This excerpt reveals the path to direct action. Mangum recalls some of the movements of the early 1970s, when funding from the United Methodist Church enabled the formation of a Black Caucus and Lumbee Caucus in the area. These groups used grants to work for voter registration, hoping to get more residents voting for school board members. But for some time, their efforts were frustrated as they were denied a roving registrar. Finally, as their frustration mounted, they decided to march and soon thereafter were rewarded with two African American and two Native American school board members.