray. They could not get a permit to have a funeral preached. Ma & cousin Ann started to Shelbyville this morning. They were to meet sister Amanda on the road, & all go together. They started before we were up. Mr. Riddell left on the train today. We miss him very much. This morning to my surprise he hoisted the piano & asked me to play, & seemed to take quite an interest in my playing. I can't help but think his indifference about every thing is assumed. Pa accompanied him over to the depot, which proved a fortunate thing as Bro. Jno. & the rest of the Confederate prisoners were carried down to Nashville today. I am so sorry that Ma & Sister A-- will be so disappointed, in getting to S-- too late to see him. Kate Avent went home early this morning. A Yankee rode up here, & I sent Prisy out to see what he wanted & he said Dr. Fritz wanted some wine, if Ma would please send him some. He is the old sick Frenchman that Bettie & I used to say guarded the house with his canteen. We didn't have any wine, but I permitted (against my will) Prisy to put some cordial into his bottle. Pa saw as he thought two Yankees coming, & he quietly walked out the back way, but they proved citizens, but the servant did not ask them in. Heard that Maj. Childress gave dining & had old Capt. Rounds & others of that stamp to it. It is very strange, I regret to see persons come under so much. I'm almost afraid to write that we heard that Mr. Riddell was a Yankee spy though we don't believe it, not even Pa. I don't think it possible, he seems such a good Southerner, & I will not believe it until I have proof.

Friday July 4th 1862

        Ma & cousin Ann got back soon this morning after spending the night at Uncle Tommy's. They got ready, & went down to Nashville determined to see Bro. John. He sent us word that we talked too much. Mrs. Anderson & Mrs. Marchbanks went down to see Judge Marchbanks, and much to my astonishment heard that Miss Bettie Childress was escorted on the cars by the Yankee Capt. Rounds. She & her father are bound for Sandusky where John Childress is a prisoner. Old Rounds must have given them a pass. He was enquiring if Mrs. Anderson had a pass & I suppose thought Ma had not & he would have the pleasure of having her taken off the train, now wasn't he disappointed & won't he grind his teeth in rage. Joe Reeves says she can't see why Will Wilkinson should cut his horse just opposite her house & refuse to speak, as it is no worse to take Yankee boarders than to take an oath against his brother in the Southern army. Either is certainly bad enough. Hope I will never be guilty of either. Mr. Jno. Kirk took dinner with us today. Helen & Jennie are spending the night at Uncle Avent's.

Saturday July 5th 1862

        The children returned this morning accompanied by Jamie & Mattie Avent & Lela Morgan. Mattie remained until after dinner. Lela is spending the night. Bettie Hayes took dinner with Rosa & is quite a pretty girl. Bettie Gillespie went with Ephe up town in the buggy. Kate Marchbanks stopped her & was telling her how much she admired Mr. Riddell, thought him so handsome, &c. Pa has been quite sick today. Mr. Pritchet was up here a short time today. Corene Reeves & Joe Reeves were at the negro ball last night, with Capt. Rounds (a married Yankee) and Col. Parkhurst, quite a come off for our city.

Sunday July 6th 1862

        Ma & cousin Ann astonished us by returning safely home this morning, & had not heard a single word from Mr. Riddell. They saw brother John, & he is determined never to take the oath. I wish William had had one-half the determination. Lela Morgan returned home this morning. Jennie & Helen accompanied her, but returned before night. Rosa is spending the night with Kate Avent. Mrs. John Spence sent me word they had [a] prayer meeting this afternoon, but Ma went up town this afternoon so I did not attend. They arrested Mr. Eagleton's two sons this afternoon, am sorry, but they should have gone back to the army ere this.

Monday July 7th 1862

        It has been quite warm all day. Bettie, Helen & Jennie were up town this morning. Rosa returned home from Uncle Avent's this morning. Sister Maria and William came by and stopped awhile this afternoon. The Eagleton brothers took the oath. Shame upon them. Exciting news. The pickets on the Lebanon, Liberty & Manchester pikes were fired upon, & I understand a number were killed. A large number of Yankees went out, & just come in (now ten o'clock) bringing about 60 persons. I can't see how we can live through so much suffering. I wish if the Southern Army was coming it would hasten on.

Tuesday July 8th 1862

        This morning Ma & sister Amanda went down to see Bro. Jno. carrying his provisions & clothes. Jose Turner came in William's barouche and is staying with Rosa. Mr. Watterson, a Confederate prisoner who had taken the oath came up on the cars, said he thought Bro. Jno. would be paroled & come up tomorrow. He ate dinner with us, seems very polite, & quite intelligent & if he hadn't taken the oath, I would think him quite nice. I must confess to be crowded into the filthy jail, filled with vermine, with little air, scarcely food to sustain life, & then threatened if they did not take it they would be forced in their cells, or else lose their life. It is awful to think of those low born Yankees (Andy Johnson at the head of them) acting towards our men so cruelly. The Yankees did not succeed in taking a single one of our men prisoners last night; but bringing 19 citizens, old & young, making no exceptions, & when the ladies sent the poor men their dinners, the Yankees ate it up & sent word it was very nice, that they enjoyed it. I hope it will make the last one of them sick. Mr. Joe Ewing is among the number of prisoners. Our little army outside of town numbers 75, but the Yankees did not get to see them. Prisy seems intensely gratified whenever she hears any bad news for our army & quite angry when we rejoice over bad news over the Yankees. I understand the Union men are getting considerably frightened.

Wednesday July 9th 1862

        Ma & Sister Amanda came up from Nashville, & some man not knowing sister A-- was married fell very much in love with her. I expect if Bro. John had been on the train he would have kicked the fellow off. Poor Bro. John failed to get paroled. Couldn't have a trial, on account some say of Andy Johnson [being] sick (others drunk, more likely this last). The widow Corcan (the name Miss G. Reeves is known by) was on the train carrying on extensively with Rounds, much to the disgust of all modest & refined people. William Carney took Sister Amanda & Josie Turner out home this afternoon. Mrs. Kate heard, came out all dressed up on horse back, looking very spry. Quite a warm ride, but suppose a young widow would say "never mind the weather so the wind don't blow." She came to enquire of Ma about a cousin of hers that was a prisoner. As soon as she left, Ma & cousin Ann went up town, while away Mrs. Adnerson & Kate came out, staid until Ma returned. They wanted to hear from their father. It is rumored all the Yankees except the cavalry are to leave here. Hope our men will bag them before they get very far. Ma was advised not to visit much after Friday. It is thought Morgan's men are near here. Much to my astonishment Ma spoke in high terms of Mr. Riddell. Mrs. Anderson said her father, Judge Marchbanks, thought him quite a nice young man. I am glad every body thinks that, as I have been out calling with him on the girls. Charley Marchbanks wrote back word for Kate to tell me that he thought Jessie Sikes really believed me in love with him. "Fiddle sticks" if he was not a Southern prisoner, I might say how presumptuous, but I will only keep a powerful thinking.

July 11th 1862

        I've been sewing this morning & had not company come in unexpectedly would have finished easily tomorrow, but just after we had eaten dinner two ladies, whom Pa met while in prison came here & while I carried them up to take off their bonnets had to have something prepared for them to eat. It was a Mrs. Hobson, & a Miss Turley from Nashville. They expected to have come up [to have] seen their cousin & return on the next train, but they failed in getting off soon enough, so they just came out here. The young man is a Mr. Richardson of Ala., was in Camp Chase, made his escape, got this far South, [&] was captured & going to be tried as a guerrilla. Ma accompanied the ladies back to prison, taking clothes & provisions with her. Mr. Paul & Simp Harris are also in the cell, with Mr. Richardson, & of course they got some of the nice things. While they were away, Bettie & I walked down to see Mary & Lockie Duffer, found their little brother very ill. Offered to come tomorrow night to sight up & told my reason for not being with them tonight. That must be quite an unhealthy place, there seems to be someone continually sick there. It is a good thing I did not stay as I was quite sick through the night. They brought in more citizens, & many hope they will be the means of having other citizens released, as they can prove it was Starns men, & Starns sent them word to come out and meet him. He was ready for any of them.

Saturday July 12th 1862

        This morning Ma & the ladies went up to see the prisoners, after their return they ate a snack, & Pa, Bettie & I took them in our carriage over to the depot, we had to wait until about 3 o'clock before the cars came down. They had run off above here. He Misses Reeves were escorted by 13 Yankee soldiers for protection from our men. The very idea: 50 or 60 Yanks went down the pike to hunt for our men. I hope our men will capture them. I haven't been well all day.

July 13th 1862

        How to begin, I know not. I was aroused early this morning by firing. It has surely been an eventful day. I knew the firing must come from our own brave boys. Sprang from my bed, rushed to the window, called to cousin Ann & Bettie, we dressed hurriedly, not knowing what moment our house & yard would be full to overflowing with either our men or the frightened Yankees. The blue coats began to make a bee line through our yard & front yard, asking Pa to protect them, but he told them to push on, & acting on his advice they kept moving. It was amusing to see how frightened they were, although it was such a serious time, I prayed for victory, while I hissed the frightened Yankees on, expecting every minute to received a parting shot from some of them. Just think, only the day before they were our masters, I thought what would be our fate, if our poor fellows were whipped. The engagement grew general in a few moments. Persons dared not venture out on the square, if they did a report & a vacant saddle would be seen as the horse would dash by, carry their fate to their comrades. Our boys, after forming behind some one story buildings, made a bold rush gaining the court house, but many fell ere they reached the door, and although the Yankees had every advantage they were forced to surrender, & our prisoners turned out to seek their families & friends. Two of them stopped on their way home out here, Mr. Peyton & Mr. Brothers. They looked so happy but who did not except the dusky forms that hovered around our front steps. The gentlemen were afraid to venture up town, as they were firing from the houses, so much it was dangerous to go on the street. In the meanwhile they had attacked the camp down by the river where the battery was stationed, & on the approach of our men threw themselves into a hollow square with their artillery, pointed to resist a determined attack, and as our men had nothing but shot guns they could not get in range & were compelled to fall back three times. But later in the day a flag of truce was sent, & in a few minutes they consulted, surrendered 15,000 men including sick & wounded, including cannons, Camp equipage, which was mostly burnt, & small arms. This is one of the greatest victories of the war considering the number engaged. Gen. Forrest reports 17,000 men consisting of his men & Texas Rangers. (a number were Georgians) With a single piece of artillery besides being the attacking party, I'm sure the hand of Providence guided & directed our boys, for without a higher power that handful of men could never have succeeded against such odds. Our Great Father saw our suffering & travails. Gen. Duffield was wounded early in the engagement, & taken to Maj. Maney's. Gen. Crittenden surrendered to Mrs. Hagen, the lady with whom he was boarding. He was the man that came up to have several of our men hung tomorrow. Some say that was why the attack was hurried. Yes old Gen. Crittenden said we had not a right to the air we breathed (just yesterday). I would like to have asked him who had a right now. Two Genl's, four Col's & ever so many Lt's, Capt's and others [were captured]. A glorious haul. Gen. Duffield was paroled with a number of others that could not be taken away on account of their wounds. When Col. Lester went up on the square, he asked where is the army that took us, & Gen. Forrest proudly answered here they are, pointing to our handful of dirty & worn down by travel boys that stood by. A nobler set never breathed than those rough looking fellows. Nobler hearts never beat. The poor fellows that were waiting for the Yankees decision about surrendering, went fast to sleep so fatigued were they [by] forced marches & no rest. The Yankee Col. awoke our officer by saying "we surrender, we surrender." That gave the Yankees some idea how independent our boys were. We saw a Texas Ranger ride hastily over to Mrs. Laws, & Ma thinking he needed something made us run over and ask [if] we could do anything for him or any of the rest of his comrades. He was introduced as Mr. Dodd of Ky. (though now a Ranger), thanked us, [but said] he had been provided for by the kind ladies up town. Found him quite nice. Saw a Mr. McKa come riding up kissing his hand & we all rushed out to shake his hand. Pa asked if he had ever met him before, but he said no but I'm a Confederate soldier. Very proudly he replied. We insisted so, he had to get down, come in & get breakfast, but would take nothing to drink, which made me think all the more of him. Said he never drank anything. While he was breakfasting we trimmed his hat off beautifully with flowers, not knowing then & until sometime afterwards that he was a single man. He had heard that two stray horses were here, & thought one of them might be his, but neither were, but sent us word by cousin William Tilford this afternoon that he found his, & many thanks for our kindness. That morning as our soldiers were starting to attack the camp by Maj. Maney's, we saw two of our men coming toward our house. We insisted on them getting down & having something to eat. They said as they were about to charge the enemy they didn't have time, but finally said they would take a strong cup of coffee, & while they were drinking it the Yanks surrendered without any trouble. We had gone up into the garret to see the fight, but everything was very quiet. In the evening those two Rangers returned & ate supper with us. Lieut. Fort & AJG Robinson. When they got here not a servant was on the place, and we had to take their places until their return. The Yankee Provost Marshall was found hid between two feather beds, in Miss Corean's bed. The cover spread up & pillows upon it. It was at Mrs. Reeves' that he was captured. Mrs. Reeves & the girl treated our men shamefully. Said they didn't permit such ragged men to come to their house. Our men permitted Col. Parkhurst to go by and tell Josephine goodbye. Our men did better than the Yankees for they never allowed our boys to say goodbye to either mother or sister, much less sweetheart. They pressed Mrs. Reeves' carriage into service to take one of the wounded soldiers off, & when it was returned they cut up considerable, said they would never again ride in it. As if the Yankees had not time & again took our carriage, horses & everything else they could lay their hands on.

Monday July 14th 1862

        We can scarcely realize the joy of being free. Many expect the Yankees back today. Bettie & I sat up at Mrs. Duffer's last night, cam back & slept until nine, in the meantime having been waked up several times, which we did not relish one bit. Uncle John Lytle was in to see us. It has been a long, long time since I had seen him. Aunt Helen, her two daughters Bettie & Mollie, & Mrs. King were in to see us, but had to leave early for fear the Yanks would put out pickets. Sister Amanda & Mary Turner were here also & had to hurry off. Ma & Pa have been [away] from home all day, attending to wounded soldiers, principally Yankee ones. We had our rooms prepared for some of the wounded Confederates, but did not succeed in getting any to nurse. Mrs. John Burton was here a few moments this morning. A number of ladies went out to the battlefield, I should like to have seen it. I slept nearly all the afternoon, then got up & had our new horse attended to, the one the Rangers left with us.

Tuesday July 15th 1862

        It was clear until the middle of the day, then the clouds gathered & rained very hard. Cousin Ann, Bettie & I were up town today. B-- & I stopped to see Kate Marchbanks. Everybody seems so, so happy. We that are Southern in feelings sympathize in our troubles & share our joys. Kate will leave us for the mountains tomorrow, if nothing prevents her doing so. She insisted we should remain, & tell Mrs. Anderson goodbye, but she did not get back before we left. We stopped at Mrs. Boles' & they were as happy as we were, & had as much to tell us as Kate had. They said they heard a gentleman say he knew the negro that cursed us & he would have him shot. We then went around to Uncle Avent's, on our way Mrs. Brady hailed us & would have a talk with us. Cousins Tabitha & Ell were both around at their mother's, & had a bundle of news to tell. Capt. Rounds shot one of our men from the window at Mrs. Reeves', & he ran into Aunt's & told them who shot him. They told us how the Reeves girls did. I left Bettie there to return with her mother, & I came back alone. I saw Anna Murfree just as I passed Mrs. Henderson's, & we had quite a long talk. She said 4 Yankees had died up at Soule College since yesterday, and one was about to die. Said also they seem to be very grateful for the kindness of the ladies, but that those at the University were very ungrateful. It is rumored that Nashville has been taken by our men, & Clarksville has been attacked. If the first was true Bro. John would have been home by this time. Kate Avent is spending the night with Rosa. Last night 3 persons came up the pavement, rung the bell & we did not know at first who it was. Pa made them give their names before he let them in, for we were afraid they were Yankees, but they were after clothes to bury one of our men that had died.

Wednesday July 16th 1862

        Was up writing before breakfast. Ma & Pa were around to see our wounded soldiers that are scattered around town. We have lost several, & they say it is impossible for some of the rest to get well. Ma & Pa went up to see Uncle Ephe Lytle this afternoon, they report Aunt Judy is looking badly. 13 or 14 of our soldiers passed by here today. Took that Yankee storekeeper prisoner, that our boys made take the oath. It is reported that Gen. Cheatham is in five miles of Nashville, & going to attack it. The Yanks are fortifying it strongly. The 1st Regt. is with Cheatham & Legrand with it. Kate Avent returned home this morning. Old Mr. Fritz, that old Frenchman that staid a day or two out here, sent word for Ma to send for him, but neither Pa or Ma was here, or the buggy either and I was glad of it, as I don't want him here.

Thursday July 17th 1862

        I aroused earlier than usual, found it raining quite hard. A paroled Yankee took breakfast here this morning. He is from Bowling Green, Ky. & has been wanting Ma & Pa to help him desert & writing home to his brother not to join the army that they were not fighting for what they thought they were. His name was Holmes. Ma & Pa went up to see our wounded. At dinner another paroled Yankee came for his dinner, and as our boys had burnt up all their provisions, I felt it was a charity to give him something to eat, as he praised our boys. Said they even took their own provisions & gave to them, depriving themselves of something to eat. I afterwards found out he was an abolitionist, born in Boston, & now living in the West. He pretended to blame his Officers for surrendering. Everything he said only made me love Dixie, & the Southern boys more than ever. He said an unsophisticated country girl was out about 4 miles in the country sitting on a ten rail fence, hurrahing for Jeff Davis, said her mouth was large enough, but when she opened it, it reminded him of a coffee pot with the top open. He intended that as a witty remark, but I couldn't see the wit or the beauty, either. I did not enjoy the remark at all. If I had thought of it I would have given him another specimen, by making an ugly mouth at him. Old Mr. Fritz came here before dinner, & I don't know for how long. The Yankees came in town, did not stay long. I wonder if they have found afraid in their dictionary yet. Two flags of truce were in today, one from our men saying for the paroled Yankees to leave here, another from the Yankees to see about their sick & I must not forget a third that came in to hunt for their wagon. Some say he came in just to look around. Some think we will have a big battle here tomorrow, but I don't think so, or our men would not have sent word they would be in with 30,000 men.

Friday July 18th 1862

        I sometimes find myself writing before breakfast. No prospect of a fight. The day is clear & beautiful. Ma & Cousin Ann went up town this morning. Most everyone is very much frightened. Aunt Nancy Avent & Cousin Tabitha Morgan sent a good many of their things out here, expecting the town to be burned. The Yankees came in town just before dinner & stopped all traveling, even on the streets. Ma started the servant twice, but they didn't succeed in getting Pa's dinner to him. Ephe came out & said they were searching everybody's house for brooms & guns. Can't imagine what they want with brooms. They are concentrating their troops around the square, and as they are very wet (having rained quite hard), probably they want to exercise to keep from taking cold, or may be to keep us from cleaning up our boys any more. We saw about 12 or 14 coming, & I thought they were going to search our house too, so placed my little Southern flag in my bosom, for I had made it hoping to wave it at our dear boys as they would pass by. I hid Helen's flag also in the same place, a box of powder, & a number of union envelopes that I had as trophies. Marched up as if the place belonged to them, rung the bell with quite an air. Said they came to get horses & wagons. Ma said they should not have hers, that she would see Gen. Nelson about it. The officer said very impertinently come on boy's, we will go and see what she has got, & take them. Bettie & I heard them from our window [and] rushed downstairs into the yard, & went to where the horses were & gave them a piece of my mind. Rebuked them for running at Shiloh, Richmond, Bull's Run, &c., &c. he put on quite a bold air first but cooled down considerable before I got through. Bettie then came forward and gave them another cutting speech. Some of the privates enjoyed the way we treated the officer. One told me to ask him about running at Pittsburgh Landing. I really believe that although they were all in Yankee blue, some of them were good Southern men. One said he wished all my brothers might get home safely. That he never intended to kill our boys, if he could help it. They seem to have quite a contempt for that egotistical officer they had with them. They finally said, if we would lend the cart and one horse they would pledge their word it should be brought back. To our surprise it came back in an hour's time, all right. Ma had the buggy gotten up and went after Pa, as they would not let him come out home. They had several citizens arrested. Everybody advised her not to attempt going up in town but she did, saw one of the Officers and got Pa a permit to return home. Old Bill Spence, Ashburn, & Ned Jordan came in with the army. The citizens may expect a gay time now, as they are grand scoundrels. I wish I had known where old Ashburn was hid, I should have told on him. The Reeves, I understand, have been up since 5 o'clock, cheering the Yankees on. They ought to be run out of town after falling as low as they have. Mrs. Anderson & her sister Kate have not yet left town. Mrs. Lain was over here a few moments this evening.

Saturday July 19th 1862

        The Yankees allowed Pa to take something to eat to William Carney, who was put in the guard house yesterday for being drunk. A Mr. Baker, a union man whom they had arrested for the same cause, was out of his head & jumped from the 2nd story window, & killed himself. The Yanks issued a proclamation that everything that had been taken from the Yankee camps must be brought back, or they will be imprisoned. Andrew, one of our negro boys, got up bright & early & took back everything he and his mother had picked up after the left from the camps. They wanted to give the clothes back, but he would not take them. One time today it was reported the armies were fighting, but it was a mistake. Several Yankees came out & wanted to take our horses, but Pa would not let them. Two Yankees came up [and] asked for something to eat, said it was some time since they had eaten anything, had no money either to buy anything. Pa gave them food. Mr. Jobe was out here & told Ma good news from our army. The overseer of Uncle John Lytle's is spending the night here, although he has taken the oath he cannot get a pass to go out home. From what we hear, they will all have to take the oath again. Dr. Baskett has been arrested again, suspect Bill Spence is at the head of it. Ashburn told Mr. Wilkinson if he did not go out and show our men to him that were in Sunday, he would have him arrested.

Sunday July 20th 1862

        This morning the first thing I heard was many voices at once, & in finding out who they were, learned it was 9 Yankees that had come & ordered their breakfast. Only 7 seven remained, the other two thought it would be too long preparing, said if we didn't give them something to eat they would take every horse on the place. Pa was the only member of the family that went in where they were. They ate everything up, and the cook had to get a fresh supply Most of the left without even thanking Pa for his kindness. Scarcely had they gone, when two more scamps said, they had orders to take every horse they saw. Pa & Ma went out [and] talked quite plain to them, said they should not have them until a written order was shown. One of them told Ma if she were a man he would whip her, but they did not get the horses. Quite a number were here before dinner, & 5 more took that meal here. 4 more came, 2 remaining at the ice house, & the other two came to the house. One little fellow had the bridle & was going to take him whether or not & when Pa pretended he had a guard here, he left in a hurry, made the remark on leaving they would have them yet even were they to have to get armed men to come with them. So Ma started up town after a guard, as the Provost Marshall said in the morning she might have one, but when she went said so many had applied for guards he could not furnish one, but if she would apply to the Col. of cavalry she could get one. Ma thinking Gen. Nelson might give her one, sent in her name, stated her business, & an officer was treating her very politely, just starting over after a guard, when old Ashburn slipped into the Gen.'s room, and I suppose he must have told the Gen. something, for he had him immediately recalled, sent Ma a very insulting message for she & Pa to go home & stay there,& not to show their faces any more, if they didn't want to be eaten out of house and home. Ma said she didn't care about their eating, for she had been feeding them all day. We didn't know what to do, but in a few moments a Yankee came out, enquired very particularly into the case, & sent Lt. H. H. Fisk to guard us accompanied by himself. Said they would stay tonight, didn't know whether or not they would stay longer. Bettie & I neither went into supper, I dislike very much to eat at the table with the Yankees.

Monday July 21st 1862

        This morning Bettie & I neither went to the table where they were, but while we sat eating two Yankees came twice after our horses, & twice the guards went out after them, & came near shooting them, thereby preventing them taking either Pa's or our horses. Then Bettie & I spoke to them. One is named Charley Leisure, & the other Lt. H.R. Fisk. So far they seem to be very polite & spunky kind of fellows. Mrs. Lain came over a few moments this morning. Brother John came, Bettie & I were upstairs sewing, but we rushed frantically down giving him a big kiss before them. Mrs. Burton & two children came to hear from Mr. John Burton, who is in prison in Nashville. A Lt. Vail called on Ma to see about his men disturbing us, but thinks really it was just to get acquainted with the family. He was dressed up quite handsomely, but none of us made our appearance. He made his stay until after dinner, said he was ordered off on a scouting expedition at two o'clock. Bro. John left before Bettie & I finished our dinner so didn't have an opportunity of asking his opinion about Pa's friend Mr. Riddell. This evening Bettie & I went up town to see Kate Marchbanks. She and Mrs. Anderson both seemed glad to see us, had many things to tell us especially about the Yankees. The day they got our horse & cart, they got their horse, that Mr. Anderson had only purchased a day or two before, & turned it loose, & they had not since found him. It is a wonder they returned ours so soon, & in a fine condition as they found him. If we had not blazed away so terrible at them, I don't think they would [have]. Mrs. Anderson is unfortunate about losing horses. Kate took us down to see a wounded Confederate at Mrs. Hicks'. He is from Ga. & his name is Smith. The room was filled with ladies. I wish he could be brought out here. That house is so warm & cramped up. While they were all engaged in conversation Mary Matilda (or Maud Florence as she terms herself) came over [and began] a conversation as if by chance. I asked her about her sweetheart, whom she is engaged, a Morgan man. I asked his given name, & his place of residence, & I haven't the least doubt that our friend Mr. Riddell's brother Charley & Mary Matilda's beaux are one & the same fellow. I hope persons won't find it out & will forget we went calling with him & entertained him in our house. Gordon Reeves received a letter from Capt. Rounds, by the paroled soldiers. A married man, too. A Texan took him up behind him until he got out of town, then put him on a little mule, but on his way out stopped and told Mr. Beard how he was captured between two feather beds. It must have been very mortifying to get to hear such a reflection on his bravery. He made many beautiful promises, if they would only parole him [he would] go home & stay there. Gen. Nelson said if Capt. Rounds had not been so taken up with his wives, Murfreesboro never would have been taken. He says if he hears of one of his men going to see a woman in this town, he will have them shot. I suppose he means to get in one of his "tantrums". He drove all Mrs. Hagan's boarders off, & when she threatened to leave also ordered her to get some mush and milk quick for his dinner or else she would see him in one of his "tantrums". He is the old chap that threatened to cut a girls throat if she did not let him call upon her. Mrs. Hagan replied she could furnish mush, but milk she could not, she had none in the house, & no one to send after any. Suppose he pressed some poor cow into service like he did chickens & turkeys, which is vile for a private but how much worse for a Genl. Although a large body, I fear it is inhabited by a very small soul. When Mrs. James went for a pass to go home & look after some of her horses that had been stolen representing her case, said she was a widow. He said go & get married, & then "said you had better marry me" A grand old scamp. Kate walked a short distance, & while we stopped to talk a short spell with Mrs. Anderson, a Yankee officer rode up, pretending to fix his boot but evidently trying to hear what we had to say. We passed on, & he came very near riding over us. We came down to Mrs. Crichlow's house, had to knock some time ere we were admitted, as she was on the other side of the house talking to two Yanks. They said they had marching orders for 5 o'clock in the morning. Several Regts. have passed through today. It is the impression that the Yanks are retreating from the South. Our army is supposed enrout for Ky. It is Buell's army that is passing through. Some say Nelson just came to protect the retreating army. I don't think from appearance they are going to tarry long. I don't trust the negroes now. They have too much of the Yankees about them to suit me. John Morgan is up in Indiana & has captured a little town there. He has cut off communication between Louisville, Ky. and Nashville. When Forrest was here the Yankee troops were cut off at Wartrace from those in Nashville, & had to live on half food. They said they were glad enough to get back to get something to eat. I hope our boys will capture them all yet. When we got home, found they had eaten supper earlier than usual, as our guards had orders to leave, which we regret on account of the protection they afforded us. Bettie & I haven't eaten with them yet, but thought as they were so kind to us we would, but had not. They were from Penn. One was from Philadelphia & knew the place I attended school. Mr. Rutledge got a pass & went home. Brother Will was released today & was out here when we returned. While they were expecting a battle one of the men that was taken prisoner made his escape. He had been so badly frightened by the Yankees he mind was effected. I hope he will recover. We heard after Ma was treated so badly by old Nelson Sunday, he heard how kind Ma had been to his wounded men & he cursed old Ashburn to everything good & bad, & ordered her a guard. Sue Brady & Ell Childress were out to see us, also Lookie Duffer, while we were away. Ell & Sue were telling about how old Nelson did them. He said quite rough. He told Mrs. Tom Johnson he would give her a pass once and for all, [but] she must pack up & leave this country, [&] that he heard what a "sesesh" she was.

Tuesday July 22nd 1862

        This morning early our guards came over a few moments to tell Pa goodbye, while they were here a Yankee came & said he was going to have a horse whether or not but the guards prevented him taking it, & after he left they gave Pa a protection for his property then bid him goodbye, & soon the cavalry were marching away from Murfreesboro. I hope soon to see the place cleared of the last one of them. I can see the spirits of the servants are ebbing low since the Yankees are pushing along while they keep moving from this direction. William took dinner here, but I did not see him. Cousin Ann spent the day up town. A flag of truce from our men came this afternoon, some say the purported purpose is to exchange prisoners, & others say it was for the Yankees to surrender. Our messenger had not been replied to yet, as I understand. Mr. John Kirk & Uncle Tommy came in to see about an order that was sent out to send in hands to fortify the town. Now their negroes are in Mississippi so they could not comply. After promising to give them passes to return, [&] refused to do so. They are both staying with us tonight. It seems strange, some men they call upon & others they do not. I have my suspicions about those they don't call upon. Old Genl. Nelson left bag & baggage this morning. Many think it is a trap to catch Forrest. I hope they will not be successful, if that's their object. I understand they have canons planted all around the square. Old Mr. Fritz was quite sick & sent for a Dr., but couldn't get a single one. About 2 o'clock in the night we heard troops going out of town, at first we thought it best to dress, but changed our minds and slept soundly until day.

Wednesday July 23rd 1862

        Nearly all Yankees have left town this morning. Mr. Lillard called by, & told Uncle Tommy to hurry & go home, as they had pickets out on only a few roads. So just as soon as they had breakfasted, Uncle Tommy & Mr. Kirk & brother Will left for home. Cousin Ann & Rosa were up town & on coming home brought good news. That Forrest had captured Genl. Nelson & command, that he had torn up the railroad from Smyrna to Nashville, burning the depot there, that he had dashed through Nashville, killing many Yankees & was now hastily crossing the river. It is believed that Genl. Beaureguarde is in Ky. I was astonished to hear of Aunt Nancy Avent defending Maj. Maney for protecting old Ashburn, for he is as mean as old Bill Spence. That rascal was nearly frightened out of his wits yesterday when the flag of truce came in, & is now selling off at cost, preparing to leave here. I hope our boys will have a chance at him yet. This evening Bettie & I put our sewing by & walked over to Mrs. Lain's, & while there saw Yankees returning into town, which we were sorry to see proved to be old Nelson & his command. Not less than 10,000 came in. We watched them until too dark to see them, then we could hear them coming, still coming. They were very much jaded & evidently worn out, could scarcely drag one foot before the other. The ebony images were overjoyed to see them return. While at supper one Yankee came to [buy] bread, but Pa said he had none to sell, but asked him into supper. I finished mine in a hurry & left the table. He thanked Pa when he was through, said they were in 4 miles of Nashville. Our men had destroyed the bridge, captured a number of their men, but they came upon the rear of our army retaking their men, and two of ours. Said we killed 10 of their men in the fight. The Yankee said our army did not have the cross roads down below here until 2 o'clock today. One of our old guards returned and came out tonight, was quite glad, as the Yankees are tired & hungry, & they may take it into their heads to do any mischief tonight being so disappointed. Old Nelson, I suppose, is in one of his tantrums, & will make all Mrs. Hagan's boarders leave once again, as they returned to her house today. Our flag of truce came in on the Lebanon pike, & went out on the Woodberry pike, supposed to puzzle the Yankees. The Yankees would not let the man with the flag see Maj. Saunders (a wounded confederate at Maj. Ledbetter's). The flag that came in Sunday I understand was to see about exchange of prisoners. Col. Saunders, for a Col. our men had captured over at Lebanon. A dead body came in today, supposed to be one of their officers.

Thursday July 24th 1862

        It was a mistake about it being an officer, it was a lady that had died in the Asylum near Nashville, & her husband was taking her remains home to Ala. I never saw the two Yankees that took breakfast here, neither did I eat with our guard at dinner. Old Nelson says all can pass through the pickets except Confederate soldiers. He has granted permission to open all stores & sell goods if they wish. Someone applied to him to give a negro ball, but he said he did not come here for that purpose & that he was not going to let his soldiers have sweethearts in town. One of the guards said old Nelson beat one of his soldiers over the head several times on the march because he was asleep & didn't get out of his way soon enough, & because a Lieut. didn't come as soon as he thought he ought to have done so ordered his arrest, & if he resisted he was to be shot. I'm sure our boys would not stand such treatment as that. It was true about Forrest going into Nashville yesterday, I am very sorry. I hope he will yet possess Nashville.

Friday morning

        This morning our guards came back, only a few moments however, then left just after I had finished dinner. Pa went to the farm today, came back quite sick, but is better tonight. Bettie & I went up to tell Kate Marchbanks goodbye, as she is going to leave in the morning, expects to be gone 2 months. She went up to Mrs. Crockett's to see our sick soldiers with us, and then stopped at Mrs. Hicks' to see Mr. Smith, then at Mrs. Henderson's corner told Kate goodbye. Saw Capt. Frost & he insisted on our going in to see his wife who is quite ill, & we stopped a few moments. Now for the rumors & reports. In the first place, Gen. Nelson is to leave here for Louisville Ky. He has gone out this afternoon to hunt Forrest & it is reported that Forrest has killed quite a number of Yankees, & took many prisoners. I heard that old Washburn wanted to have Dr. King arrested, but Genl. Nelson cursed him & would not do it. He seems to have little confidence in these Union men. The Reeves were quite angry for taking their cow sent for the guard, but it did not come to their assistance. One of them went up to tell the Genl. about it, but she received poor comfort, especially when she mentioned Rounds & Parkhurst.

Saturday July 26th 1862

        Mrs. Tom Johnson was arrested. Nelson says she is a spy, because she come into town so often. She is at Mrs. Wendle's with a guard. The Yankees still keep tramping down the pike.

Sunday July 27th 1862

        The Yanks expected an attack last night, were in battle array all night before our house, this morning 3 of them came over and got their breakfast. The two guards and another. They seemed quite freted with Genl. Nelson, for keeping them on horseback all night & then sent word to feed their horses & themselves by 8 o'clock, & not a mouthful did they have for either horse or themselves. They left before Bettie & I went down to breakfast & as usual the Yankees left and marched down the pike. This morning Mr. John Burton & Mr. Peter Duffer came out to see Pa a little while. Mr. B-- had just returned from Nashville on parole. Kate Avent came home with Rosa & is spending the night. They brought the news of Uncle Ephraim's arrest. He should have gone back ere this to our Southern army, for we need every man. Ma, Cousin Ann, & Ephe went out to Uncle Tom Turner's this evening, when they returned heard of Uncle Ephe's arrest & went to see him. William Tilford & his two nephews are in prison also. Aunt Judy & Kate are spending the night here. The canons were fired in upon, & quite a disturbance was made. The canons placed upon the square & troops rushing up and down furiously. We expected an attack every minute, but about 11 o'clock I became so sleepy I had to retire. I am twenty years old today, getting quite ancient.

Monday July 28th 1862

        Aunt Judy & Kate left early this morning. Ma was up to the prison, & sent the prisoners something to eat. Kate Avent went home this evening. Bettie & I paid several pleasant visits this morning. One on Miss Saunders of Ala., who is at Col. Ledbetter's with her father who is wounded there, from there went to Pa's store then to Dr. Robt. Wendle's, from there to Mrs. Jno. A. Crockett's to see a wounded soldier, a Texas Ranger who seems to be quite a nice fellow, so far as I can judge. Kate Marchbanks came out and is spending the night. Mr. & Mrs. Anderson brought her in their buggy. While we were standing out on the porch a Yankee walked up, bowed, & asked if we were the ladies of the house. I replied no, she was out at the gate. Ma came in & he introduced himself as Genl. Hanson, came to enquire what Ma knew about the household things that Mrs. Champ had torn up by the Yankees. When Ma got through, said he would allow Mrs. Champ $300 to be collected some time, which I expect means never. I have no confidence in any of them. Ma says he seems very polite, & he is the same one that Aunt Judy Lytle was making such a fuss about being so polite at her house. He left before supper. Our two guards & two others came here to supper with us.

Tuesday morning July 29th 62

        Kate Marchbanks left soon after breakfast. Ma went up & took one of our prisoners some clothes & each men sent provisions to them. Will Tilford & nephews were released to day, also Mrs. Tom Johnson. Ma was to see our sick soldiers at Mrs. Arnold's today. Bro. John was in & took dinner with us. Ma says he does not fancy Wm. Riddell much. Kate Marchbanks leaves tomorrow. Old Mr. Fritz is quite sick tonight.

Wednesday morning July 30th 62

        Soldiers were both going & coming today. Nothing of interest especially. The soldiers annoy us a great deal by their stealing in the garden. I understand the Yankees that went to McMinnville are on their way back without accomplishing anything. We haven't heard the result from Tulahoma yet. I hope our men were victorious. I heard that the Confederates had burnt Genl. Mitchell's cotton at some little town & took three hundred prisoners. Ma & Cousin Ann went up town this afternoon. Bettie & I made a beautiful bouquet, & sent [it to] our sick soldier at Mrs. Crockett's. Sent us word he was not so well today, talked too much yesterday. I'm glad Bettie & I did not call there Monday morning, as we always have so much to say. Old Mr. Fritz is some better today. Uncle Ephe was taken to Nashville this evening.

Thursday morning July 31st 62

        It has been raining the greater part of the day. Aunt Judy Lytle, Mary, Willie, & Shoudie Richardson took dinner with us, also Mr. Jobe. He seems to be a good rebel although he has taken the oath. He says the Yankee deserters are constantly coming in through the country. It is reported 7 thousand more men are coming in tonight, but many will leave tomorrow. I wish all were going off.

         [Diary ends with this entry, although the following brief notation appears at the end:]

         "1876 Have burnt the rest of my journal up, & expect some day to get courage to destroy this. I'm married now, foolishness must be laid aside. A period has been placed at the end of my old life, & a new era has begun since Feb. 3rd 1875."