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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
(title page) A Record of the War Activities in Orange County, North Carolina. 1917-1919:
(collection) Orange County (N.C.) World War I Activities Record
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Miss Cameron, in compiling these records, assumed at my request a burden which was rightfully mine.
I have gone over them carefully, and my first opinion that I had neither the time, patience nor ability to do this work is fully confirmed. At my suggestion, she has made no attempt at narrative, but has faithfully recorded facts. In offering my grateful thanks, I know I voice the sentiment of all those interested in preserving for coming generations Orange County's activities in the World War.
J. S. WEBB,
Chairman Orange County
Council of Defense.
In accordance with the request of R. D. W. Connor, Secretary North Carolina Historical Commission for the records of the Orange County Council of Defense, and the Council having no valuable records, Mr. J. C. Webb, Chairman of the Orange County Council of Defense, appointed a Historian to keep a record of Orange County's war activities. The following pages are the result of this work. We have made no attempt to write a full narrative history of these two momentous years, but I have merely tried to compile as completely and accurately as possible a skeleton outline of facts and figures concerning Orange County's share in the various activities connected with the Great War from 1917 to 1919. We realize that much of this work is incomplete and inadequate and we ask forgiveness for all deficiencies. We also wish to take this opportunity to thank those who by their hearty co-operation and ready help have made this book possible. Among the names of those to whom our thanks and appreciation are due are the following:
We feel that it has been an honor and a privilege to be connected with this work, for Orange County has a record of which she may well be proud. She has not only worthily upheld her glorious traditions, but she has once again set high standards of loyalty and patriotism for future generations.
ANNIE SUTTON CAMERON.
(Historian for Orange County Council of Defense.)
Early in February, 1917, Mrs. K. J. Brown, a graduate nurse, at the request of the Chapel Hill Community Club, formed a class in First Aid and Surgical Dressings. This class met for two hour lectures and practical work bi-weekly all during the Spring. Mrs. Brown's excellent work was supplemented by a number of lectures by Chapel Hill and University physicians. Several practical lectures were held in the University Medical Building. As soon as our country declared war on Germany, the class took steps towards the formation of a Red Cross Chapter, and about the same time Dr. Louis H. Webb received instructions from the Director of the Southern District, Dr. Davidson in Atlanta, to organize chapters in the Sixth Medical District of North Carolina. Dr. Webb met with the class and it was unanimously decided to write for an authorization to form a chapter.
While waiting for this authorization a committee composed of Miss Alice Noble, Mrs. P. H. Winston, Mrs. K. J. Brown, Mrs. J. H. Pratt, Mrs. C. S. Mangum, Mrs. W. M. Dey and Mrs. Collier Cobb visited the Raleigh, N. C. Chapter for the purpose of receiving further instructions in Surgical Dressings and other suggestions for chapter success.
On Monday night, May 28, 1917, Dr. Webb called a meeting of the people of Chapel Hill and Carrboro in the Graded School Building to definitely organize the chapter. There was some discussion about the advisability of forming an auxiliary instead of a chapter, but when the vote was taken almost unanimously it was agreed that the action of the First Aid Class and Dr. Webb should stand. The following officers were elected: Chairman, Dr. George Howe; Vice-Chairman, Miss Alice Noble; Secretary, Miss Nellie Roberson; Treasurer, Mrs. J. H. Pratt (later Mrs. Pratt resigned and Dr. J.M. Bullitt was elected). It was agreed that these officers and three additional members should compose an Executive Committee. The additional members for the Executive Committee were then elected as follows: Mrs. K. J. Brown, Dr. J. M. Bullitt and Mayor W. S. Roberson. The Executive Committee met a few days later in the Mayor's office and elected the following heads for Committees: Woman's Work, Mrs. K. J. Brown; Supplies, Shipments and Headquarters, Miss Alice Noble; Membership, Mrs. C. S. Mangum; Civilian Relief, L. A. Williams; Junior Red Cross, Mrs. W. D. Toy; Finance, Dr. J. M. Bullitt; Medical Instruction, Dr. W. deB. MacNider.
By June 18, 1917, all papers for organization had been received, and the Chapter, known as the Chapel Hill, N. C. Chapter with jurisdiction "this side of the railroad", was busy making Surgical Dressings and doing other work necessary for the winning of the war. The Headquarters and Workrooms for six months were located in a large, well lighted and heated store on Main St. This building, owned by Mayor W. S. Roberson, was generously loaned to the Red Cross. When it was bought by the People's Bank, the members of the Upsilon Chapter of the Zeta Psi fraternity at the University offered the use of the entire lower floor of their fraternity hall, and on January 1, 1918, the Chapter moved to these quarters. These large rooms offer ample space for the Chapter's activites, and too much cannot be said of the generosity of these young men.
The membership of the Chapter has grown from the 71 who enrolled at the first meeting to 687 on October 1, 1918.
This Chapter, that is this workroom, assisted by the Junior Auxiliary under the direction of Mrs. W. D. Toy and the Country Auxiliary under the direction of Mrs. I. H. Manning, has shipped 44 cases of Red Cross supplies. These supplies include the following:
On all these supplies we have been given a most excellent rating by Headquarters and have been complimented most highly on the excellent character of the work done. This, of course, shows what a wonderful work the Chapter has done, but by no means indicates what it would like to have done, for the "Allotment and No More" order inaugurated by Headquarters several months ago has been strictly observed.
When the Chapter was first organized the Chairman of the Finance Committee, Dr. J. M. Bullitt, immediately began to formulate plans for securing a definite revenue each month for the Treasury. A subscription plan was adopted whereby members make a voluntary pledge for each month towards the maintenance of the workroom, no matter how small the pledge. $150 a month is secured from this source, the income being derived from the subscriptions of sixty-eight members. Others make donations from time to time, so that the full monthly income is considerably larger. Consequently the Chapter has never been compelled to give a benefit of any sort in order to maintain the workroom. When the War Fund drives have been made the Chapter has always responded promptly. In the drive for Red Cross funds in the spring of 1918, Chapel Hill was assessed $500. This assessment was raised in a very short time and before the end of the campaign the pledges totaled $1156.60. This most successful drive was made under the leadership of Dr. J. M. Bell, assisted by Mr. J. S. Holmes.
The Chapel Hill School Auxilliary to the Red Cross was organized January, 1918, with a membership of 132.
During the first months the girls met once a week to work on refugee garments and hospital supplies. Their work resulted in the following articles turned in at the Red Cross Head-quarters:
Later in the season home gardens were the order of the day. 130 boys and girls undertook to plant and work home gardens. We hope many families profited by the efforts of our boys and girls to increase the country's food supply.
During the summer, in response to an appeal for clothing for the destitute families of our Allies, we received generous gifts of clothing. A box containing 16 suits for men, practically new, cleaned and pressed, two men's overcoats, and many children's garments was shipped.
Our boys in the spring, under the direction of Mr. W. W. Rankin, supplied an important need to the Red Cross, viz., shipping boxes made by them in the basement of the school house and sold to the Red Cross at cost.
They have also been ready at all times to serve in war measures undertaken by the community; the W. S. S. and Food Administration campaigns, and Liberty Loan sales, by distributing circulars, posters, etc.
In May the School Auxilliary resolved to raise a vacation fund to be turned into the treasury upon the reopening of the school.
On September we went over the top with $103.35 raised by work during vacation. Mr. W. W. Rankin, Treasurer, reported on November 5th $133.10 in the treasury.
Owing to the closing of the school for five weeks this Fall, the Red Cross activities have ceased for a time, but with the Christmas roll call, when we expect to reach 100% membership, we begin a promising New Year.
We wish to thank the mothers of Chapel Hill for at all times encouraging our work, and those of our citizens who, by contributions of materials and garments, have given hearty and generous support to the Junior Auxiliary.
(Signed) Mrs. W. D. Toy,
Miss Josie Pritchard.November 20, 1918.
The Committee on Conservation was appointed on September 1, 1918, with Mrs. M. H. Stacy as Chairman. On November 20, 1918, this committee shipped four (4) barrels of nut shells to be used for gas masks and seventeen (17) pounds of tin foil.
In the fall of 1918 Miss Josie Pritchard was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Nurses Survey. This division was organized by the Red Cross in order to compile a list of every woman in the Southern Division who is able, either by experience or training, to nurse the sick. A thorough canvass of Chapel Hill has resulted in the enrolling of eighteen names at the present date.
The Country Auxilliaries, under the direction of Mrs. I. H.
Manning, have done a most excellent work. This work has consisted largely in the making of hospital shirts, comfort kits, refugee garments, knitted articles, abdominal and triangular bandages. The auxiliaries have furnished a large percentage of the funds for these supplies by the sale of eggs, jelly, apples, benefits and donations of various amounts. The Red Cross allotment system does not furnish sufficient work for the energies of the auxiliaries, so they have also been working for the Mayfair War Relief, an organization formed in Chapel Hill by Mrs. J. S. Holmes in the early days of the war, and other relief societies. It is very hard to separate the work done for the different relief agencies and for this reason the report submitted is a joint one.
In the early days of the war, Mrs. J. S. Holmes of Chapel Hill organized a French War Relief Circle for the alleviation of war sufferers. Meetings were held once a week and the work of the organization consisted in the making of hospital shirts, garments for refugees, bed pads, triangular bandages, blood wipes, knitted eye bandages, and knitted articles of various kinds. Since this work did not of necessity require the standardizing of the Red Cross, it appealed to the country women, who though in isolated places and places far from any Red Cross rooms, could still do their bit to aid in the great cause of humanity.
Bethel Chuch began the Orange County country work under the direction of Mrs. I. H. Manning, Chairman, Mrs. George Elliott, Jr., and Miss Annie Bell Durham. For greater ease in carrying on their work this circle divided, some working as the Calavander Circle
and the others with the Antioch Church Circle at White Cross.
The Calavander War Circle was organized by Mrs. Manning of Chapel Hill. A committee of three was appointed to look after the work of the Circle, viz: Mrs. W. N. Reeves, Chr., Mrs. J. F. McDuffie, and Mrs. H. A. Tilley. There were about fifteen members of the Circle, five of whom were members of the Red Cross. Within a year the Circle made 124 shirts, 16 pillows, 39 pads, 115 slings, 8 bandages, 6 folders, and knit one pair wristlets, 5 wash cloths, 3 mufflers, and 11 pairs of socks. Mrs. H. C. Hogan alone made 100 shirts in as many days. The donations were $5.75, 14 doz. eggs, 8 lbs. cotton, 2 yds. cloth, 3 glasses of jelly, and fruit for 25 lbs. of sugar which was made into preserves.
Antioch Circle working at White Cross under the direction of Miss Binnie Durham, Miss Nellie Durham, and Miss Ella Lloyd, sent in eggs, jelly and apples to be sold to raise funds for hospital supplies to be made up by the Circle. Also cotton was contributed for quilts and bed pads. $17.50 was raised by a Box Party, and $3.40 was donated.
Williams Chapel Circle was organized through Mrs. Marriott and Mrs. Gore, assisted by Mr. George Hearne. Nine members of the Circle are members of the Red Cross, and during the year the following work has been accomplished: 16 pads, 13 pillows, 20 pillow cases, 32 slings, 12 handkerchiefs, 100 sponges, 5 mits, and 19 shirts. In addition to this, $23.50 has been raised, besides the membership fees.
Smith Level Circle, under the direction of Mrs. J. H. Hackney, Miss Lottie and Miss Lula Crabtree, did very good work until broken up by the moving away of Mrs. Hackney and Miss Womble. The following is the record of the work done: by donation of eggs, apples, etc., funds were raised to purchase 12 hospital shirts, and cotton was donated for bed pads. Altogether 36 shirts, 20 bed pads, 48 slings or triangular bandages were sent in by the Circle.
Mt. Moriah sent in under Miss Pendergrass' leadership 24 triangular bandages, 6 hospital shirts, 6 handkerchiefs, safety pins and 12 abdominal bandages.
Mrs. J. M. Lloyd and Miss Mittie Blackwood and Miss Bishop made knitted garments, 20 hospital shirts, 3 pillows, 8 triangular bandages, 3 knitted wipes. To get the materials for these supplies they donated 12 jars of fruit, 12 glasses of jelly, and eggs.
Damascus Circle, organized by Miss Addie Long (Mrs. Charles Cates), Mrs. Jesse Neville, Miss Nellie McLenen, Mrs. Staley Long and Mrs. W. A. Long, raised $25.04, and made 12 hospital shirts and 66 abdominal bandages.
The Carrboro Circle is under the direction of Mrs. Blackwood, Miss Lettie Williams, and Miss McDonald. This circle has been one of the most active circles in the county. They have made numerous dressings and garments, as well as over 25 comfort bags for the
drafted men. In addition to this, they have given benefits to raise money and donated liberally to the Red Cross. In the influenza epidemic they rendered invaluable service.
The Orange Church Community Club was organized several years ago at the school-house for the purpose of improving the school building, but in the summer of 1917 it was decided to devote the energies of the organization and its funds to war work. The officers of the Club are: Miss Pearl Hogan, Pres., Miss Mary Johnston, 1st Vice-President, Mrs. J. H. Blackwood, 2nd Vice-President, and Miss Daisy Perkins, Sec. & Treas. Four members of the Circle are also members of the Red Cross. The following work has been done: 8 dresses made for Belgian Relief, 3 quilt tops, 5 quilts, 12 hospital shirts, and $7.15 contributed. A barrel of hickory nuts for gas masks was sent to the Conservation Committee. The work of Mrs. J. H. Blackwood and Miss Mary Burch deserves especial mention. The former made 130 articles and the latter 251 articles and also donated 8 glasses of jelly and 1 doz. cans of tomatoes.
The Chapel Hill Circle (That is, a circle outside of the regular Red Cross) under the direction of Miss Mary Manning, has shipped the following: 4 rolls of old linen, 141 pads, 141 knitted articles, 446 folded dressings, and 92 refugee garments. In addition, through the direction of Mrs. I. H. Manning, magazines and papers have been collected and sent in the country to those who cannot afford to get them.
The Graded School Thanksgiving offering (1917) of clothes
for refugees made up a splendid box of good clothes for children and grown-ups. These were sent to the Mayfair War Relief, New York City; also four other boxes of refugee garments, and bed quilts, sweaters, socks, hospital shirts, pillow cases, triangular bandages and blood wipes. One box consisted of 5 dresses and 2 quilts purchased with money contributed by the Junior Order through Mr. Lueco Lloyd.
THE METHODIST CHURCH OF CHAPEL HILL gave members to work in the Red Cross rooms and did mending and sewing on refugee garments at home.
THE BAPTIST CHURCH OF CHAPEL HILL gave members to work in the Red Cross rooms, also "comfort kits" to all colored soldiers of the town and adjoining country leaving from the Chapel Hill station.
SION CHURCH contributed $25 in memberships and gifts to the Red Cross and War Relief, one dozen eggs, and one package of refugee garments.
In addition to the actual war serving, many comdort kits were sent by our circles to boys who years ago had left the county for the Army and Navy, so that though far away, they might still know that Orange County stood at their side in these hard days.
Mrs. I. H. Manning, Chr.
As the Third Line of Defense the different country circles gave most liberally to such funds as the Y. M. C. A. funds campaign, the News and Observer Smoke Fund, the United War Workers Fund, etc.
The Mayfair War Relief work was organized by Mrs. J. S. Holmes during the early days (October 1915) of the war, and continued under her direction until September 1917. The following is the report of the work done during that time:
Amount contributed in money (approximate) $100.00. This was expended partly for material for hospital shirts and partly for anaesthetics, etc. A great deal of linen was contributed and made up into surgical dressings.
|No. of boxes sent||13|
Second-hand clothing and miscellaneous supplies were also contributed. No. of contributors in money, clothing, or old linen, about thirty. No. of workers, about one dozen.
(Signed) Emilie R. Holmes, Chairman.
May 1917 to May 1918.
The Community Club early in the summer of 1917 offered its services as an organized body of women to the Government of the United States, through the County Council of Defense, asking that it be used in any way needed for the carrying out of the war. Since then all the activities of the club as a whole have been concerned with the war.
The Club has assisted the County Food Administrator in the distribution of Federal Food Membership and Kitchen Cards, and the signing of the Food Pledge Cards throughout Chapel Hill Township and village. It has placed hundred of Food Administration bulletins in the homes of town and township.
Special meetings have been given to discussions of the food situation, Food Adminstration orders, wheat, meat and sugar substitutes, with directions and recipes.
Last summer the club encouraged gardening and canning with the result that great quantities of food was raised and preserved for winter use. Glass jars and tin cans were bought at wholesale and sold at cost. The club has assisted in the following movements:
Organization of the Women's Division of the County Council of Defense. Several members including the President were on the Women's Committee.
The securing of a County Home Demonstrator for Orange County The request met with instant response from the County Commissioners and Board of Education.
Registration of women as ordered by the General Federation of Women's Clubs.
Committee from the Club canvassed for both the second and third Liberty Loans. The Club bought two $50 Bonds of the second issue. During the third campaign the committee, with Mrs. T. J. Wilson as chairman, sold $18,600 worth of bonds, of which about $11,000 were taken by Club members. The very efficient county chairman for this campaign was Miss H. M. Berry, first vice-president.
The Club is actively engaged in the coming campaign for the War Saving and Thrift Stamps.
Almost every member belongs to the local Red Cross chapter, some being subscribing members.
The Club assisted in the movement to obtain books for the camp libraries.
Miss Jaimeson of the State Normal College, was secured for a demonstration of Victory breads.
The Club as a whole has been engaged in every phase of war work. It considers that its duty lies in that direction and every effort will be made toward the fullest possible use of the organized woman power of Chapel Hill for that purpose.
The University raised $4,300 in United War Work Drive.
The students and faculty of the University of North Carolina subscribed a total of $4,300 in the war work drive, $700 being the faculty's share. The co-eds gave $154, averaging five dollars apiece. Every contribution to the fund represented real patriotic giving, and in many cases real sacrifice on the part of the students. Chapel Hill not including the students' part, oversubscribed its quota of $900 by 33 percent. Chapel Hill's contribution was $1400.
The Chapel Hill Red Cross was allotted $500 as its share of the Red Cross War Fund Drive in May, 1918. This amount was raised in a few days and at the close of the drive $1156.60 was turned in to the Treasurer.
The Christmas Roll Call resulted in 550 members being secured by the local chapter. Mr. J.S.Holmes was Chairman of the drive.
|First Loan||No assessment||Subscribed||21,350|
The members of the Woman's Association of the University became interested in war work at the very outbreak of the war, and situated as they were, they had no opportunity to do anything except through the Red Cross. They met once a week during the spring term of 1918 and made bandages, did shipping, and worked with oakum, materials for which were furnished by the local chapter of the Red Cross. This work was all done under the direction of the Red Cross. At the beginning of the college year 1918-19 it was the desire of the Association to do war work, and again its members worked under the direction of the Red Cross, and among other things 150 influenza masks were made. It was decided to make layettes for war relief, to be contributed through the Red Cross, the Association furnishing the materials and doing the work. To raise money for this and other war work a Thanksgiving Peace Celebration was planned, which was in the form of a Gypsy Festival and which was to be held on the campus, but due to rain was held in the Y. M. C. A. The entire building was given over to the Festival, which consisted of different features, such as fortune-telling booths and those selling cakes, candies, salad, sandwiches, oyster stew and other things. The climax of the celebration was a spectacle, "The Triumph of the 20th Century," held in Gerrard Hall. This depicted
the supremacy of internationalism. From the entire celebration there was realized $350.00, $150.00 of which was contributed to the United War Fund, the remaining $200 to be used for war relief work done by the Association.
E. Kennette, Chr. Co-ed War Com.
The work of compiling the war activities of the Chapel Hill Township or the Chapel Hill Red Cross was done by Miss Alice Noble at the request of the County Council of Defense.
(Signed) Alice Noble,
Jan. 13, 1919.
As soon as the Chapter was organized it was busy aiding all movements for the winning of the war. The following shows some of the activities of the Chapter.
For days before Registration Day a Committee from the Red Cross with Miss Alice Hoble as Chairman was busy getting Chapel Hill patriotically decorated for the day on which men all over the United States stood out and said they were ready to give their lives if need be for the cause of right and freedom. Through this committee flags had been purchased, so that from nearly every home in the town Old Glory floated and often with it the flags of our Allies. The Registration Headquarters were also decorated, and as the men registered a committee headed by Mrs. H. W. Chase pinned the khaki bands of honor on their arms. After registration had closed, a great parade was made through the principal streets of the town, headed by the band; next came the newly registered men, and then followed the different organizations of the town.
During a part of the summer of 1917, Dr. H. M. Wagstaff held the office of Director of Organization of Red Cross Chapters in North Carolina.
At the Summer School of 1917, Dr. C. S. Mangum conducted a class in First Aid, which was largely attended by the Chapel Hill people and the visitors to the village. The class met every day during the entire six weeks of the School, and at the close of the course practical and theoretical examinations were held, the examination questions having been sent from Washington. Dr. Mangum was assisted in the bandage work by two local Red Cross members who had received previous instruction in First Aid.
At a meeting held on October 17, 1917, Dr. Howe and Dr. Bullitt were appointed delegates to the State Red Cross Congress in Raleigh November 1 and 2. Mrs. K. J. Brown, Director of Woman's Work, also attended this meeting.
Rally Day 1917 stood out conspicuously as a "Win the War Day". Everywhere the booths in charge of members of the Red Cross emphasized conservation and service as our bit. The men were attracted particularly to the Farm Exhibit. Here garden and farm products of great variety were displayed, all of them raised in this county. The cooking and canning exhibits were perhaps the most practical and interesting displays. Samples of all the war breads,
cakes, preserves, pickles, canned goods, etc., were on exhibit and the ladies in charge showed the visitors to the booth how these delicious things were made. Prizes were awarded for the best exhibits in every department, the judges having been sent here by the State Department of Agriculture, and the money for the prizes being furnished by generous citizens as well as the Department of Agriculture. The Red Cross booth, in a most conspicuous section of the hall, attracted scores of visitors. The women in their picturesque costumes were busy all day making surgical dressings and explaining the different activities of the organization.
July 4th, 1918, is a day that will long be remembered by the patriotic people of Orange County. In response to the Governor's appeal to the County Council of Defense to make this immortal anniversary of American liberty a day for a great demonstration of patriotism as well as for a renewed pledge to support the cause of our Country and that of our Allies, the Summer School of the University of North Carolina invited Orange County to participate in its celebration. For weeks preparations were made for the event, and when the day for the celebration finally arrived, there assembled the largest representative Orange County crowd on the University campus in all the history of the County. Early in the morning wagons, buggies, and automobiles began to arrive and when the hour for the morning's exercises came, at least three thousand people were on hand. The exercises began with a long parade led by the Liberty Band from Durham and followed by the Orange County Council of Defense and Liberty Loan officials. Then came other patriotic groups such as the Red Cross, Boy Scouts and the school children
(Junior Red Cross). These were followed by groups of members of the Summer School attired in costumes of our Allies and proudly bearing the flags of the brave people they represented. As each group passed they were wildly cheered by the spectators, and when the group representing our own country passed in review the enthusiasm of the crowd knew no bounds. First there was a platoon of United States soldiers (our own University of North Carolina boys in the R. O. T. C) Then North Carolina leading the other States of the Union, and finally, Columbia and Uncle Sam escorted by National Virtues. The procession slowly made its way around the campus until the Flag Pole was reached. Here it halted and the various groups formed a hollow square around the pole, Columbia, Uncle Sam and their guard of honor standing nearest the pole. With the entire audience standing at attention, Columbia assisted by Col. G. W. S. Stevens, the Commanding Officer at the University, and the Boy Scouts, slowly raised Old Glory to the breeze while the hand played the Star Spangled Banner. From the Flag Pole the crowd went to Memorial Hall, where most impressive exercises were held. Hon. S. M. Gattis was the orator for the day, and made a stirring patriotic address.
Immediately after dinner the Orange County Council of Defense met in Gerrard Hall. Prof. M. C. S. Noble presided over the meeting and made an earnest plea for renewed patriotism and support of the Government. Mr. J. C. Webb, Mr. Strudwick, and others spoke, after which there was an informal discussion of the plans and purposes of the organization. This meeting was followed by a conference of the Chapel Hill Township workers in the War Savings Stamps Campaign. All during the day the Red Cross workers in their picturesque costumes had been busy selling these stamps and at this meeting
it was found that the township had again gone "over the top".
At five o'clock a patriotic pageant was held in Battle's Park illustrating the Friendship of France and America. The pageant began with the reception of the Court of Louis XIV in honor of La Salle, who reported on his voyage to the New Continent and interestedly continued to follow the other incidents in our long friendship with France up to that most recent scene in Picpus cemetery when Gen. Pershing laid the wreathe on La Fayette's grave and uttered the now famous words. "La Fayette, we are here!" Just before the closing scene, an scene, Joan of Arc. the Angelus sounded and the large audience bowed their heads while Dr. W. S. Long offered a prayer for our country and our allies.
In the evening Edward Everett Hale's play, The Man Without a Country, was given in front of the Law Building, the day's exercises thus closing with the note that had been most predominant all day, namely, "Love your Country."
Too much praise cannot be given to Prof. A. Vermont, a native Belgian, who worked the plan for the pageant and carried it through with such marked success.
The following extracts are taken from the October and November (1918) numbers of the Alumni Review:
"Through the operations of General Order 79 issued by the War Department on August 24th, 1918, the University is operating today, in the main, as a military camp, of which the Students' Army Training Corps unit is the center. Upon this basis the University has converted the campus into a camp, the dormitories into barracks,
the dining hall into a mess hall, and every student inducted into the S. A. T. C. is a soldier under the direct command of Lieut. Col. G. W. S. Stevens and members of his military staff. The faculty, operating under the coordinate educational branch of the service has reorganized its work to conform to the requirements and is offering courses in keeping with the purpose of the War Department. In addition to the S. A. T. C. unit, the University has been designated as one of the 12 institutions in which a marine section of the S. A. T. C. is to be established. A marine officer and non-commissioned officers have been detailed to this institution for the purpose of organizing and instructing such men as may voluntarily apply for induction. It has also been designated as a center for establishing a Naval Section of the S. A. T. C., with a quota of 50 men. The S. A. T. C. unit is composed of four companies of approximately 160 men each, and when arrayed in battalion formation presents a formidable front. Each company is under the direct charge of two lieutenants. Lieut-Col. G. W. S. Stevens, Commandant in Charge since the early summer, has been relieved by the War Department, and Capt. Chas. C. Helmer, a native of Iowa, a graduate of his State University, and a veteran of the Spanish-American War, is now in charge of the Post. Other members of the military faculty include Lieutenants R. F. Boyd, C. P. Rounds, D. G. Lambert, Raymond Martin, Andrew Bell, H. B. Limbaugh, John H. Winslow, C. W. Robinson, P. M. Allison, R. A. Roberts, C. A. Joyce, McCowan, and C. R. Smith, and Sergeant J. S. Stump. The Non-S. A. T. C. students, that is those taking drill but ineligible for the S. A. T. C. either on account of age or physical disabilities, though permitted to room out in town, are under
practically the same rules and regulations as the S. A. T. C. men. Capt. J. Stuart Allen, Director of Military Tactics at the University last year, assisted by Adjutant Whitfield, Professor J. M. Booker, and Student Captain S. C. Ogburn, is in charge of the non-S. A. T. C. company. They are using the old class field for drill grounds.
"I pledge my allegiance to my flag and the republic for which it stands; one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." In these solemn words, repeated after President Graham at the flag pole on the campus, 650 University students were formally inducted in an impressive ceremony into the Student Army Corps at noon, October first. At the same moment throughout the entire nation 150,000 representatives of 500 American colleges similarly dedicated themselves to the service of the government in its fight to make the world a safe place in which to live.
The formal exercises were begun with an invocation by Rev. Euclid McWhorter, followed by the "Star Spangled Banner." In inducting the students into the Student Army Training Corps, President Graham spoke as follows: "We are met today to re-assert in a spirit of high and solemn consecration our active faith in the principles of freedom, justice and equality, on which this nation was founded, and out of which it has grown in beauty and strength to its present power. We mean to say here today, as our fathers said, and as the wholesome heroic heart of men will always say--that there are certain rights of liberty and life inalienable for men everywhere, and that whenever the vital growth of these rights is menaced we will
be quick to defend them as a heritage more precious than life itself. We are happy today as we accept the sword of defense of these ancient and eternal principles, and more for the opportunity of a wider and deeper interpretation of them, that makes our present cause the equal cause of the liberal brotherhood of all good men everywhere, and makes the cause of our country the common cause of a free mankind. Is it fanciful to think that the heroes of freedom whose stories we have studied here--of Thermopylae, of Runnymede, of Bunker Hill, and the rest--give to us, in the beauty of this quiet spot, their benediction, as we take from their hands the torch of the eternal task and 'carry on' to a new and greater victory. The spirit of this campus, the spirit of our State and our country, the spirit of the world today, assure to us the continuing courage and complete devotion that will bring to a glorious fulfilment the noblest adventure that ever called to the aspiring spirit of youth."
In the message from President Wilson, the students were appraised of the significance of the step which they had taken. Other messages were read from Peyton C. March, chief of staff of the United States Army, and Benedict Crowell, acting secretary of war. At the conclusion of the exercises the Corps was reviewed from the steps of the Alumni Building by President Graham, Major Towner (Military Inspector for the South Atlantic States), Colonel Stevens, and members of his staff.
The custom of asking the soldiers to Sunday dinners, which is followed in cities where regular army camps are located, is being followed in Chapel Hill, the Red Cross co-operating with the Army "Y" in this direction.
Shortly after the opening of the University for the year 1918-19 cases of Spanish influenza began to appear. In a short while scores had been stricken with the disease. In the very first days of the epidemic the Red Cross volunteered its services and began helping the physicians. The co-eds of the University were called upon to make face masks for the doctors and nurses in the various emergency hospitals. Two hundred and eighty-six masks were made, as well as one hundred and seventy arm bands for the attendants in the hospital. For weeks Miss Helen Shell, Miss Katherine Bourne and Mrs. Kent Brown did volunteer nursing in the University hospital, while other women were aiding stricken families all over the village. As the epidemic spread to Carrboro the need for volunteer nurses became more imperative. A committee composed of Misses Josie Pritchard and Helen Shell and Mrs. Kent Brown and Mrs. William deB. MacNider, assisted by others, worked night and day relieving the distressing conditions of the stricken people. Mr. J. S. Carr gave the use of the club rooms for a diet kitchen, paying all expenses for the maintenance of the same. Mrs. R. B. Lawson and Mrs. Arthur Blackwood volunteered to take charge of the kitchen and for two weeks served nourishing meals of soup, bread and milk. At least seven gallons of soup were served daily. Each morning two orderlies visited the various homes of the village to obtain an accurate report of the needs of the people, so that these needs might be supplied. This record would be incomplete without mentioning Miss Roper, who left a remunerative position as nurse for Mrs. McDade and ministered to the University boys afflicted with influenza. Although ill herself, for days she stayed at her post until forced by the physicians to give
up. In a few days pneumonia developed, and this brave woman died, having truly given her life for others.
The annual meeting for 1918 was held on Thursday, Nov. 21, in the Red Cross Work Room. Only routine business was transacted. The reports from the various committees were read, after which the officers for the coming year were elected as follows: Chairman, Dr. A. H. Patterson; Vice-Chairman, Miss Alice Noble; Secretary, Miss Nellie Roberson; Treasurer, Mr. Dudley Carroll; Additional Members on Executive Committee, Miss Josie Pritchard, Mrs. Kent Brown, and Dr. J. M. Bell.
On December 1, the Chairman called a meeting of the Executive Committee. Plans for the coming year were discussed and the various committees appointed. Mr. J. S. Holmes, Chairman of the Christmas Roll Call, outlined his plans for the drive. These plans were approved and the Chapter's co-operation promised. Miss Josie Pritchard reported that almost 100 Christmas packages had been sent to American soldiers in France by relatives through the local Red Cross.
On June first, 1917, a meeting was held in the Library at Hillsboro, N. C., to organize a Chapter of the American Red Cross. The following were present: Maj. John W. Graham, Mr. N. W.
Brown, Mr. T. N. Webb, Miss Sue Hayes, Mr. Alan Browning, Rev. Thomas McM. Grant, Mr. H. W. Webb, Dr. J. S. Spurgeon, Dr. R. B. Hayes, Mrs. R. B. Hayes, Mr. P. C. Collins, Mr. C. H. Robertson, Mrs. C. H. Robertson, Mrs. Jas. H. Webb, Mr. Jas. H. Webb, Miss Margaret Forrest, Miss Bessie Kirkland, Mr. J. C. Webb, Mrs. J. C. Webb, Miss Sarah Webb, Mr. Shepperd Strudwick, Mrs. Shepperd Strudwick, Mr. S. A. Johnson, Mrs. S. A. Johnson, Mr. Frank Nash, Miss Pattie Spurgeon, Mr. W. L. Wall, Rev. A. S. Lawrence, Mr. E. M. Lockhart, Miss H. P. Collins, and Miss Sarah Cheshire, who kindly came from Raleigh to talk to us about Red Cross activities. Miss Cheshire exhibited and explained sample bandages which she had brought from Raleigh. She advised a mass meeting at an early date to secure more members and to learn more of the Rod Cross and its purpose from a speaker who would address the meeting. June fourth was appointed as the date, in accord with Gov. Bickett's request that patriotic meetings be held before Registration Day, June fifth. The temporary officers elected were Mr. J. C. Webb, Chairman, Miss H. P. Collins, Secretary, Rev. T. M. Grant, Treasurer. Those present joined the Red Cross and became a committee of the whole to obtain new members. The following committees were appointed:
Programme Committee: Mr. Jas. H. Webb (Chairman), Mrs. E. M. Lockhart, Mrs. P. C. Collins, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. S. Strudwick, and Mr. Browning.
Nominating Committee: Dr. Spurgeon (Chairman), Mr. N. W. Brown, Miss Sarah Webb, Mrs. S. Strudwick, Mrs. Charles Andrews.
On June fourth a mass meeting was held at the Court House, Mr. J. C. Webb presiding, with the following programme:
"America" sung by the whole assembly.
Prayer by the Rev. T. M. Grant.
"The Star Spangled Banner" was then sung, after which the Chairman made an address explaining the urgent necessity for the Red Cross. Mr. Edward Bond, a soldier in khaki, who had served all the time our troops were at the Mexican border, made a splendid address, giving the soldier's viewpoint and making a fine object lesson. The "Battle Hymn of the Republic" was followed by a short address by the Rev. A. S. Lawrence, who, as an Englishman, had many friends already in the field and keenly felt the obligation on us to do our share in the Red Cross work. Mr. Frank Nash, in a short but very feeling speech, introduced Mrs. Palmer Jerman, who made a most inspiring address explaining what the Red Cross is and the necessity for America to do her share of that work as well as furnishing soldiers and money for the war. Enrollment of members was the next thing on the programme. Misses Nell Browning, Carrie Spurgeon, Mary Jones, Julia Faucette, Mamie Miller and Della Williams were solicitors. The meeting was closed by singing "Onward Christian Soldiers" and the Benediction pronounced by Rev. Mr. Oldham.
Following a week of good work by the membership committee composed of the following members, Mr. C. H. Robertson (Chairman), Messrs. G. C. Lynch, Charles Rosemond, Jack Roach, Julian Carr, Will Davies, Henry Walker, Charlie Walker, I. Eisenberg, Misses Lily Burns, Daisy Jordan, and Rev. Messrs. Oldham, Grant, Bradshaw and Lawrence, and the Financial Committee, with Mrs. Jas. H. Webb (Chairman), Rev. Mr. Grant, Mr. P. C. Collins, Mrs. Strudwick and Mrs. Andrews, assistants, a most inspiring meeting was held in the court house on Sunday, June eleventh, which was well attended by
both town and county people. All the ministers in town and a visiting evangelist took part in the service. The amount given for the One Hundred Million Red Cross War Fund was four hundred dollars, and the Red Cross membership was increased to two hundred.
The Red Cross held its meeting for permanent organization at the Court House on July fifth. This meeting was called to order by the temporary chairman, Mr. J. C. Webb, and "America" was sung. Mr. Webb then stated that a petition had been sent to the National Headquarters for authority to organize the Orange County Chapter of the American Red Cross with jurisdiction over Orange County except Chapel Hill. The written authority to so organize was read by the temporary secretary, Miss Henrietta P. Collins, after which a motion was made to proceed with the organization of the Chapter, which was done by the Chairman appointing the following nominating committee to propose names for permanent officers: Dr. Spurgeon. Mr. N. W. Brown, Mrs. Strudwick, Miss Sarah Webb and Mrs. R. B. Hayes.
"The Star Spangled Banner" was sung, then the nominating committee made the following report: For Chairman, Maj. John W. Graham; Vice Chairman, Mr. J. B. Turner; Treasurer, Miss Margaret Forrest; Secretary, Miss Henrietta P. Collins; the Rev. Mr. Grant and Mrs. J. Cheshire Webb, with the officers, to he the Executive Committee. The nominations being made unanimous, the permanent chairman, Maj. Graham, took the chair and in a short but sincerely admiring speech introduced Mr. James Pou of Raleigh. Mr. Pou held his audience spellbound while he gave the history of the causes of the great war and the reasons why it is of the most vital importance to every man, woman and child in the United States that
we should win and our duty to do our utmost to attain that end. Mr. Pou's speech made a profound impression. The meeting was closed by singing the "Battle Hymn of the Republic."
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross held in the Library on July eleventh, 1917, attended by Miss Forrest, Mrs. J. Cheshire Webb, Rev. T. McM. Grant, and Miss H. P. Collins, it was decided that the first twenty-two names on the list at the first meeting be put in our authority for organizing our chapter. The following committees were asked to serve:
Publicity Committee: Mr. C. H. Robertson (Chairman), Mr. N. W. Brown, Mr. J. A. Harris, Mrs. Elkins, Miss Lula Cassidy.
Finance Committee: Mrs. Jas. H. Webb (Chairman), Mrs. Strudwick, Mrs. Charles Andrews, Mr. T. M. Grant, Mr. P. C. Collins.
Purchasing Committee: Mrs. R. B. Hayes (Chairman), Miss Margaret Forrest, Mrs. W. B. Wall.
The Membership Committee was discussed but not named. Mrs. R. B. Hayes having sent her credentials and sample bandages to headquarters, began a class in surgical dressings, which met on Tuesday and Friday A. M. weekly at the Red Cross room, a notice of which was sent to Cedar Grove, where there is much interest in Red Cross work.
The Executive Committee of the Red Cross met in the Red Cross room on August first, with the Rev. Mr. Grant, Miss Forrest, Mrs. R. B. Hayes, Mrs. Jas. H. Webb, Mr. Charles H. Robertson, and
Miss H. P. Collins present. The following letter was read:
Washington, D. C.,
July 17, 1917.
Maj. John W. Graham, Chairman,
Orange County North Carolina Chapter American Red Cross,
Hillsboro, North Carolina.
Having received notice of the organization, in accordance with authority duly granted, of a Chapter of the American Red Cross to be known as Orange County, North Carolina, Chapter and to have for its jurisdiction Orange County (except Chapel Hill and such portions of said territory as have already been organized under a separate Chapter), the Central Committee of the American Red Cross hereby recognizes the said Chapter and authorizes it to serve as such in conformity to the charter and by-laws of the American Red Cross.
Very truly yours,
The community as a whole has done everything to advance the cause in the way of interest, work and donations. The two Red Cross rooms for the white and colored people were loaned by Mr. J. Cheshire Webb. Through the influence of Miss Lily Bivins a large donation of knitting cotton was given by Daniel Miller Company of Baltimore, and our local merchants and business people have been most generous in their gifts and terms for all Red Cross purposes.
The Chapter reported to headquarters in Atlanta that we had on July first, 1917, four hundred members and had given four hundred dollars to the Hundred Million Dollar War Fund. A branch at Cedar Grove has been organized and they are at work on surgical dressings. The Auxilliary of the Colored People has organized and are ready for instruction in surgical dressings. They also wish to knit and are doing some in cotton.
The date and hour for meetings of the Executive Committee was set for the first Saturday in every month at five P. M. in the
Red Cross room.
Mrs. James Webb made her report as Chairman of the Finance Committee and offered her resignation, which was accepted with regret. Mr. P. C. Collins was appointed in her stead, but did not accept. Miss Forrest submitted the bills since our organization. They were approved and ordered paid. The meeting then adjourned.
On August 20, 1917, a meeting of the Red Cross was held concerning the knitting for the soldiers. The Orange County Chapter was apportioned two hundred sets by Headquarters. It was decided to appoint a committee to get in touch with a person in each community who would do what they could to secure knitters and funds. A thorough canvass of Hillsboro was to be made and two or more classes started. The committee consisted of Miss Hayes, Mrs. Johnston, Mrs. Robertson, Mrs. A. J. Warren, and Mrs. Oldham. The branch at Cedar Grove was to be asked to supply or make from ten to twenty-five sets.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee September 1, 1917, a letter was read from Mr. Willis J. Milner, Jr., Assistant Director, Southern Division A. R. C., urging the Orange County Chapter to appoint a Civilian Relief Committee. However, this work was already being done by the Orange County Council of Defense, with a committee for soldiers' business headed by an attorney.
Rev. Mr. Grant was unanimously elected Chairman of the Finance Committee to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mrs. J. H. Webb. She remained on the committee. Mrs. Robertson, Chairman of the Knitting Committee, reported that sixty knitters of experience were ready to undertake the Red Cross work upon receipt
of the yarn.
At a called meeting of the Executive Committee of the Orange County Chapter, A. R. C., the application from New Hope Church for permission to form a branch was approved and permission was granted. The certificate from Cedar Grove relative to the formation of their branch was read and put in the archives of the Chapter.
Report of the Comfort Bag Committee. October 6, 1917.
Fifty bags received. Of these seven were given to the first contingent of drafted men to go from the county; twenty-five to the second contingent, and ten to the third; six to the men who have volunteered from Hillsboro and one to a member of Battery C. Fifteen more bags were promised, but were delivered to the men without passing through the hands of the committee.
Report of the Knitting Committee. October 6, 1917.
Ninety lbs. of wool at $237.00 on hand, approximately one hundred knitters at work and ten full sets of knitted garments shipped that day.
Report from Work Room. October 6, 1917.
Up to October 1st, 1453 bandages had been shipped.
A vote of thanks was given to Cedar Grove for its generosity to the chapter in donating to it the premiums from the Community Fair.
On October 11, 1917, a public meeting of the Orange County Chapter A. R. C., was held at the court house for the election of officers. The nominating committee presented the
following names: Maj. John W. Graham, President; Miss Margaret Forrest, Treasurer; Miss Henrietta P. Collins, Secretary. The motion was put and unanimously carried. At this meeting Liberty Bonds. Food Conservation and the registration of women for service were discussed. Mr. J. C. Webb introduced Capt. J. Stuart Allen of the famous Princess Patricia Regiment of Canada, who have a graphic account of the conflict in France, having served there for some time and been wounded often.
The following report was made from the Orange County Chapter A. R. C. on October 11, 1917.
"Since June 4, 1917, when the meeting for organization was held, four hundred and fifty-five members have joined the chapter and branches. At Cedar Grove and New Hope there are branches named for those places, both of which are doing good work. In Hillsboro, also, there is an auxiliary among the colored people. The chapter has shipped one case of surgical dressings to Atlanta, Ga., containing 1453 surgical dressings made in this work room, and at Cedar Grove, also wash rags knit by the children. About fifty children are knitting for the chapter and one hundred other knitters are making weekly contributions to the shipments which the chapter is sending to Atlanta. Miss Hamilton reports sixty-four comfort bags already given to our soldiers and forty-five ready for next week. It is the intention of the chapter not to let a single soldier who cares for one leave the country without one. Our Treasurer, Miss Forrest, reports a total of about sixteen hundred dollars having been in her hands in the four months of our existence as a Chapter."
At a called meeting of the Executive Committee, October 22, Maj. Graham and Mr. Grant were elected delegates to the Red Cross Convention to meet in Raleigh November 1st and 2nd.
At an Executive Committee meeting November 12, 1917, Miss Sue Rosemond was appointed Chairman of a committee to sell Red Cross Christmas Seals. Miss Mary Spurgeon was appointed
Chairman of the committee to handle the Christmas packets for our soldiers, of which the Chapter is expected to furnish 133. Twelve new Red Cross members were reported. Mrs. R. B. Hayes also reported the shipment of 3155 surgical dressings on November 2nd.
On December 1, 1917, at the meeting of the Executive Committee a vote of thanks was given Mrs. Hayes for all she had done for the Chapter and regret was expressed that she would soon leave town. Mrs. Whitmel Webb was asked to serve as chairman of the purchasing committee. Mrs. Hayes reported packing the third box containing 1309 dressings from this work room, New Hope and Cedar Grove. The whole quota of 133 Christmas packets had been shipped. Mrs. Robertson reported 98 sweaters, 84 mufflers 72 pairs of wristlets and 171 pairs of socks had been sent to Atlanta.
On December 11, the following committees were appointed to carry on the Christmas membership drive:
Campaign Committee: Chairman, Mr. J. Cheshire Webb; Mr. G. K. Collins; Mr. C. H. Robertson; Mr. N. W. Brown; Mrs. S. Strudwick; Miss Forrest.
Citizens Committee: Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Webb, Miss Sarah Webb, Mr. H. W. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. T. N. Webb, Mr. N. W. Brown, Dr. and Mrs. Benton, Mr. Bradshaw, Mr. and Mrs. Wall, Mr. Frank Nash, and Mr. Robertson.
Publicity Committee: Mr. N. W. Brown, Mr. C. H. Robertson, Miss Sue Hayes.
For Schools: Mr. McNeer, Miss Maud Faucette.
For Business Houses: Mrs. P. C. Collins, Miss Mary Spurgeon.
For Mills: Mr. C. H. Robertson, Mr. T. N. Webb.
Fraternal Orders: Dr. J. S. Spurgeon, Mr. J. H. Webb, Mr. J. L. Brown.
Executive Secretary: Miss Henrietta P. Collins.
On January 5, 1918, at a meeting of the Executive Committee, Mr. J. Cheshire Webb reported a successful membership drive in which was secured the full quota of four hundred members. Mr. Robertson was unanimously elected chairman of the Executive Committee to succeed Mr. Grant who had moved to Hookerton, N. C. Mr. N. W. Brown was made Chairman of the Publicity Committee. It was moved that Miss Sue Hayes be elected as Supervisor of Surgical Dressings during Mrs. R. B. Hayes' absence. Miss Mary Spurgeon reported 133 Christmas packets sent and paid for, and a vote of thanks was given her for her good work on this committee. Miss Sue Rosemond reported $42.00 worth of Christmas Seals sold and some others not reported, which might bring the amount to $50.00. A vote of thanks was given Miss Rosemond. A gift of $50.00 from the Farmers & Merchants Bank was also gratefully acknowledged.
Report of Knitting Committee February 2, 1918.
200 sweaters, 197 mufflers, 275 pairs of socks, 143 wristlets. The fifth box of dressings was shipped January 30. Total 4871.
On April 6, 1918, the following committee was appointed
to carry on the Red Cross Drive May 20-27; Mr. McNeer, Chairman; Dr. C. M. Hughes, Dr. J. S. Spurgeon, Mr. C. H. Robertson, Mrs. W. H. Webb, Miss H. P. Collins, Mrs. S. Strudwick, Mrs. J. Cheshire Webb.
Publicity Committee: Mr. N. W. Brown, Mr. G. P. Collins, Mr. J. C. Webb.
The Treasurer's report, April 6, showed a balance in bank of $313.31.
On May 11, 1918, the Oaks Branch petition to join the Orange County Chapter was read and accepted. Also the generous gift of twenty comfort bags made and given by Mrs. and Miss Bivins was gratefully received. Miss Forrest read her financial report, which showed a balance in hand of $199.53 on May first. Mrs. Robertson read the following knitting report: Yarn bought, 381 pounds; Amount spent, $877.03; Knitted garments; Sweaters, 234; Mufflers, 211; Wristlets, 214; Socks, 521; Helmets, 6.
On May 13, at a special meeting of the Executive Committee arrangements were made for the carrying on of the Red Cross War Fund Campaign. The following Publicity Committee was named: Mr. N. W. Brown, Mr. G. K. Collins, and a third man whom they would select. Mr. Bradshaw was to furnish a list of the ministers in the
county and they were to be requested to announce the Drive and speak on the Red Cross on Sunday, May 19, which is called Red Cross Sunday.
On June 15, 1918, at a called meeting of the Executive Committee Miss Forrest reported the receipt of a letter permitting the Chapter to retain as much as twenty-five per cent of the receipts of the War Fund. Major Graham made a motion that the Treasurer send thirty-three hundred dollars to Mr. McAdoo when called for by him, retaining approximately twenty-five per cent of the receipts. The total amount raised for the Second War Fund was as follows:
|Sent to Mr. McAdoo||$3300.00|
Mr. Cheshire Webb was to be asked to call a meeting of negroes to discuss the Red Cross with a committee composed of Major Graham, Mr. Robertson, Mr. N. W. Brown and Mr. J. C. Webb.
At the regular meeting of the Red Cross Executive Committee on July 1, 1918, Miss Forrest read her financial report for June, which showed a balance in bank of $95.95. Seven renewals and four new members were reported this month.
At a called meeting of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross held on July 19, Major Graham made a motion that, in answer to Mr. James H. Pou's letter stating the need of funds for canteen work in Raleigh, out of our Chapter funds Mrs. William Grimes be sent $120.00 to be used for the benefit of troops passing
through Raleigh in the name of the Orange County Chapter, which was carried.
The receipt of the Chapter box for June, to Headquarters, was reported. It contained 8000 compresses which were sent direct to France without repacking.
At the monthly meeting of the Red Cross Executive Committee held at the Red Cross Room, August 12, a letter from Headquarters advising discontinuing the donating of comfort kits to our county men when they leave for camp, was read. The men are furnished with most of the contents immediately on reaching camp, and the use of the khaki for this purpose made too large a demand on the supply. A motion was made that the comfort kit activity be determined by a committee composed of Mrs. Strudwick and Miss Collins, who were to consult with the comfort kit committee about supplies on hand and decide just when to discontinue giving them. A petition from Carr precinct to become a Branch of the Orange County Chapter A. R. C. was granted. Also a request for permission to give an evening of song for the benefit of the Red Cross by the Hillsboro Community Chorus was gratefully accorded. A letter was read asking that Junior Red Cross work be organized early in the school year. Thirty one magazine subscriptions were reported. The financial report showing expenditures of $145.67, with a balance in bank of $15.58, was approved.
At the regular meeting of the Executive Committee of the Orange County Chapter A. R. C., a motion was carried that the Comfort Kit Committee continue the gift of articles on hand until they are all used. The Canteen Committee composed of Mrs. Forrest,
Miss Bessie Kirkland, Mrs. Johnson, Miss Hamilton, Miss Collins, with five additional ladies of their selection, were given authority to purchase such supplies as they deem necessary for the packages to be given the boys going to camp, the value of each package not to exceed the sum of one dollar. Miss Forrest. Treasurer, reported the August expenditures to amount to $707.75, leaving a balance in bank of $308.71. A gift of the Community Chorus of $73.00 was reported and Mrs. H. N. Webb moved that the Director of the Community Chorus be sent a note of thanks for the gift resulting from the evening of song.
At a regular meeting of the Orange County Chapter Executive Committee it was decided to borrow $200.00 for sixty days to meet indebtedness at Headquarters and other expenses. The allotments which had been sent the chapter were discussed and the irrigation pads accepted but the allotment for garments was to be delayed for a month at least.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee called January 21, 1919, it was decided to sell the gauze and yarn on hand. It was voted for Mrs. W. H. Webb, Purchasing Agent, to try to find a sale for the gauze and for Mrs. Robertson to turn over the yarn to Miss Forrest, who is to hold it open for sale until March 1, 1919. What is left at that time is to be sold in lump.
Report of knitted articles from November 9, 1918, to February 12, 1919: 357 pairs socks; 121 sweaters; 1 comfort.
Report of Orange County North Carolina Chapter. American Red Cross, Located at Hillsboro, which includes Branches at Cedar
Grove, New Hope, Oaks and Carr.
Total number of members to date: 955.
Fourteen boxes have been shipped to Headquarters in Atlanta containing 41,396 bandages and surgical dressings. 148 Hospital garments, 180 operating gowns, 850 knitted articles, and 100 Italian comfort kits were also sent.
Comfort kits were given to the men going to camp until September 1918, when it was discontinued and a Canteen Committee saw the men off and tried to show our appreciation of their spirit. The Chapter made a contribution of $120.00 to the Canteen work of the Raleigh Chapter to troops passing through Raleigh.
Eleven boxes containing 2682 pounds of clothing were shipped for the Belgians. 706 linen articles valued at $234.90 were sent for the hospitals in France. A committee on Christmas packages inspected and packed 111 boxes for the men in the American Expeditionary Forces.
The Chapter has been strengthened during the year by the addition of a Branch at Oaks and one at Carr. These branches and the ones at Cedar Grove and New Hope assisted loyally in every undertaking of the Chapter.
Henrietta P. Collins, Secy.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee held at the court house on June 20, 1919, Rev. Mr. Bradshaw made a motion to give $300.00 of the $399.00 in the bank to help finance the Soldiers' Celebration. This motion was duly carried. Miss Forrest, the
treasurer, was requested to give a check for this amount to the Finance Committee. It was decided to request all Red Cross members assisting at the celebration to wear their Red Cross pins or badges.
It was decided to continue to try to find a sale for the case of gauze on hand, and failing, to hold until further orders.
Mrs. Strudwick, Miss Hamilton and Mrs. J. C. Webb were appointed a committee to audit the treasurer's books, a report to be made at once to Major Graham and record to be incorporated in the minutes.
A letter from Mr. L. E. Dale, Division Accountant, was read by the Chapter Chairman, requesting the Chapter not to disband and giving directions in case it should be deemed wisest to disband. Major Graham was asked to write to Mr. J. L. McMillan, Director of the Dept. of Development, for information as to what will be necessary to carry on a peace program in the Chapter. This was referred to a later meeting.
Orange County is proud to be able to claim at least three women who saw active service with the Red Cross during the war.
One of these was Miss Marion Elma Williamson, of Chapel Hill, N. C. She went abroad with Dr. McGuire's unit from Richmond, Va., where she had been living for sometime and practicing her profession.
Our second Red Cross worker was Mrs. Laura Hutchins Benson, also of Chapel Hill. Mrs. Benson enlisted in the Army Nurses' Corp, May 2nd, 1917, and was first stationed at the Walter Reed Gen. Army Hospital, Washington, D. C. During the awful epidemic of pneumonia
in the camps in the winter of 1918, she was called to Base Hospital No. 1, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, where she was later made head nurse. Our third Red Cross worker was Miss Jean Blue. She enlisted in Unit 65 early in 1918 from Watts Hospital on May 27th, and went to Camp Lee for training, remaining there until August 1, when she went to New York for one month of intensive training before sailing for France the first of September. She was stationed with the A. E. F. at Brest, first nursing soldiers with "Flu", those wounded, on their way back to America.
June 28--September 5, 1917.
On June 28, 1917, Mr. J. Cheshire Webb, of Hillsboro, received his appointment as Chairman of the Orange County Council of Defense. The other members are: M. C. S. Noble, C. H. Robertson, S. Strudwick, S. W. Andrews, John P. Hughes, P. C. Collins.
On July 9, 1917, the Soldiers' Business Aid Committee was formed to attend to any business affairs that any soldier wished attended to. The members were as follows: Frank Nash, (Chairman), T. N. Webb, O. F. Craig, C. M. Hughes, M. P. Efland.
On September 3rd, 1917, which was Labor Day, a celebration was held for the drafted men of Orange County. A large dinner was given to the white men at the Warehouse. Mrs. W. L. Wall was in charge of the dinner, which was a splendid success. On this occasion Miss Lily Hamilton, Chairman of the Comfort Bag Committee, gave comfort bags to the first seven men to be called from Orange County. The colored men had a dinner at the colored school house. There were
several patriotic speeches during the afternoon.
Miss Frances Venable (Chapel Hill) and Mrs. W. H. Webb (Hillsboro) were appointed chairmen of clubs for securing and sending literature to the soldiers.
February 12, 1918.
The legal advisory board formed to help men fill out the government questionnaires was composed of the following gentlemen: Major John W. Graham, Hon. Frank Nash, Mr. W. S. Roberson.
The Public Service Reserve was composed of the following gentlemen: C. H. Robertson, Hillsboro, W. H. Webb, Hillsboro, D. S. Smith, Chapel Hill, J. C. Webb (Chairman), Hillsboro.
June 15, 1918.
On June 28, 1917, Mr. J. Cheshire Webb, of Hillsboro, received his appointment as Chairman of the Orange County Council of Defense, which he was to organize. In order to accomplish the expansion of county organization by the creation of Community Councils, he called a meeting at the court house June 15, 1918, to be attended by those named for the Community Councils. At this meeting Mr. Webb outlined the origin and function of the Council of Defense as follows:
"When the United States entered the war, Congress felt the necessity of uniting and expediting all the measures for the preparation and continuance in the war. To this end it created a National Council of Defense and charged this body with manifold duties. The Council is composed of six members of the President's Cabinet: The Secretary of War is President and the other members
are Secretary of Navy, Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Interior, Secretary of Commerce and Secretary of Labor. This is the National Council of Defense. Then the National Council in turn created the State Councils and it says of the State Councils: 'The State Councils of Defense should co-operate with each other and with the Federal Government in organizing and directing the resources of the State in men and materials to make them available and effective for national use and should recommend changes in the State laws which may become expedient. Acting under authority of law, the National Council of Defense has asked the Governors of each State to form a State Council of Defense to accomplish the services mentioned.' In compliance with this request the Governor of North Carolina has appointed a State Council of Defense, of which the Governor and Adjutant-General are ex officio members. The other members are as follows: Mr. W. S. Lee, Mr. C. C. Taylor, Dr. Joseph Hyde Pratt, Dr. James Sprunt, Col. J. Bryan Grimes, Mr. Geo. Watts, Mr. R. N. Page, Mr. F. L. Seely, Dr. George Howe, Mrs. J. E. Reilley, and Dr. D. H. Hill. Dr. D. H. Hill of Raleigh was elected State Chairman. The State Council in its turn formed County Councils in each of the 100 counties in the State. This Council is composed of a chairman and six members. This is known as the central committee. In Orange County they are: M. C. S. Moble, C. H. Robertson, S. Strudwick, S. W. Andrews, John P. Hughes, P. C. Collins and J. C. Webb (Chairman). President Wilson now sanctions and urges a movement to extend this Council into every community in the entire nation, and to perfect this organization in Orange County is our reason for being here today. The following named gentlemen have been named to fill the place in
their respective T.P.'s, for the Central Council decided that it was best to make the unit of organization the township rather than the school district. As to the duties which you will have to perform, I can simply say this, that as near as I can make out, the function of this council at present is to do everything possible to Win the War. Our duties are nicely divided into such heads as these: Finance, Legal, Co-ordination work, Sanitation, etc. The Council has little or no funds in this State, but in spite of this it has accomplished no little. It is largely responsible for the creation of the N. C. State Reserve militia. It is also responsible in a great measure for the successful work of the Food Administration and registration of soldiers. As yet the people at large have no clear conception of just what is and will be expected of us. Your chairman has been asked to do everything from getting a soldier a divorce to catching a deserter. He thought this stretching the duties of his office. But as said before, we must stand prepared to do anything in our power to help win the war. You will be a permanent committee from now until God gives us the victory, to co-operate with every kind of war activity, whether it be selling War Stamps, working for the Red Cross or Y. M. C. A., or giving comfort or relief to members of a soldier's family. Remember that our duty is to co-operate but never to interfere with any other committee. And under no condition must we form any other kind of organization, but must endeavor to bind together for the most effective work those already existing."
Members Community Councils:
Bingham T. P.: T. J. Oldham, Mebane, RFD.; Harman McIver; G. E. Copeland; Tom Atwater; G. E. Crawford; J. T. Sykes, Efland RFD #2; Paul Lloyd, Chapel Hill RFD #3.
Chapel Hill T. P.: Dr. E. C. Branson, R. A. Eubanks, Chapel Hill; Ralph Ward, Carrboro; J. A. Duke; Homer Bennet; George Johnston, Chapel Hill RFD #2.
Hillsboro T. P.: Dr. J. S. Spurgeon; W. H. Webb; J. E. Carter; R. E. Bivens; Rev. H. S. Bradshaw; W. M. Jones, Efland RFD
Cedar Grove T. P.: Clyde Compton, Mebane RFD #3; Chas. Oakley, Cedar Grove RFD #2; H. P. Woods, Cedar Grove RFD #1; Jas. Laws, Jr., Cedar Grove; C. N. Woods, Cedar Grove RFD #1.
Cheeks T. P.: Carl Forrest, Efland; John Baity, Efland; W. E. Ham, Efland; Sam White, Mebane.
Little River T. P.: D. N. Mincey, Hillsboro RFD #1; Chas. Blalock, Rougemont RFD # 3; Arthur Wilson, Hillsboro RFD #1; C. E. Wilson, Hillsboro RFD #1; L. L. Smith, Rougemont RFD #3; N. V. Ray, Cedar Grove; W. S. Roberts, Hillsboro RFD #1.
Eno T. P.: J. A. Giles, Hillsboro; S. Browning, West Durham RFD #1; Sam Walker, Hillsboro RFD #1; Mr. Sadler, University Station, So. Power Co.; G. C. Roberts, Hillsboro RFD #1; E. P. Woods, Hillsboro RFD #1.
Provided by suggested activities from correspondence of North Carolina Council of Defense.
The Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense was organized in Orange County on August 1st, 1997, at the court house in Hillsboro. About fifty women were present, representing every organization of women in the county. The meeting was called by Mrs. J. Cheshire Webb, who had previously received appointment as temporary County Chairman, with instructions to call a meeting to
perfect a permanent organization. The election of officers resulted as follows: Chairman, Mrs. J. Cheshire Webb, Hillsboro; Secretary, Miss Lula Cassidy, Hillsboro; Treasurer, Mrs. Isaac Manning, Chapel Hill.
The objects and aims of the organization were cited by the Chairman, being mainly to coordinate and link together all existing organizations of women, in order to secure greater efficiency in defense work for the nation.
It was decided at this meeting to organize throughout the county in units, as suggested by the State Committee--a unit for each township--the organization to follow the plan for the county, i.e. a chairman, secretary and treasurer and head of each department of activity.
On Labor Day, 1917, the second meeting of the Woman's Committee was held at the court house in Hillsboro. The resignation of Miss Cassidy as secretary was accepted, as she was planning soon to leave the county. Miss Sue Hayes was elected in her place.
Upon deliberate consideration the vote of the meeting of August first was cancelled and a central organization was unanimously agreed upon, with the heads of departments as follows, representing women from all parts of the county:
Miss H. M. Berry, Chapel Hill, was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Finance, and Mrs. Shepperd Strudwick, Hillsboro, Chairman of Publicity.
The following ladies constitute the Central Committee, taken together with the county officers and heads of department named above: Mrs. H. W. Chase, Chapel Hill, Miss Rebecca Cameron, Hillsboro, Miss Alice Noble, Chapel Hill, Mrs. J. S. Holmes, Chapel Hill, Mrs. W. H. Webb, Hillsboro, Mrs. T. N. Webb, Hillsboro.
Mrs. L. C. Patterson was unable to accept the appointment as head of Liberty Loan Committee, and Mrs. James H. Webb was appointed in her place, and served for the Second Liberty Loan drive. Upon the resignation of Mrs. Webb, Miss H. M. Berry was named as chairman and served for the Third and Fourth Liberty Loan drives. Figures giving the results of these drives are recorded elsewhere.
The State Committee asked each county committee to help finance the State work by contributing $2.00 a month. Money was raised for this purpose by individual subscription and contributions from the different organizations of women in the county, which more than paid our obligation from August 1, 1917, to August 1, 1918. In August 1918, the Commissioners of Orange County made an appropriation of $24.00 to cover our dues to the State Committee for the year following, and this amount was gratefully acknowledged by the County Chairman and forwarded by our Treasurer to the State Treasurer.
The Registration of Women for Service was held in
October, 1917, at which time over two hundred women filled out and signed the service cards provided for that purpose.
In July 1918, a canvass of the county was made in the interest of the U. S. Student Nurse Reserve, with the result that eight young women enrolled, six white, and two colored.
In February, 1919, in response to a letter to Governor Bickett asking his advice about carrying on the work of the Woman's Committee, he states that the Legislature seems indisposed to make any appropriation to carry on the work of the Council of Defense, because the General Assembly feels that present necessities of the State institutions should be taken care of before any extra work is assumed. Under these circumstances he does not feel that we are justified in incurring any further personal expense in this connection. Besides this, it is thought that Woman's Work will be taken up by organized effort in other directions. Not wishing to duplicate work, or endeavor to do work which does not mean real service, our organization naturally vanishes. On February 15, 1919, our State Chairman issued an honorable discharge to all members of the Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense.
No single thing showed the patriotic spirit of the people of Orange County during the war more than the cheerful way in which they carried out the irksome rules and regulations of the Food Administration. A word must also be said for the merchants and the millers of the county. There was no wilful violation of a single rule by any mill in the county, and in only two instances
did a merchant break over, and in these cases they were of so mild a nature that they were settled by the County Administrator.
The housekeepers were industrious in saving all the fruits and vegetables by methods of canning and drying. Never has there been so much effort and accomplishment in this direction. The State offices at Raleigh will record all the various orders that were issued to the counties, so it is useless to name them here. There was, however, one rule originated by the Orange County Food Administrator which might be mentioned, namely, the order forbidding the threshing of wheat before the 15th of July. In spite of the fact that this order was issued at the request of the Farmers' Union and with the consent of the threshermen of the county, when the usual time came round for threshing to begin there was a very natural feeling of unrest on the part of the farmer who had his wheat out in the weather, but by this time so accustomed had the people become to obeying all rules that in spite of the great temptation in only two cases was there violation. These violators plead guilty and voluntarily contributed to the Red Cross, and the cases against them were dropped.
Orange County having two large towns, it was necessary to have an Administrator at Chapel Hill. Mr. R. A. Eubanks was appointed for this place and did good and faithful work.
On September 20, 1917, Mr. Henry A. Page, State Food Administrator, appointed Mr. J. Cheshire Webb, of Hillsboro, the Food Administrator for Orange County. The Executive Committee of the County Food Administration was as follows: Prof. E. C. Branson, Chapel Hill; Mrs. Isaac Manning, Chapel Hill; Mrs. H. W. Chase,
Chapel Hill; Mr. Lueco Lloyd, Chapel Hill; County Farm Demonstrator, Hillsboro; Mrs. J. C. Webb, (Ch'm. Woman's Div. Council of Defense). Hillsboro; Mrs. G. C. Roberts, Hillsboro, RFD #1; Mr. R. H. Claytor, Supt. of Pub. Inst., Hillsboro.
On October 13, 1917, a meeting of Teachers and School Committeemen, called by Mr. J. C. Webb, through the office of the County Superintendent of Public Instruction, was held in the court house. Responding to the call, forty-two teachers and a goodly number of committeemen and citizens assembled at the court house at eleven o'clock. The object of the meeting was to impress the teachers with the importance of the Food Conservation Campaign to be held October 29--November 4, and to explain to them the part which they were to do to make it a success. Prof. Branson of the University, in a very able address, explained the importance of food conservation and Mrs. Isaac Manning of Chapel Hill presented a most interesting account of her "Third Line of Defense" work in the southern end of the county.
At this meeting plans were laid for registering, at her respective school house, every woman in every school district on October 27, 1917. At this time each woman was to sign the Food Pledge, thus showing her willingness to co-operate in every way possible with the Food Administration. Those who failed to sign the pledge on that day were to be visited individually. These plans were carried out. The school houses were kept open from 9:00 A. M. to 4: P. M. on Saturday, October 27, 1917, and the various committees were on hand in their respective school houses to attend to the registration. During the following week, October 29 -
November 4, a systematic canvass was made of each School District and every housewife was personally interviewed.
The following committees were in charge of the Food Campaign in the various townships:
March 30, 1918.
In order to insure the safety of as much of the wheat crop as possible, Mr. J. C. Webb asked that the Farmers' Union in the county see to it that no threshing be allowed to start this year before July 20. The following reply was received from the Secretary of the Farmers' Union:
Teer, N. C. 4/1/18
Mr. J. C. Webb,
Hillsboro, N. C.
Your letter to the President of the County Union was read in our meeting Saturday afternoon and, after discussion, the enclosed resolution was passed. I am sending you a copy to be used if you see fit. You will notice the date July 15, instead of 20th, as suggested by you. We prefer that because if machines did not start before the 20th, grain would not be all threshed before tobacco was ripe and need curing and cultivation is practically finished usually by July 15.
G. Ed. Copeland.
Sec. & Treas. Orange Co. Farmers' Union.
Whereas it is customary for threshing machines in Orange County to start about July 1, which causes the cultivation of crops to be neglected and, in our opinion, yield reduced, now, therefore
Resolved, that we the representatives of the Local Farmers' Union of Orange County in convention at Schley, N. C., March 30, 1918, favor a rule by the Food Administration that no threshing machine be allowed to start this year before July 15.
W. R. Roberts,
G. Ed. Copeland,
In response to a proclamation of Governor Bickett on September 23rd, 1917, the Council of Defense of Orange County met on October 20th 1917, by a call from Chairman J. C. Webb, and selected twenty-five men to comprise a detachment of a composite company of State Militia. These men were invited to meet at the court house at Hillsboro on October 22, and October 24, 1917, and in response to this invitation the following men met and voluntarily enlisted for the "duration of the war."
Later were added the following:
Organization was completed by the election of S. Strudwick to the office of First Lieut, and he appointed H. H. Iler, First Sergeant; Chas. Robertson, Corporal; P. C. Collins, Corporal; C. M. Andrews, Corporal.
The County of Orange through the Board of Commissioners furnished uniforms, etc., and the Detachment began at once to drill twice each week and continued this until the influenza epidemic caused the passing of a law which prohibited all assemblies of every kind for about three months.
The Detachment was called by Sheriff C. L. Rosemon to safeguard a prisoner during trial before a magistrate and responded promptly. Guns (Russian Rifles) and ammunition were obtained from U. S. Government through the N. C. Adjutant-General's office and permission was granted by that officer to increase the number of men to 37. The organization is today (April 4, 1919) active and ready to respond to the call of the State or Nation.
The Detachment is a part of Company #29, Headquarters at Burlington, N. C., and its present roster is as follows:
Orange County's entire quota of War Savings Stamps was three hundred and thirty-one thousand and four hundred dollars worth ($331,400.00) or an average of $20.00 for every individual in the county. In a War Savings drive June 23-28, 1918, seventy-five per cent of this quota was pledged. In order to raise the other twenty-five per cent another War Savings drive was held September 9-14, 1918.
On Registration Day, September 12, 1918, a large War Savings Rally was hold at the court house at 9:00 P. M. On account of the illness of Mr. S. Strudwick, Chairman of the Committee, the meeting was presided over by Mr. Gattis. An enormous crowd packed the court house and the hallway and stairs, for besides the interest in War Stamps there was the added attraction, not only of two of Pershing's men back from France, but one of our own boys, Mr. Jim Cheshire, who was the first to volunteer from this town and who has been sent home to train troops, having been made unfit by wounds for active service at the Front.
The meeting was opened by the singing of the "Star Spangled Banner" by the Community Chorus, followed by a prayer by Rev. Mr. Oldham. Mr. J. Cheshire Webb then made an announcement as to the need of more War Stamps being sold. After the Chorus had sung "God
Save the King". Mr. Gattis introduced Private Higgins of the Mass. Guard, who gave a most interesting account of his experiences in the trenches. He was just recovering from a severe gassing. Following this address the Chorus sang "Sons of America", after which Mr. Cheshire was introduced amid a storm of applause. He is the first of our own men to come back and he was given a regular ovation. He gave a most interesting account of his experiences, particularly praising the splendid work of the Red Cross. The meeting was closed with the singing of the "Marseillaise" by the Chorus.
|Amount apportioned to Orange County,||$331,408.00|
|Amount pledged by Orange County,||272,956.00|
|Amount actually sold by Orange County,||264,370.00|
This last item is somewhat "out of line" with actual facts and should show a greater amount, for the reason that a number of Orange County people who "pledged" bought the stamps in towns outside the county, such as Durham, Roxboro, Mebane, etc.
Men's Committee for First Liberty Loan: Paul C. Collins, County Chairman; M. E. Hogan (Chapel Hill), John P. Hughes (Cedar Grove), John Kenion (Cedar Grove), John Efland (Efland), Rev. L. I. Smith (Rougemont), Sam Walker, Thomas J. Oldham (Mebane, RFD).
In the First Liberty Bond Sale the four banks in Orange County sold Liberty Bonds as follows:
|Bank of Orange (Hillsboro)||$30,150.00 worth|
|Farmers & Merchants Bank (Hillsboro)||150.00 worth|
|Bank of Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill)||$16,350.00 worth|
|Peoples Bank (Chapel Hill)||5,000.00 worth|
On Tuesday night October 23, the Liberty Bonfire was built at the corner of the court house square. The fire was lighted by little Billy Hayes, son of Dr. R. B. Hayes of the U. S. Medical Corps. There were seven "three minute" speakers: P. C. Collins, S. Strudwick, P. H. Claytor, T. McM. Grant, Prank Nash, Maj. Graham, and Solicitor Sam Gattis.
In the Second Liberty Loan the four banks in Orange County sold Liberty Bonds as follows:
|Bank of Orange (Hillsboro)||$ 77,200.00|
|Farmers & Merchants Bank (Hillsboro)||11,200.00|
|Bank of Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill)||34,350.00|
|Peoples Bank (Chapel Hill)||9,800.00|
Men's Committee for Second Liberty Loan: Paul C. Collins, County Chairman; M. E. Hogan, Chapel Hill; John P. Hughes, Cedar Grove; John Kenion, Cedar Grove; John Efland, Efland; Rev. L. L. Smith, Rougemont; Sam Walker, Thomas J. Oldham, Mebane, RFD.
In the Second Liberty Loan the women of Orange County were organized for work as follows: Mrs. James H. Webb, Chairman, Hillsboro Committee: Mrs. Warren, Mrs. Strudwick, Mrs. Collins Mrs. Hassell, Mrs. Norfleet Webb, Mrs. Cheshire Webb, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Forrest, Mrs. Rob. Hayes, Mrs. Andrews, Mrs. George Lynch, Mrs. Robertson, Miss Duncan, Miss Bivins, Mrs. Gattis. Mrs. Cain Roberts, Eno Township; Mrs. T. J. Wilson, Chapel Hill;
Mrs. C. M. Hughes, Cedar Grove; Mrs. Gatt Walker, Eno Township; Mrs. Harman McIver, Bingham Township; Mrs. Carl Forrest, Cheeks Township.
The total amount raised was $79,800.00
In the Third Liberty Bond Sale the four banks in Orange County sold Liberty Bonds as follows:
|Bank of Orange (Hillsboro)||$44,250.00|
|Farmers & Merchants Bank (Hillsboro)||7,600.00|
|Bank of Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill)||30,000.00|
|Peoples Bank (Chapel Hill)||17,300.00|
The Men's Committee for the Third Liberty Loan: Paul C. Collins, Chairman for County; M. E. Hogan, Chapel Hill; John P. Hughes, Cedar Grove; John Kenion, Cedar Grove; John Efland, Efland; Rev. L. L. Smith, Rougemont; Sam Walker, Thomas J. Oldham, Mebane.
On Thursday afternoon, May 2nd, 1918, the "Honor Flag" was presented to the town of Hillsboro for having oversubscribed its quota of Liberty Bonds of the Third Loan, and was raised at the cross streets in the center of town.
On Thursday afternoon, May 9th, 1918, the "Honor Flag" presented to Orange County for having oversubscribed its quota of Liberty Bonds of the Third Loan was raised at the Court House. Judge Bond of Edenton made an address.
The women of Orange County were organized with a chairman in each township for securing subscriptions to the Third Liberty Loan. The splendid work done by these women is revealed in the following data:
The Chapel Hill Committee, of which Mrs. T. J. Wilson was chairman, obtained 85 subscriptions from women in the town and township, amounting to $18,500.00
It will be seen from the above figures that the Woman's Committee obtained over half of the amount subscribed in the county and over two-thirds of the county's allotment. Miss Hattie Berry of Chapel Hill was Chairman of the Woman's Committee of Orange County. Chapel Hill Committee: Mrs. T. J. Wilson, Chairman; Mrs. C. S. Mangum, Mrs. C. T. Woolen, Miss Josie Pritchard, Mrs. Clyde Andrews, Mrs. Blanche Patterson, Mrs. Joseph Archer.
Hillsboro Township Committee: Mrs. T. N. Webb, Chairman; Mrs. Charles Andrews, Mrs. Grover Bivins, Miss Lilly Bivins, Mrs. Sidney Johnson, Mrs. J. W. Knight, Miss Hallie Kirkland, Mrs. Mawin Lockart, Miss Emma Robertson, Mrs. Jerome Rosemond, Miss Mary Spurgeon, Mrs. W. E. Stewart, Mrs. W. L. Wall, Mrs. J. B. Emerson, Miss Maud Faucette. The Hillsboro Committee raised $36,000.00.
Cedar Grove Committee: Mrs. J. P. Hughes, Chairman; Mrs. Clyde Compton, Mrs. J. W. Pickett, Mrs. Joe Woods, Miss May Allison, Mrs. Moore. The Cedar Grove Committee raised $4,250.00.
The big Liberty Loan meeting planned for Liberty Day, October 12, 1918, was obliged to be postponed on account of the epidemic of Spanish influenza. On Monday, October 7, 1918, the County Commissioners closed all the schools and churches and forbade all public gatherings in order to escape an epidemic of
Men's Committee for Fourth Liberty Loan: P. C. Collins, County Chairman; M. E. Hogan, Chapel Hill; John P. Hughes, Cedar Grove; John Kenion, Cedar Grove; John Efland, Efland; Rev. L. L. Smith, Rougemont; Sam Walker, Thomas J. Oldham, Mebane, RFD.
The sale of Liberty Bonds was as follows:
|Bank of Orange (Hillsboro)||$148,300.00|
|Farmers & Merchants Bank (Hillsboro)||26,000.00|
|Bank of Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill)||68,850.00|
|Peoples Bank (Chapel Hill)||36,000.00|
|Bought in Orange County by a subscriber and credited to county but not bought through county banks||50,000.00|
|Southern Railwa y Employees, not through county banks||1,350.00|
|Subscriptions sent to Mebane banks by County Chairman as subscriptions read through them||1,200.00|
Orange County's allotment was $300,000.00. Hillsboro Township's allotment was $55,000.00, and $175,000.00, thus raising three times the amount required.
In the Fourth Liberty Loan Orange County women were organized for work as follows:
Miss Hattie Berry, County Chairman.
Hillsboro Township: Mrs. T. N. Webb, Chairman; Miss Lilly Bivins, Mrs. Paul Collins, Mrs. Ed Lloyd, Mrs. George Lynch, Mrs. W. S. Oldham, Mrs. O. S. Roberson, Miss Russell, Mrs. J. B. Emmerson, Mrs. J. W. Knight, Miss Mary Parker, Mrs. C. H. Roberson.
Colored Committee: Annie Renshaw, Fannie Benton, Christianna Ferribow, Hermelene Nelson, Annie Morrow, Annabelle Mebane, Liza Payne, Martin Chavions.
The Hillsboro Township Committee raised $139,200.00, of which $1,350.00 was raised by the Colored Committee. This was subscribed
by 102 women, 149 men, 2 corporations, 27 colored people.
Cedar Grove Township: Mrs. J. P. Hughes, Chairman; Mrs. Clyde Compton, Miss Hattie Compton, Mrs. J. W. Pickett, Mrs. H. P. Woods, Miss Ethel Hawkins, Miss Maud Breeze. Cedar Grove Committee raised $4,550.00, subscribed by 20 men and 3 women.
Cheeks Township: Miss Pearl Efland, Chairman; Mrs. Novella Efland, Mrs. N. C. Harris, Mrs. S. W. Bynum, Mrs. Samuel Hayes, Miss Maude Brown, Miss Mary Taylor, Miss Lucy McAdams, Miss Maude Faucette. The Cheeks Committee raised $11,050.00, subscribed by 57 men and 17 women.
Chapel Hill Township: Mrs. Junius Lloyd, Chairman; Miss Lizzie Blackwood, Miss Elizabeth Cates. The Chapel Hill Township Comm. raised $1,500.00.
Little River Township: Miss Fayo Terry, Chairman; Miss Eva Mincey, Miss Callie Carden, Miss Lillie Hall, Mrs. Annie Parrish, Miss Mary Berry. The Little River Township Committee raised $5,750.00.
Town of Chapel Hill: Mrs. T. J. Wilson, Chairman. Chapel Hill raised $63,200.00, subscribed by 87 women, 35 men, 3 corporations.
Bingham Township: Mrs. H. M. McIver, Chairman, Mebane, R.#4; Miss Ella Lloyd, Teer, R.#1, Miss Nellie Perry, Hillsboro, R.#3, Miss Saline Sykes, Efland, R.#2. Bingham Township raised $1,950.00, subscribed by 6 men and 1 woman.
The total amount raised by the Woman's Committee in Orange County was $227,300.00. This was subscribed by 367 men, 123 women, 5 corporations.
Chapel Hill, N. C.,
May 16, 1919.
Miss Annie S. Cameron,
Hillsboro, N. C.
My dear Miss Cameron:
The banks have not made their final report to Mr. Brown. It looks as if the subscription through the banks of the county will be about $119,000.
Certain subscriptions through banks outside the county which ought to be credited to this county will run the subscription to about $130,000.
The total allotment for the county was $112,500. I think the banks have several days yet to finish making their report. When the final reports are all in, I will give you the result.
Yours very truly,
W. S. ROBERSON.
Chapel Hill, N. C.,
July 2, 1919.
Miss Annie S. Cameron,
Hillsboro, N. C.
Dear Miss Cameron:
Mr. Roberson gave me your card of May 5, and asked that I give you the information desired. As well as I can make out, Orange County's record in the Victory Bond campaign is as follows:
The amounts given by each bank are as follows:
Trusting this will be of service to you, I am
Yours very truly,
H. M. BERRY,
Chairman Woman's Committee
Chapel Hill, N. C.,
May 13, 1919.
TO THE MEMBERS OF THE WOMAN'S COMMITTEE
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
Enclosed is copy of a letter I have just written Mrs. Long making a report on the work of the Woman's Committee in Orange County.
You may be interested in the reports from the various townships. So far as we have them, they are as follows:
|Chapel Hill township -||42 men||21 women||$34,100|
Mrs. T. Norfleet Webb, Ch.
|24 men||19 women||24,000|
Miss Efland, Ch.
|Cedar Grove township--
Mrs. J. P. Hughes, Ch.
Mrs. Roberts, Ch.
The details of the Chapel Hill canvass are as follows:
|Mrs. Andrews||10 men||4 women||2,750|
|Miss Josie Pritchard||7||4||8,200|
|Mrs. T. J. Wilson||13||4||13,500|
|Mrs. Joseph Hyde Pratt||6||10||7,150|
|Mrs. June Lloyd||7||--||2,500|
Trusting this will be of interest to you, I am
H. M. BERRY,
Chapel Hill, N. C.,
May 13, 1919.
Mrs. John A. Long, State Chairman,
Woman's Liberty Loan Committee,
Kinston, N. C.
My dear Mrs. Long:
I have to make the following report for the Woman's Committee for Orange County.
There was obtained by direct solicitation of the women $67,300 from 79 men and 56 women. I worked with the Chairman for men in sending out two circular letters and various literature to every tax payer in the county. Just what was the direct result of this, I am unable to say, but I believe it should add at least $10,000 to the amount obtained by the Woman's Committee, which would make $77,300. So far as we are able to get the figures from the banks at the present time, the county has subscribed a little over $131,000, which is twenty per cent over our quota of $112,500. It may be said then that the Woman's Committee obtained 5/7 of the county's quota, and 8/13 of the bonds sold in the county.
Trusting this will give you the information desired, I am
H. M. BERRY, Chairman
Woman's Committee for Orange County.
A Y. M. C. A. drive was held November 11-19, 1917. Orange County's quota was $200.00. The Committee for raising this money was composed of the following gentlemen: N. W. Brown, G. K. Collins, and T. M. Grant. On Sunday, November 11, at 7:30 P. M. at the Methodist Church. Mr. George E. Dey, M. A. from Camp Green, Charlotte, delivered an address in which he explained the great need of the Y. M. C. A. and outlined the work that it did.
On Sunday, November 18, at 3 P. M. a grand Y. M. C. A. Rally was held at the court house. Such a large crowd attended that even all standing room was taken and many crowded about the halls and staircases. Maj. John W. Graham presided. The meeting was opened by Scripture lesson and prayer offered by Dr. Benton, rector of St. Matthews Church, after which Rev. G. H. Allen, Army Y. M. C. A. Secretary at Camp Greene, Charlotte, made an address, telling of the Y. M. C. A. work at the training camps. At the close of this address, Hon. S. M. Gattis outlined briefly what the county was doing for the boys. He commended the local committee for the effective manner in which they were handling the campaign. After hearing the reports from various committees from schools, churches, etc., the total amounted to $1,400.00. The rest of the $2,000.00 was subsequently raised, although Orange County was credited with only $18,000.00, as through some mistake about $200.00 from the Chapel Hill community was credited to another county.
On Thursday night, September 19, 1918, a meeting was held in the court house at Hillsboro for the purpose of organizing
Orange for the coming United War Work drive. The meeting was opened with the singing of the Star Spangled Banner by the Community Chorus, followed by a prayer by Rev. Mr. Oldham. The Chorus then sang the "Song of a Thousand Years", after which Hon. S. M. Gattis introduced the speaker of the evening, Mr. Will Erwin of Durham. Mr. Erwin delivered an address on the Y. M. C. A. and the great need to support it. At the close of the address he requested that the county be organized for work in the coming drive. The following nominating committee was appointed: Miss Henrietta P. Collins, Mr. G. K. Collins, Rev. Mr. Oldham, Mr. N. W. Brown. While the nominating committee were consulting, Mr. Warner, a Y. M. C. A. worker from Durham, gave an account of the work among the soldiers. The nominating committee then returned with the following report.
These gentlemen were unanimously elected.
In organizing the county for work the County Committee appointed the following chairmen:
About the middle of August, 1918, a campaign was held for the Jewish Relief Fund. The committee was composed of the following gentlemen:
The amount contributed was $504.00.
February 21, March 6, 1919
County Chairman--Dr. E. C. Branson.
In detail the report is as follows:
|Hillsboro Township,||Miss Nellie Russell, Chairman,||$ 496.57|
|Cedar Grove Township,||Mrs. C. M. Hughes, Chairman,||249.23|
|Little River Township,||Mrs. Annie Parrish, Chairman,||91.25|
|Cheeks Township,||Mrs. T. P. Cheek, Chairman,||89.01|
|Eno Township,||Mrs. Gat Walker, Chairman,||37.19|
|Chapel Hill Township,||764.10|
|North Orange, previously sent in,||230.00|
A great deal of this work was carried on through the schools, both white and colored schools taking part in the campaign, and the success of the campaign in Northern Orange was due in a large part to the untiring effort of Miss Nellie Russell.
May 16-26, 1919.
Report of South Orange: Chairman for South Orange, Mr. W. S. Roberson; Amount raised, $300.00
Report of North Orange: Chairman for North Orange, Mr. R. H. Claytor. Those assisting Mr. Claytor were:
|Miss Ida Lloyd,||Hillsboro|
|Miss Mary Spurgeon,||Hillsboro|
|Miss Mary Jones,||Hillsboro|
|Miss Charlotte Brown,||Hillsboro|
|Mr. Owen Robertson,||Hillsboro|
|Mr. J. C. Webb.||Hillsboro|
|Miss Annie Cole,||Hillsboro RFD #1.|
|Mrs. Cain Roberts,||Hillsboro RFD #1.|
|Miss Vesta Breeze,||Cedar Grove, RFD #1.|
|Miss Alice Hughes,||Cedar Grove,|
|Mr. C. C. Compton,||Hebane, RFD #3.|
|Miss Lettie Thompson,||Efland,|
|Mr. Fred McNeer,||Hillsboro,|
|Miss Nell Browning,||Hillsboro,|
Mr. J. L. Brown, Hillsboro, was treasurer of this fund. The quota for North Orange was $500.00. We raised $500.01.
Early in October, 1918, Dr. D. H. Hill, State Chairman of the Council of Defense, sent letters to all County Chairmen warning them of the spread of Spanish influenza, which was threatening the whole country. In this letter he made suggestions as to what steps should be taken, etc.
In accordance with this, Mr. J. C. Webb called a meeting of the representative men to meet with the County Commissioners and plans were made for Relief Work. It was realized at this meeting that there was no County Board of Health, and so one was created, with Dr. Spoon of Hillsboro as County Health Officer, who with the following constitute the Board of Health: Dr. B. B. Lloyd; Ed N. Cates Chmn. Co. Board of Commissioners; Jeff Turner, Mayor of Hillsboro; R. H. Claytor, County Supt. of Schools.
Mr. T. N. Webb was appointed County Chairman of the Relief Work, with Dr. J. S. Spurgeon to represent the Hillsboro School District. The other districts were as follows:
Rev. Harvey Bradshaw was appointed to have charge of the town of Hillsboro and Mr. C. H. Robertson that of West End.
On October 7, the Board of Health ordered the closing of all churches, schools, theatres, etc., and forbade all meetings of every kind, in order to prevent, if possible, a spread of the disease which had already broken out in the community.
With the appearance of the first case, assistance was given in nursing and furnishing suitable nourishment and necessities by citizens of the town, and Dr. Spurgeon's family, Rev. Mr. Bradshaw, Miss Nellie Russell, and Mr. Chester Turner were among the first to render aid and continued to do all in their power.
When the epidemic spread to the Eno Mill district, the officials of the mill opened a diet kitchen at the West Hill school, and financed it for about seven weeks. Miss Elizabeth Cornelius, Home Demonstration Agent, was placed in charge of this undertaking and proved herself most efficient and faithful throughout the long siege. Without her it could not have been accomplished. Mr. C. H. Robertson supervised this work and rendered every assistance possible, and as chairman of West Hill was untiring in his efforts to do everything in his power. Misses Emma Robertson and Mildred Durham were Miss Cornelius' assistants during the entire time and Miss Rebecca Wall also rendered valuable aid for several weeks. As many as 150 people were fed daily for some time, and an average of 90 for most of the time. Not only the sick were furnished with nourishment, but the families with no one to cook or provide for them were furnished with the proper diet. Mrs. Emerson and Miss Allie Graham were secured by the Mill to do nursing, and Miss Duncan, the deaconess at the Mills, with these two, rendered most valuable service and gave unstintingly of their time and strength. After preparing the nourishment the ladies at the diet kitchen went with the nurses to deliver it where it was needed.
Eno Mill also secured another trained nurse, Miss Whitfield, and Bellevue Mill secured Miss Smith from Durham. Mr.
Chester Turner and Ross Turner (colored) did noble service as volunteer nurses wherever the need arose.
As County Chairman, Mr. T. H. Webb was most active and efficient and untiring in his labors, and was especially helpful when the need was great in the Bellevue district. He and Mrs. Webb sent food and clothing to those in need.
Rev. Mr. Bradshaw worked long and faithfully when the epidemic extended into the town, collecting and delivering nourishment furnished and made by ladies throughout the town. He was assisted in this by Mrs. J. C. Webb driving him to the homes where he had to go, and when it was impossible for Mrs. Webb to continue, a car and driver were furnished by Mr. J. C. Webb for this purpose until the epidemic was past.
As soon as the need for nurses was felt, Miss Henrietta Collins volunteered to go wherever needed, and later Miss Virgie Cole volunteered, but they were not called upon to serve.
The Relief Work was organized and carried on by the County Board of Health, but most if not all workers were members of the Red Cross. Below are the minutes of a meeting held in connection with this work.
A special meeting of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross was held October 26th, at 10:00 o'clock in Major Graham's office. There were present Major Graham, Mr. Robertson, Mrs. J. C. Webb, Mrs. W. H. Webb, Mr. T. N. Webb, Mr. N. W. Brown, Miss H. P. Collins, Mr. Bradshaw and Dr. Spurgeon. This meeting was for the purpose of co-operating with the Committee for the Relief of the Influenza Epidemic, of which committee Mr. T. N. Webb is County Chairman. A motion was carried that there be appointed a chairman of a Nursing Committee of each of the two school districts to whom application may be made for nurses to serve anywhere in our jurisdiction, a record of volunteers to be reported to the Secretary, who was to keep it. Mr. T. N. Webb was appointed Chairman of this Committee for the West Hill School District and Miss Russell for the Hillsboro District.
A canvass of the town was made the day of this Red Cross meeting to tell the people of the need for nurses and to ask for volunteers who might be called upon if necessary. The Red Cross was asked to furnish gauze face masks and this work was done at the work room as long as a supply was needed.
The ladies of the Red Cross were asked to make garments for the sick in emergency cases, and this was gladly done at a moment's notice. People were very generous in furnishing butter-milk and soup not only those in town but a quantity of milk was furnished by people out of town, especially east of town. The Rev. Mr. Hester, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Robertson, and Mrs. J. C. Webb alternatively collected this milk for use at West Hill and in town. Among those who helped by serving or furnishing nourishment are:
After Christmas a second epidemic of Spanish influenza spread through the county and was very bad at Cedar Grove, Efland and Hillsboro. However the schools and churches did not close and the epidemic gradually died down.
Additional list of those helping during the epidemic:
The Hillsboro Community Chorus was formally organized at the Hillsboro Library on Monday evening September 2nd, 1918, with the following officers: Mrs. W. D. Benton, Director; Mrs. Shepherd Strudwick, Accompanist; Mrs. Norfleet Webb, President; Mrs. Allen Browning, Vice-President; Mrs. Grover Bivins, Secretary. It was decided to meet at the court house every Thursday evening at 8:00 o'clock. Mrs. Norfleet Webb offered the use of her piano for the duration of the war and her offer was gladly accepted.
The Community Chorus was in existence for some time before its formal organization and sang patriotic songs at all the public meetings, gatherings, etc. On August, 1918, a concert was given and the proceeds, amounting to $73.00, were given to the local Red Cross Chapter. On account of the epidemic of Spanish influenza the Chorus did not meet from October till January. Then one meeting was held in the High School building, but on account of a second outbreak of the epidemic no more meetings were held until March. It was decided to have the High School as the permanent meeting place. The Chorus has planned to give four concerts a year and give the money to the Daughters of the Confederacy to help erect a Public Library as a memorial to the Orange County Confederate soldiers. The Community Chorus has over fifty members.
|June 5, 1917,||1503|
|June 5, 1918,
August 24, 1918,
|Sept. 12, 1918||1727|
|Name||Address||Date of leaving|
|Tom Currie, Camp Grant, Co. 22, 161st Depot Brigade, transferred to Co.11, 161st Depot Brigade.||Mebane,||3/23/18|
|Monroe William Vanhook, Camp Grant, Co. A., 307th Labor Bn. A. E. F.||Cedar Grove,||3/23/18|
|Sam Crisp, Camp Grant, Co.22. 161st Depot Brigade, Sent to Camp Merritt, trans. to Co.D., 312th Labor Bn., A.P.O. 705, A. E. F.||Cedar Grove,||3/23/18|
|Winder Lawrentine,||Mebane, Rt.#4,||3/23/18|
|Earl Florence, Camp Grant, Co.22, 161st Depot Brigade. Trans. to Co. A. 307th Labor Bat. A.E.F. P.O. 705. Trans. to U. S. Base Hospital 208, A.P.O. 705, Bordeaux, France. Died at Hoboken, N. J., April 6, 19||Cedar Grove,||3/23/18|
|Ernest Lynch, c/o Mr. Jobe,||Mebane, Rt. #5,||3/27/18|
|Lisbon Caesar Berry,||Hillsboro, Box 145,||3/23/18|
|George D. Clayton,||Durham, Rt. #5,||5/10/18|
|Seaton Alford Edwards,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #5,||5/10/18|
|Samuel Willie Trice,||University,||3/23/18|
|Troy Seal Herndon,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Junius Frank Couch,||University,||3/23/18|
|Eddie Clifton Faucette,||Hillsboro, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|Henry Brown,||Chapel Hill,||3/23/18|
|Acy Austin Thompson, (Died)||Mebane,||3/23/18|
|Oscar Merritt, 271 Water St., 70 Mt. Regs,||Salem, Va. Sanatorium.||3/23/18|
|Alford Clarence Pickard,||Chapel Hill,||3/16/18|
|John Gates Booker,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||3/16/18|
|Tom Bynum,||Chapel Hill,||3/16/18|
|Joseph Swain,||Chapel Hill,||3/23/18|
|Leslie Hargraves,||Chapel Hill,||3/30/18|
|Robert Matthew Edwards,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||3/23/18|
|McKenzie Lee Walker,||Hillsboro,||3/16/18|
|Toy Massey,||Chapel Hill,||3/23/18|
|Unie Sparrow, (Died)||Chapel Hill,||3/18/18|
|Stephen Wells,||Cedar Grove,||3/23/18|
|Cleaton Neville,||Hillsboro, Rt. #3,||3/23/18|
|Joe Ingram,||Hillsboro, Rt. #2,||3/23/18|
|William James Mebano,||Hillsboro,||4/20/18|
|Walter Franklin McAdams,||Mebane,||7/30/18|
|Robert Everett Waggoman,||Mebane, Rt. #2,||8/25/18|
|Thomas William Stanfield,||Durham, Rt. #5,||8/1/18|
|William Cole,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #1,||4/20/18|
|John Hocutt Maddy,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #2,||5/24/18|
|Darnell Hargraves,||Chapel Hill, (627 Ridge Ave., Carnegie, Pa.)||4/20/18|
|Jack Thompson,||Cedar Grove,||4/20/18|
|John Wesley Day,||Efland,||4/20/18|
|Albert Crawford Cates,||Hillsboro,||8/25/18|
|Dexter Merritt,||Chapel Hill,||4/20/18|
|David Allen Jones,||Hillsboro,||4/20/18|
|Floyd Lunoor Wilson||Hurdle Mill, Rt. #1,||3/16/18|
|Godfrey Hajck,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Robert James Harris,||Rougemont,||3/16/18|
|James Robert Thompson,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||3/16/18|
|George Hill Lee,||Hillsboro,||3/23/18|
|James Andrew Thompson,||Mebane, Rt. #1, (c/o C. G. Maynard)||4/20/18|
|Ira Hurdle McKee, Company A., 114 Machine Gun Batt., 59 Brig. 30th Division, Private, Killed in France October 1918.||Rougement, Rt. #3.||3/16/18|
|William Otey Minsey,||Hillsboro, Rt. #1,||3/16/18|
|John Henry Wilson Morris,||Carrboro,||3/26/18|
|Otwa Graves Strayhorn,||University,||4/22/18|
|Henry Ruffin Tapp,||Blackwood,||8/4/18|
|Sonnie Kirk,||Hillsboro, Rt. #3,||6/24/18|
|Wilson Moore, Lake Owen, Sparrow's Point, Baltimore, Md.||Hillsboro,||4/29/18|
|John Goley Perry,||Mebane, Rt. #4,||6/24/18|
|Simpson Bobo Tanner, Jr.,||8/23/18|
|James Day,||Cedar Grove,||4/30/18|
|Edward Stephen Taylor,||Efland,||6/24/18|
|George W. Freeland,||Blackwood,||6/24/18|
|Fred W. Morrison,||3/26/18|
|William Carey Lloyd,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||6/24/18|
|Gus Allison,||Cedar Grove,||7/15/18|
|Charles Love Bird,||Mebane, Rt. #3,||6/24/18|
|John Pope Dark, Camp Jackson. 14th Co., 4th Tr. Bn. Transferred to Infirmary No. 1, Camp Joseph E. Johnston.||Cedar Grove, Rt. #1,||3/26/18|
|William Paul Sykes,||Mebane, Rt. #2,||6/24/18|
|Clarence Hilton Miles,||Mebane, Rt. #5,||3/26/18|
|Paul G. Barker,||Carrboro,||3/26/18|
|Volney Lewis Pendergraft,||Chapel Hill,||6/24/18|
|Roy Woods,||Hurdle Mill, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|Dallas Pickard,||Chapel Hill,||3/26/18|
|John Allen (Died)||Chapel Hill,||4/20/18|
|Kenneth Hobson Moses,||Carrboro,||3/26/18|
|Vaughan Witle Shields,||West Durham, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|William Gilbert Craig,||Blackwood,||3/29/18|
|William R. Link,||Durham, Rt. #5,||4/20/18|
|James Atlas Pendergrass,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|Lewis David Perkins,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #2,||6/24/18|
|Jesse Melvin Tillman,||Durham, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|Frank Wilkins,||Cedar Grove,||7/25/18|
|Marvin H. Thompson,||Hillsboro,||4/20/18|
|George Fuller King,||Chapel Hill,||7/29/18|
|Winder Strowd,||Chapel Hill,||4/23/18|
|Allie Wilkins,||Cedar Grove,||6/24/18|
|Larney Alex Hogan,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #2,||7/6/18|
|William King,||Chapel Hill,||6/18/18|
|John Monroe Howard,||Efland, Rt. #2,||7/6/18|
|Frank Pinnix,||Cedar Grove,||8/1/18|
|William Oscar Ray,||Carrboro,||4/20/18|
|Thomas Harris Perry,||Chapel Hill,||6/24/18|
|Bennie Thomas Solomon,||Roxboro, Rt. #1, Box 27,||4/20/18|
|Charles Hubert Gates,||Cedar Grove, Rt. #1,||6/24/18|
|Wallace Mead Lloyd,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||6/25/18|
|Rufus Allen Edwards,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||6/24/18|
|Rossie Brewer,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||7/6/18|
|Seaton Edwards,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3, Box 54,||8/22/18|
|Alexander Cordal,||Chapel Hill,||4/23/18|
|Mallie Jones,||Chapel Hill,||4/23/18|
|Gordon E. Strayhorn,||University,||4/20/18|
|Bennie Smith,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #2,||8/22/18|
|Charles Columbus McKee,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||7/14/18|
|Charles Gilmore Cates, Killed in action.||Carrboro,||5/10/18|
|Claude York Terrell,||Mebane,||4/20/18|
|Jeter Dell Lloyd,||Chapel Hill,||7/6/18|
|William W. Croker,||Hillsboro,||4/23/18|
|Fred A. McNeer, Camp Zachary Taylor, F. A. C.O.T.C. 2nd Lieut.||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|John Wilson Craig, Died of Spanish influenza October 16, 1918. Buried at New Hope.||Blackwood,||7/6/18|
|Norman Cole, Died of Spanish influenza October 1918, Buried at New Hope.||Blackwood,||7/6/18|
|Hollis Snipes,||Chapel Hill,||4/23/18|
|Wayne R. Carden,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Manuel Hall,||Durham, Rt. #5,||8/22/18|
|James Cobb,||Chapel Hill,||4/23/18|
|William Franklin Durham,||Chapel Hill,||6/18/18|
|Ivan Grady Lloyd,||Chapel Hill,||7/6/18|
|Elvin Green Cole,||Bahama, Rt. #2,||5/27/18|
|Bunn Dawson,||Teer, Rt. #1,||7/25/18|
|John Pope Edwards,||Teer, Rt. #1,||7/25/18|
|Roger Pettiford,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/23/18|
|Robert Breese,||Cedar Grove,||8/16/18|
|Lewis Atwater,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Ulysses Grant Compton,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Jamie A. Jackson Davis,||Blackwood,||6/24/18|
|M. C. Cates,||Hurdle Mill,||5/27/18|
|Dennie Demetress Hearne,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|James Henry Crisp,||Cedar Grove,||8/27/18|
|Claude Baldwin,||Chapel Hill,||8/4/18|
|John E. Lynch, Killed in action, October 9, 1918.||Durham, Rt.#5,||5/27/18|
|Richard Marvin Haley,||Stonesville, Rt.#2,||5/27/18|
|Rex Durham,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#3,||5/27/18|
|Thomas Settle Brown,||Mebane, Rt.#2,||5/27/18|
|Malcolm R. Wilson,||Rougemont,||5/27/18|
|Levi Haywood Jobe,||Mebane,||5/27/18|
|Floyd Wilson Booker, Died.||Charleston, S. C. 2922 King Street,||5/27/18|
|Lee McCauley Hutchins,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#2,||7/25/18|
|Bluford Haith,||Cedar Grove,||8/1/18|
|Virgile Cole,||Durham, Rt.#5,||8/4/18|
|Major Trice,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|William W. Breeze,||Hurdle Hill,||8/4/18|
|William Fox,||Durham, Rt.#1,||8/24/18|
|Clyde Caviness Harriss,||Rougemont, Rt.#3,||8/4/18|
|William Frederick Walker,||Efland,||6/24/18|
|Oscar McFarling,||Durham, Rt.#1,||8/4/18|
|Robert Oldham,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|Jack Cleveland Lee,||Durham, Rt.#3,||8/4/18|
|Charles Franklin Hayley,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Ralph Snow Kenion,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Daniel Comme McLennon,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#3,||5/27/18|
|Samuel Gattis Rhew,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Verne McBroom,||Cedar Grove,||7/14/18|
|Glenn Wilson Sparrow,||Carrboro,||5/27/18|
|Weldon George Oakley,||Prospect Hill,||5/26/18|
|John Festus Whitfield,||Chapel Hill,||8/4/18|
|James Allen Ray,||Mebane,||8/1/18|
|Charles W. Berrie,||Mebane, Rt.#5,||8/4/18|
|Clarence Edwards,||Chapel Hill,||7/22/18|
|Jasper Tate Strayhorn,||Efland,||5/26/18|
|Leonard Strowd,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#2,||6/21/18|
|Oscar F. Hopkins,||Hurdle Mill, Rt.#1,||8/4/18|
|Matthew M. Hackney,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#5,||8/22/18|
|James Martin Crabtree,||Hurdle Mill, Rt.#2,||8/4/18|
|Lewis Carr Johnston,||Chapel Hill,||5/18/18|
|Wilson Garland Jeffries,||Cedar Grove,||8/4/18|
|John Harry Shanklin,||Mebane, Rt.#2,||6/24/18|
|Jeter Claudius Lloyd,||Chapel Hill,||8/4/18|
|Robert DeWitt Herndon,||Chapel Hill,||6/24/18|
|George Willie Atwater,||Blackwood,||7/22/18|
|Irvin Dallas Wong,||Cedar Grove,||6/24/18|
|Herbert Weaver,||Chapel Hill,||7/22/18|
|Roy Page Oakley, Camp Wadsworth, Co. C, 4th Pioneer Inf., A.E.F. Roturned to U.S.A. to Gen. Headquarters, Fort McPherson, Ga.||Cedar Grove, Rt. #2,||8/4/18|
|Irvin Winder Bishop,||Chapel Hill,||8/4/18|
|William Burnette,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|Robert Murley Windloy,||Hillsboro,||6/24/18|
|James Edward Huske,||Chapel Hill,||6/24/18|
|Jesse Blalock,||Hurdle Mill,||8/25/18|
|Claudie E. McAdams,||Mebane, R. #3,||8/4/18|
|John Snipes,||Mebane, R. #2,||5/27/18|
|John Roney Porterfield,||Hurdle Mill,||7/25/18|
|Ben Corbin,||Cedar Grove,||7/25/18|
|James Purefoy,||Chapel Hill,||8/23/18|
|Oregon Norwood,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|Robert Bedford Riley,||Efland,||7/25/18|
|Lacy Graham Currie,||Efland,||7/18/18|
|Felix Stanfield Walker, Died of influenza in Camp, October 1918. Buried near Rougemont.||Rougemont,||7/25/18|
|Ollie Torian,||Cedar Grove,||7/18/18|
|Henry Thomas Roberson,||Rougemont, Rt. #2,||7/25/18|
|Charles R. Apostole,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Hartford Cleveland Richardson,||Carrboro,||5/26/18|
|James G. Wright,||Hurdle Mill,||5/26/18|
|Henry Wellington Cobb,||Chapel Hill,||4/6/18|
|Herbert Bocan Ray,||Hillsboro,||5/30/18|
|William Evant Dunnington||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||5/26/18|
|Thomas William Sykes,||Efland,||5/26/18|
|Lee Bernard Wilson,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||5/26/18|
|Thomas Edward Whitted,||Hillsboro, Rt. #3,||4/23/18|
|John Lewis Wade,||Mebane,||8/5/18|
|Charles Christmas Craig,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #1,||7/1/18|
|Otis Neville,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #3,||8/4/18|
|Thomas Dodd Stokes,||Ruffin,||5/27/18|
|Lawrence Whitfield Lasley,||Mebane, Rt. #4,||7/25/18|
|Calvin Graves,||Hurdle Mill,||7/18/18|
|Will B. Jones,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Jasper Cotton Wilson,||Efland, Rt.#2,||5/27/18|
|Marvin Strowd,||Chapel Hill,||7/18/18|
|Herman Clyde Horne,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Hugh Clarke, (Died)||Durham, Rt.#1,||7/25/18|
|Ruddy Brown Ward,||Cedar Grove, Rt.#2,||7/25/18|
|John Linden Crabtree,||Durham, Rt.#1,||7/25/18|
|Jim Edwards,||Chapel Hill,||7/18/18|
|Elbert Brewer,||Mobane, Rt.#4,||7/25/18|
|Bllis Lawrence Stutts,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Lonnie Degraffenried,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#1,||7/29/18|
|Arthur Terrill Wright,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#2,||7/25/18|
|Jim Nevils,||Chapel Hill,||8/5/18|
|Charles Phillips Harrison,||Cedar Grove, Rt.#1,||7/25/18|
|Robert S. Tenny,||Mebane, Rt.#1,||8/4/18|
|John Frank Crawford,||Teer, Rt.#1,||5/15/18|
|Harry Parish Cole,||Hillsboro,||5/16/18|
|Allen Dale,||Cedar Grove,||7/25/18|
|Henry Alston,||Chapel Hill,||7/29/18|
|Fred Weaver,||Chapel Hill,||7/22/18|
|Rufus Henry Merritt,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#4,||8/4/18|
|John Chester White,||Mebane,||8/5/18|
|Clarence Dickson,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#3,||8/4/18|
|Clyde Weldon McCauley,||Mebane, Rt.#2,||8/4/18|
|John Wesley Poytress,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#1,||7/25/18|
|Otis Albert Lloyd,||Chapel Hill, Rt.#3,||7/25/18|
|Walker Zion Ray,||Mebane, Rt.#2,||8/6/18|
|Eben Haithcock,||Chapel Hill,||5/26/18|
|Robert Lee Partin,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Samuel Augustus Shanklin,||Mebane,||5/27/18|
|William Martin Whitted,||Hillsboro,||4/23/18|
|Alexander Jackson Francis,||Timberlake, Rt.#2,||8/4/18|
|Clarence Link,||Durham, Rt.#5,||8/4/18|
|Thomas Phillip Lloyd,||Chapel Hill,||8/26/18|
|Ed Mangum,||Cedar Grove,||8/3/18|
|Robert Lewis Currie,||Cedar Grove,||8/5/18|
|Thomas Caesar Green,||Hillsboro,||7/22/18|
|David Clint Dixon, Killed in France.||Hillsboro,|
|Norfleet Webb Wilson,||Hillsboro,||7/18/18|
|Pisher H. Roberson,||Rougemont,||8/4/18|
|Harrison Neville,||Chapel Hill,||7/18/18|
|Ployd Eugene Terrill,||Mebane,||8/4/18|
|Thomas Henry Bacon,||Hillsboro,||7/25/18|
|M. Duke Dodson,||Hillsboro, Rt. #3,||8/25/18|
|Charles Samuel Pendergraft,||Blackwood,||8/4/18|
|Lewis Samuel Morton,||Mebane,||8/13/18|
|John Bright Andrews,||7/25/18|
|Sammy Carver Latta,||Rougemont,||8/4/18|
|Ralph Glenn Copeland,||Teer, Rt. #1,||8/4/18|
|Daniel Lindsay Elkins,||Hillsboro,||5/27/18|
|Garland Hubert McBrown,||Rougemont,||8/4/18|
|Newby Jordan,||Hurdle Mill,||8/4/18|
|Samuel Otto Blalock,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/4/18|
|Onslow Ogbourne Thompson,||Teer, Rt. #1,||8/4/18|
|John Henry Brown,||Rougemont,||8/4/18|
|Joseph D. Bynum,||Chapel Hill,||8/23/18|
|William Pickens Edwards,||Teer,||5/27/18|
|Hubert Nathaniel Laws,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||7/18/18|
|George Edgar Ganerd,||West Durham, Rt. #1,||8/4/18|
|Swain Davis,||Chapel Hill, Rt. #1,||8/4/18|
|Luther Eugene Walker,||Mebane,||5/27/18|
|Henry Paul Jobe,||Mebane,||5/27/18|
|John AIexander Compton,||Cedar Grove,||5/27/18|
|Henry Valentine Koontz,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Willie Frank Rankin,||Chapel Hill,||5/27/18|
|Isaac Bunnie Sneed,||Rougemont,||5/27/18|
|Richard Berry, Died of influenza at Camp Greene.||Hillsboro,|
|Charlie Allen,||Chapel Hill,||7/1/18|
|Dozy H. Sykes,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Fred H. Hall,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Leo Valley Robinson,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/26/18|
|Willie Draughn Sartin,||Cedar Grove,||8/4/18|
|Bradie Iray Kiger,||University, c/o J. W. Murray.||8/4/18|
|John Couch,||Chapel Hill,||8/4/18|
|Dock Sturdvant,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|Henry Richard Miller,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Joseph C. Hunt,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Claude Carson Woods,||Hillsboro,||8/4/18|
|Rufus Jones,||Chapel Hill,||8/22/18|
|Frank Lee Latta,||Rougemont,||8/25/18|
|William Eugene Berry,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/25/18|
|Paul Davis,||Chapel Hill,||8/25/18|
|Veartis Burroughs,||Durham, Rt. #5,||8/22/18|
|Eric Lee Tilley,||West Durham, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|John William Patton, Naval Base, c/o Pocahontas Hotel,||Hampton Roads, Va.||8/25/18|
|Clifford E. Turner,||Hillsboro,||8/25/18|
|James Monroe Hawkins,||Hurdle Mill, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|David W. Crabtree,||Hillsboro, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|William Bingham Gray,||Mebane,||8/20/18|
|Altman D. Miller,||Efland,||8/25/18|
|Allie Eugene Carden,||Burlington, 900 Maple Ave.||8/25/18|
|William Brown Coleman,||Hillsboro,||8/25/18|
|J. Edmund Latta,||Hillsboro, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|William Claude Dunn, Camp Jackson, 13 Reg. Bat. C., T.A.R.D.||Cedar Grove,||8/25/18|
|Bryan Douglass,||West Durham, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Herbert P. McAdams,||Mebane,||8/25/18|
|John Ed Laws,||Cedar Grove, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Charles Clarence Oakley, Camp Jackson, Co. d., 1st Prov. Dev. Bn., 1st Reg.||Cedar Grove,||8/25/18|
|Floyd Lee Tilley,||Rougemont, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Glenn Allen Jeffrey,||Hillsboro, Rt. #2,||8/25/18|
|Julius Clifford Jones,||West Durham, Rt. #1|
|Erman Wheeley,||Cedar Grove, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Samuel Leson Riley,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/25/18|
|Walter Clayton,||Hurdle Mill, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Artie Louis Watson,||Hurdle Mill, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Charles A. Martin,||West Durham, Rt. #1,||8/25/18|
|Robert Lawrence Boger,||Akron, O. 42 Williard St.||8/25/18|
|Horace S. Batton,||Hillsboro,||8/25/18|
|A. L. Wilson,||Hillsboro,||8/25/18|
|Bennie Lee Miller,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/25/18|
|Milton W. Spivey,||Hillsboro, Rt. #4,||8/24/18|
|Charles Stephen Miller,||Rougemont, Rt. #3,||8/25/18|
|Joe B. Terrell,||Gibsonville, Minneola Cotton Mills,||8/25/18|
|Shelby Dority, (Navy)||Bahama,|
|281. Ernest P. Cox, Returned from Camp.||Hillsboro,|
|1019. Brooks Clayton,||Roxboro,|
|1027. John L. Dounnagan,||Hillsboro,|
|1314. Everett Pein,||Hillsboro,|
|1432. Dillard L. Jeffries,||Efland,|
|1301. Sam B. Blackwood, (Navy)||Carrboro,|
|1120. George M. Pratt,||Greensboro,|
|330. J. Clyde Ray,||Hillsboro, (Limited service)|
|380. Charley Corbett, (Deserter)|
|391. Robert Everett Waterman,|
|455. Albert C. Cates, (Returned from camp).|
|1027. John L. Dunnigan,|
|1167. Gene Womble,|
|1238. M. Duke Dodson,|
|1297. Hubert N. Laws,|
|1451. Jesse Blalock, Returned from Camp.|
|7. Lee Valley Robinson,|
|20. Frank Lee Latta,|
|21. William Eugene Perry,|
|24. Paul Davis,|
|29. Charles W. Bain,|
|32. Ollie Winifred Sykes,|
|34. Erric Lee Tilley,|
|35. John W. Patton,|
|36. Clifford E. Turner,|
|38. James M. Hawkins, Cedar Grove, RFD. Camp Sevier, Co.H. 119th Inf. Died in camp of disease.|
|42. David W. Crabtree,|
|44. Willia m Bingham Gray, Returned from camp.|
|46. Allie Eugene Cordon,|
|48. Altman D. Miller,|
|51. William B. Coleman, Returned from camp.|
|52. J. Edmond Latts,|
|57. Curtis Harlon Pender, Returned from camp.|
|58. William Claude Dunn,|
|59. Bryan Douglas, Returned from camp.|
|63. Herbert P. McAdams,|
|65. John Ed. Laws, Cedar Grove, Route #1.|
|68. Charley Clarence Oakley, Cedar Grove, Camp Jackson, Co.D, 1st Prov. Bn., 1st Reg.|
|69. Floyd Lee Tilley, Returned from camp.|
|70. Glenn Allen Jeffrey,|
|71. Julius Clifton Jones,|
|73. Fred Besely,|
|74. Emmon Wheely, Returned from camp.|
|75. Samuel Wilson Riley,|
|76. Walter Claytor,|
|77. Altie Louis Watson,|
|81. Chas. A. Martin,|
|81.A. Geo. D. Whiteman,|
|87. Robert L. Boyer,|
|92. Horace L. Batton,|
|97. A. L. Wilson,|
|100. Bennie Lee Miller,|
|101. Milton W. Spivey,|
|103. Charles Stephen Miller,|
|109. Joe B. Sewell,|
|112. Jule Daniel,|
|4 A. Alonza Perry Wright,|
|9 A. William Roberson,|
|17 A. Thomas A. Williams,|
|90 A. Willie Samuel Hogen,|
|112 A. Vasa Cate, (Died).|
S. W. Hughes, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro, September 20, 1917, Camp Jackson, Bat. A., 316 Reg. Field Artillery, Made Corporal, A. E. F.
R. Y. Vaughan, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro December 21, 1917, Camp Jackson, 5th Training Br. trans. to 19th Co. 5th Inf. Bat. Made Sergeant and transferred to Vet. Tr. School, Camp Lee, trans. to 1st Co. Vet. Tr. School, trans. to 7th Co. Vet. Tr. School.
James Raney, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro August 1, 1918. Co. A., 345 1st Labor Bn. Trans. to Co. 6, 346th Casualty Co. Camp Greene.
Earl Raney, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro August 1, 1918. Recruiting camp No. 2, Co. 10, Camp Greene, A. E. P.
A. D. Cates, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro July 8, 1918. Camp Meade, Co. A., 333 Bn. Base Sec. #2 A.P.O. 705, A.E.F.
Allen Day, Cedar Grove, left Hillsboro July 29, 1919. Camp Greene, Co. D. 344th Labor Battalion.
James Blue, Efland, Camp Sevier, Officers Training Camp Hancock, Would have received commission but was injured and had to remain in hospital.
Richard Marion Haley, Hillsboro, left Hillsboro May 26, 1918, Camp Jackson, Corp. Battery E., 6th Regt., F. A. R. D. Honorably discharged December 6, 1918.
Charles Franklin Haley, Hillsboro. Left Hillsboro August 4th, 1918. Private Co. L, 57th Pioneer Inf. Transferred as follows: Co. E., 55th Pioneer Inf. Went across with 55th. Trans. to Co. I, 331st Inf. 83rd Div. Trans. to Co. L., 148th Inf, 37th Div. Overseas service 6 months, 15 days. Army Serial No. 4237702. Made first-class private October 25, 1918. Sailed from Newport News September 14, 1918. Landed at Newport News April 1, 1919.
George Collins Wall, Hillsboro. Enlisted in St. Louis, Mo., August 1917, Fort Sill. 2nd Lieut. 130th Field Artillery, 85th Division A. E. F. Landed in U. S. and received discharge June, 1919.
Claude M. Tolar, Cedar Grove. Enlisted April, 1917, Memphis, Tenn. Ft. Logan Roots, Camp Pike. 1st Lieut. Adj. Gen. Dept.
Hal Lindsay, Cedar Grove. Enlisted May, 1917, Atlanta, Ga. Pt. Oglethorpe. 2nd Lieut. Co. I, 61st Inf. Camp Greene. Later in 5th Div., A. E. F. Promoted to 1st Lieut. Transferred to Law Dept. of Army. Assistant to Judge Advocate, 1st Army Corps. Promoted to Captain. Made Judge Advocate, First Army Corps.
Jesse M. Baity, Efland. Enlisted July 1917, Raleigh, N. C. Camp Lee. Sergeant, Amb. Co. 317, A. E. F.
Harvey Fitzpatrick, Efland. Enlisted April 25, 1918, Raleigh, N. C. Camp Jackson. Private, Base Hospital 60, A. E. P.
John H. Tolar, Jr., Cedar Grove. Enlisted Raleigh, N. C. Offered his services for hospital work some time before he was drafted, but was not called till drafted. Camp Jackson. Base Hospital No. 3. Transferred to Base Hospital 108. Mesves Hosp. Center, A.P.O. 798, France.
Frank Rosemond, Hillsboro, Enlisted October 10, 1917. Camp Sevier, Private, Co. D., 105th Engineers, A.E.F. Awarded three medals. One for bravery on the field, pinned on by Gen. Haig. One for going down in a well and taking out a mine.
John Berry, M. D., Hillsboro. Enlisted April 8, 1917, Mont Alto, Pa. 1st Lieut. Medical Corps. Member of Staff Base Hospital 101, Saint Nazaine, France. Promoted to Captain Jan. 20, 1918. Promoted to Major October 24, 1918. Commanding officer at camp hospital 91, La Baule, France, November 11, 1918, to February 24, 1919. District Sanitary Inspector and Health Officer of Angers, February 24 to April 15, 1919. Returned to U. S. April 15, 1919.
A list of Orange County soldiers who were either killed in action or died of wounds or disease.
Orange County had a certain number of deserters and slackers and it was intended that their names should be recorded here, but owing to the impossibility of gaining absolutely correct information we feel that such action would be both unwise and unfair, incurring the risk of bringing undeserved disgrace upon innocent men.
At the suggestion of Mr. M. P. Efland, of Efland, N. C., Mr. J. C. Webb called a meeting of representative men of Orange County to meet at the Commercial Club in Hillsboro, June 1919, to make plans for the celebration of the home-coming of the soldiers of Orange County. Mr. Webb was appointed chairman of the Celebration Committee, with authority to appoint all other committees. As a result the following were appointed:
Committee on Finance: S. A. Johnson, J. H. Webb, P. C. Collins.
Committee on Publicity: N. W. Brown, Mr. Thompson, Editor Chapel Hill News.
Mr. C. H. Robertson agreed to look after all matters connected with a parade, and Mr. S. Strudwick was appointed chairman of a committee to enforce law and order on the day of the celebration. Mr. T. N. Webb was appointed to attend to the building of all platforms, stages, tables, etc. Mr. W. S. Roberson was asked to supervise all arrangements in South Orange.
Committee on County Work (i.e. advertising, securing chickens, etc.): J. P. Hughes, C. M. Hughes, M. P. Efland.
Mr. N. W. Walker, director of the University Summer School, consented, upon request of Mr. J. C. Webb, to furnish a Pageant representing historical events in Orange County from Revolutionary days through the World War. The work of preparing and producing this pageant is entirely under the direction of Mr. A. Vermont of the University.
At the request of the Chairman of the Celebration for the returned soldiers, Mr. C. H. Robertson, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross, called a meeting of the Red Cross Executive Committee and other representative workers in the Red Cross at the court house on June 20, 1919, at six o'clock. After the meeting was called to order the chairman asked Mr. Webb to explain the purpose of the meeting, which was to enlist the help of the ladies of the Red Cross in decorating the town and in serving the dinner of the soldiers on July 16, 1919. He made known the plans for the day and all expressed themselves as most anxious to do everything possible for the success of the day. Mr. Robertson then appointed Mrs. W. L. Wall as chairman for the dinner, with power to select as many assistants as she wished. The following were selected to assist Mrs. Wall;
Mrs. Tom Lynch was also to assist in carving.
Miss Sue Hayes was appointed Chairman of the Serving Committee with the following helpers:
Owing to the recent death of her mother, Miss Sue Hayes turned over her committee to Miss Lily Hamilton, who very efficiently carried out Miss Hayes' plan for serving the dinner.
Mayor J. F. Turner, Chief of Police Eddie Lloyd, and the Orange County Commissioners lent substantial aid in carrying out the plans of the day.
Mrs. J. C. Webb was appointed Chairman of Lemonade and Ice Water Committee, with the following assistants:
Mrs. T. N. Webb and Mrs. Spurgeon were asked to be responsible for the correct number of places being set at each table for dinner.
The Red Cross Executive Committee voted to give $300.00 to help finance the soldiers' celebration. The rest of the money was raised by voluntary contributions from people all over Orange
County, notices of the coming celebration having been sent to all the tax-payers. Invitations were sent to all Orange County soldiers who were temporarily out of the county or were living elsewhere.
Mrs. James Webb was appointed Chairman of the Decoration Committee with the following helpers:
Committee of the whole for Colored Soldiers: Richard Berry, Anderson Whitted, Rev. Wilson.
Minnie Berry Martin was appointed Chairman of the dinner with the following helpers:
Annie Berry was appointed chairman of the serving committee with the following helpers:
Bread Committee: Rose Williams, Emma Mebane.
Lemonade Committee: Annie Berry, Annie Cuffey, Estelle Whitted, Lillian Whitted.
July 16, 1919.
July 16th, 1919, will long be remembered as the biggest day Orange County has ever seen. Long weeks of planning, working and preparing culminated that day in a celebration of which the people of Hillsboro and of Orange County may well be proud. Early in the morning automobiles, carriages, buggies and wagons began streaming into town and soon side streets and vacant lots were lined with machines, horses, mules and vehicles of all kinds, and streets and squares were thronged with eager, happy crowds gathered to welcome home again from battle-field and training camp the brave young soldiers and sailors of Orange County. Streets and public buildings, stores and houses had been beautifully decorated with flags and bunting and "Welcome" banners which filled the town with bright colors and added greatly to the beauty of the scene. The towns of Durham and Chapel Hill most generously lent all their flags and decoration supplies and did all in their power to help supply the necessary material. Every care had been taken by the people of the town to provide for the comfort of their guests. At intervals along the streets were placed barrels of ice water and lemonade booths, and two rest rooms were provided for the ladies, one at the Masonic Lodge and one at the Hillsboro Commercial Club.
The Committee on arrangements expected fifteen thousand people and the crowd fully realized their expectations. Visitors came not only from all the surrounding country, but also from the towns of Chapel Hill, Durham and Raleigh. The exercises of the day were opened by a parade which formed at the Baptist Church and marched to the Court House in the following order:
The Governor was escorted to the speaker's stand by Gen. J. S. Carr and a representative company of the Confederate Veterans.
Immediately after the parade the crowd gathered about the court house square to hear the Governor's address. The address of welcome was delivered by Hon. Frank Nash in behalf of the Mayor, immediately following which Governor Bickett was introduced by Major John W. Graham. The Governor delivered a splendid address.
Immediately following the Governor's address the crowd adjourned to Cameron Park, where dinner was served to the men in uniform, Confederate Veterans, Boy Scouts, Summer School students taking part in the play, and the Governor's party, and other official guests. The dinner consisted of fried chicken, ham and rolls, pickle, sliced bread, barbecue, coca-cola, ice-cream and cake, and owing to the efficiency and untiring efforts of the ladies in charge it proved a great success. Fully a thousand guests were served. Hon. S. M. Gattis was toastmaster, and at the close of the dinner ten-minute talks were made by Gen. J. S. Carr, Col. Sidney Minor, Col. Don Scott. Col. J. H. Pratt, Maj. L. P. McLendon and Capt. Sandy Graham. Dinner was served to the colored soldiers and sailors at the colored school house. The hams and chickens for both dinners were contributed by the people throughout the surrounding country and were prepared and cooked by the ladies of the town.
At four o'clock in the afternoon the play "Esther Wake" was to be given at Cameron Park by students of the University of
North Carolina Summer School, under the direction of Mr. Adolph Vermont, who himself wrote the play which represents scenes from the early history of Hillsboro and Orange County. Long before the appointed time the hillside facing the natural stage was covered with a crowd of over five thousand people eagerly awaiting the beginning of the performance, which took place immediately after an introductory address by Mr. Albert Coates of Chapel Hill and a few words by Mr. Vermont. The play, which is itself a fine piece of work, was splendidly acted, the costumes were beautiful and the scenes most interesting, so that it was a great regret and disappointment to all when a heavy thunder storm interrupted the second act and continued with such violence that it was impossible to go on with the play.
But in spite of the inclement weather, at its close the day was considered by all a splendid success and will long be a bright spot in the memory of those who had the pleasure of taking part in it. A committee under Mr. S. Strudwick served as special police and traffic managers for the day, and it may be said that no crowd could have been more generally good-natured, quiet and well-behaved than that which attended the celebration. We feel that this account would be incomplete without a few words of thanks and appreciation for those who have made this celebration possible. Chief among these is Mr. J. C. Webb, Chairman of the Orange County Council of Defense, to whose anergetic, efficient and untiring efforts is largely due the success of the day. But he was not alone. Chairmen of committees, committees themselves, workers and helpers of all kinds together with loyal citizens throughout the county gave unstintingly of their time and energy,
as well as of their goods and substance, for the success of the occasion. It was an undertaking close to the hearts of all the people, in which all heartily co-operated and in which all thoroughly proved their generosity and their ability. So popular was this movement that the funds for expenses were largely oversubscribed.
One of the greatest patriotic celebrations ever staged in Chapel Hill took place Saturday, May 10th, 1919, honoring the young and old veterans of the surrounding country. It was a big success. Chapel Hill citizens demonstrated their ability in doing things in this grand celebration. They simply outdid themselves and they deserve the praise they are receiving from all sides. Despite the lowering clouds, which threatened rain early in the day, and kept many families from coming to Chapel Hill, hundreds of people were here, so that when the parade started at 11 o'clock both sides of Franklin and Columbia Streets were lined with men, women and children, representing Orange, Alamance, Chatham and Durham counties, in large numbers joined hands in extending to the old heroes, of which there were about thirty in number, who wore the grey, and the heroes of the world war, who went from this community to camp and battlefield and to other branches of the service, a hearty "Welcome Home".
The parade, which included in the line of march the Confederate Veterans, the overseas and training camp troops, the former S. A. T. C. students, the navy, marine and aviation men, the school children, the Boy Scouts, the flag girls, the Y. M. C. A. and the Red Cross groups, Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt and his staff,
the Daughters of the Confederacy and the Home Guard, marked the opening of the day's celebration.
The parade was followed by appropriate exercises in Memorial Hall, when eloquent addresses paid fitting tribute to old and new soldiers. Splendid speeches were made by Dr. Archibald Henderson, Major L. P. McLendon, and Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt. The spacious hall was filled to overflowing, which is to say that over 2,000 crowded in. Major William Cain presided.
An elaborate spread was served to the overseas and training camp men, speakers and guests following the speech-making program. The local Daughters of the Confederacy were mainly responsible for the huge success accorded the occasion, although all Chapel Hill organizations co-operated in a splendid manner. Dr. A. H. Patterson, chief marshal, was chairman of the program committee.
The parade, which began at 11 o'clock, was divided into three divisions, Lieut. E. R. Rankin was marshal of the first division, which included the band under the direction of L. F. Parker, the members of the U.D.C., the flag girls, under Miss Schell, the civil war veterans in autos, and the school children. The second division of which Lieut. F. W. Morrison was marshal, was composed of the Red Cross and Y. M. C. A. groups, the Home Guard, the march of the allies, the Boy Scouts, and the flower girls.
Lieut. A. B. Sims was marshal for the third division, which included Col. Pratt and his staff; the overseas troops under the command of Lieut. H. A. Whitfield; the troops from the training camps under the command of Lieut. R. F. Moseley; the naval contingent
under the command of Ensign Grady Pritchard; the aviation and marine contingents, the color companies; the service flag bearers, and the speakers for the memorial exercises.
Colonel Pratt served in the capacity of general of the divisions. First Lieut. Graham Ramsey acted as colonel of the regiment, which First Lieut. Bruce Webb served as major of the University battalion. In Colonel Pratt's staff were Major P. H. Winston, First Lieut. Thorndike Savillo, and all unattached second lieutenants and other commissioned officers.
Chapel Hill was bedecked in gala attire for the occasion. National and Confederate flags and "Welcome Home" banners were stretched across the streets at close intervals. The stores were also prettily decorated. The automobiles and other floats were a blaze of color.
Major William Cain, one of the best and most favorably known Confederate veterans in these parts, presided over the exercises in Memorial Hall, which were opened by invocation by Rev. E. L. Baskin, formerly chaplain in the army. Major Cain, in opening the exercises and introducing the speakers who were to follow, praised in highest terms the undaunted spirit of the North Carolina troops, "who like crusaders have battled in a just cause and returned covered with glory and honor". The 30th Division, he pointed out, which won immortal distinction, was composed largely of North Carolina troops. He voiced the welcome of the community in having the boys back again from the training camps and battle scarred fields of France.
Dr. Archibald Henderson, himself the son of a Confederate
veteran, was the next speaker on the program. He declared that the traditions of the '60s is today enhanced and enriched by the legacy of 1917 and 1918. "Today," he said, "in the same breath we celebrate a lost and won cause. But", he said, turning to the veterans, "your glory is enhanced rather than dampened by your participation in a lost cause, for you won imperishable fame which is secure." He referred to the military leaders of the Confederacy as some of the greatest the world has ever known, citing instances where European commanders in the past war have declared that the strategies of Lee, Jackson and Forrest were unsurpassed. He paid a high tribute to the valorous troops who broke the unbreakable Hindenburg line and praised their unmeasured courage and devotion.
Professor George M. McKie read a list of the Chapel Hill and University students who have made the supreme sacrifice, and paid a tribute to the dead heroes.
Major L. P. McLendon, of Durham, who commanded Battery C. of the 115th Artillery, which was composed of many Chapel Hill boys, expressed the happiness of the men in returning home from France and their appreciation of the welcome accorded them by people everywhere and especially at home. He paid a high tribute to the late Charles B. Wills, a Chapel Hill boy who made the supreme sacrifice in France. He declared that the best two good results of the war were the abandonment of the selfish doctrine of localism and seclusion, and the revival of patriotism which apparently was on the wane.
Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt, who commanded the 105th
Engineers, after expressing the appreciation for the reception accorded the soldiers, declared that the men never realized that America could be appreciated so much until they returned. He gave unstinted praise to the enlisted men, who at all times and under all circumstances did their work willingly. The fullest co-operation was maintained between the officers and privates, he said. He also took occasion to pay a glowing tribute to the American navy, declaring that no navy has ever accomplished such a tremendous piece of work in such a short while as the American navy during the war.
A benediction by Rev. E. L. Baskin concluded the services.