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oral histories of the American South

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Interviewer:John Egerton
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Virginia Foster Durr, February 6, 1991. Interview A-0337.
The Early Stages of the Civil Rights Movement: Civil rights activist Virginia Foster Durr describes her involvement in the nascent civil rights movement of the 1940s and 1950s.
Interviewee: Virginia Foster Durr    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:32:35     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 5 excerpts.
James P. Coleman, September 5, 1990. Interview A-0338.
Former Attorney General and Governor of Mississippi Discusses Race and Politics: Former attorney general and governor of Mississippi James P. Coleman discusses his role in southern politics from the 1930s through the 1960s. Coleman focuses specifically on the issue of racial segregation and its impact on Mississippi politics.
Interviewee: James P. Coleman    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 00:46:55     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 4 excerpts.
John Hope Franklin, July 27, 1990. Interview A-0339.
A Legendary Historian's Early Years in the Segregated South: John Hope Franklin remembers life as a student in the segregated South.
Interviewee: John Hope Franklin    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:00:00     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 4 excerpts.
C. Vann Woodward, January 12, 1991. Interview A-0341.
A Historian Reflects on Race in the South: Noted historian C. Vann Woodward reflects on race relations in the American South.
Interviewee: C. Vann Woodward    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:24:00     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 2 excerpts.
Guy B. Johnson, July 22, 1990. Interview A-0345.
A Southern Sociologist at the Dawn of the Civil Rights Movement: Sociologist Guy B. Johnson describes his path to sociology and recalls his participation in the Southern Regional Council in the 1940s.
Interviewee: Guy B. Johnson    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 02:03:25     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 5 excerpts.
Herman Talmadge, November 8, 1990. Interview A-0347.
Reflections and Resentments Regarding Race and Desegregation in Georgia: Georgia politician Herman Talmadge reflects on race in southern politics and the intrusive process of desegregation.
Interviewee: Herman Talmadge    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 00:50:19     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 6 excerpts.
Stetson Kennedy, May 11, 1990. Interview A-0354.
An Activist Crusades Against Segregation in the South: Veteran activist Stetson Kennedy describes his desire to strike down segregation in the American South and some of the ways he translated this impulse into action.
Interviewee: Stetson Kennedy    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:26:45     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 13 excerpts.
Modjeska Simkins, May 11, 1990. Interview A-0356.
Fighting for Civil Rights before the Civil Rights Era in South Carolina: Civil rights leader Modjeska Simkins discusses race and civil rights before World War II.
Interviewee: Modjeska Simkins    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:29:17     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 6 excerpts.
Hylan Lewis, January 13, 1991. Interview A-0361.
Considering Civil Rights before the 1960s: Sociologist Hylan Lewis describes his experiences with race in the American South in the post-World War II period.
Interviewee: Hylan Lewis    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 02:05:38     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 9 excerpts.
Harold Fleming, January 24, 1990. Interview A-0363.
The Southern Regional Council Addresses Racial Prejudice and Fear in the 1940s and 1950s: Harold Fleming recounts how he became involved with the Southern Regional Council (SRC) and the criticism he faced for opposing racism in the 1940s and 1950s. He describes the effect of the Red Scare on limiting the involvement of racial progressives in the organizations like the SRC. Additionally, Fleming compares the leadership styles of those he encountered within the organization.
Interviewee: Harold Fleming    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 02:05:55     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 15 excerpts.
Lyman Johnson, July 12, 1990. Interview A-0351.
Civil Rights Battles in a Progressive Southern City: Lyman Johnson traces his lifelong pursuit of racial equality through his father's rejection of racial hierarchies, his experiences as an educated black Navy solder, his observations of racial violence, and his efforts to get equal pay and union representation for Louisville teachers.
Interviewee: Lyman Johnson    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:03:17     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 10 excerpts.
William Gordon, January 19, 1991. Interview A-0364.
An African American Journalist Describes His Views on Segregation and Race Relations in the South: African American journalist William Gordon recalls growing up in the rural South in the 1920s and 1930s. He describes his relationship with civil rights advocates such as Ralph McGill and Herman Talmadge, and explains his perspective on changing race relations and the fall of Jim Crow segregation.
Interviewee: William Gordon    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:24:03     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 6 excerpts.
Charles M. Jones, July 21, 1990. Interview A-0335.
A Presbyterian Pastor Loses His Job Because of Racial Activism and Liberal Views on Faith: Charles Jones led the First Presbyterian Church in Chapel Hill as pastor in the late 1940s. He describes his education and ministry in this interview, the controversies during his time at the church, and his eventual expulsion.
Interviewee: Charles M. Jones    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:02:34     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 7 excerpts.
Sidney S. McMath, September 8, 1990. Interview A-0352.
Arkansas Governor Describes His Liberal Political View of the 1940s and 1950s: Sid McMath was the governor of Arkansas from 1949 to 1953. A staunch liberal Democrat, McMath advocated for the inclusion of African Americans in the Democratic Party and in higher education, challenged the patriarchal control of the power companies over the state, and improved infrastructure. Here, he describes his perception of the Dixiecrat revolt of 1948 and his belief that federal intervention was necessary to end Jim Crow segregation in the South.
Interviewee: Sidney S. McMath    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 00:44:47     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 4 excerpts.
John Ivey, July 21, 1990. Interview A-0360.
Southern Sociologist Describes the Southern Regional Education Board: John Ivey received his doctoral degree in sociology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1944. He and his wife, Melville Corbett Ivey, describe their interaction with such leading figures as Howard Odum, Rupert Vance, and Frank Porter Graham. After a brief sojourn working for the Tennessee Valley Authority, Ivey became the director of the Southern Regional Education Board, where he advocated for the desegregation of public schools in the South.
Interviewee: John Ivey    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:30:56     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 4 excerpts.
Daniel Duke, August 22, 1990. Interview A-0366.
Southern Jurist Describes Legal Struggle Against the Ku Klux Klan and Georgia Politics During the 1930s and 1940s: Daniel Duke was born in Palmetto, Georgia, in 1915 and became a lawyer during the 1930s. As the solicitor general of Fulton County in the late 1930s and early 1940s, Duke presided over a case against the Ku Klux Klan and their use of flogging as a terror tactic against both African Americans and whites.
Interviewee: Daniel Duke    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:34:22     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 6 excerpts.
Calvin Kytle, January 19, 1991. Interview A-0365.
Southern Husband and Wife Discuss the Issues and Leaders of Civil Rights in Georgia Following World War II: Calvin and Elizabeth Kytle, both born and raised in the South, held liberal views on race issues and supported civil rights. Here, they describe their perceptions of race problems and their thoughts on the actions of various leaders and politicians, ranging from pro-segregationists to racial moderates to civil rights activists.
Interviewee: Calvin Kytle    Interviewer: John Egerton
Duration: 01:18:52     Annotated Excerpts: Listen to and read all 5 excerpts.